{-| Utitlity functions on lists. -} module Agda.Utils.List where import Agda.Utils.TestHelpers import Agda.Utils.QuickCheck import Agda.Utils.Tuple import Text.Show.Functions import Data.Function import Data.List import Data.Maybe import qualified Data.Set as Set mhead :: [a] -> Maybe a mhead [] = Nothing mhead (x:_) = Just x type Prefix a = [a] type Suffix a = [a] -- | Check if a list has a given prefix. If so, return the list -- minus the prefix. maybePrefixMatch :: Eq a => Prefix a -> [a] -> Maybe (Suffix a) maybePrefixMatch [] rest = Just rest maybePrefixMatch (_:_) [] = Nothing maybePrefixMatch (p:pat) (r:rest) | p == r = maybePrefixMatch pat rest | otherwise = Nothing -- | Split a list into sublists. Generalisation of the prelude function -- @words@. -- -- > words xs == wordsBy isSpace xs wordsBy :: (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [[a]] wordsBy p xs = yesP xs where yesP xs = noP (dropWhile p xs) noP [] = [] noP xs = ys : yesP zs where (ys,zs) = break p xs -- | Chop up a list in chunks of a given length. chop :: Int -> [a] -> [[a]] chop _ [] = [] chop n xs = ys : chop n zs where (ys,zs) = splitAt n xs -- | All ways of removing one element from a list. holes :: [a] -> [(a, [a])] holes [] = [] holes (x:xs) = (x, xs) : map (id -*- (x:)) (holes xs) -- | Check whether all elements in a list are distinct from each -- other. Assumes that the 'Eq' instance stands for an equivalence -- relation. distinct :: Eq a => [a] -> Bool distinct [] = True distinct (x:xs) = x `notElem` xs && distinct xs -- | An optimised version of 'distinct'. -- -- Precondition: The list's length must fit in an 'Int'. fastDistinct :: Ord a => [a] -> Bool fastDistinct xs = Set.size (Set.fromList xs) == length xs prop_distinct_fastDistinct :: [Integer] -> Bool prop_distinct_fastDistinct xs = distinct xs == fastDistinct xs -- | Checks if all the elements in the list are equal. Assumes that -- the 'Eq' instance stands for an equivalence relation. allEqual :: Eq a => [a] -> Bool allEqual [] = True allEqual (x : xs) = all (== x) xs -- | A variant of 'groupBy' which applies the predicate to consecutive -- pairs. groupBy' :: (a -> a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [[a]] groupBy' _ [] = [] groupBy' p xxs@(x : xs) = grp x $ zipWith (\x y -> (p x y, y)) xxs xs where grp x ys = (x : map snd xs) : tail where (xs, rest) = span fst ys tail = case rest of [] -> [] ((_, z) : zs) -> grp z zs prop_groupBy' :: (Bool -> Bool -> Bool) -> [Bool] -> Property prop_groupBy' p xs = classify (length xs - length gs >= 3) "interesting" $ concat gs == xs && and [not (null zs) | zs <- gs] && and [and (pairInitTail zs zs) | zs <- gs] && (null gs || not (or (pairInitTail (map last gs) (map head gs)))) where gs = groupBy' p xs pairInitTail xs ys = zipWith p (init xs) (tail ys) -- | @'groupOn' f = 'groupBy' (('==') \`on\` f) '.' 'sortBy' ('compare' \`on\` f)@. groupOn :: Ord b => (a -> b) -> [a] -> [[a]] groupOn f = groupBy ((==) `on` f) . sortBy (compare `on` f) -- | @'extractNthElement' n xs@ gives the @n@-th element in @xs@ -- (counting from 0), plus the remaining elements (preserving order). extractNthElement' :: Integral i => i -> [a] -> ([a], a, [a]) extractNthElement' n xs = (left, el, right) where (left, el : right) = genericSplitAt n xs extractNthElement :: Integral i => i -> [a] -> (a, [a]) extractNthElement n xs = (el, left ++ right) where (left, el, right) = extractNthElement' n xs prop_extractNthElement :: Integer -> [Integer] -> Property prop_extractNthElement n xs = 0 <= n && n < genericLength xs ==> genericTake n rest ++ [elem] ++ genericDrop n rest == xs where (elem, rest) = extractNthElement n xs -- A generalised variant of 'elemIndex'. genericElemIndex :: (Eq a, Integral i) => a -> [a] -> Maybe i genericElemIndex x xs = listToMaybe $ map fst $ filter snd $ zip [0..] $ map (== x) xs prop_genericElemIndex :: Integer -> [Integer] -> Property prop_genericElemIndex x xs = classify (x `elem` xs) "members" $ genericElemIndex x xs == elemIndex x xs ------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- All tests tests :: IO Bool tests = runTests "Agda.Utils.List" [ quickCheck' prop_distinct_fastDistinct , quickCheck' prop_groupBy' , quickCheck' prop_extractNthElement , quickCheck' prop_genericElemIndex ]