A module providing an efficient implementation of the Buchberger algorithm for calculating the (reduced) Groebner basis for an ideal, together with some straightforward applications.

- gb :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m]
- memberI :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => Vect k m -> [Vect k m] -> Bool
- sumI :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m]
- productI :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m]
- intersectI :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m]
- quotientI :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m]
- eliminate :: (Fractional k, Ord k, MonomialConstructor m, Monomial (m v), Ord (m v)) => [Vect k (m v)] -> [Vect k (m v)] -> [Vect k (m v)]
- mbasisQA :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m]
- ltIdeal :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m]
- hilbertFunQA :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m] -> Int -> Integer
- hilbertSeriesQA :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m] -> [Integer]
- hilbertSeriesQA' :: (Fractional k, Ord k, MonomialConstructor m, Ord (m v), Monomial (m v), Algebra k (m v)) => [Vect k (m v)] -> [Integer]
- hilbertPolyQA :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m] -> GlexPoly Q String
- hilbertPolyQA' :: (Fractional k, Ord k, MonomialConstructor m, Ord (m v), Monomial (m v), Algebra k (m v)) => [Vect k (m v)] -> GlexPoly Q String

# Documentation

gb :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m]Source

Given a list of polynomials over a field, return a Groebner basis for the ideal generated by the polynomials.

memberI :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => Vect k m -> [Vect k m] -> BoolSource

`memberI f gs`

returns whether f is in the ideal generated by gs

sumI :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m]Source

Given ideals I and J, their sum is defined as I+J = {f+g | f <- I, g <- J}.

If fs and gs are generators for I and J, then `sumI fs gs`

returns generators for I+J.

The geometric interpretation is that the variety of the sum is the intersection of the varieties, ie V(I+J) = V(I) intersect V(J)

productI :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m]Source

Given ideals I and J, their product I.J is the ideal generated by all products {f.g | f <- I, g <- J}.

If fs and gs are generators for I and J, then `productI fs gs`

returns generators for I.J.

The geometric interpretation is that the variety of the product is the union of the varieties, ie V(I.J) = V(I) union V(J)

intersectI :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m]Source

The intersection of ideals I and J is the set of all polynomials which belong to both I and J.

If fs and gs are generators for I and J, then `intersectI fs gs`

returns generators for the intersection of I and J

The geometric interpretation is that the variety of the intersection is the union of the varieties, ie V(I intersect J) = V(I) union V(J).

The reason for prefering the intersection over the product is that the intersection of radical ideals is radical, whereas the product need not be.

quotientI :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m]Source

Given ideals I and J, their quotient is defined as I:J = {f | f <- R, f.g is in I for all g in J}.

If fs and gs are generators for I and J, then `quotientI fs gs`

returns generators for I:J.

The ideal quotient is the algebraic analogue of the Zariski closure of a difference of varieties. V(I:J) contains the Zariski closure of V(I)-V(J), with equality if k is algebraically closed and I is a radical ideal.

eliminate :: (Fractional k, Ord k, MonomialConstructor m, Monomial (m v), Ord (m v)) => [Vect k (m v)] -> [Vect k (m v)] -> [Vect k (m v)]Source

`eliminate vs gs`

returns the elimination ideal obtained from the ideal generated by gs by eliminating the variables vs.

mbasisQA :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m]Source

Given variables vs, and a Groebner basis gs, `mbasisQA vs gs`

returns a monomial basis for the quotient algebra k[vs]/<gs>.
For example, `mbasisQA [x,y] [x^2+y^2-1]`

returns a monomial basis for k[x,y]/<x^2+y^2-1>.
In general, the monomial basis is likely to be infinite.

ltIdeal :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m]Source

Given an ideal I, the leading term ideal lt(I) consists of the leading terms of all elements of I.
If I is generated by gs, then `ltIdeal gs`

returns generators for lt(I).

hilbertFunQA :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m] -> Int -> IntegerSource

Given variables vs, and a homogeneous ideal gs, `hilbertFunQA vs gs`

returns the Hilbert function for the quotient algebra k[vs]/<gs>.
Given an integer i, the Hilbert function returns the number of degree i monomials in a basis for k[vs]/<gs>.
For a homogeneous ideal, this number is independent of the monomial ordering used
(even though the elements of the monomial basis themselves are dependent on the ordering).

If the ideal I is not homogeneous, then R/I is not graded, and the Hilbert function is not well-defined. Specifically, the number of degree i monomials in a basis is likely to depend on which monomial ordering you use.

hilbertSeriesQA :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m] -> [Integer]Source

Given variables vs, and a homogeneous ideal gs, `hilbertSeriesQA vs gs`

returns the Hilbert series for the quotient algebra k[vs]/<gs>.
The Hilbert series should be interpreted as a formal power series where the coefficient of t^i is the Hilbert function evaluated at i.
That is, the i'th element in the series is the number of degree i monomials in a basis for k[vs]/<gs>.

hilbertSeriesQA' :: (Fractional k, Ord k, MonomialConstructor m, Ord (m v), Monomial (m v), Algebra k (m v)) => [Vect k (m v)] -> [Integer]Source

In the case where every variable v occurs in some generator g of the homogeneous ideal (the usual case),
then the vs can be inferred from the gs.
`hilbertSeriesQA' gs`

returns the Hilbert series for the quotient algebra k[vs]/<gs>.

hilbertPolyQA :: (Fractional k, Ord k, Monomial m, Ord m, Algebra k m) => [Vect k m] -> [Vect k m] -> GlexPoly Q StringSource

For i >> 0, the Hilbert function becomes a polynomial in i, called the Hilbert polynomial.

hilbertPolyQA' :: (Fractional k, Ord k, MonomialConstructor m, Ord (m v), Monomial (m v), Algebra k (m v)) => [Vect k (m v)] -> GlexPoly Q StringSource