The Holumbus-Distribution package

[Tags: library, program]

Holumbus-Distribution offers Erlang-Style mailboxes for an easy implementation of distributed systems in Haskell. The mailboxes can be used to exchange messages between threads inside a single program or between programs over the network.


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Versions0.0.1, 0.0.1.1, 0.1.0, 0.1.1
Change logNone available
Dependenciesbase (>=4), binary (>=0.4), bytestring (>=0.9), containers (>=0.1), editline (>=0.2), haskell98 (>=1), hslogger (>=1.0), hxt (>=8.2), network (>=2.1), time (>=1.1), unix (>=2.3) [details]
LicenseOtherLicense
CopyrightCopyright (c) 2008 Stefan Schmidt, Uwe Schmidt
AuthorStefan Schmidt, Uwe Schmidt
MaintainerStefan Schmidt <sts@holumbus.org>
Stabilityexperimental
CategoryDistributed Computing, Network
Home pagehttp://holumbus.fh-wedel.de
ExecutablesPortRegistry
UploadedSun Mar 8 12:56:34 UTC 2009 by StefanSchmidt
Downloads857 total (43 in last 30 days)
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Readme for Holumbus-Distribution-0.0.1

This is the Holumbus-Distribution Library

Version 0.0.1

Stefan Schmidt sts@holumbus.org

http://holumbus.fh-wedel.de


About
-----

Holumbus is a set of Haskell libraries. This package contains the 
Holumbus-Distribution library for building and running a distributed systems.
One of the core elements of this library is an Erlang-like mailbox 
system for interchanging messages between different threads or applications. 

This library itself is independent from other Holumbus libraries.


Documentation:
------------------------------------------

The "Chan" data type form Control.Concurrent.Chan is pretty useful.
You can easily use it as a queue for the consumer-producer-problem. One
thread writes into the channel, the other reads the data from it. But this
only works, if the two threads are running in the same address space.
That means the Chan data type cannot be used for the communication of
distinct applications, but this scenario is a normal use case.

Therefore it would be very useful to have a single framework for inter- 
and intra-process communication. One thread can create a mailbox and other 
threads can send messages to it, though it should make no difference, 
if the threads are in the same address space or not.

This libary offers a "Stream-Port" implementation, borrowed from the
multi-paradigm programming language Mozart/Oz.

A stream in this context is like a mailbox or a receiver. Other threads can send
messages to it via a port. A port in this context has nothing to do with the
port number of a unix-socket. Think of it as a sender.

To address a stream over the network easily, you can give him a unique name.
Then you can create a port, give him that stream name and the messages will
be send directly to the stream. This requires you to start the PortRegistry.

The PortRegistry keeps a log for all global communication streams in the
network. It MUST be started BEFORE all other programs. In future versions this
explicit execution sequence might not be necessary any more, but for now the
FIRST thing you have to start is the PortRegistry. There is ONLY ONE one
instance allowed in the whole communication network (this might also change).

You can find the main parts for the communication in the module
"Holumbus.Network.Port"

This library also contains some parts which might be useful, e.g. some
specialized maps (Holumbus.Data) and a commandline user interface
(Holumbus.Console). They are used in other Holumbus libraries.


Contents
--------

Examples  Some example applications
Programs  The applications you need to run a distributed system.
source    Source code of the Holumbus-Distribution library.


Requirements
------------

So far, this library is only tested under Linux, please tell me, if you have 
problems under Windows or other OS.
The Holumbus-Distribution library requires at least GHC 6.10 and the 
following packages (available via Hackage).

  containers
  hslogger
  network 
  unix
  time
  bytestring
  binary
  hxt


Installation
------------

A Cabal file is provided, therefore Holumbus-Distribution can be installed using
the standard Cabal way:

$ runhaskell Setup.hs configure
$ runhaskell Setup.hs build
$ runhaskell Setup.hs install --global # with root privileges

This will generate the library and the PortRegestry program.

For those who prefer to build it the old way with make:

$ make build
$ make install # with root privileges

If you want to run your own distributed system, you'll need to compile the
PortRegistry, too. This can be done with

$ make programs


Steps to make a distributed system running
--------------------------------

Before you can use the mailboxes in your own programs, you need to start the
PortRegistry BEFORE running any of you programs. If you have compiled the
PortRegistry, you can start it with: 

$ cd Programs/PortRegistry
$ ./PortRegistry

This will create a file "registry.xml" in your "/tmp" directory. This file
contains all information for your programs to access the PortRegistry.
It is wise to copy this file to every computer, on which you want to run a 
program of your system.

Before you can send/receive messages in your programs, you'll need to
load the "registry.xml" file. This can be done by two simple lines in the
IO-monad:

p <- newPortRegistryFromXmlFile "/tmp/registry.xml"
setPortRegistry p

To create a simple Mailbox for receiving messages, you can look a the following
demo-program:
      
main :: IO ()
main
  = do
    reg <- newPortRegistryFromXmlFile "/tmp/registry.xml"
    setPortRegistry reg
    gS <- (newGlobalStream "global"):: IO (Stream String)
    msg <- readStream gS
    putStrLn msg

This program will set up a mailbox and wait till the first message is received
and print it out. Then is will terminate.
And the following program will send a message to your mailbox:      
      
main :: IO ()
main
  = do
    reg <- newPortRegistryFromXmlFile "/tmp/registry.xml"
    setPortRegistry reg
    gP <- (newGlobalPort "global")::IO (Port String)
    send gP "Hello World"
      
This program just sends one message to your mailbox.