OpenAL- A binding to the OpenAL cross-platform 3D audio API




This module corresponds to sections 4.1 (Basic Listener and Source Attributes) and 4.2 (Listener Object) of the OpenAL Specification and Reference (version 1.1).

The listener object defines various properties that affect processing of the sound for the actual output. The listener is unique for an OpenAL Context, and has no name. By controlling the listener, the application controls the way the user experiences the virtual world, as the listener defines the sampling/pickup point and orientation, and other parameters that affect the output stream.

It is entirely up to the driver and hardware configuration, i.e. the installation of OpenAL as part of the operating system and hardware setup, whether the output stream is generated for headphones or 2 speakers, 4.1 speakers, or other arrangements, whether (and which) HRTFs are applied, etc...



listenerPosition :: StateVar (Vertex3 ALfloat)Source

listenerPosition contains the current location of the listener in the world coordinate system. Any 3-tuple of valid float values is allowed. Implementation behavior on encountering NaN and infinity is not defined. The initial position is (Vertex3 0 0 0).

listenerVelocity :: StateVar (Vector3 ALfloat)Source

listenerVelocity contains current velocity (speed and direction) of the listener in the world coordinate system. Any 3-tuple of valid float values is allowed, and the initial velocity is (Vector3 0 0 0). listenerVelocity does not affect listenerPosition. OpenAL does not calculate the velocity from subsequent position updates, nor does it adjust the position over time based on the specified velocity. Any such calculation is left to the application. For the purposes of sound processing, position and velocity are independent parameters affecting different aspects of the sounds.

listenerVelocity is taken into account by the driver to synthesize the Doppler effect perceived by the listener for each source, based on the velocity of both source and listener, and the Doppler related parameters.

type Gain = ALfloatSource

A scalar amplitude multiplier.

listenerGain :: StateVar GainSource

listenerGain contains a scalar amplitude multiplier, which is effectively applied to all sources in the current context. The initial value 1 means that the sound is unattenuated. A listenerGain value of 0.5 is equivalent to an attenuation of 6dB. The value zero equals silence (no output). Driver implementations are free to optimize this case and skip mixing and processing stages where applicable. The implementation is in charge of ensuring artifact-free (click-free) changes of gain values and is free to defer actual modification of the sound samples, within the limits of acceptable latencies.

A listenerGain larger than 1 (amplification) is permitted. However, the implementation is free to clamp the total gain (effective gain per source times listener gain) to 1 to prevent overflow.

orientation :: StateVar (Vector3 ALfloat, Vector3 ALfloat)Source

orientation contains an "at" vector and an "up" vector, where the "at" vector represents the "forward" direction of the listener and the orthogonal projection of the "up" vector into the subspace perpendicular to the "at" vector represents the "up" direction for the listener. OpenAL expects two vectors that are linearly independent. These vectors are not expected to be normalized. If the two vectors are linearly dependent, behavior is undefined. The initial orientation is (Vector3 0 0 (-1), Vector3 0 1 0), i.e. looking down the Z axis with the Y axis pointing upwards.