OpenGL-3.0.2.0: A binding for the OpenGL graphics system

Copyright (c) Sven Panne 2002-2016 BSD3 Sven Panne stable portable None Haskell2010

Graphics.Rendering.OpenGL.GL.Framebuffer

Description

This module corresponds to section 17.4 (Whole Framebuffer Operations) of the OpenGL 4.5 specs.

# Selecting a Buffer for Writing

The set of color buffers which are selected for reading and writing. Note that FBOColorAttachment can only be used with framebuffer objects, while the rest can only be used with the default framebuffer. Furthermore, OpenGL 3.0 deprecated auxiliary buffers, so avoid AuxBuffer in modern code.

Constructors

 NoBuffers No color buffers are selected. FrontLeftBuffer Only the front left color buffer is selected. FrontRightBuffer Only the front right color buffer is selected. BackLeftBuffer Only the back left color buffer is selected. BackRightBuffer Only the back right color buffer is selected. FrontBuffers Only the front left and front right color buffers are selected. If there is no front right color buffer, only the front left color buffer is selected. BackBuffers Only the back left and back right color buffers are selected. If there is no back right color buffer, only the back left color buffer is selected. LeftBuffers Only the front left and back left color buffers are selected. If there is no back left color buffer, only the front left color buffer is selected. RightBuffers Only the front right and back right color buffers are selected. If there is no back right color buffer, only the front right color buffer is selected. FrontAndBackBuffers All the front and back color buffers (front left, front right, back left, back right) are selected. If there are no back color buffers, only the front left and front right color buffers are selected. If there are no right color buffers, only the front left and back left color buffers are selected. If there are no right or back color buffers, only the front left color buffer is selected. AuxBuffer GLsizei Only the given auxiliary color buffer no. i is selected. FBOColorAttachment GLsizei Only the given color attachment of the bound framebufferobject is selected for reading or writing.

Instances

 Source # Methods Source # Methods Source # MethodsshowList :: [BufferMode] -> ShowS # Source # Methods

When colors are written to the framebuffer, they are written into the color buffers specified by drawBuffer.

If more than one color buffer is selected for drawing, then blending or logical operations are computed and applied independently for each color buffer and can produce different results in each buffer.

Monoscopic contexts include only left buffers, and stereoscopic contexts include both left and right buffers. Likewise, single-buffered contexts include only front buffers, and double-buffered contexts include both front and back buffers. The context is selected at GL initialization.

The initial value is FrontBuffers for single-buffered contexts, and BackBuffers for double-buffered contexts.

The direct-state-access version of drawBuffer.

drawBuffers defines the draw buffers to which all fragment colors are written. The draw buffers being defined correspond in order to the respective fragment colors. The draw buffer for fragment colors beyond those specified is set to NoBuffers.

Except for NoBuffers, a buffer may not appear more then once in the given list. Specifying a buffer more then once will result in an InvalidOperation.

If fixed-function fragment shading is being performed, drawBuffers specifies a set of draw buffers into which the fragment color is written.

If a fragment shader writes to gl_FragColor, drawBuffers specifies a set of draw buffers into which the single fragment color defined by gl_FragColor is written. If a fragment shader writes to gl_FragData, drawBuffers specifies a set of draw buffers into which each of the multiple fragment colors defined by gl_FragData are separately written. If a fragment shader writes to neither gl_FragColor nor gl_FragData, the values of the fragment colors following shader execution are undefined, and may differ for each fragment color.

The direct-state-access version of drawBuffers.

The index of the draw buffer.

drawBufferi is a fast query function. For indices in the range 0..maxDrawBuffers-1 its results is the same as selecting the corresponding element from the list returned by drawBuffers, but this function uses only one GL function call instead of maxDrawBuffers ones.

Contains the maximum number of buffers that can activated via drawBuffers or which can be simultaneously written into from within a fragment shader using the special output variable array gl_FragData. This constant effectively defines the size of the gl_FragData array. The minimum legal value is 1.

# Fine Control of Buffer Updates

Controls the writing of individual bits in the color index buffers. The least significant n bits of its value, where n is the number of bits in a color index buffer, specify a mask. Where a 1 appears in the mask, it is possible to write to the corresponding bit in the color index buffer (or buffers). Where a 0 appears, the corresponding bit is write-protected.

This mask is used only in color index mode, and it affects only the buffers currently selected for writing (see drawBuffer). Initially, all bits are enabled for writing.

Controls whether the individual color components in the framebuffer can or cannot be written. If the red flag is Disabled, for example, no change is made to the red component of any pixel in any of the color buffers, regardless of the drawing operation attempted. Initially, all color components can be written.

Changes to individual bits of components cannot be controlled. Rather, changes are either enabled or disabled for entire color components. Furthermore, this mask is used only in RGBA mode.

colorMaski is a version of colorMask that only applies to the specified draw buffer.

Controls whether the depth buffer is enabled for writing. The initial state is Enabled.

Controls the writing of individual bits in the stencil planes. The least significant n bits of its value, where n is the number of bits in the stencil buffer, specify a mask. Where a 1 appears in the mask, it is possible to write to the corresponding bit in the stencil buffer. Where a 0 appears, the corresponding bit is write-protected. Initially, all bits are enabled for writing.

A per-face version of stencilMask.

# Clearing the Buffers

The buffers which can be cleared with clear.

Constructors

 ColorBuffer The buffers currently enabled for color writing. AccumBuffer The accumulation buffer. StencilBuffer The stencil buffer. DepthBuffer The depth buffer.

Instances

 Source # Methods Source # Methods Source # MethodsshowList :: [ClearBuffer] -> ShowS #

clear :: [ClearBuffer] -> IO () Source #

Set the bitplane area of the window to values previously selected by clearColor, clearIndex, clearDepth, clearStencil, and clearAccum. Multiple color buffers can be cleared simultaneously by selecting more than one buffer at a time using drawBuffer.

The pixel ownership test, the scissor test, dithering, and the buffer writemasks affect the operation of clear. The scissor box bounds the cleared region. Alpha function, blend function, logical operation, stenciling, texure mapping, and depth-buffering are ignored by clear.

clear takes a list of buffers, indicating which buffers are to be cleared. If a buffer is not present, then a clear directed at that buffer has no effect.

The value to which each buffer is cleared depends on the setting of the clear value for that buffer.

Controls the red, green, blue, and alpha values used by clear to clear the color buffers. Initially, all values are 0.

Controls the index c used by clear to clear the color index buffers. c is not clamped. Rather, c is converted to a fixed-point value with unspecified precision to the right of the binary point. The integer part of this value is then masked with 2^m-1, where m is the number of bits in a color index stored in the framebuffer. Initially, the value is 0.

Controls the depth value used by clear to clear the depth buffer. The initial value is 1.

A variant of clearDepth with a GLfloat argument.

Controls the value s used by clear to clear the stencil buffer. s is masked with 2^m-1, where m is the number of bits in the stencil buffer. Initially, the value is 0.

Controls the red, green, blue, and alpha values used by clear to clear the accumulation buffer. Values written into clearAccum are clamped to the range [-1, 1]. The initial values are all 0.

Describes which buffer(s) to clear and the value to use.

Constructors

 ClearColorBufferInt DrawBufferIndex (Color4 GLint) Clear the signed integer color buffer(s) at the given index. ClearColorBufferFloat DrawBufferIndex (Color4 GLfloat) Clear the fixed- or floating-point color buffer(s) at the given index. ClearColorBufferUint DrawBufferIndex (Color4 GLuint) Clear the unsigned color buffer(s) at the given index. ClearDepthBuffer GLfloat Clear the depth buffer. ClearStencilBuffer GLint Clear the stencil buffer. ClearDepthAndStencilBuffers GLfloat GLint Clear the depth buffer and the stencil buffer.

Instances

 Source # Methods Source # Methods Source # MethodsshowList :: [ClearBufferCommand] -> ShowS #

Clear the given buffer(s).

The direct-state-access version of clearBuffer.

# Invalidating Framebuffer Contents

Invalidate a region of the attachments bound to the given target.

The direct-state-access version of invalidateSubFramebuffer.

A version of invalidateSubFramebuffer affecting the whole viewport.

The direct-state-access version of invalidateFramebuffer.

# The Accumulation Buffer

data AccumOp Source #

An operation on the accumulation buffer.

Constructors

 Accum Obtains R, G, B, and A values from the buffer currently selected for reading (see readBuffer). Each component value is divided by 2^n-1, where n is the number of bits allocated to each color component in the currently selected buffer. The result is a floating-point value in the range [0, 1], which is multiplied by the value given to accum and added to the corresponding pixel component in the accumulation buffer, thereby updating the accumulation buffer. Load Similar to Accum, except that the current value in the accumulation buffer is not used in the calculation of the new value. That is, the R, G, B, and A values from the currently selected buffer are divided by 2^n-1, multiplied by the value given to accum, and then stored in the corresponding accumulation buffer cell, overwriting the current value. Return Transfers accumulation buffer values to the color buffer or buffers currently selected for writing. Each R, G, B, and A component is multiplied by the value given to accum, then multiplied by 2^n-1, clamped to the range [0, 2^n-1], and stored in the corresponding display buffer cell. The only fragment operations that are applied to this transfer are pixel ownership, scissor, dithering, and color writemasks. Mult Multiplies each R, G, B, and A in the accumulation buffer by the value given to accum and returns the scaled component to its corresponding accumulation buffer location. Add Adds the value given to accum to each R, G, B, and A in the accumulation buffer.

Instances

 Source # Methods(==) :: AccumOp -> AccumOp -> Bool #(/=) :: AccumOp -> AccumOp -> Bool # Source # Methods(<) :: AccumOp -> AccumOp -> Bool #(<=) :: AccumOp -> AccumOp -> Bool #(>) :: AccumOp -> AccumOp -> Bool #(>=) :: AccumOp -> AccumOp -> Bool # Source # MethodsshowList :: [AccumOp] -> ShowS #

accum :: AccumOp -> GLfloat -> IO () Source #

The accumulation buffer is an extended-range color buffer. Images are not rendered into it. Rather, images rendered into one of the color buffers are added to the contents of the accumulation buffer after rendering. Effects such as antialiasing (of points, lines, and polygons), motion blur, and depth of field can be created by accumulating images generated with different transformation matrices.

Each pixel in the accumulation buffer consists of red, green, blue, and alpha values. The number of bits per component in the accumulation buffer depends on the implementation (see accumBits). Regardless of the number of bits per component, the range of values stored by each component is [-1, 1]. The accumulation buffer pixels are mapped one-to-one with frame buffer pixels.

accum operates on the accumulation buffer. The first argument selects an accumulation buffer operation. The second argument, is a floating-point value to be used in that operation, see AccumOp.

All accumulation buffer operations are limited to the area of the current scissor box and applied identically to the red, green, blue, and alpha components of each pixel. If an accum operation results in a value outside the range [-1, 1], the contents of an accumulation buffer pixel component are undefined.

To clear the accumulation buffer, use clearAccum to specify the clear value, then call clear with the accumulation buffer enabled.

# Querying the Buffer Configuration

The implementation and context dependent number of auxiliary buffers.

True if front and back buffers exist.

True if left and right buffers exist.