aeson-1.5.4.0: Fast JSON parsing and encoding

Copyright (c) 2012-2016 Bryan O'Sullivan(c) 2011 MailRank Inc. BSD3 Bryan O'Sullivan experimental portable None Haskell2010

Data.Aeson.Parser

Description

Efficiently and correctly parse a JSON string. The string must be encoded as UTF-8.

It can be useful to think of parsing as occurring in two phases:

• Identification of the textual boundaries of a JSON value. This is always strict, so that an invalid JSON document can be rejected as soon as possible.
• Conversion of a JSON value to a Haskell value. This may be either immediate (strict) or deferred (lazy); see below for details.

The question of whether to choose a lazy or strict parser is subtle, but it can have significant performance implications, resulting in changes in CPU use and memory footprint of 30% to 50%, or occasionally more. Measure the performance of your application with each!

Synopsis

Lazy parsers

The json and value parsers decouple identification from conversion. Identification occurs immediately (so that an invalid JSON document can be rejected as early as possible), but conversion to a Haskell value is deferred until that value is needed.

This decoupling can be time-efficient if only a smallish subset of elements in a JSON value need to be inspected, since the cost of conversion is zero for uninspected elements. The trade off is an increase in memory usage, due to allocation of thunks for values that have not yet been converted.

Parse any JSON value.

The conversion of a parsed value to a Haskell value is deferred until the Haskell value is needed. This may improve performance if only a subset of the results of conversions are needed, but at a cost in thunk allocation.

This function is an alias for value. In aeson 0.8 and earlier, it parsed only object or array types, in conformance with the now-obsolete RFC 4627.

Warning

If an object contains duplicate keys, only the first one will be kept. For a more flexible alternative, see jsonWith.

Parse any JSON value. Synonym of json.

Parse a quoted JSON string.

Parse a JSON number.

Handling objects with duplicate keys

jsonWith :: ([(Text, Value)] -> Either String Object) -> Parser Value Source #

Parse any JSON value.

This parser is parameterized by a function to construct an Object from a raw list of key-value pairs, where duplicates are preserved. The pairs appear in reverse order from the source.

Examples

Expand

json keeps only the first occurence of each key, using fromList.

json = jsonWith (Right . fromList)


jsonLast keeps the last occurence of each key, using fromListWith (const id).

jsonLast = jsonWith (Right . fromListWith (const id))


jsonAccum keeps wraps all values in arrays to keep duplicates, using fromListAccum.

jsonAccum = jsonWith (Right . fromListAccum)


jsonNoDup fails if any object contains duplicate keys, using parseListNoDup.

jsonNoDup = jsonWith parseListNoDup


Variant of json which keeps only the last occurence of every key.

Variant of json wrapping all object mappings in Array to preserve key-value pairs with the same keys.

Variant of json which fails if any object contains duplicate keys.

Strict parsers

The json' and value' parsers combine identification with conversion. They consume more CPU cycles up front, but have a smaller memory footprint.

Parse any JSON value.

This is a strict version of json which avoids building up thunks during parsing; it performs all conversions immediately. Prefer this version if most of the JSON data needs to be accessed.

This function is an alias for value'. In aeson 0.8 and earlier, it parsed only object or array types, in conformance with the now-obsolete RFC 4627.

Warning

If an object contains duplicate keys, only the first one will be kept. For a more flexible alternative, see jsonWith'.

Strict version of value. Synonym of json'.

Handling objects with duplicate keys

jsonWith' :: ([(Text, Value)] -> Either String Object) -> Parser Value Source #

Strict version of jsonWith.

Variant of json' which keeps only the last occurence of every key.

Variant of json' wrapping all object mappings in Array to preserve key-value pairs with the same keys.

Variant of json' which fails if any object contains duplicate keys.