antiquoter- Combinator library for quasi- and anti-quoting.

Safe HaskellNone




Base module for AntiQuoters, defining some basic type-aliases and and combinators for antiquoting.

To for examples in the documentation of this library the following data types defining the untyped lambda calculus syntax:

data Expr
    = VarE Var
    | Lam  Var Expr
    | App  Expr Expr
    | AntiExpr String
    deriving (Typeable, Data)
data Var
    = Var     String
    | AntiVar String
    deriving (Typeable, Data)

(note: the idea for using lambda calculus comes from the original paper on quasi-quoting

A simple quasi-quoter without support for antiquoting can be defined by:

lExp = QuasiQuoter
    { quoteExp  = dataToExpQ (const Nothing) . parseExpr
    , quotePat  = dataToPatQ (const Nothing) . parseExpr
    , quoteType = error "No type quoter"
    , quoteDec  = error "No declaration quoter"
parseExpr :: String -> Expr
parseExpr = undefined -- implementation omitted

Now to add antiquoting it is needed to treat the AntiExpr and AntiVar constructors as special and translate them ourselves. This introduces an AntiQuoterPass e p, which is a specific translation rule from source syntax e to template haskell type p. In the example this can be used to defined:

antiExprE :: AntiQuoterPass Expr Exp
antiExprE (AntiExpr s) = Just . varE $ mkName s
antiExprE _            = Nothing
antiVarE :: AntiQuoterPass Var Exp
antiVarE (AntiVar s) = Just . varE $ mkName s
antiVarE _           = Nothing

antiExprP :: AntiQuoterPass Expr Pat
antiExprP (AntiExpr s) = Just . varP $ mkName s
antiExprP _            = Nothing
antiVarP :: AntiQuoterPass Var Pat
antiVarP (AntiVar s) = Just . varP $ mkName s
antiVarP _           = Nothing

Both rules should be used when antiquoting as an exception to the base case (using the default translation, const Nothing). Which can be done using (<>>), creating an AntiQuoter. Where an AntiQuoter represents a combination of AntiQuoterPasses which can be used to antiquote multiple datatypes. In the example this would result in

lExp = QuasiQuoter
    { quoteExp  = dataToExpQ antiE . parseExpr
    , quotePat  = dataToPatQ antiP . parseExpr
    , quoteType = error "No type quoter"
    , quoteDec  = error "No declaration quoter"
        antiE :: AntiQuoter Exp
        antiE = antiExprE <>> antiVarE <>> const Nothing
        antiP :: AntiQuoter Pat
        antiP = antiExprP <>> antiVarP <>> const Nothing

Two little improvements could be made, const Nothing could be replaced by noAntiQuoter and the building of the QuasiQuoter could be simplified by using mkQuasiQuoter.



type AntiQuoterPass e q = e -> Maybe (Q q)Source

A single antiquotation for a specific source type. Usually e is a type from the parsed language and q is the target type (usually Pat or Exp). A Just result indicates that the input should be antiquoted into result while Nothing indicates that there is no special antiquotation.

type AntiQuoter q = forall e. Typeable e => AntiQuoterPass e qSource

An AntiQuoter is the combination of several AntiQuoterPasses, which could have different source types. In the example the AntiQuoterPass Expr Exp and AntiQuoterPass Var Exp were combined into a single AntiQuoter Exp, which antiquoted both Expr and Pat.

type AQResult q = Maybe (Q q)Source

Result of an AntiQuoterPass (AntiQuoterPass e q = e -> AQResult q). This type-alias is mostly used for combinators which only provides the result of the antiquotation and the usecase (thus the pattern to match) should be filled in by the user.

See AntiQuoterPass on what Nothing and Just mean.

Using AntiQuoters

mkQuasiQuoter :: Data a => (String -> Q a) -> AntiQuoter Exp -> AntiQuoter Pat -> QuasiQuoterSource

Create an QuasiQuoter for expressions and patterns from a parser and two antiquoters. The quasiquoter from the example could also have been constructed by using mkQuasiQuoter (return . parse) antiE antiP .

fromPass :: Typeable e => AntiQuoterPass e q -> AntiQuoter qSource

Create an AntiQuoter from an single pass.

noAntiQuoter :: AntiQuoter qSource

An AnitQuoter that does no antiquoting by only return Nothing,

 noAntiQuoter = const Nothing

(<<>>) :: AntiQuoter q -> AntiQuoter q -> AntiQuoter qSource

Combines two AntiQuoters with the same result. It is left biased, thus if the first antiquoter returns Just result that is used, otherwise the second AntiQuoter is tried. Together with noAntiQuoter this forms a monoid, but as AntiQuoter is a type synonyme no instance is declared.

(<<>) :: Typeable e => AntiQuoter q -> AntiQuoterPass e q -> AntiQuoter qSource

Create an AntiQuoter by combining an AntiQuoter and an AntiQuoterPass. This is left biased, see (<<>>).

(<>>) :: Typeable e => AntiQuoterPass e q -> AntiQuoter q -> AntiQuoter qSource

Create an AntiQuoter by combining an AntiQuoterPass and an AntiQuoter. This is left biased, see (<<>>).

Convenience reexport

WARNING: when combining AntiQuoter(Pass)es using extQ only the last (rightmost) pass will be used for any source type. The <<> and <>> don't suffer from this problem.

extQ :: (Typeable a, Typeable b) => (a -> q) -> (b -> q) -> a -> q

Extend a generic query by a type-specific case


newtype WrappedAQResult q Source

Wrapper for AQResult, needed for the typechecker.




unAQRW :: AQResult q