{-# LANGUAGE GeneralizedNewtypeDeriving #-}
{-# LANGUAGE MultiParamTypeClasses #-}
{-# LANGUAGE CPP #-}
#ifdef DEBUG_CONFLICT_SETS
{-# LANGUAGE ImplicitParams #-}
#endif
module Distribution.Solver.Modular.Validate (validateTree) where
-- Validation of the tree.
--
-- The task here is to make sure all constraints hold. After validation, any
-- assignment returned by exploration of the tree should be a complete valid
-- assignment, i.e., actually constitute a solution.
import Control.Applicative
import Control.Monad.Reader hiding (sequence)
import Data.Function (on)
import Data.List as L
import Data.Set as S
import Data.Traversable
import Prelude hiding (sequence)
import Language.Haskell.Extension (Extension, Language)
import Data.Map.Strict as M
import Distribution.Compiler (CompilerInfo(..))
import Distribution.Solver.Modular.Assignment
import qualified Distribution.Solver.Modular.ConflictSet as CS
import Distribution.Solver.Modular.Dependency
import Distribution.Solver.Modular.Flag
import Distribution.Solver.Modular.Index
import Distribution.Solver.Modular.Package
import Distribution.Solver.Modular.Tree
import Distribution.Solver.Modular.Version
import qualified Distribution.Solver.Modular.WeightedPSQ as W
import Distribution.Solver.Types.PackagePath
import Distribution.Solver.Types.PkgConfigDb (PkgConfigDb, pkgConfigPkgIsPresent)
import Distribution.Types.PkgconfigVersionRange
#ifdef DEBUG_CONFLICT_SETS
import GHC.Stack (CallStack)
#endif
-- In practice, most constraints are implication constraints (IF we have made
-- a number of choices, THEN we also have to ensure that). We call constraints
-- that for which the preconditions are fulfilled ACTIVE. We maintain a set
-- of currently active constraints that we pass down the node.
--
-- We aim at detecting inconsistent states as early as possible.
--
-- Whenever we make a choice, there are two things that need to happen:
--
-- (1) We must check that the choice is consistent with the currently
-- active constraints.
--
-- (2) The choice increases the set of active constraints. For the new
-- active constraints, we must check that they are consistent with
-- the current state.
--
-- We can actually merge (1) and (2) by saying the the current choice is
-- a new active constraint, fixing the choice.
--
-- If a test fails, we have detected an inconsistent state. We can
-- disable the current subtree and do not have to traverse it any further.
--
-- We need a good way to represent the current state, i.e., the current
-- set of active constraints. Since the main situation where we have to
-- search in it is (1), it seems best to store the state by package: for
-- every package, we store which versions are still allowed. If for any
-- package, we have inconsistent active constraints, we can also stop.
-- This is a particular way to read task (2):
--
-- (2, weak) We only check if the new constraints are consistent with
-- the choices we've already made, and add them to the active set.
--
-- (2, strong) We check if the new constraints are consistent with the
-- choices we've already made, and the constraints we already have.
--
-- It currently seems as if we're implementing the weak variant. However,
-- when used together with 'preferEasyGoalChoices', we will find an
-- inconsistent state in the very next step.
--
-- What do we do about flags?
--
-- Like for packages, we store the flag choices we have already made.
-- Now, regarding (1), we only have to test whether we've decided the
-- current flag before. Regarding (2), the interesting bit is in discovering
-- the new active constraints. To this end, we look up the constraints for
-- the package the flag belongs to, and traverse its flagged dependencies.
-- Wherever we find the flag in question, we start recording dependencies
-- underneath as new active dependencies. If we encounter other flags, we
-- check if we've chosen them already and either proceed or stop.
-- | The state needed during validation.
data ValidateState = VS {
supportedExt :: Extension -> Bool,
supportedLang :: Language -> Bool,
presentPkgs :: PkgconfigName -> PkgconfigVersionRange -> Bool,
index :: Index,
-- Saved, scoped, dependencies. Every time 'validate' makes a package choice,
-- it qualifies the package's dependencies and saves them in this map. Then
-- the qualified dependencies are available for subsequent flag and stanza
-- choices for the same package.
saved :: Map QPN (FlaggedDeps QPN),
pa :: PreAssignment,
-- Map from package name to the components that are provided by the chosen
-- instance of that package, and whether those components are buildable.
availableComponents :: Map QPN (Map ExposedComponent IsBuildable),
-- Map from package name to the components that are required from that
-- package.
requiredComponents :: Map QPN ComponentDependencyReasons,
qualifyOptions :: QualifyOptions
}
newtype Validate a = Validate (Reader ValidateState a)
deriving (Functor, Applicative, Monad, MonadReader ValidateState)
runValidate :: Validate a -> ValidateState -> a
runValidate (Validate r) = runReader r
-- | A preassignment comprises knowledge about variables, but not
-- necessarily fixed values.
data PreAssignment = PA PPreAssignment FAssignment SAssignment
-- | A (partial) package preassignment. Qualified package names
-- are associated with MergedPkgDeps.
type PPreAssignment = Map QPN MergedPkgDep
-- | A dependency on a component, including its DependencyReason.
data PkgDep = PkgDep (DependencyReason QPN) (PkgComponent QPN) CI
-- | Map from component name to one of the reasons that the component is
-- required.
type ComponentDependencyReasons = Map ExposedComponent (DependencyReason QPN)
-- | MergedPkgDep records constraints about the instances that can still be
-- chosen, and in the extreme case fixes a concrete instance. Otherwise, it is a
-- list of version ranges paired with the goals / variables that introduced
-- them. It also records whether a package is a build-tool dependency, for each
-- reason that it was introduced.
--
-- It is important to store the component name with the version constraint, for
-- error messages, because whether something is a build-tool dependency affects
-- its qualifier, which affects which constraint is applied.
data MergedPkgDep =
MergedDepFixed ExposedComponent (DependencyReason QPN) I
| MergedDepConstrained [VROrigin]
-- | Version ranges paired with origins.
type VROrigin = (VR, ExposedComponent, DependencyReason QPN)
-- | The information needed to create a 'Fail' node.
type Conflict = (ConflictSet, FailReason)
validate :: Tree d c -> Validate (Tree d c)
validate = cata go
where
go :: TreeF d c (Validate (Tree d c)) -> Validate (Tree d c)
go (PChoiceF qpn rdm gr ts) = PChoice qpn rdm gr <$> sequence (W.mapWithKey (goP qpn) ts)
go (FChoiceF qfn rdm gr b m d ts) =
do
-- Flag choices may occur repeatedly (because they can introduce new constraints
-- in various places). However, subsequent choices must be consistent. We thereby
-- collapse repeated flag choice nodes.
PA _ pfa _ <- asks pa -- obtain current flag-preassignment
case M.lookup qfn pfa of
Just rb -> -- flag has already been assigned; collapse choice to the correct branch
case W.lookup rb ts of
Just t -> goF qfn rb t
Nothing -> return $ Fail (varToConflictSet (F qfn)) (MalformedFlagChoice qfn)
Nothing -> -- flag choice is new, follow both branches
FChoice qfn rdm gr b m d <$> sequence (W.mapWithKey (goF qfn) ts)
go (SChoiceF qsn rdm gr b ts) =
do
-- Optional stanza choices are very similar to flag choices.
PA _ _ psa <- asks pa -- obtain current stanza-preassignment
case M.lookup qsn psa of
Just rb -> -- stanza choice has already been made; collapse choice to the correct branch
case W.lookup rb ts of
Just t -> goS qsn rb t
Nothing -> return $ Fail (varToConflictSet (S qsn)) (MalformedStanzaChoice qsn)
Nothing -> -- stanza choice is new, follow both branches
SChoice qsn rdm gr b <$> sequence (W.mapWithKey (goS qsn) ts)
-- We don't need to do anything for goal choices or failure nodes.
go (GoalChoiceF rdm ts) = GoalChoice rdm <$> sequence ts
go (DoneF rdm s ) = pure (Done rdm s)
go (FailF c fr ) = pure (Fail c fr)
-- What to do for package nodes ...
goP :: QPN -> POption -> Validate (Tree d c) -> Validate (Tree d c)
goP qpn@(Q _pp pn) (POption i _) r = do
PA ppa pfa psa <- asks pa -- obtain current preassignment
extSupported <- asks supportedExt -- obtain the supported extensions
langSupported <- asks supportedLang -- obtain the supported languages
pkgPresent <- asks presentPkgs -- obtain the present pkg-config pkgs
idx <- asks index -- obtain the index
svd <- asks saved -- obtain saved dependencies
aComps <- asks availableComponents
rComps <- asks requiredComponents
qo <- asks qualifyOptions
-- obtain dependencies and index-dictated exclusions introduced by the choice
let (PInfo deps comps _ mfr) = idx ! pn ! i
-- qualify the deps in the current scope
let qdeps = qualifyDeps qo qpn deps
-- the new active constraints are given by the instance we have chosen,
-- plus the dependency information we have for that instance
let newactives = extractAllDeps pfa psa qdeps
-- We now try to extend the partial assignment with the new active constraints.
let mnppa = extend extSupported langSupported pkgPresent newactives
=<< extendWithPackageChoice (PI qpn i) ppa
-- In case we continue, we save the scoped dependencies
let nsvd = M.insert qpn qdeps svd
case mfr of
Just fr -> -- The index marks this as an invalid choice. We can stop.
return (Fail (varToConflictSet (P qpn)) fr)
Nothing ->
let newDeps :: Either Conflict (PPreAssignment, Map QPN ComponentDependencyReasons)
newDeps = do
nppa <- mnppa
rComps' <- extendRequiredComponents aComps rComps newactives
checkComponentsInNewPackage (M.findWithDefault M.empty qpn rComps) qpn comps
return (nppa, rComps')
in case newDeps of
Left (c, fr) -> -- We have an inconsistency. We can stop.
return (Fail c fr)
Right (nppa, rComps') -> -- We have an updated partial assignment for the recursive validation.
local (\ s -> s { pa = PA nppa pfa psa
, saved = nsvd
, availableComponents = M.insert qpn comps aComps
, requiredComponents = rComps'
}) r
-- What to do for flag nodes ...
goF :: QFN -> Bool -> Validate (Tree d c) -> Validate (Tree d c)
goF qfn@(FN qpn _f) b r = do
PA ppa pfa psa <- asks pa -- obtain current preassignment
extSupported <- asks supportedExt -- obtain the supported extensions
langSupported <- asks supportedLang -- obtain the supported languages
pkgPresent <- asks presentPkgs -- obtain the present pkg-config pkgs
svd <- asks saved -- obtain saved dependencies
aComps <- asks availableComponents
rComps <- asks requiredComponents
-- Note that there should be saved dependencies for the package in question,
-- because while building, we do not choose flags before we see the packages
-- that define them.
let qdeps = svd ! qpn
-- We take the *saved* dependencies, because these have been qualified in the
-- correct scope.
--
-- Extend the flag assignment
let npfa = M.insert qfn b pfa
-- We now try to get the new active dependencies we might learn about because
-- we have chosen a new flag.
let newactives = extractNewDeps (F qfn) b npfa psa qdeps
mNewRequiredComps = extendRequiredComponents aComps rComps newactives
-- As in the package case, we try to extend the partial assignment.
let mnppa = extend extSupported langSupported pkgPresent newactives ppa
case liftM2 (,) mnppa mNewRequiredComps of
Left (c, fr) -> return (Fail c fr) -- inconsistency found
Right (nppa, rComps') ->
local (\ s -> s { pa = PA nppa npfa psa, requiredComponents = rComps' }) r
-- What to do for stanza nodes (similar to flag nodes) ...
goS :: QSN -> Bool -> Validate (Tree d c) -> Validate (Tree d c)
goS qsn@(SN qpn _f) b r = do
PA ppa pfa psa <- asks pa -- obtain current preassignment
extSupported <- asks supportedExt -- obtain the supported extensions
langSupported <- asks supportedLang -- obtain the supported languages
pkgPresent <- asks presentPkgs -- obtain the present pkg-config pkgs
svd <- asks saved -- obtain saved dependencies
aComps <- asks availableComponents
rComps <- asks requiredComponents
-- Note that there should be saved dependencies for the package in question,
-- because while building, we do not choose flags before we see the packages
-- that define them.
let qdeps = svd ! qpn
-- We take the *saved* dependencies, because these have been qualified in the
-- correct scope.
--
-- Extend the flag assignment
let npsa = M.insert qsn b psa
-- We now try to get the new active dependencies we might learn about because
-- we have chosen a new flag.
let newactives = extractNewDeps (S qsn) b pfa npsa qdeps
mNewRequiredComps = extendRequiredComponents aComps rComps newactives
-- As in the package case, we try to extend the partial assignment.
let mnppa = extend extSupported langSupported pkgPresent newactives ppa
case liftM2 (,) mnppa mNewRequiredComps of
Left (c, fr) -> return (Fail c fr) -- inconsistency found
Right (nppa, rComps') ->
local (\ s -> s { pa = PA nppa pfa npsa, requiredComponents = rComps' }) r
-- | Check that a newly chosen package instance contains all components that
-- are required from that package so far. The components must also be buildable.
checkComponentsInNewPackage :: ComponentDependencyReasons
-> QPN
-> Map ExposedComponent IsBuildable
-> Either Conflict ()
checkComponentsInNewPackage required qpn providedComps =
case M.toList $ deleteKeys (M.keys providedComps) required of
(missingComp, dr) : _ ->
Left $ mkConflict missingComp dr NewPackageIsMissingRequiredComponent
[] ->
case M.toList $ deleteKeys buildableProvidedComps required of
(unbuildableComp, dr) : _ ->
Left $ mkConflict unbuildableComp dr NewPackageHasUnbuildableRequiredComponent
[] -> Right ()
where
mkConflict :: ExposedComponent
-> DependencyReason QPN
-> (ExposedComponent -> DependencyReason QPN -> FailReason)
-> Conflict
mkConflict comp dr mkFailure =
(CS.insert (P qpn) (dependencyReasonToCS dr), mkFailure comp dr)
buildableProvidedComps :: [ExposedComponent]
buildableProvidedComps = [comp | (comp, IsBuildable True) <- M.toList providedComps]
deleteKeys :: Ord k => [k] -> Map k v -> Map k v
deleteKeys ks m = L.foldr M.delete m ks
-- | We try to extract as many concrete dependencies from the given flagged
-- dependencies as possible. We make use of all the flag knowledge we have
-- already acquired.
extractAllDeps :: FAssignment -> SAssignment -> FlaggedDeps QPN -> [LDep QPN]
extractAllDeps fa sa deps = do
d <- deps
case d of
Simple sd _ -> return sd
Flagged qfn _ td fd -> case M.lookup qfn fa of
Nothing -> mzero
Just True -> extractAllDeps fa sa td
Just False -> extractAllDeps fa sa fd
Stanza qsn td -> case M.lookup qsn sa of
Nothing -> mzero
Just True -> extractAllDeps fa sa td
Just False -> []
-- | We try to find new dependencies that become available due to the given
-- flag or stanza choice. We therefore look for the choice in question, and then call
-- 'extractAllDeps' for everything underneath.
extractNewDeps :: Var QPN -> Bool -> FAssignment -> SAssignment -> FlaggedDeps QPN -> [LDep QPN]
extractNewDeps v b fa sa = go
where
go :: FlaggedDeps QPN -> [LDep QPN]
go deps = do
d <- deps
case d of
Simple _ _ -> mzero
Flagged qfn' _ td fd
| v == F qfn' -> if b then extractAllDeps fa sa td else extractAllDeps fa sa fd
| otherwise -> case M.lookup qfn' fa of
Nothing -> mzero
Just True -> go td
Just False -> go fd
Stanza qsn' td
| v == S qsn' -> if b then extractAllDeps fa sa td else []
| otherwise -> case M.lookup qsn' sa of
Nothing -> mzero
Just True -> go td
Just False -> []
-- | Extend a package preassignment.
--
-- Takes the variable that causes the new constraints, a current preassignment
-- and a set of new dependency constraints.
--
-- We're trying to extend the preassignment with each dependency one by one.
-- Each dependency is for a particular variable. We check if we already have
-- constraints for that variable in the current preassignment. If so, we're
-- trying to merge the constraints.
--
-- Either returns a witness of the conflict that would arise during the merge,
-- or the successfully extended assignment.
extend :: (Extension -> Bool) -- ^ is a given extension supported
-> (Language -> Bool) -- ^ is a given language supported
-> (PkgconfigName -> PkgconfigVersionRange -> Bool) -- ^ is a given pkg-config requirement satisfiable
-> [LDep QPN]
-> PPreAssignment
-> Either Conflict PPreAssignment
extend extSupported langSupported pkgPresent newactives ppa = foldM extendSingle ppa newactives
where
extendSingle :: PPreAssignment -> LDep QPN -> Either Conflict PPreAssignment
extendSingle a (LDep dr (Ext ext )) =
if extSupported ext then Right a
else Left (dependencyReasonToCS dr, UnsupportedExtension ext)
extendSingle a (LDep dr (Lang lang)) =
if langSupported lang then Right a
else Left (dependencyReasonToCS dr, UnsupportedLanguage lang)
extendSingle a (LDep dr (Pkg pn vr)) =
if pkgPresent pn vr then Right a
else Left (dependencyReasonToCS dr, MissingPkgconfigPackage pn vr)
extendSingle a (LDep dr (Dep dep@(PkgComponent qpn _) ci)) =
let mergedDep = M.findWithDefault (MergedDepConstrained []) qpn a
in case (\ x -> M.insert qpn x a) <$> merge mergedDep (PkgDep dr dep ci) of
Left (c, (d, d')) -> Left (c, ConflictingConstraints d d')
Right x -> Right x
-- | Extend a package preassignment with a package choice. For example, when
-- the solver chooses foo-2.0, it tries to add the constraint foo==2.0.
--
-- TODO: The new constraint is implemented as a dependency from foo to foo's
-- library. That isn't correct, because foo might only be needed as a build
-- tool dependency. The implemention may need to change when we support
-- component-based dependency solving.
extendWithPackageChoice :: PI QPN -> PPreAssignment -> Either Conflict PPreAssignment
extendWithPackageChoice (PI qpn i) ppa =
let mergedDep = M.findWithDefault (MergedDepConstrained []) qpn ppa
newChoice = PkgDep (DependencyReason qpn M.empty S.empty) (PkgComponent qpn ExposedLib) (Fixed i)
in case (\ x -> M.insert qpn x ppa) <$> merge mergedDep newChoice of
Left (c, (d, _d')) -> -- Don't include the package choice in the
-- FailReason, because it is redundant.
Left (c, NewPackageDoesNotMatchExistingConstraint d)
Right x -> Right x
-- | Merge constrained instances. We currently adopt a lazy strategy for
-- merging, i.e., we only perform actual checking if one of the two choices
-- is fixed. If the merge fails, we return a conflict set indicating the
-- variables responsible for the failure, as well as the two conflicting
-- fragments.
--
-- Note that while there may be more than one conflicting pair of version
-- ranges, we only return the first we find.
--
-- The ConflictingDeps are returned in order, i.e., the first describes the
-- conflicting part of the MergedPkgDep, and the second describes the PkgDep.
--
-- TODO: Different pairs might have different conflict sets. We're
-- obviously interested to return a conflict that has a "better" conflict
-- set in the sense the it contains variables that allow us to backjump
-- further. We might apply some heuristics here, such as to change the
-- order in which we check the constraints.
merge ::
#ifdef DEBUG_CONFLICT_SETS
(?loc :: CallStack) =>
#endif
MergedPkgDep -> PkgDep -> Either (ConflictSet, (ConflictingDep, ConflictingDep)) MergedPkgDep
merge (MergedDepFixed comp1 vs1 i1) (PkgDep vs2 (PkgComponent p comp2) ci@(Fixed i2))
| i1 == i2 = Right $ MergedDepFixed comp1 vs1 i1
| otherwise =
Left ( (CS.union `on` dependencyReasonToCS) vs1 vs2
, ( ConflictingDep vs1 (PkgComponent p comp1) (Fixed i1)
, ConflictingDep vs2 (PkgComponent p comp2) ci ) )
merge (MergedDepFixed comp1 vs1 i@(I v _)) (PkgDep vs2 (PkgComponent p comp2) ci@(Constrained vr))
| checkVR vr v = Right $ MergedDepFixed comp1 vs1 i
| otherwise =
Left ( (CS.union `on` dependencyReasonToCS) vs1 vs2
, ( ConflictingDep vs1 (PkgComponent p comp1) (Fixed i)
, ConflictingDep vs2 (PkgComponent p comp2) ci ) )
merge (MergedDepConstrained vrOrigins) (PkgDep vs2 (PkgComponent p comp2) ci@(Fixed i@(I v _))) =
go vrOrigins -- I tried "reverse vrOrigins" here, but it seems to slow things down ...
where
go :: [VROrigin] -> Either (ConflictSet, (ConflictingDep, ConflictingDep)) MergedPkgDep
go [] = Right (MergedDepFixed comp2 vs2 i)
go ((vr, comp1, vs1) : vros)
| checkVR vr v = go vros
| otherwise =
Left ( (CS.union `on` dependencyReasonToCS) vs1 vs2
, ( ConflictingDep vs1 (PkgComponent p comp1) (Constrained vr)
, ConflictingDep vs2 (PkgComponent p comp2) ci ) )
merge (MergedDepConstrained vrOrigins) (PkgDep vs2 (PkgComponent _ comp2) (Constrained vr)) =
Right (MergedDepConstrained $
-- TODO: This line appends the new version range, to preserve the order used
-- before a refactoring. Consider prepending the version range, if there is
-- no negative performance impact.
vrOrigins ++ [(vr, comp2, vs2)])
-- | Takes a list of new dependencies and uses it to try to update the map of
-- known component dependencies. It returns a failure when a new dependency
-- requires a component that is missing or unbuildable in a previously chosen
-- packages.
extendRequiredComponents :: Map QPN (Map ExposedComponent IsBuildable)
-> Map QPN ComponentDependencyReasons
-> [LDep QPN]
-> Either Conflict (Map QPN ComponentDependencyReasons)
extendRequiredComponents available = foldM extendSingle
where
extendSingle :: Map QPN ComponentDependencyReasons
-> LDep QPN
-> Either Conflict (Map QPN ComponentDependencyReasons)
extendSingle required (LDep dr (Dep (PkgComponent qpn comp) _)) =
let compDeps = M.findWithDefault M.empty qpn required
in -- Only check for the existence of the component if its package has
-- already been chosen.
case M.lookup qpn available of
Just comps
| M.notMember comp comps ->
Left $ mkConflict qpn comp dr PackageRequiresMissingComponent
| L.notElem comp (buildableComps comps) ->
Left $ mkConflict qpn comp dr PackageRequiresUnbuildableComponent
_ ->
Right $ M.insertWith M.union qpn (M.insert comp dr compDeps) required
extendSingle required _ = Right required
mkConflict :: QPN
-> ExposedComponent
-> DependencyReason QPN
-> (QPN -> ExposedComponent -> FailReason)
-> Conflict
mkConflict qpn comp dr mkFailure =
(CS.insert (P qpn) (dependencyReasonToCS dr), mkFailure qpn comp)
buildableComps :: Map comp IsBuildable -> [comp]
buildableComps comps = [comp | (comp, IsBuildable True) <- M.toList comps]
-- | Interface.
validateTree :: CompilerInfo -> Index -> PkgConfigDb -> Tree d c -> Tree d c
validateTree cinfo idx pkgConfigDb t = runValidate (validate t) VS {
supportedExt = maybe (const True) -- if compiler has no list of extensions, we assume everything is supported
(\ es -> let s = S.fromList es in \ x -> S.member x s)
(compilerInfoExtensions cinfo)
, supportedLang = maybe (const True)
(flip L.elem) -- use list lookup because language list is small and no Ord instance
(compilerInfoLanguages cinfo)
, presentPkgs = pkgConfigPkgIsPresent pkgConfigDb
, index = idx
, saved = M.empty
, pa = PA M.empty M.empty M.empty
, availableComponents = M.empty
, requiredComponents = M.empty
, qualifyOptions = defaultQualifyOptions idx
}