{-# LANGUAGE UndecidableInstances #-}
-- Search for UndecidableInstances to see why this is needed
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- |
-- Module : Control.Monad.State.Class
-- Copyright : (c) Andy Gill 2001,
-- (c) Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology, 2001
-- License : BSD-style (see the file LICENSE)
--
-- Maintainer : libraries@haskell.org
-- Stability : experimental
-- Portability : non-portable (multi-param classes, functional dependencies)
--
-- MonadState class.
--
-- This module is inspired by the paper
-- /Functional Programming with Overloading and Higher-Order Polymorphism/,
-- Mark P Jones ()
-- Advanced School of Functional Programming, 1995.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
module Control.Monad.State.Class (
MonadState(..),
modify,
gets,
) where
import Control.Monad.Trans.Cont
import Control.Monad.Trans.Error
import Control.Monad.Trans.Identity
import Control.Monad.Trans.List
import Control.Monad.Trans.Maybe
import Control.Monad.Trans.Reader
import qualified Control.Monad.Trans.RWS.Lazy as LazyRWS (RWST, get, put, state)
import qualified Control.Monad.Trans.RWS.Strict as StrictRWS (RWST, get, put, state)
import qualified Control.Monad.Trans.State.Lazy as Lazy (StateT, get, put, state)
import qualified Control.Monad.Trans.State.Strict as Strict (StateT, get, put, state)
import Control.Monad.Trans.Writer.Lazy as Lazy
import Control.Monad.Trans.Writer.Strict as Strict
import Control.Monad.Trans.Class (lift)
import Control.Monad
import Data.Monoid
-- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- | Minimal definition is either both of @get@ and @put@ or just @state@
class Monad m => MonadState s m | m -> s where
-- | Return the state from the internals of the monad.
get :: m s
get = state (\s -> (s, s))
-- | Replace the state inside the monad.
put :: s -> m ()
put s = state (\_ -> ((), s))
-- | Embed a simple state action into the monad.
state :: (s -> (a, s)) -> m a
state f = do
s <- get
let ~(a, s') = f s
put s'
return a
-- | Monadic state transformer.
--
-- Maps an old state to a new state inside a state monad.
-- The old state is thrown away.
--
-- > Main> :t modify ((+1) :: Int -> Int)
-- > modify (...) :: (MonadState Int a) => a ()
--
-- This says that @modify (+1)@ acts over any
-- Monad that is a member of the @MonadState@ class,
-- with an @Int@ state.
modify :: MonadState s m => (s -> s) -> m ()
modify f = state (\s -> ((), f s))
-- | Gets specific component of the state, using a projection function
-- supplied.
gets :: MonadState s m => (s -> a) -> m a
gets f = do
s <- get
return (f s)
instance Monad m => MonadState s (Lazy.StateT s m) where
get = Lazy.get
put = Lazy.put
state = Lazy.state
instance Monad m => MonadState s (Strict.StateT s m) where
get = Strict.get
put = Strict.put
state = Strict.state
instance (Monad m, Monoid w) => MonadState s (LazyRWS.RWST r w s m) where
get = LazyRWS.get
put = LazyRWS.put
state = LazyRWS.state
instance (Monad m, Monoid w) => MonadState s (StrictRWS.RWST r w s m) where
get = StrictRWS.get
put = StrictRWS.put
state = StrictRWS.state
-- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Instances for other mtl transformers
--
-- All of these instances need UndecidableInstances,
-- because they do not satisfy the coverage condition.
instance MonadState s m => MonadState s (ContT r m) where
get = lift get
put = lift . put
state = lift . state
instance (Error e, MonadState s m) => MonadState s (ErrorT e m) where
get = lift get
put = lift . put
state = lift . state
instance MonadState s m => MonadState s (IdentityT m) where
get = lift get
put = lift . put
state = lift . state
instance MonadState s m => MonadState s (ListT m) where
get = lift get
put = lift . put
state = lift . state
instance MonadState s m => MonadState s (MaybeT m) where
get = lift get
put = lift . put
state = lift . state
instance MonadState s m => MonadState s (ReaderT r m) where
get = lift get
put = lift . put
state = lift . state
instance (Monoid w, MonadState s m) => MonadState s (Lazy.WriterT w m) where
get = lift get
put = lift . put
state = lift . state
instance (Monoid w, MonadState s m) => MonadState s (Strict.WriterT w m) where
get = lift get
put = lift . put
state = lift . state