Heterogeneous lists of monoids.
Heterogeneous monoidal lists
The idea of heterogeneous lists has been around for a long time. Here, we adopt heterogeneous lists where the element types are all monoids: this allows us to leave out identity values, so that a heterogeneous list containing only a single non-identity value can be created without incurring constraints due to all the other types, by leaving all the other values out.
The empty heterogeneous list.
Cons for heterogeneous lists.
|a ::: l|
|(Action a a', Action (SM a) l) => Action (SM a) (::: a' l)|
|(Eq a, Eq l) => Eq (::: a l)|
|(Ord a, Ord l) => Ord (::: a l)|
|(Show a, Show l) => Show (::: a l)|
|(Monoid a, Monoid tl) => Monoid (::: a tl)|
|(Monoid a, ToTuple l) => ToTuple (::: a l)|
|MList l => MList (::: a l)|
|(Monoid a, Action (SM a) l2, Action l1 l2) => Action (::: a l1) l2|
|t :>: a => (::: b t) :>: a|
|(MList t, Monoid a) => (::: a t) :>: a|
Type class for heterogeneous monoidal lists, with a single method allowing construction of an empty list.
Converting to tuples
A type function to compute the tuple-based representation for
toTuple can be used to convert a heterogeneous list to its
Accessing embedded values
l :>: a holds when
a is the type of an element
l. For example,
(Char ::: Int ::: Bool ::: Nil) :>: Int.
Inject a value into an otherwise empty heterogeneous list.
Get the value of type
a from a heterogeneous list.
Alter the value of type
a by applying the given function to it.
Monoid actions of heterogeneous lists
Monoidal heterogeneous lists may act on one another as you would expect, with each element in the first list acting on each in the second. Unfortunately, coding this up in type class instances is a bit fiddly.
SM, an abbreviation for "single monoid" (as opposed to a
heterogeneous list of monoids), is only used internally to help
guide instance selection when defining the action of
heterogeneous monoidal lists on each other.