Modularized interface to gnuplot that allows complex graphics and fine control of their components. It is designed for non-interactive use, e.g. scripts for plotting statistics.
The hierarchy of objects is as follows:
Graph2D: A curve like a sine curve. Attributes of a graph are line type, thickness, color.
Graph3D: A surface.
Plot: An overlay of many curves. It is parametrized by the graph type (2D or 3D) in order to make sure, that only graphs of one type are overlayed and only according attributes can be accessed. You cannot generate plots or graphs alone, you can only generate plots containing graphs using the functions in Graphics.Gnuplot.Plot.TwoDimensional and Graphics.Gnuplot.Plot.ThreeDimensional. You can combine plots using the
Frame: Add options to a plot such as border, legend, title, label attributes. See Graphics.Gnuplot.Frame and Graphics.Gnuplot.Frame.OptionSet.
MultiPlot: Arrange several frames in a matrix layout. See Graphics.Gnuplot.MultiPlot.
Although the Haskell wrapper shall save you from the burden
of learning gnuplot script syntax,
it happens frequently that people ask,
how to express a certain gnuplot script using this package.
Thus let's annotate the gnuplot script generated by
in order to show, what belongs to where:
# the terminal selection is part of the 'plot' command of this module set terminal x11 # multiplot initialization belongs to MultiPlot - of course set multiplot layout 3, 5 # hiding the names of the temporary files is a FrameOption unset key set xrange [-1.0:1.0] # this plot contains only one graph, # but several graphs could be given separated by commas plot "curve0.csv" using 1:2 with lines plot "curve1.csv" using 1:2 with lines plot "curve2.csv" using 1:2 with lines plot "curve3.csv" using 1:2 with lines plot "curve4.csv" using 1:2 with lines plot "curve5.csv" using 1:2 with lines plot "curve6.csv" using 1:2 with lines set xrange [-2.5:2.5] set yrange [-2.5:2.5] # this is a plot build from a Graph3D splot "curve7.csv" using 1:2:3 with pm3d set xrange [-1.0:1.0] set yrange [*:*] plot "curve8.csv" using 1:2 with lines plot "curve9.csv" using 1:2 with lines plot "curve10.csv" using 1:2 with lines plot "curve11.csv" using 1:2 with lines plot "curve12.csv" using 1:2 with lines plot "curve13.csv" using 1:2 with lines plot "curve14.csv" using 1:2 with lines unset multiplot
- plot :: (C terminal, C gfx) => terminal -> gfx -> IO ExitCode
- plotDefault :: C gfx => gfx -> IO ExitCode
- plotSync :: (C terminal, C gfx) => terminal -> gfx -> IO ExitCode
- plotAsync :: (C terminal, C gfx) => terminal -> gfx -> IO ThreadId
- fileContents :: (C terminal, C gfx) => FilePath -> terminal -> gfx -> (String, [T])
The plot function returns
which is nice for programming
but ugly for interactive GHCi sessions.
For interactive sessions,
better use Graphics.Gnuplot.Simple.
gfx must be one of the types
This function runs gnuplot asynchronously
for interactive terminals (X11, WX)
and synchronously for file terminals (PostScript, PNG, etc.).
This emulates the behaviour of
However, when running asynchronous
we cannot obtain a real
Thus, in this case we will always return
Return the gnuplot script and the curve files corresponding to your plot data. The first parameter is the directory where the curve files are located. This directory is baked into the gnuplot script and the paths of the curve files.
Don't make any assumptions about the structure of the files. Feeding the files to gnuplot, archiving them or study them are the intended uses of them.