```#if __GLASGOW_HASKELL__ >= 701
{-# LANGUAGE Safe #-}
#endif

module Data.Ratio (
Ratio
, Rational
, (%)               -- :: (Integral a) => a -> a -> Ratio a
, numerator         -- :: (Integral a) => Ratio a -> a
, denominator       -- :: (Integral a) => Ratio a -> a
, approxRational    -- :: (RealFrac a) => a -> a -> Rational

-- * Specification

-- \$code
) where
import "base" Data.Ratio

{- \$code
> module  Data.Ratio (
>     Ratio, Rational, (%), numerator, denominator, approxRational ) where
>
> infixl 7  %
>
> ratPrec = 7 :: Int
>
> data  (Integral a)      => Ratio a = !a :% !a  deriving (Eq)
> type  Rational          =  Ratio Integer
>
> (%)                     :: (Integral a) => a -> a -> Ratio a
> numerator, denominator  :: (Integral a) => Ratio a -> a
> approxRational          :: (RealFrac a) => a -> a -> Rational
>
>
> -- "reduce" is a subsidiary function used only in this module.
> -- It normalises a ratio by dividing both numerator
> -- and denominator by their greatest common divisor.
> --
> -- E.g., 12 `reduce` 8    ==  3 :%   2
> --       12 `reduce` (-8) ==  3 :% (-2)
>
> reduce _ 0              =  error "Data.Ratio.% : zero denominator"
> reduce x y              =  (x `quot` d) :% (y `quot` d)
>                            where d = gcd x y
>
> x % y                   =  reduce (x * signum y) (abs y)
>
> numerator (x :% _)      =  x
>
> denominator (_ :% y)    =  y
>
>
> instance  (Integral a)  => Ord (Ratio a)  where
>     (x:%y) <= (x':%y')  =  x * y' <= x' * y
>     (x:%y) <  (x':%y')  =  x * y' <  x' * y
>
> instance  (Integral a)  => Num (Ratio a)  where
>     (x:%y) + (x':%y')   =  reduce (x*y' + x'*y) (y*y')
>     (x:%y) * (x':%y')   =  reduce (x * x') (y * y')
>     negate (x:%y)       =  (-x) :% y
>     abs (x:%y)          =  abs x :% y
>     signum (x:%y)       =  signum x :% 1
>     fromInteger x       =  fromInteger x :% 1
>
> instance  (Integral a)  => Real (Ratio a)  where
>     toRational (x:%y)   =  toInteger x :% toInteger y
>
> instance  (Integral a)  => Fractional (Ratio a)  where
>     (x:%y) / (x':%y')   =  (x*y') % (y*x')
>     recip (x:%y)        =  y % x
>     fromRational (x:%y) =  fromInteger x :% fromInteger y
>
> instance  (Integral a)  => RealFrac (Ratio a)  where
>     properFraction (x:%y) = (fromIntegral q, r:%y)
>                             where (q,r) = quotRem x y
>
> instance  (Integral a)  => Enum (Ratio a)  where
>     succ x           =  x+1
>     pred x           =  x-1
>     toEnum           =  fromIntegral
>     fromEnum         =  fromInteger . truncate        -- May overflow
>     enumFrom         =  numericEnumFrom               -- These numericEnumXXX functions
>     enumFromThen     =  numericEnumFromThen   -- are as defined in Prelude.hs
>     enumFromTo       =  numericEnumFromTo     -- but not exported from it!
>     enumFromThenTo   =  numericEnumFromThenTo
>
> instance  (Read a, Integral a)  => Read (Ratio a)  where
>     readsPrec p  =  readParen (p > ratPrec)
>                               (\r -> [(x%y,u) | (x,s)   <- readsPrec (ratPrec+1) r,
>                                                 ("%",t) <- lex s,
>                                                 (y,u)   <- readsPrec (ratPrec+1) t ])
>
> instance  (Integral a)  => Show (Ratio a)  where
>     showsPrec p (x:%y)  =  showParen (p > ratPrec)
>                               showsPrec (ratPrec+1) x .
>                               showString " % " .
>                               showsPrec (ratPrec+1) y)
>
>
>
> approxRational x eps    =  simplest (x-eps) (x+eps)
>         where simplest x y | y < x      =  simplest y x
>                            | x == y     =  xr
>                            | x > 0      =  simplest' n d n' d'
>                            | y < 0      =  - simplest' (-n') d' (-n) d
>                            | otherwise  =  0 :% 1
>                                         where xr@(n:%d) = toRational x
>                                               (n':%d')  = toRational y
>
>               simplest' n d n' d'       -- assumes 0 < n%d < n'%d'
>                         | r == 0     =  q :% 1
>                         | q /= q'    =  (q+1) :% 1
>                         | otherwise  =  (q*n''+d'') :% n''
>                                      where (q,r)      =  quotRem n d
>                                            (q',r')    =  quotRem n' d'
>                                            (n'':%d'') =  simplest' d' r' d r
-}
```