lens-4.19.1: Lenses, Folds and Traversals

Copyright (C) 2012-16 Edward Kmett BSD-style (see the file LICENSE) Edward Kmett provisional portable None Haskell2010

Data.List.Lens

Description

Traversals for manipulating parts of a list.

Additional optics for manipulating lists are present more generically in this package.

The Ixed class allows traversing the element at a specific list index.

>>> [0..10] ^? ix 4
Just 4

>>> [0..5] & ix 4 .~ 2
[0,1,2,3,2,5]

>>> [0..10] ^? ix 14
Nothing

>>> [0..5] & ix 14 .~ 2
[0,1,2,3,4,5]


The Cons and AsEmpty classes provide Prisms for list constructors.

>>> [1..10] ^? _Cons
Just (1,[2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10])

>>> [] ^? _Cons
Nothing

>>> [] ^? _Empty
Just ()

>>> _Cons # (1, _Empty # ()) :: [Int]
[1]


Additionally, Snoc provides a Prism for accessing the end of a list. Note that this Prism always will need to traverse the whole list.

>>> [1..5] ^? _Snoc
Just ([1,2,3,4],5)

>>> _Snoc # ([1,2],5)
[1,2,5]


An instance of Plated allows for finding locations in the list where a traversal matches.

>>> [Nothing, Just 7, Just 3, Nothing] & deep (ix 0 . _Just) +~ 10
[Nothing,Just 17,Just 3,Nothing]


An instance of Reversing provides an Iso between a list and its reverse.

>>> "live" & reversed %~ ('d':)
"lived"


Finally, it's possible to traverse, fold over, and map over index-value pairs thanks to instances of TraversableWithIndex, FoldableWithIndex, and FunctorWithIndex.

>>> imap (,) "Hello"
[(0,'H'),(1,'e'),(2,'l'),(3,'l'),(4,'o')]

>>> ifoldMap replicate "Hello"
"ellllloooo"

>>> itraverse_ (curry print) "Hello"
(0,'H')
(1,'e')
(2,'l')
(3,'l')
(4,'o')

Synopsis

# Documentation

prefixed :: Eq a => [a] -> Prism' [a] [a] Source #

A ReifiedPrism stripping a prefix from a list when used as a ReifiedTraversal, or prepending that prefix when run backwards:

>>> "preview" ^? prefixed "pre"
Just "view"

>>> "review" ^? prefixed "pre"
Nothing

>>> prefixed "pre" # "amble"
"preamble"


suffixed :: Eq a => [a] -> Prism' [a] [a] Source #

A ReifiedPrism stripping a suffix from a list when used as a ReifiedTraversal, or appending that suffix when run backwards:

>>> "review" ^? suffixed "view"
Just "re"

>>> "review" ^? suffixed "tire"
Nothing

>>> suffixed ".o" # "hello"
"hello.o"


stripSuffix :: Eq a => [a] -> [a] -> Maybe [a] Source #