libcspm-0.2.0: A library providing a parser, type checker and evaluator for CSPM.



A module that parses CSPM modules.

The biggest problem with parsing CSPM is that > means both greater than and end sequence. For example, consider <x | x > 2 and <x | x > 2 >. Both of these are syntactically valid, but the parser has no way of deducing whether or not the first > it sees is an end sequence or a greater than.

Clearly, without an arbitrary lookahead it is not possible, in general, to solve this. Hence, we go for the 'shortest sequence' approach, in which whenever a > is seen whilst a list is currently open, we assume that it closes the list.

FDR has a slightly more sophisticated scheme, but this depends on the fact that Bison happens to generate a lazy lookahead in this case, whereas Happy is never lazy in its lookahead token. In particular, FDR has a sequence stack of integers. The top value means the number of open sequence brackets it has seen so far. It lexes < as normal, but whenever it decides that a < token is a open sequence token, adds one to the current top of the sequence stack. Then, whenever a > token is discovered it checks to see if the top value is non-zero, and if so lexes endseq, otherwise lexes gt. It then decrements the value of the top of the sequence stack in the parser. It uses a stack to allow it to open new contexts within parenthesis.

Laziness is required when scanning something like <1> > <1> as, if it is not lazy then the second > will be lexed just before the first > is dealt with.

Instead, we decrement the top of the sequence stack within the lexer instead. I don't think this will cause a change in behaviour, as if the lexer lexes a _endseq token then it will definitely decrement the counter later (and it has already checked to make sure it is non-zero). However, we do keep the decision about LT being openseq or < in the parser as this can decide when this is the case (e.g. x < means it must be a LT).

The above is a problem in conjunction with nested brackets. For example, consider <(0,1) | x>; when we parse this we would take the ( into the lookahead before we actually parse <, meaning that when we push the 1 onto the sequence stack it actually goes onto the new top entry that is popped off after ) is processed. Therefore, the > will be parsed as a GT. To solve this we make sure that whenever we pop off the sequence stack we add any remaining open sequences onto the new top element. Clearly this would be unsafe if we were relying on this for parsing, but as we are not this should be fine and should cause no further ambiguities.

It should be noted the above is a big hacky workaround, but I see no alternative without resorting to an arbitrary lookahead parser (like parsec) and its obvious inefficiency.



parseFile :: String -> ParseMonad [PModule]Source

Parse the given file, returning the parsed PModules.

parseExpression :: String -> ParseMonad PExpSource

Parses a string as an PExp.

parseStringAsFile :: String -> ParseMonad [PModule]Source

Parse a string, as though it were an entire file, returning the parsed PModules.