## Changelog for liquidhaskell-0.8.0.0

# Changes

## NEXT

**breaking change**Remove the`Bool`

vs.`Prop`

distinction. This means that:signatures that use(d)

`Prop`

as a type, e.g.`foo :: Int -> Prop`

should just be`foo :: Int -> Bool`

.refinements that use(d)

`Prop v`

e.g.`isNull :: xs:[a] -> {v:Bool | Prop v <=> len xs > 0}`

should just be`isNull :: xs:[a] -> {v:Bool | v <=> len xs > 0}`

.

Add

`--eliminate={none, some, all}`

. Here`none`

means don't use eliminate at all, use qualifiers everywhere (old-style)`some`

which is the**DEFAULT**-- means eliminate all the**non-cut**variables`all`

means eliminate where you can, and solve*cut*variables to`True`

.

Change

`--higherorder`

so that it uses*only*the qualifiers obtained from type aliases (e.g.`type Nat = {v:Int | ... }`

) and nothing else. This requires`eliminate=some`

.Add a

`--json`

flag that runs in quiet mode where all output is suppressed and only the list of errors is returned as a JSON object to be consumed by an editor.Add

`--checks`

flag (formerly`--binders`

), which checks a given binder's definition, assuming specified types for all callees (but inferring types for callees without signatures.)Add

`--time-binds`

which is like the above, but checks all binders in a module and prints out time taken for each.

## 0.5.0.1

- Fixed a bug in the specification for
`Data.Traversable.sequence`

- Make interpreted mul and div the default, when
`solver = z3`

- Use
`--higherorder`

to allow higher order binders into the fixpoint environment

## 0.5.0.0

Added support for building with

`stack`

Added support for GHC 7.10 (in addition to 7.8)

Added '--cabaldir' option that will automatically find a .cabal file in the ancestor path from which the target file belongs, and then add the relevant source and dependencies to the paths searched for by LiquidHaskell.

This means we don't have to manually do

`-i src`

etc. when checking large projects, which can be tedious e.g. within emacs.

## 0.4.0.0

- Bounds as an alternative for logical constraints see
`benchmarks/icfp15/pos/Overview.lhs`

## 0.3.0.0

Logical constraints: add extra subtyping constraints to signatures, e.g.

{-@ (.) :: forall <p :: b -> c -> Prop, q :: a -> b -> Prop, r :: a -> c -> Prop>. {x::a, w::b<q x> |- c<p w> <: c<r x>} (y:b -> c<p y>) -> (z:a -> b<q z>) -> x:a -> c<r x> @-} (.) f g x = f (g x)

Inlining haskell functions as predicates and expressions, e.g.

{-@ inline max @-} max x y = if x >= y then x else y

Refining class instances. For example

{-@ instance Compare Int where cmax :: Odd -> Odd -> Odd @-}

Major restructuring of internal APIs

## 0.2.1.0

- Experimental support for lifting haskell functions to measures
If you annotate a Haskell function
`foo`

with {-@ measure foo @-}, LiquidHaskell will attempt to derive an equivalent measure from`foo`

's definition. This should help eliminate some boilerplate measures that used to be required.

## 0.2.0.0

Move to GHC-7.8.3 LiquidHaskell now

*requires*ghc-7.8.3.Termination LiquidHaskell will now attempt to prove all recursive functions terminating. It tries to prove that some parameter (or combination thereof) decreases at each recursive callsite. By default, this will be the first parameter with an associated size measure (see Size Measures), but can be overridden with the

`Decreases`

annotation or a termination expression (see Termination Expressions).

If proving termination is too big of burden, it can be disabled on a per-module basis with the `--no-termination`

flag, or on a per-function basis with the `Lazy`

annotation.

Size Measures Data declarations now optionally take a

*size measure*, which LiquidHaskell will use to prove termination of recursive functions. The syntax is:{-@ data List a [len] = Nil | Cons a (List a) @-}

Termination Expressions Termination Expressions can be used to specify the decreasing metric of a recursive function. They can be any valid LiquidHaskell expression and must be placed after the function's LiquidHaskell type, e.g.

{-@ map :: (a -> b) -> xs:[a] -> [a] / [len xs] @-}

Type Holes To reduce the annotation burden, LiquidHaskell now accepts

`_`

as a placeholder for types and refinements. It can take the place of any base Haskell type and LiquidHaskell will query GHC to fill in the blanks, or it can take the place of a refinement predicate, in which case LiquidHaskell will infer an appropriate refinement. For example,{-@ add :: x:_ -> y:_ -> {v:_ | v = x + y} @-} add x y = x + y

becomes

```
{-@ add :: Num a => x:a -> y:a -> {v:a | v = x + y} @-}
add x y = x + y
```

Assumed Specifications The

`assume`

annotation now works as you might expect it to, i.e. LiquidHaskell will*not*verify that the implementation is correct. Furthermore,`assume`

can be used to locally override the type of an imported function.Derived Measure Selectors Given a data definition

{-@ data Foo = Foo { bar :: Int, baz :: Bool } @-}

LiquidHaskell will automatically derive measures

```
{-@ measure bar :: Foo -> Int @-}
{-@ measure baz :: Foo -> Bool @-}
```

Type-Class Specifications LiquidHaskell can now verify prove that type-class instances satisfy a specification. Simply use the new

`class`

annotation{-@ class Num a where (+) :: x:a -> y:a -> {v:a | v = x + y} (-) :: x:a -> y:a -> {v:a | v = x - y} ... @-}

and LiquidHaskell will attempt to prove at each instance declaration that the implementations satisfy the class specification.

When defining type-class specifications you may find the need to use overloaded measures, to allow for type-specific definitions (see Type-Indexed Measures).

Type-Indexed Measures LiquidHaskell now accepts measures with

*type-specific*definitions, e.g. a measure to describe the size of a value. Such measures are defined using the`class measure`

syntax{-@ class measure size :: forall a. a -> Int @-}

and instances can be defined using the `instance measure`

syntax, which mirrors the regular measure syntax

```
{-@ instance measure size :: [a] -> Int
size ([]) = 0
size (x:xs) = 1 + size xs
@-}
{-@ instance measure size :: Tree a -> Int
size (Leaf) = 0
size (Node l x r) = 1 + size l + size r
@-}
```

Parsing We have greatly improved our parser to require fewer parentheses! Yay!

Emacs/Vim Support LiquidHaskell now comes with syntax checkers for flycheck in Emacs and syntastic in Vim.

Incremental Checking LiquidHaskell has a new

`--diffcheck`

flag that will only check binders that have changed since the last run, which can drastically improve verification times.Experimental Support for Z3's theory of real numbers with the

`--real`

flag.