The postgresql-simple-migration package

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A PostgreSQL-simple schema migration utility


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Versions0.1.0.0, 0.1.1.0, 0.1.1.0, 0.1.2.0, 0.1.3.0, 0.1.5.0, 0.1.6.0, 0.1.7.0, 0.1.8.0, 0.1.9.0
Dependenciesbase (>=4.6 && <5.0), base64-bytestring (==1.0.*), bytestring (==0.10.*), cryptohash (==0.11.*), directory (==1.2.*), postgresql-simple (==0.4.*), time (==1.4.*) [details]
LicenseBSD3
Copyright2014, Andreas Meingast
AuthorAndreas Meingast <ameingast@gmail.com>
MaintainerAndreas Meingast <ameingast@gmail.com>
CategoryDatabase
Home pagehttps://github.com/ameingast/postgresql-simple-migration
Bug trackerhttps://github.com/ameingast/postgresql-simple-migration/issues
Source repositoryhead: git clone git://github.com/ameingast/postgresql-simple-migration
Executablesmigrate
UploadedSun Jul 6 07:28:00 UTC 2014 by ameingast

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Readme for postgresql-simple-migration-0.1.1.0

PostgreSQL Migrations for Haskell

Build Status

Welcome to postgresql-simple-migrations, a tool for helping you with PostgreSQL schema migrations.

This project is an open-source database migration tool. It favors simplicity over configuration.

It is implemented in Haskell and uses the (excellent) postgresql-simple library to communicate with PostgreSQL.

It comes in two flavors: a library that features an easy to use Haskell API and as a standalone application.

Database migrations can be written in SQL (in this case PostgreSQL-sql) or in Haskell.

Why?

Database migrations should not be hard. They should be under version control and documented in both your production systems and in your project files.

What?

This library executes SQL/Haskell migration scripts and keeps track of their meta information.

Scripts are be executed exactly once and any changes to scripts will cause a run-time error notifying you of a corrupted database.

The meta information consists of:

This library also supports migration validation so you can ensure (some) correctness before your application logic kicks in.

How?

This utility can be used in two ways: embedded in your Haskell program or as a standalone binary.

Standalone

The standalone program supports file-based migrations. To execute all SQL-files in a directory $BASE_DIR, execute the following command to initialize the database in a first step.

CON="host=$host dbname=$db user=$user password=$pw"
./dist/build/migrate/migrate init $CON
./dist/build/migrate/migrate migrate $CON $BASE_DIR

To validate already executed scripts, execute the following:

CON="host=$host dbname=$db user=$user password=$pw"
./dist/build/migrate/migrate init $CON
./dist/build/migrate/migrate validate $CON $BASE_DIR

For more information about the PostgreSQL connection string, see: libpq-connect.

Library

The library supports more actions than the standalone program.

Initializing the database:

main :: IO ()
main = do
    let url = "host=$host dbname=$db user=$user password=$pw"
    con <- connectPostgreSQL (BS8.pack url)
    void $ runMigration $ MigrationContext MigrationInitialization True con

For file-based migrations, the following snippet can be used:

main :: IO ()
main = do
    let url = "host=$host dbname=$db user=$user password=$pw"
    let dir = "."
    con <- connectPostgreSQL (BS8.pack url)
    void $ runMigration $ MigrationContext (MigrationDirectory dir) True con

To run Haskell-based migrations, use this:

main :: IO ()
main = do
    let url = "host=$host dbname=$db user=$user password=$pw"
    let name = "my script"
    let script = "create table users (email varchar not null)";
    con <- connectPostgreSQL (BS8.pack url)
    void $ runMigration $ MigrationContext 
        (MigrationScript name script) True con

Validations wrap MigrationCommands. This means that you can re-use all MigrationCommands to perform a read-only validation of your migrations.

To perform a validation on a directory-based migration, you can use the following code:

main :: IO ()
main = do
    let url = "host=$host dbname=$db user=$user password=$pw"
    let name = "my script"
    let script = "create table users (email varchar not null)";
    con <- connectPostgreSQL (BS8.pack url)
    void $ runMigration $ MigrationContext 
        (MigrationValidation (MigrationDirectory dir)) verbose con

Compilation and Tests

The program is built with the cabal build system. The following command builds the library, the standalone binary and the test package.

cabal configure --enable-tests && cabal build -j

To execute the tests, you need a running PostgreSQL server with an empty database called test. Tests are executed through cabal as follows:

cabal configure --enable-tests && cabal test

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