{- |
Module      :  XMonad.Util.XSelection
Copyright   :  (C) 2007 Andrea Rossato, Matthew Sackman
License     :  BSD3

Maintainer  : Gwern Branwen <gwern0@gmail.com>
Stability   :  unstable
Portability :  unportable

A module for accessing and manipulating X Window's mouse selection (the buffer used in copy and pasting).
'getSelection' is an adaptation of Hxsel.hs and Hxput.hs from the XMonad-utils, available:

> $ darcs get <http://gorgias.mine.nu/repos/xmonad-utils>

module XMonad.Util.XSelection (  -- * Usage
                                 -- $usage
                                 transformSafePromptSelection) where

import Control.Exception.Extensible as E (catch,SomeException(..))
import Control.Monad (liftM, join)
import Data.Maybe (fromMaybe)
import XMonad
import XMonad.Util.Run (safeSpawn, unsafeSpawn)

import Codec.Binary.UTF8.String (decode)

{- $usage
   Add @import XMonad.Util.XSelection@ to the top of Config.hs
   Then make use of getSelection or promptSelection as needed; if
   one wanted to run Firefox with the selection as an argument (perhaps
   the selection string is an URL you just highlighted), then one could add
   to the xmonad.hs a line like thus:

   > , ((modm .|. shiftMask, xK_b), promptSelection "firefox")

   There are a number of known problems with XSelection:

    * Unicode handling is busted. But it's still better than calling
      'chr' to translate to ASCII, at least.
      As near as I can tell, the mangling happens when the String is
      outputted somewhere, such as via promptSelection's passing through
      the shell, or GHCi printing to the terminal. utf-string has IO functions
      which can fix this, though I do not know have to use them here. It's
      a complex issue; see
      and <http://www.haskell.org/pipermail/xmonad/2007-September/001966.html>.

    * Needs more elaborate functionality: Emacs' registers are nice; if you
      don't know what they are, see <http://www.gnu.org/software/emacs/manual/html_node/emacs/Registers.html#Registers> -}

-- | Returns a String corresponding to the current mouse selection in X; if there is none, an empty string is returned. Note that this is
-- really only reliable for ASCII text and currently escapes or otherwise mangles more complex UTF-8 characters.
getSelection :: MonadIO m => m String
getSelection = io $ do
  dpy <- openDisplay ""
  let dflt = defaultScreen dpy
  rootw  <- rootWindow dpy dflt
  win <- createSimpleWindow dpy rootw 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
  p <- internAtom dpy "PRIMARY" True
  ty <- E.catch
                     (internAtom dpy "UTF8_STRING" False)
                     (\(E.SomeException _) -> internAtom dpy "COMPOUND_TEXT" False))
             (\(E.SomeException _) -> internAtom dpy "sTring" False)
  clp <- internAtom dpy "BLITZ_SEL_STRING" False
  xConvertSelection dpy p ty clp win currentTime
  allocaXEvent $ \e -> do
    nextEvent dpy e
    ev <- getEvent e
    if ev_event_type ev == selectionNotify
       then do res <- getWindowProperty8 dpy clp win
               return $ decode . map fromIntegral . fromMaybe [] $ res
       else destroyWindow dpy win >> return ""

{- | A wrapper around 'getSelection'. Makes it convenient to run a program with the current selection as an argument.
This is convenient for handling URLs, in particular. For example, in your Config.hs you could bind a key to
         @promptSelection \"firefox\"@;
this would allow you to highlight a URL string and then immediately open it up in Firefox.

'promptSelection' passes strings through the system shell, \/bin\/sh; if you do not wish your selected text
to be interpreted or mangled by the shell, use 'safePromptSelection'. safePromptSelection will bypass the
shell using 'safeSpawn' from "XMonad.Util.Run"; see its documentation for more
details on the advantages and disadvantages of using safeSpawn. -}
promptSelection, safePromptSelection, unsafePromptSelection :: String -> X ()
promptSelection = unsafePromptSelection
safePromptSelection app = join $ io $ liftM (safeSpawn app . return) getSelection
unsafePromptSelection app = join $ io $ liftM unsafeSpawn $ fmap (\x -> app ++ " " ++ x) getSelection

{- | A wrapper around 'promptSelection' and its safe variant. They take two parameters, the first is a function that transforms strings, and the second is the application to run. The transformer essentially transforms the selection in X.
One example is to wrap code, such as a command line action copied out of the browser to be run as @"sudo" ++ cmd@ or @"su - -c \""++ cmd ++"\""@.
transformPromptSelection, transformSafePromptSelection :: (String -> String) -> String -> X ()
transformPromptSelection f app = join $ io $ liftM (safeSpawn app . return) (fmap f getSelection)
transformSafePromptSelection f app = join $ io $ liftM unsafeSpawn $ fmap (\x -> app ++ " " ++ x) (fmap f getSelection)