yesod-static- Static file serving subsite for Yesod Web Framework.

Safe HaskellNone




A generator is executed at compile time to load a list of entries to embed into the subsite. This module contains several basic generators, but the design of generators and entries is such that it is straightforward to make custom generators for your own specific purposes, see this section.



type Location = StringSource

A location is a relative path within the static subsite at which resource(s) are made available. The location can include slashes to simulate directories but must not start or end with a slash.

embedFile :: FilePath -> GeneratorSource

Embed a single file. Equivalent to passing the same string twice to embedFileAt.

embedFileAt :: Location -> FilePath -> GeneratorSource

Embed a single file at a given location within the static subsite and generate a route variable based on the location via pathToName. The FilePath must be a relative path to the directory in which you run cabal build. During development, the file located at this filepath will be reloaded on every request. When compiling for production, the contents of the file will be embedded into the executable and so the file does not need to be distributed along with the executable.

embedDir :: FilePath -> GeneratorSource

Embed all files in a directory into the static subsite.

Equivalent to passing the empty string as the location to embedDirAt, so the directory path itself is not part of the resource locations (and so also not part of the generated route variable names).

embedDirAt :: Location -> FilePath -> GeneratorSource

Embed all files in a directory to a given location within the static subsite.

The directory tree rooted at the FilePath (which must be relative to the directory in which you run cabal build) is embedded into the static subsite at the given location. Also, route variables will be created based on the final location of each file. For example, if a directory "static" contains the files

  • css/bootstrap.css
  • js/jquery.js
  • js/bootstrap.js

then embedDirAt "somefolder" "static" will

  • Make the file static/css/bootstrap.css available at the location somefolder/css/bootstrap.css within the static subsite and similarly for the other two files.
  • Create variables somefolder_css_bootstrap_css, somefolder_js_jquery_js, somefolder_js_bootstrap_js all of type Route EmbeddedStatic.
  • During development, the files will be reloaded on every request. During production, the contents of all files will be embedded into the executable.
  • During development, files that are added to the directory while the server is running will not be detected. You need to recompile the module which contains the call to mkEmbeddedStatic. This will also generate new route variables for the new files.

concatFiles :: Location -> [FilePath] -> GeneratorSource

Concatinate a list of files and embed it at the location. Equivalent to passing return to concatFilesWith.

concatFilesWith :: Location -> (ByteString -> IO ByteString) -> [FilePath] -> GeneratorSource

Concatinate a list of files into a single ByteString, run the resulting content through the given function, embed it at the given location, and create a haskell variable name for the route based on the location.

The processing function is only run when compiling for production, and the processing function is executed at compile time. During development, on every request the files listed are reloaded, concatenated, and served as a single resource at the given location without being processed.

Compression options for concatFilesWith

jasmine :: ByteString -> IO ByteStringSource

Convienient rexport of minifym with a type signature to work with concatFilesWith.

uglifyJs :: ByteString -> IO ByteStringSource

Use UglifyJS2 to compress javascript. Assumes uglifyjs is located in the path and uses options ["-m", "-c"] to both mangle and compress and the option "-" to cause uglifyjs to read from standard input.

yuiJavascript :: ByteString -> IO ByteStringSource

Use YUI Compressor to compress javascript. Assumes a script yuicompressor is located in the path. If not, you can still use something like

 compressTool "java" ["-jar", "/path/to/yuicompressor.jar", "--type", "js"]

yuiCSS :: ByteString -> IO ByteStringSource

Use YUI Compressor to compress CSS. Assumes a script yuicompressor is located in the path.

closureJs :: ByteString -> IO ByteStringSource

Use Closure to compress javascript using the default options. Assumes a script closure is located in the path. If not, you can still run using

 compressTool "java" ["-jar", "/path/to/compiler.jar"]



:: FilePath


-> [String]


-> ByteString 
-> IO ByteString 

Helper to convert a process into a compression function. The process should be set up to take input from standard input and write to standard output.

tryCompressTools :: [ByteString -> IO ByteString] -> ByteString -> IO ByteStringSource

Try a list of processing functions (like the compressions above) one by one until one succeeds (does not raise an exception). Once a processing function succeeds, none of the remaining functions are used. If none succeeds, the input is just returned unprocessed. This is helpful if you are distributing code on hackage and do not know what compressors the user will have installed. You can list several and they will be tried in order until one succeeds.


pathToName :: FilePath -> NameSource

Clean up a path to make it a valid haskell name by replacing all non-letters and non-numbers by underscores. In addition, if the path starts with a capital letter or number add an initial underscore.

Custom Generators

Here is an example of creating your own custom generator. Because of template haskell stage restrictions, you must define generators in a different module from where you use them. The following generator will embed a JSON document that contains the compile time.

{-# LANGUAGE TemplateHaskell, QuasiQuotes, OverloadedStrings #-}
module CompileTime where

import Data.Aeson
import Data.Default
import Data.Time
import Yesod.EmbeddedStatic.Generators
import Yesod.EmbeddedStatic.Types
import qualified Data.ByteString.Lazy as BL

getTime :: IO BL.ByteString
getTime = do
    t <- getCurrentTime
    return $ encode $
        object [ "compile_time" .= show t ]

timeGenerator :: Location -> Generator
timeGenerator loc =
    return $ [def
        { ebHaskellName = Just $ pathToName loc
        , ebLocation    = loc
        , ebMimeType    = "application/json"
        , ebProductionContent = getTime
        , ebDevelReload = [| getTime |]

Notice how the getTime action is given as both ebProductionContent and ebDevelReload. The result is that during development, the getTime action will be re-executed on every request so the time returned will be different for each reload. When compiling for production, the getTime action will be executed once at compile time to produce the content to embed and never called at runtime.

Here is a small example yesod program using this generator. Try toggling the development argument to mkEmbeddedStatic.

{-# LANGUAGE TemplateHaskell, QuasiQuotes, TypeFamilies #-}
module Main where

import Yesod
import Yesod.EmbeddedStatic
import CompileTime (timeGenerator)

mkEmbeddedStatic True "eStatic" [timeGenerator "compile-time.json"]

-- The above will generate variables
-- eStatic :: EmbeddedStatic
-- compile_time_json :: Route EmbeddedStatic

data MyApp = MyApp { getStatic :: EmbeddedStatic }

mkYesod "MyApp" [parseRoutes|
/ HomeR GET
/static StaticR EmbeddedStatic getStatic

instance Yesod MyApp

getHomeR :: Handler Html
getHomeR = defaultLayout $ [whamlet|
<p>Check the 
    <a href=@{StaticR compile_time_json}>compile time

main :: IO ()
main = warp 3000 $ MyApp eStatic