Control.Monad.Fix
 Portability portable Stability experimental Maintainer libraries@haskell.org
Description

Monadic fixpoints.

For a detailed discussion, see Levent Erkok's thesis, Value Recursion in Monadic Computations, Oregon Graduate Institute, 2002.

Synopsis
class Monad m => MonadFix m where
 mfix :: (a -> m a) -> m a
fix :: (a -> a) -> a
Documentation
 class Monad m => MonadFix m where Source

Monads having fixed points with a 'knot-tying' semantics. Instances of MonadFix should satisfy the following laws:

purity
mfix (return . h) = return (fix h)
left shrinking (or tightening)
mfix (\x -> a >>= \y -> f x y) = a >>= \y -> mfix (\x -> f x y)
sliding
mfix (Control.Monad.liftM h . f) = Control.Monad.liftM h (mfix (f . h)), for strict h.
nesting
mfix (\x -> mfix (\y -> f x y)) = mfix (\x -> f x x)

This class is used in the translation of the recursive do notation supported by GHC and Hugs.

Methods
 mfix :: (a -> m a) -> m a Source
The fixed point of a monadic computation. mfix f executes the action f only once, with the eventual output fed back as the input. Hence f should not be strict, for then mfix f would diverge.
Instances
 MonadFix [] MonadFix IO MonadFix Maybe MonadFix ((->) r) MonadFix (ST s) MonadFix (ST s)
 fix :: (a -> a) -> a Source
fix f is the least fixed point of the function f, i.e. the least defined x such that f x = x.
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