-- | Module used for generating HTML redirect pages. This allows renaming pages
-- to avoid breaking existing links without requiring server-side support for
-- formal 301 Redirect error codes
module Hakyll.Web.Redirect
    ( Redirect (..)
    , createRedirects
    ) where

import           Control.Applicative    ((<$>))
import           Control.Monad          (forM_)
import           Data.Binary            (Binary (..))
import           Hakyll.Core.Compiler
import           Hakyll.Core.Identifier
import           Hakyll.Core.Routes
import           Hakyll.Core.Rules
import           Hakyll.Core.Writable   (Writable (..))

-- | This function exposes a higher-level interface compared to using the
-- 'Redirect' type manually.
-- This creates, using a database mapping broken URLs to working ones, HTML
-- files which will do HTML META tag redirect pages (since, as a static site, we
-- can't use web-server-level 301 redirects, and using JS is gross).
-- This is useful for sending people using old URLs to renamed versions, dealing
-- with common typos etc, and will increase site traffic.  Such broken URLs can
-- be found by looking at server logs or by using Google Webmaster Tools.
-- Broken URLs must be valid Haskell strings, non-URL-escaped valid POSIX
-- filenames, and relative links, since they will be defined in a @hakyll.hs@
-- and during generation, written to disk with the filename corresponding to the
-- broken URLs.  (Target URLs can be absolute or relative, but should be
-- URL-escaped.) So broken incoming links like <http://www.gwern.net/foo/> which
-- should be <http://www.gwern.net/foobar> cannot be fixed (since you cannot
-- create a HTML file named @"foo/"@ on disk, as that would be a directory).
-- An example of a valid association list would be:
-- > brokenLinks =
-- >     [ ("projects.html", "http://github.com/gwern")
-- >     , ("/Black-market archive", "Black-market%20archives")
-- >     ]
-- In which case the functionality can then be used in `main` with a line like:
-- > version "redirects" $ createRedirects brokenLinks
-- The 'version' is recommended to separate these items from your other pages.
-- The on-disk files can then be uploaded with HTML mimetypes
-- (either explicitly by generating and uploading them separately, by
-- auto-detection of the filetype, or an upload tool defaulting to HTML
-- mimetype, such as calling @s3cmd@ with @--default-mime-type=text/html@) and
-- will redirect browsers and search engines going to the old/broken URLs.
-- See also <https://groups.google.com/d/msg/hakyll/sWc6zxfh-uM/fUpZPsFNDgAJ>.
createRedirects :: [(Identifier, String)] -> Rules ()
createRedirects redirects =
    forM_ redirects $ \(ident, to) ->
        create [ident] $ do
            route idRoute
            compile $ makeItem $! Redirect to

-- | This datatype can be used directly if you want a lower-level interface to
-- generate redirects.  For example, if you want to redirect @foo.html@ to
-- @bar.jpg@, you can use:
-- > create ["foo.html"] $ do
-- >     route idRoute
-- >     compile $ makeItem $ Redirect "bar.jpg"
data Redirect = Redirect
    { redirectTo :: String
    } deriving (Eq, Ord, Show)

instance Binary Redirect where
    put (Redirect to) = put to
    get = Redirect <$> get

instance Writable Redirect where
    write path = write path . fmap redirectToHtml

redirectToHtml :: Redirect -> String
redirectToHtml (Redirect working) =
    "<!DOCTYPE html><html><head><meta charset=\"utf-8\"/><meta name=\"generator\" content=\"hakyll\"/>" ++
    "<meta http-equiv=\"refresh\" content=\"0; url=" ++ working ++
    "\"><link rel=\"canonical\" href=\"" ++ working ++
    "\"><title>Permanent Redirect</title></head><body><p>The page has moved to: <a href=\"" ++ working ++
    "\">this page</a></p></body></html>"