algebra-2.0.2: Constructive abstract algebra




newtype Map r b a Source

linear maps from elements of a free module to another free module over r

 f $# x + y = (f $# x) + (f $# y)
 f $# (r .* x) = r .* (f $# x)

Map r b a represents a linear mapping from a free module with basis a over r to a free module with basis b over r.

Note well the reversed direction of the arrow, due to the contravariance of change of basis!

This way enables we can employ arbitrary pure functions as linear maps by lifting them using arr, or build them by using the monad instance for Map r b. As a consequence Map is an instance of, well, almost everything.


Map ((a -> r) -> b -> r) 


PFunctor Either (Map r) (Map r) 
PFunctor (,) (Map r) (Map r) 
QFunctor Either (Map r) (Map r) 
QFunctor (,) (Map r) (Map r) 
Bifunctor Either (Map r) (Map r) (Map r) 
Bifunctor (,) (Map r) (Map r) (Map r) 
MonadReader b (Map r b) 
RightModule r s => RightModule r (Map s b m) 
LeftModule r s => LeftModule r (Map s b m) 
Arrow (Map r) 
Monoidal r => ArrowZero (Map r) 
Monoidal r => ArrowPlus (Map r) 
ArrowChoice (Map r) 
ArrowApply (Map r) 
Category (Map r) 
Distributive (Map r) 
CCC (Map r) 
PreCartesian (Map r) 
PreCoCartesian (Map r) 
Semigroupoid (Map r) 
Braided (Map r) Either 
Braided (Map r) (,) 
Symmetric (Map r) Either 
Symmetric (Map r) (,) 
Monoidal (Map r) Either 
Monoidal (Map r) (,) 
Comonoidal (Map r) Either 
Comonoidal (Map r) (,) 
Associative (Map r) Either 
Associative (Map r) (,) 
Disassociative (Map r) Either 
Disassociative (Map r) (,) 
Monad (Map r b) 
Functor (Map r b) 
Monoidal r => MonadPlus (Map r b) 
Applicative (Map r b) 
Monoidal r => Alternative (Map r b) 
Monoidal r => Plus (Map r b) 
Additive r => Alt (Map r b) 
Apply (Map r b) 
Bind (Map r b) 
Abelian s => Abelian (Map s b a) 
Additive r => Additive (Map r b a) 
Monoidal s => Monoidal (Map s b a) 
Coalgebra r m => Semiring (Map r b m) 
Coalgebra r m => Multiplicative (Map r b m) 
Group s => Group (Map s b a) 
CounitalCoalgebra r m => Unital (Map r b m) 
(Rig r, CounitalCoalgebra r m) => Rig (Map r b m) 
(Ring r, CounitalCoalgebra r m) => Ring (Map r a m) 
(Commutative m, Coalgebra r m) => Commutative (Map r b m) 
Coalgebra r m => RightModule (Map r b m) (Map r b m) 
Coalgebra r m => LeftModule (Map r b m) (Map r b m) 

($@) :: Map r b a -> b -> Covector r aSource

extract a linear functional from a linear map

multMap :: Coalgebra r c => Map r (c, c) cSource

memoMap :: HasTrie a => Map r a aSource

(inefficiently) combine a linear combination of basis vectors to make a map. arrMap :: (Monoidal r, Semiring r) => (b -> [(r, a)]) -> Map r b a arrMap f = Map $ k b -> sum [ r * k a | (r, a) <- f b ]

Memoize the results of this linear map

comultMap :: Algebra r a => Map r a (a, a)Source

convolveMap :: (Algebra r a, Coalgebra r c) => Map r a c -> Map r a c -> Map r a cSource

convolution given an associative algebra and coassociative coalgebra