Maintainer  diagramsdiscuss@googlegroups.com 

Safe Haskell  None 
Transformations specific to two dimensions, with a few generic transformations (uniform scaling, translation) also reexported for convenience.
 rotation :: Angle a => a > T2
 rotate :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2, Angle a) => a > t > t
 rotateBy :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => CircleFrac > t > t
 rotationAbout :: Angle a => P2 > a > T2
 rotateAbout :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2, Angle a) => P2 > a > t > t
 scalingX :: Double > T2
 scaleX :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > t
 scalingY :: Double > T2
 scaleY :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > t
 scaling :: (HasLinearMap v, Fractional (Scalar v)) => Scalar v > Transformation v
 scale :: (Transformable t, Fractional (Scalar (V t)), Eq (Scalar (V t))) => Scalar (V t) > t > t
 scaleToX :: (Enveloped t, Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > t
 scaleToY :: (Enveloped t, Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > t
 scaleUToX :: (Enveloped t, Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > t
 scaleUToY :: (Enveloped t, Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > t
 translationX :: Double > T2
 translateX :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > t
 translationY :: Double > T2
 translateY :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > t
 translation :: HasLinearMap v => v > Transformation v
 translate :: (Transformable t, HasLinearMap (V t)) => V t > t > t
 reflectionX :: T2
 reflectX :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => t > t
 reflectionY :: T2
 reflectY :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => t > t
 reflectionAbout :: P2 > R2 > T2
 reflectAbout :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => P2 > R2 > t > t
 shearingX :: Double > T2
 shearX :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > t
 shearingY :: Double > T2
 shearY :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > t
 data ScaleInv t = ScaleInv {
 unScaleInv :: t
 scaleInvDir :: R2
 scaleInvLoc :: P2
 scaleInv :: t > R2 > ScaleInv t
Rotation
rotation :: Angle a => a > T2Source
Create a transformation which performs a rotation about the local
origin by the given angle. See also rotate
.
rotate :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2, Angle a) => a > t > tSource
Rotate about the local origin by the given angle. Positive angles
correspond to counterclockwise rotation, negative to
clockwise. The angle can be expressed using any type which is an
instance of Angle
. For example, rotate (1/4 ::
, CircleFrac
)rotate (tau/4 ::
, and Rad
)rotate (90 ::
all represent the same transformation, namely, a
counterclockwise rotation by a right angle. To rotate about some
point other than the local origin, see Deg
)rotateAbout
.
Note that writing rotate (1/4)
, with no type annotation, will
yield an error since GHC cannot figure out which sort of angle
you want to use. In this common situation you can use
rotateBy
, which is specialized to take a CircleFrac
argument.
rotateBy :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => CircleFrac > t > tSource
A synonym for rotate
, specialized to only work with
CircleFrac
arguments; it can be more convenient to write
rotateBy (1/4)
than
.
rotate
(1/4 :: CircleFrac
)
rotationAbout :: Angle a => P2 > a > T2Source
rotationAbout p
is a rotation about the point p
(instead of
around the local origin).
rotateAbout :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2, Angle a) => P2 > a > t > tSource
rotateAbout p
is like rotate
, except it rotates around the
point p
instead of around the local origin.
Scaling
scalingX :: Double > T2Source
Construct a transformation which scales by the given factor in the x (horizontal) direction.
scaleX :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > tSource
Scale a diagram by the given factor in the x (horizontal)
direction. To scale uniformly, use scale
.
scalingY :: Double > T2Source
Construct a transformation which scales by the given factor in the y (vertical) direction.
scaleY :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > tSource
Scale a diagram by the given factor in the y (vertical)
direction. To scale uniformly, use scale
.
scaling :: (HasLinearMap v, Fractional (Scalar v)) => Scalar v > Transformation v
Create a uniform scaling transformation.
scale :: (Transformable t, Fractional (Scalar (V t)), Eq (Scalar (V t))) => Scalar (V t) > t > t
Scale uniformly in every dimension by the given scalar.
scaleToX :: (Enveloped t, Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > tSource
scaleToX w
scales a diagram in the x (horizontal) direction by
whatever factor required to make its width w
. scaleToX
should not be applied to diagrams with a width of 0, such as
vrule
.
scaleToY :: (Enveloped t, Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > tSource
scaleToY h
scales a diagram in the y (vertical) direction by
whatever factor required to make its height h
. scaleToY
should not be applied to diagrams with a height of 0, such as
hrule
.
scaleUToX :: (Enveloped t, Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > tSource
scaleUToX w
scales a diagram uniformly by whatever factor
required to make its width w
. scaleUToX
should not be
applied to diagrams with a width of 0, such as vrule
.
scaleUToY :: (Enveloped t, Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > tSource
scaleUToY h
scales a diagram uniformly by whatever factor
required to make its height h
. scaleUToY
should not be applied
to diagrams with a height of 0, such as hrule
.
Translation
translationX :: Double > T2Source
Construct a transformation which translates by the given distance in the x (horizontal) direction.
translateX :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > tSource
Translate a diagram by the given distance in the x (horizontal) direction.
translationY :: Double > T2Source
Construct a transformation which translates by the given distance in the y (vertical) direction.
translateY :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > tSource
Translate a diagram by the given distance in the y (vertical) direction.
translation :: HasLinearMap v => v > Transformation v
Create a translation.
translate :: (Transformable t, HasLinearMap (V t)) => V t > t > t
Translate by a vector.
Reflection
Construct a transformation which flips a diagram from left to right, i.e. sends the point (x,y) to (x,y).
reflectX :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => t > tSource
Flip a diagram from left to right, i.e. send the point (x,y) to (x,y).
Construct a transformation which flips a diagram from top to bottom, i.e. sends the point (x,y) to (x,y).
reflectY :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => t > tSource
Flip a diagram from top to bottom, i.e. send the point (x,y) to (x,y).
reflectionAbout :: P2 > R2 > T2Source
reflectionAbout p v
is a reflection in the line determined by
the point p
and vector v
.
reflectAbout :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => P2 > R2 > t > tSource
reflectAbout p v
reflects a diagram in the line determined by
the point p
and the vector v
.
Shears
shearingX :: Double > T2Source
shearingX d
is the linear transformation which is the identity on
y coordinates and sends (0,1)
to (d,1)
.
shearX :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > tSource
shearX d
performs a shear in the xdirection which sends
(0,1)
to (d,1)
.
shearingY :: Double > T2Source
shearingY d
is the linear transformation which is the identity on
x coordinates and sends (1,0)
to (1,d)
.
shearY :: (Transformable t, V t ~ R2) => Double > t > tSource
shearY d
performs a shear in the ydirection which sends
(1,0)
to (1,d)
.
Scale invariance
The ScaleInv
wrapper creates twodimensional scaleinvariant
objects. Intuitively, a scaleinvariant object is affected by
transformations like translations and rotations, but not by scales.
However, this is problematic when it comes to nonuniform
scales (e.g. scaleX 2 . scaleY 3
) since they can introduce a
perceived rotational component. The prototypical example is an
arrowhead on the end of a path, which should be scaleinvariant.
However, applying a nonuniform scale to the path but not the
arrowhead would leave the arrowhead pointing in the wrong
direction.
Moreover, for objects whose local origin is not at the local origin of the parent diagram, any scale can result in a translational component as well.
The solution is to also store a point (indicating the location, i.e. the local origin) and a unit vector (indicating the direction) along with a scaleinvariant object. A transformation to be applied is decomposed into rotational and translational components as follows:
 The transformation is applied to the direction vector, and the difference in angle between the original direction vector and its image under the transformation determines the rotational component. The rotation is applied with respect to the stored location, rather than the global origin.
 The vector from the location to the image of the location under the transformation determines the translational component.
ScaleInv  

Show t => Show (ScaleInv t)  
(HasLinearMap (V (ScaleInv t)), ~ * (V t) R2, Transformable t) => Transformable (ScaleInv t)  
(VectorSpace (V (ScaleInv t)), ~ * (V t) R2, HasOrigin t) => HasOrigin (ScaleInv t) 