diagrams-lib- Embedded domain-specific language for declarative graphics

Safe HaskellNone




Diagrams may have attributes which affect the way they are rendered. This module defines some common attributes; particular backends may also define more backend-specific attributes.

Every attribute type must have a semigroup structure, that is, an associative binary operation for combining two attributes into one. Unless otherwise noted, all the attributes defined here use the Last structure, that is, combining two attributes simply keeps the second one and throws away the first. This means that child attributes always override parent attributes.



Diagrams outsources all things color-related to Russell O'Connor's very nice colour package (http://hackage.haskell.org/package/colour). For starters, it provides a large collection of standard color names. However, it also provides a rich set of combinators for combining and manipulating colors; see its documentation for more information.

class Color c whereSource

The Color type class encompasses color representations which can be used by the Diagrams library. Instances are provided for both the Colour and AlphaColour types from the Data.Colour library.


toAlphaColour :: c -> AlphaColour DoubleSource

Convert a color to its standard representation, AlphaColour.

fromAlphaColour :: AlphaColour Double -> cSource

Convert from an AlphaColour Double. Note that this direction may lose some information. For example, the instance for Colour drops the alpha channel.


data SomeColor Source

An existential wrapper for instances of the Color class.


forall c . Color c => SomeColor c 


data Opacity Source

Although the individual colors in a diagram can have transparency, the opacity/transparency of a diagram as a whole can be specified with the Opacity attribute. The opacity is a value between 1 (completely opaque, the default) and 0 (completely transparent). Opacity is multiplicative, that is, opacity o1 . opacity o2 === opacity (o1 * o2). In other words, for example, opacity 0.8 means "decrease this diagram's opacity to 80% of its previous opacity".

opacity :: HasStyle a => Double -> a -> aSource

Multiply the opacity (see Opacity) by the given value. For example, opacity 0.8 means "decrease this diagram's opacity to 80% of its previous opacity".

Converting colors

colorToSRGBA :: Color c => c -> (Double, Double, Double, Double)Source

Convert to sRGBA.

colorToRGBA :: Color c => c -> (Double, Double, Double, Double)Source

Deprecated: Renamed to colorToSRGBA.

Convert to sRGBA.

Line stuff

Cap style

data LineCap Source

What sort of shape should be placed at the endpoints of lines?



Lines end precisely at their endpoints.


Lines are capped with semicircles centered on endpoints.


Lines are capped with a squares centered on endpoints.

lineCap :: HasStyle a => LineCap -> a -> aSource

Set the line end cap attribute.

Join style

data LineJoin Source

How should the join points between line segments be drawn?



Use a "miter" shape (whatever that is).


Use rounded join points.


Use a "bevel" shape (whatever that is). Are these... carpentry terms?

lineJoin :: HasStyle a => LineJoin -> a -> aSource

Set the segment join style.

Miter limit

newtype LineMiterLimit Source

Miter limit attribute affecting the LineJoinMiter joins. For some backends this value may have additional effects.


LineMiterLimit (Last Double) 

lineMiterLimit :: HasStyle a => Double -> a -> aSource

Set the miter limit for joins with LineJoinMiter.

lineMiterLimitA :: HasStyle a => LineMiterLimit -> a -> aSource

Apply a LineMiterLimit attribute.