Convenient creation of command-line-driven executables for rendering diagrams using the Postscript backend.
defaultMaincreates an executable which can render a single diagram at various options.
defaultMainbut allows for a list of diagrams from which the user can choose one to render.
defaultMainbut renders a list of diagrams as pages in a single file.
animMainrenders an animation at a given frame rate into separate files with an index number.
mainWithis a generic form that does all of the above but with a slightly scarier type. See Diagrams.Backend.CmdLine. This form can also take a function type that has a subtable final result (any of arguments to the above types) and
If you want to generate diagrams programmatically---i.e. if you want to do anything more complex than what the below functions provide---you have several options.
- Use a function with
mainWith. This may require making
Parseableinstances for custom argument types.
- Make a new
Mainableinstance. This may require a newtype wrapper on your diagram type to avoid the existing instances. This gives you more control over argument parsing, intervening steps, and diagram creation.
- Build option records and pass them along with a diagram to
- An even more flexible approach is to directly call
renderDia; see Diagrams.Backend.Postscript for more information.
For a tutorial on command-line diagram creation see http://projects.haskell.org/diagrams/doc/cmdline.html.
General form of
mainWith method unifies all of the other forms of
main and is
now the recommended way to build a command-line diagrams program. It
works as a direct replacement for
animMain as well as allowing more general arguments. For example,
given a function that produces a diagram when given an
Int and a
mainWith will produce a program that looks for additional number
and color arguments.
... definitions ... f :: Int -> Colour Double -> Diagram Postscript R2 f i c = ... main = mainWith f
We can run this program as follows:
$ ghc --make MyDiagram # output image.eps built by `f 20 red` $ ./MyDiagram -o image.eps -w 200 20 red
Main entry point for command-line diagram creation. This is the method
that users will call from their program
main. For instance an expected
user program would take the following form.
import Diagrams.Prelude import Diagrams.Backend.TheBestBackend.CmdLine d :: Diagram B R2 d = ... main = mainWith d
Most backends should be able to use the default implementation. A different implementation should be used to handle more complex interactions with the user.
Supported forms of
This is the simplest way to render diagrams, and is intended to be used like so:
... other definitions ... myDiagram = ... main = defaultMain myDiagram
Compiling a source file like the above example will result in an
executable which takes command-line options for setting the size,
output file, and so on, and renders
myDiagram with the
--help to the generated executable to see all available
options. Currently it looks something like
./Program Usage: ./Program [-w|--width WIDTH] [-h|--height HEIGHT] [-o|--output OUTPUT] Command-line diagram generation. Available options: -?,--help Show this help text -w,--width WIDTH Desired WIDTH of the output image -h,--height HEIGHT Desired HEIGHT of the output image -o,--output OUTPUT OUTPUT file
For example, a common scenario is
$ ghc --make MyDiagram # output image.eps with a width of 400pt (and auto-determined height) $ ./MyDiagram -o image.eps -w 400
multiMain is like
defaultMain, except instead of a single
diagram it takes a list of diagrams paired with names as input.
The generated executable then takes a
specifying the name of the diagram that should be rendered. The
list of available diagrams may also be printed by passing the
$ ghc --make MultiTest [1 of 1] Compiling Main ( MultiTest.hs, MultiTest.o ) Linking MultiTest ... $ ./MultiTest --list Available diagrams: foo bar $ ./MultiTest --selection bar -o Bar.eps -w 200
pagesMain is like
defaultMain, except instead of a single
diagram it takes a list of diagrams and each will be rendered as a page
in the Postscript file.
$ ghc --make MultiPage [1 of 1] Compiling Main ( MultiPage.hs, MultiPage.o ) Linking MultiPage ... $ ./MultiPage -o Pages.ps -w 200
animMain is like
defaultMain, but renders an animation
instead of a diagram. It takes as input an animation and produces
a command-line program which will crudely "render" the animation
by rendering one image for each frame, named by extending the given
output file name by consecutive integers. For example if the given
output file name is
foo/blah.eps, the frames will be saved in
foo/blah002.eps, and so on (the number of
padding digits used depends on the total number of frames). It is
up to the user to take these images and stitch them together into
an actual animation format (using, e.g.
Of course, this is a rather crude method of rendering animations; more sophisticated methods will likely be added in the future.
--fpu option can be used to control how many frames will be
output for each second (unit time) of animation.
This data declaration is simply used as a token to distinguish this rendering engine.