ghc-typelits-knownnat-0.6: Derive KnownNat constraints from other KnownNat constraints

GHC.TypeLits.KnownNat

Description

Some "magic" classes and instances to get the GHC.TypeLits.KnownNat.Solver type checker plugin working.

# Usage

Let's say you defined a closed type family Max:

import Data.Type.Bool (If)
import GHC.TypeLits

type family Max (a :: Nat) (b :: Nat) :: Nat where
Max 0 b = b
Max a b = If (a <=? b) b a


if you then want the GHC.TypeLits.KnownNat.Solver to solve KnownNat constraints over Max, given just KnownNat constraints for the arguments of Max, then you must define:

{-# LANGUAGE DataKinds, FlexibleInstances, GADTs, KindSignatures,
TypeApplications, TypeFamilies, TypeOperators,
UndecidableInstances #-}

import Data.Proxy            (Proxy (..))
import GHC.TypeLits.KnownNat

instance (KnownNat a, KnownNat b) => KnownNat2 \$(nameToSymbol ''Max) a b where
natSing2 = let x = natVal (Proxy a)
y = natVal (Proxy b)
z = max x y
in  SNatKn z
{-# INLINE natSing2 #-}


# FAQ

#### 1. GHC.TypeLits.KnownNat.Solver does not seem to find the corresponding KnownNat2 instance for my type-level operation

At the Core-level, GHCs internal mini-Haskell, type families that only have a single equation are treated like type synonyms.

For example, let's say we defined a closed type family Max:

import Data.Type.Bool (If)
import GHC.TypeLits

type family Max (a :: Nat) (b :: Nat) :: Nat where
Max a b = If (a <=? b) b a


Now, a Haskell-level program might contain a constraint

KnownNat (Max a b)


, however, at the Core-level, this constraint is expanded to:

KnownNat (If (a <=? b) b a)


GHC.TypeLits.KnownNat.Solver never sees any reference to the Max type family, so it will not look for the corresponding KnownNat2 instance either. To fix this, ensure that your type-level operations always have at least two equations. For Max this means we have to redefine it as:

type family Max (a :: Nat) (b :: Nat) :: Nat where
Max 0 b = b
Max a b = If (a <=? b) b a

Synopsis

# Singleton natural number

newtype SNatKn (f :: Symbol) Source #

Singleton natural number

Constructors

 SNatKn Natural

# Constraint-level arithmetic classes

class KnownNat1 (f :: Symbol) (a :: Nat) where Source #

Class for arithmetic functions with one argument.

The Symbol f must correspond to the fully qualified name of the type-level operation. Use nameToSymbol to get the fully qualified TH Name as a Symbol

Minimal complete definition

natSing1

Methods

class KnownNat2 (f :: Symbol) (a :: Nat) (b :: Nat) where Source #

Class for arithmetic functions with two arguments.

The Symbol f must correspond to the fully qualified name of the type-level operation. Use nameToSymbol to get the fully qualified TH Name as a Symbol

Minimal complete definition

natSing2

Methods

Instances
 (KnownNat a, KnownNat b) => KnownNat2 "GHC.TypeNats.*" a b Source # KnownNat2 instance for GHC.TypeLits' * Instance detailsDefined in GHC.TypeLits.KnownNat MethodsnatSing2 :: SNatKn "GHC.TypeNats.*" Source # (KnownNat a, KnownNat b) => KnownNat2 "GHC.TypeNats.+" a b Source # KnownNat2 instance for GHC.TypeLits' + Instance detailsDefined in GHC.TypeLits.KnownNat MethodsnatSing2 :: SNatKn "GHC.TypeNats.+" Source # (KnownNat a, KnownNat b, b <= a) => KnownNat2 "GHC.TypeNats.-" a b Source # KnownNat2 instance for GHC.TypeLits' - Instance detailsDefined in GHC.TypeLits.KnownNat MethodsnatSing2 :: SNatKn "GHC.TypeNats.-" Source # (KnownNat x, KnownNat y, 1 <= y) => KnownNat2 "GHC.TypeNats.Div" x y Source # Instance detailsDefined in GHC.TypeLits.KnownNat MethodsnatSing2 :: SNatKn "GHC.TypeNats.Div" Source # (KnownNat x, KnownNat y, 1 <= y) => KnownNat2 "GHC.TypeNats.Mod" x y Source # Instance detailsDefined in GHC.TypeLits.KnownNat MethodsnatSing2 :: SNatKn "GHC.TypeNats.Mod" Source # (KnownNat a, KnownNat b) => KnownNat2 "GHC.TypeNats.^" a b Source # KnownNat2 instance for GHC.TypeLits' ^ Instance detailsDefined in GHC.TypeLits.KnownNat MethodsnatSing2 :: SNatKn "GHC.TypeNats.^" Source #

class KnownNat3 (f :: Symbol) (a :: Nat) (b :: Nat) (c :: Nat) where Source #

Class for arithmetic functions with three arguments.

The Symbol f must correspond to the fully qualified name of the type-level operation. Use nameToSymbol to get the fully qualified TH Name as a Symbol

Minimal complete definition

natSing3

Methods

Convert a TH Name to a type-level Symbol