hflags-0.4.3: Command line flag parser, very similar to Google's gflags

HFlags

Description

The HFlags library supports easy definition of command line flags, reimplementing the ideas from Google's gflags (http://code.google.com/p/gflags).

Command line flags can be declared in any file at the toplevel, using defineFlag. At runtime, the actual values are assigned to the toplevel flags_name constants. Those can be used purely throughout the program.

At the beginning of the main function, $initHFlags "program description" has to be called to initialize the flags. All flags will be initialized that are transitively reachable via imports from main. This means, that any Haskell package can easily define command line flags with HFlags. This feature is demonstrated by http://github.com/errge/hflags/blob/master/examples/ImportExample.hs and http://github.com/errge/hflags/tree/master/examples/package. A simple example (more in the http://github.com/errge/hflags/tree/master/examples directory): #!/usr/bin/env runhaskell {-# LANGUAGE TemplateHaskell #-} import HFlags defineFlag "name" "Indiana Jones" "Who to greet." defineFlag "r:repeat" (3 + 4 :: Int) "Number of times to repeat the message." main = do s <-$initHFlags "Simple program v0.1"
sequence_ $replicate flags_repeat greet putStrLn$ "Your additional arguments were: " ++ show s
putStrLn $"Which is the same as: " ++ show HFlags.arguments where greet = putStrLn$ "Hello " ++ flags_name ++ ", very nice to meet you!"

At initHFlags time, the library also tries to gather flags out of environment variables. HFLAGS_verbose=True is equivalent to specifying --verbose=True on the command line. This environment feature only works with long options and the user has to specify a value even for Bools.

Since version 0.2, you mustn't put the initHFlags in a parentheses with the program description. Just $initHFlags, it's cleaner. Synopsis Definition of flags defineCustomFlag :: String -> ExpQ -> String -> ExpQ -> ExpQ -> String -> Q [Dec] Source # The most flexible way of defining a flag. For an example see http://github.com/errge/hflags/blob/master/examples/ComplexExample.hs. For most things defineFlag should be enough instead. The parameters: • name of the flag (l:long syntax if you want to have the short option l for this flag), • expression quoted and type signed default value, • help string identifying the type of the argument (e.g. INTLIST), • read function, expression quoted, • show function, expression quoted, • help string for the flag. defineEQFlag :: String -> ExpQ -> String -> String -> Q [Dec] Source # This just forwards to defineCustomFlag with [| read |] and [| show |]. Useful for flags where the type is not an instance of FlagType. For examples, see http://github.com/errge/hflags/blob/master/examples/ComplexExample.hs. The parameters: • name of the flag (l:long syntax if you want to have the short option l for this flag), • expression quoted and type signed default value, • help string identifying the type of the argument (e.g. INTLIST), • help string for the flag. class FlagType t where Source # Class of types for which the easy defineFlag syntax is supported. Minimal complete definition defineFlag Methods defineFlag :: String -> t -> String -> Q [Dec] Source # The defineFlag function defines a new flag. The parameters: • name of the flag (l:long syntax if you want to have the short option l for this flag),, • default value, • help string for the flag. Instances  Source # MethodsdefineFlag :: String -> Bool -> String -> Q [Dec] Source # Source # MethodsdefineFlag :: String -> Char -> String -> Q [Dec] Source # Source # MethodsdefineFlag :: String -> Double -> String -> Q [Dec] Source # Source # MethodsdefineFlag :: String -> Int -> String -> Q [Dec] Source # Source # MethodsdefineFlag :: String -> Integer -> String -> Q [Dec] Source # Source # MethodsdefineFlag :: String -> String -> String -> Q [Dec] Source # Source # MethodsdefineFlag :: String -> Text -> String -> Q [Dec] Source # Initialization of flags at runtime Has to be called from the main before doing anything else: main = do args <-$initHFlags "Simple program v0.1"
...

Since version 0.2, you mustn't put the initHFlags in a parentheses with the program description. Just \$initHFlags, it's cleaner.

Internally, it uses Template Haskell trickery to gather all the instances of the Flag class and then generates a call to initFlags with the appropriate data gathered together from those instances to a list.

Type after splicing is String -> IO [String].

Same as initHFlags, but makes it possible to introduce programmatic defaults based on user supplied flag values.

The second parameter has to be a function that gets the following alists:

• defaults,
• values from HFLAGS_* environment variables,
• command line options.

Has to return an alist that contains the additional defaults that will override the default flag values (but not the user supplied values: environment or command line).

Type after splicing is String -> DependentDefaults -> IO [String]. Where:

• type AList = [(String, String)]
• type DependentDefaults = AList -> AList -> AList -> AList

Contains the non-parsed, non-option parts of the command line, the arguments. Can only be used after initHFlags has been called.

Contains the non-parsed, option parts of the command line, if --undefok is in use. This can be useful, when you have to pass these options to other libraries, e.g. criterion or GTK. Can only be used after initHFlags has been called.

For debugging, shouldn't be used in production code

class Flag a where Source #

Every flag the program supports has to be defined through a new phantom datatype and the Flag instance of that datatype.

But users of the library shouldn't worry about this class or the implementation details behind these functions, just use the defineFlag Template Haskell function for defining new flags.

Minimal complete definition

getFlagData

Methods

getFlagData :: a -> FlagData Source #

This is a temporary hack to force visibility of flags inside libraries, by making the module that defines the flag orphan. For usage example, check out http://github.com/errge/hflags/blob/master/examples/package/Tup.hs. A proper fix is already proposed for GHC 7.8, see http://ghc.haskell.org/trac/ghc/ticket/7867.

Constructors

 MakeThisOrphan

A global IORef for the communication between initHFlags and flags_*. This is a map between flag name and current value.

A global IORef for the easy access to the arguments.

A global IORef for the easy access to the undefined options, if --undefok is used. Useful, if you have to pass these options to another library, e.g. criterion or GTK.