hledger-1.13: Command-line interface for the hledger accounting tool

Safe HaskellNone




Common cmdargs modes and flags, a command-line options type, and related utilities used by hledger commands.


cmdargs flags & modes

helpflags :: [Flag RawOpts] Source #

Common help flags: --help, --debug, --version...

detailedversionflag :: Flag RawOpts Source #

A hidden flag, just for the hledger executable.

inputflags :: [Flag RawOpts] Source #

Common input-related flags: --file, --rules-file, --alias...

reportflags :: [Flag RawOpts] Source #

Common report-related flags: --period, --cost, etc.

outputflags :: [Flag RawOpts] Source #

Common output-related flags: --output-file, --output-format...

defMode :: Mode RawOpts Source #

An empty cmdargs mode to use as a template. Modes describe the top-level command, ie the program, or a subcommand, telling cmdargs how to parse a command line and how to generate the command's usage text.

defCommandMode :: [Name] -> Mode RawOpts Source #

A cmdargs mode suitable for a hledger built-in command with the given names (primary name + optional aliases). The usage message shows [QUERY] as argument.

addonCommandMode :: Name -> Mode RawOpts Source #

A cmdargs mode representing the hledger add-on command with the given name, providing hledger's common inputreportinghelp flags. Just used when invoking addons.

hledgerCommandMode :: CommandDoc -> [Flag RawOpts] -> [(String, [Flag RawOpts])] -> [Flag RawOpts] -> ([Arg RawOpts], Maybe (Arg RawOpts)) -> Mode RawOpts Source #

Build a cmdarg mode for a hledger command, from a help template and flag/argument specifications. Reduces boilerplate a little, though the complicated cmdargs flag and argument specs are still required.

showModeUsage :: Mode a -> String Source #

Get a mode's usage message as a nicely wrapped string.

withAliases :: String -> [String] -> String Source #

Add command aliases to the command's help string.

likelyExecutablesInPath :: IO [String] Source #

Get all sorted unique filenames in the current user's PATH. We do not currently filter out non-file objects or files without execute permission.

hledgerExecutablesInPath :: IO [String] Source #

Get the sorted unique filenames of all hledger-* executables in the current user's PATH. These are files in any of the PATH directories, named hledger-*, with either no extension (and no periods in the name) or one of the addonExtensions. We do not currently filter out non-file objects or files without execute permission.

CLI options

data CliOpts Source #

Command line options, used in the hledger package and above. This is the "opts" used throughout hledger CLI code. representing the options and arguments that were provided at startup on the command-line.




Data CliOpts Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Hledger.Cli.CliOptions


gfoldl :: (forall d b. Data d => c (d -> b) -> d -> c b) -> (forall g. g -> c g) -> CliOpts -> c CliOpts #

gunfold :: (forall b r. Data b => c (b -> r) -> c r) -> (forall r. r -> c r) -> Constr -> c CliOpts #

toConstr :: CliOpts -> Constr #

dataTypeOf :: CliOpts -> DataType #

dataCast1 :: Typeable t => (forall d. Data d => c (t d)) -> Maybe (c CliOpts) #

dataCast2 :: Typeable t => (forall d e. (Data d, Data e) => c (t d e)) -> Maybe (c CliOpts) #

gmapT :: (forall b. Data b => b -> b) -> CliOpts -> CliOpts #

gmapQl :: (r -> r' -> r) -> r -> (forall d. Data d => d -> r') -> CliOpts -> r #

gmapQr :: (r' -> r -> r) -> r -> (forall d. Data d => d -> r') -> CliOpts -> r #

gmapQ :: (forall d. Data d => d -> u) -> CliOpts -> [u] #

gmapQi :: Int -> (forall d. Data d => d -> u) -> CliOpts -> u #

gmapM :: Monad m => (forall d. Data d => d -> m d) -> CliOpts -> m CliOpts #

gmapMp :: MonadPlus m => (forall d. Data d => d -> m d) -> CliOpts -> m CliOpts #

gmapMo :: MonadPlus m => (forall d. Data d => d -> m d) -> CliOpts -> m CliOpts #

Show CliOpts Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Hledger.Cli.CliOptions

Default CliOpts Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Hledger.Cli.CliOptions


def :: CliOpts #

getHledgerCliOpts :: Mode RawOpts -> IO CliOpts Source #

A helper for addon commands: this parses options and arguments from the current command line using the given hledger-style cmdargs mode, and returns a CliOpts. Or, with --help or -h present, it prints long or short help, and exits the program. When --debug is present, also prints some debug output. Note this is not used by the main hledger executable.

The help texts are generated from the mode. Long help includes the full usage description generated by cmdargs (including all supported options), framed by whatever pre- and postamble text the mode specifies. It's intended that this forms a complete help document or manual.

Short help is a truncated version of the above: the preamble and the first part of the usage, up to the first line containing "flags:" (normally this marks the start of the common hledger flags); plus a mention of --help and the (presumed supported) common hledger options not displayed.

Tips: Empty lines in the pre/postamble are removed by cmdargs; add a space character to preserve them.

decodeRawOpts :: RawOpts -> RawOpts Source #

Convert possibly encoded option values to regular unicode strings.

rawOptsToCliOpts :: RawOpts -> IO CliOpts Source #

Parse raw option string values to the desired final data types. Any relative smart dates will be converted to fixed dates based on today's date. Parsing failures will raise an error. Also records the terminal width, if supported.

checkCliOpts :: CliOpts -> CliOpts Source #

Do final validation of processed opts, raising an error if there is trouble.

defaultBalanceLineFormat :: StringFormat Source #

Default line format for balance report: "%20(total) %2(depth_spacer)%-(account)"

type CommandDoc = String Source #

A command's documentation. Used both as part of CLI help, and as part of the hledger manual. See parseCommandDoc.

CLI option accessors

These do the extra processing required for some options.

journalFilePathFromOpts :: CliOpts -> IO [String] Source #

Get the (tilde-expanded, absolute) journal file path from 1. options, 2. an environment variable, or 3. the default. Actually, returns one or more file paths. There will be more than one if multiple -f options were provided. File paths can have a READER: prefix naming a reader/data format.

rulesFilePathFromOpts :: CliOpts -> IO (Maybe FilePath) Source #

Get the (tilde-expanded) rules file path from options, if any.

outputFileFromOpts :: CliOpts -> IO FilePath Source #

Get the expanded, absolute output file path from options, or the default (-, meaning stdout).

outputFormatFromOpts :: CliOpts -> String Source #

Get the output format from the --output-format option, otherwise from a recognised file extension in the --output-file option, otherwise the default (txt).

defaultWidth :: Int Source #

Default width for hledger console output, when not otherwise specified.

widthFromOpts :: CliOpts -> Int Source #

Get the width in characters to use for console output. This comes from the --width option, or the COLUMNS environment variable, or (on posix platforms) the current terminal width, or 80. Will raise a parse error for a malformed --width argument.

replaceNumericFlags :: [String] -> [String] Source #

Replace any numeric flags (eg -2) with their long form (--depth 2), as I'm guessing cmdargs doesn't support this directly.

For register:

registerWidthsFromOpts :: CliOpts -> (Int, Maybe Int) Source #

Get the width in characters to use for the register command's console output, and also the description column width if specified (following the main width, comma-separated). The widths will be as follows: no --width flag - overall width is the available width (COLUMNS, or posix terminal width, or 80); description width is unspecified (auto) --width W - overall width is W, description width is auto --width W,D - overall width is W, description width is D Will raise a parse error for a malformed --width argument.

For balance:

lineFormatFromOpts :: ReportOpts -> Either String StringFormat Source #

Parse the format option if provided, possibly returning an error, otherwise get the default value.

Other utils

hledgerAddons :: IO [String] Source #

Get the sorted unique canonical names of hledger addon commands found in the current user's PATH. These are used in command line parsing and to display the commands list.

Canonical addon names are the filenames of hledger-* executables in PATH, without the "hledger-" prefix, and without the file extension except when it's needed for disambiguation (see below).

When there are exactly two versions of an executable (same base name, different extensions) that look like a source and compiled pair (one has .exe, .com, or no extension), the source version will be excluded (even if it happens to be newer). When there are three or more versions (or two versions that don't look like a source/compiled pair), they are all included, with file extensions intact.

topicForMode :: Mode a -> Topic Source #

Get the most appropriate documentation topic for a mode. Currently, that is either the hledger, hledger-ui, hledger-web or hledger-api manual.