juicy-gcode: SVG to G-Code converter

[ bsd3, graphics, program ] [ Propose Tags ]

SVG to G-code converter that aims to support most SVG features. The flavor of the generated G-Code can be influenced providing a configuration file.

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Versions [faq],,,,,,,,,,,
Change log ChangeLog.md
Dependencies base (>=4.8 && <5), configurator (==0.3.*), lens (>=4.15.4 && <4.20), linear (>=1.20 && <1.22), matrix (>=0.3.5 && <0.4), optparse-applicative (>=0.13 && <0.16), svg-tree (==0.6.*), text (>=1.2.2 && <1.3) [details]
License BSD-3-Clause
Author dlacko
Maintainer dlacko@gmail.com
Category Graphics
Home page https://github.com/domoszlai/juicy-gcode
Bug tracker https://github.com/domoszlai/juicy-gcode/issues
Source repo head: git clone https://github.com/domoszlai/juicy-gcode
Uploaded by dlacko at 2020-05-27T10:21:32Z
Distributions NixOS:
Executables juicy-gcode
Downloads 4591 total (623 in the last 30 days)
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Status Hackage Matrix CI
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Last success reported on 2020-05-27 [all 2 reports]


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Readme for juicy-gcode-

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Juicy-gcode: A lightweight SVG to GCode converter for maximal curve fitting

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Haskell SVG to G-code converter that aims to support most SVG features. The flavor of the generated G-Code can be influenced providing a configuration file. Juicy-gcode, in contrast to most SVG to G-Code converters, approximates bezier curves with biarcs instead of line segments that results in much better curve fit.

Installation and usage

The easiest way is to download one of the pre-built binaries from the releases page. Alternatively, you can build from source code as follows:

  • Install Stack if you do not have it yet
  • $ git clone https://github.com/domoszlai/juicy-gcode.git
  • $ stack build
  • $ stack install
  • $ juicy-gcode --help
juicy-gcode - The SVG to G-Code converter

Usage: juicy-gcode.exe SVGFILE [-f|--flavor CONFIGFILE] [-o|--output OUTPUTFILE]
                       [-d|--dpi DPI] [-m|--mirror-y-axis]
  Convert SVGFILE to G-Code

Available options:
  -h,--help                Show this help text
  SVGFILE                  The SVG file to be converted
  -f,--flavor CONFIGFILE   Configuration of G-Code flavor
  -o,--output OUTPUTFILE   The output G-Code file (default is standard output)
  -d,--dpi DPI             Density of the SVG file (default is 72 DPI)
  -m,--mirror-y-axis       Mirror Y axis to have the result in G-Code coordinate system
  -b,--generate-bezier     Generate bezier curves (G5) instead of arcs (G2,G3)


The default G-Code flavor configuration file is the following:

   begin = "G17;G90;G0 Z10;G0 X0 Y0;M3;G4 P2000.000000"
   end = "G0 Z10;M5;M2"
   toolon =  "G00 Z10"
   tooloff = "G01 Z0 F10.00"

A new configuration file can be set by the --flavor or -f command line option.

Another configurable property is the resolution of the SVG image in DPI (dot per inch). It can be given by the --dpi or -d command line option. Default value is 72 DPI.


Missing features:

  • text (easy with e.g. FontyFruity, maybe once, you can convert text to curves easily anyway)
  • filling (moderately difficult)
  • clipping (probably not easy, maybe once)
  • images (not planned)

Testing and bugs

There is a JavaScript hanging plotter simulator mainly developed to test the generated gcode. Please file an issue if you run into a problem (or drop me an email to dlacko @ gmail.com).


SVG images are built using the following shapes (all of these are subject of an arbitrary affine transformation):

  • lines
  • circles
  • ellipses
  • elliptic arcs with optional x axis rotation
  • quadratic and cubic bezier curves

In contrast G-Code implements only

  • lines
  • non-elliptical arcs

That means that only lines, circles and some arcs (non-elliptic ones without rotation) can be translated to G-Code directly. If transformations are also counted, then only lines can be translated to G-Code directly as circles are not invariant under affine transformations. Because of this, the converter is implemented in two stages.

Stage 1

All the SVG drawing operations are translated to a list of MoveTo, LineTo and CubicBezierTo operations as these are invariant under affine transformations. Arcs, circles and ellipses can be easily approximated with bezier curves with a small error.

Stage 2

Cubic bezier curves are approximated with Biarcs using the algorithm described in [1] and explained here.