learn-physics-0.6.4: Haskell code for learning physics

Physics.Learn.StateSpace

Contents

Description

A StateSpace is an affine space where the associated vector space has scalars that are instances of Fractional. If p is an instance of StateSpace, then the associated vectorspace Diff p is intended to represent the space of (time) derivatives of paths in p.

StateSpace is very similar to Conal Elliott's AffineSpace.

Synopsis

# Documentation

class (VectorSpace (Diff p), Fractional (Scalar (Diff p))) => StateSpace p where Source #

An instance of StateSpace is a data type that can serve as the state of some system. Alternatively, a StateSpace is a collection of dependent variables for a differential equation. A StateSpace has an associated vector space for the (time) derivatives of the state. The associated vector space is a linearized version of the StateSpace.

Associated Types

type Diff p Source #

Associated vector space

Methods

(.-.) :: p -> p -> Diff p infix 6 Source #

Subtract points

(.+^) :: p -> Diff p -> p infixl 6 Source #

Point plus vector

Instances
 Source # Instance detailsDefined in Physics.Learn.StateSpace Associated Typestype Diff Double :: Type Source # Methods Source # Instance detailsDefined in Physics.Learn.StateSpace Associated Typestype Diff Vec :: Type Source # Methods Source # Position is not a vector, but displacement (difference in position) is a vector. Instance detailsDefined in Physics.Learn.StateSpace Associated Typestype Diff Position :: Type Source # Methods Source # Instance detailsDefined in Physics.Learn.Mechanics Associated Typestype Diff St :: Type Source # Methods(.-.) :: St -> St -> Diff St Source #(.+^) :: St -> Diff St -> St Source # StateSpace p => StateSpace [p] Source # Instance detailsDefined in Physics.Learn.StateSpace Associated Typestype Diff [p] :: Type Source # Methods(.-.) :: [p] -> [p] -> Diff [p] Source #(.+^) :: [p] -> Diff [p] -> [p] Source # (StateSpace p, StateSpace q, Time p ~ Time q) => StateSpace (p, q) Source # Instance detailsDefined in Physics.Learn.StateSpace Associated Typestype Diff (p, q) :: Type Source # Methods(.-.) :: (p, q) -> (p, q) -> Diff (p, q) Source #(.+^) :: (p, q) -> Diff (p, q) -> (p, q) Source # (StateSpace p, StateSpace q, StateSpace r, Time p ~ Time q, Time q ~ Time r) => StateSpace (p, q, r) Source # Instance detailsDefined in Physics.Learn.StateSpace Associated Typestype Diff (p, q, r) :: Type Source # Methods(.-.) :: (p, q, r) -> (p, q, r) -> Diff (p, q, r) Source #(.+^) :: (p, q, r) -> Diff (p, q, r) -> (p, q, r) Source #

(.-^) :: StateSpace p => p -> Diff p -> p infixl 6 Source #

Point minus vector

type Time p = Scalar (Diff p) Source #

The scalars of the associated vector space can be thought of as time intervals.

type DifferentialEquation state = state -> Diff state Source #

A differential equation expresses how the dependent variables (state) change with the independent variable (time). A differential equation is specified by giving the (time) derivative of the state as a function of the state. The (time) derivative of a state is an element of the associated vector space.

type InitialValueProblem state = (DifferentialEquation state, state) Source #

An initial value problem is a differential equation along with an initial state.

type EvolutionMethod state Source #

Arguments

 = DifferentialEquation state differential equation -> Time state time interval -> state initial state -> state evolved state

An evolution method is a way of approximating the state after advancing a finite interval in the independent variable (time) from a given state.

type SolutionMethod state = InitialValueProblem state -> [state] Source #

A (numerical) solution method is a way of converting an initial value problem into a list of states (a solution). The list of states need not be equally spaced in time.

stepSolution :: EvolutionMethod state -> Time state -> SolutionMethod state Source #

Given an evolution method and a time step, return the solution method which applies the evolution method repeatedly with with given time step. The solution method returned will produce an infinite list of states.

eulerMethod :: StateSpace state => EvolutionMethod state Source #

The Euler method is the simplest evolution method. It increments the state by the derivative times the time step.

# Orphan instances

 VectorSpace v => VectorSpace [v] Source # Instance details Associated Typestype Scalar [v] :: Type # Methods(*^) :: Scalar [v] -> [v] -> [v] # AdditiveGroup v => AdditiveGroup [v] Source # Instance details MethodszeroV :: [v] #(^+^) :: [v] -> [v] -> [v] #negateV :: [v] -> [v] #(^-^) :: [v] -> [v] -> [v] #