lens-4.15.4: Lenses, Folds and Traversals

Copyright(C) 2012-16 Edward Kmett
LicenseBSD-style (see the file LICENSE)
MaintainerEdward Kmett <ekmett@gmail.com>
Stabilityprovisional
PortabilityRank2Types
Safe HaskellSafe
LanguageHaskell98

Control.Lens.Lens

Contents

Description

A Lens s t a b is a purely functional reference.

While a Traversal could be used for Getting like a valid Fold, it wasn't a valid Getter as a Getter can't require an Applicative constraint.

Functor, however, is a constraint on both.

type Lens s t a b = forall f. Functor f => (a -> f b) -> s -> f t

Every Lens is a valid Setter.

Every Lens can be used for Getting like a Fold that doesn't use the Applicative or Contravariant.

Every Lens is a valid Traversal that only uses the Functor part of the Applicative it is supplied.

Every Lens can be used for Getting like a valid Getter.

Since every Lens can be used for Getting like a valid Getter it follows that it must view exactly one element in the structure.

The Lens laws follow from this property and the desire for it to act like a Traversable when used as a Traversal.

In the examples below, getter and setter are supplied as example getters and setters, and are not actual functions supplied by this package.

Synopsis

Lenses

type Lens s t a b = forall f. Functor f => (a -> f b) -> s -> f t Source #

A Lens is actually a lens family as described in http://comonad.com/reader/2012/mirrored-lenses/.

With great power comes great responsibility and a Lens is subject to the three common sense Lens laws:

1) You get back what you put in:

view l (set l v s)  ≡ v

2) Putting back what you got doesn't change anything:

set l (view l s) s  ≡ s

3) Setting twice is the same as setting once:

set l v' (set l v s) ≡ set l v' s

These laws are strong enough that the 4 type parameters of a Lens cannot vary fully independently. For more on how they interact, read the "Why is it a Lens Family?" section of http://comonad.com/reader/2012/mirrored-lenses/.

There are some emergent properties of these laws:

1) set l s must be injective for every s This is a consequence of law #1

2) set l must be surjective, because of law #2, which indicates that it is possible to obtain any v from some s such that set s v = s

3) Given just the first two laws you can prove a weaker form of law #3 where the values v that you are setting match:

set l v (set l v s) ≡ set l v s

Every Lens can be used directly as a Setter or Traversal.

You can also use a Lens for Getting as if it were a Fold or Getter.

Since every Lens is a valid Traversal, the Traversal laws are required of any Lens you create:

l purepure
fmap (l f) . l g ≡ getCompose . l (Compose . fmap f . g)
type Lens s t a b = forall f. Functor f => LensLike f s t a b

type Lens' s a = Lens s s a a Source #

type Lens' = Simple Lens

type IndexedLens i s t a b = forall f p. (Indexable i p, Functor f) => p a (f b) -> s -> f t Source #

Every IndexedLens is a valid Lens and a valid IndexedTraversal.

type IndexedLens' i s a = IndexedLens i s s a a Source #

Concrete Lenses

type ALens s t a b = LensLike (Pretext (->) a b) s t a b Source #

When you see this as an argument to a function, it expects a Lens.

This type can also be used when you need to store a Lens in a container, since it is rank-1. You can turn them back into a Lens with cloneLens, or use it directly with combinators like storing and (^#).

type ALens' s a = ALens s s a a Source #

type AnIndexedLens i s t a b = Optical (Indexed i) (->) (Pretext (Indexed i) a b) s t a b Source #

When you see this as an argument to a function, it expects an IndexedLens

Combinators

lens :: (s -> a) -> (s -> b -> t) -> Lens s t a b Source #

Build a Lens from a getter and a setter.

lens :: Functor f => (s -> a) -> (s -> b -> t) -> (a -> f b) -> s -> f t
>>> s ^. lens getter setter
getter s
>>> s & lens getter setter .~ b
setter s b
>>> s & lens getter setter %~ f
setter s (f (getter s))
lens :: (s -> a) -> (s -> a -> s) -> Lens' s a

ilens :: (s -> (i, a)) -> (s -> b -> t) -> IndexedLens i s t a b Source #

Build an IndexedLens from a Getter and a Setter.

iplens :: (s -> a) -> (s -> b -> t) -> IndexPreservingLens s t a b Source #

Build an index-preserving Lens from a Getter and a Setter.

(%%~) :: LensLike f s t a b -> (a -> f b) -> s -> f t infixr 4 Source #

(%%~) can be used in one of two scenarios:

When applied to a Lens, it can edit the target of the Lens in a structure, extracting a functorial result.

When applied to a Traversal, it can edit the targets of the traversals, extracting an applicative summary of its actions.

>>> [66,97,116,109,97,110] & each %%~ \a -> ("na", chr a)
("nananananana","Batman")

For all that the definition of this combinator is just:

(%%~) ≡ id

It may be beneficial to think about it as if it had these even more restricted types, however:

(%%~) :: Functor f =>     Iso s t a b       -> (a -> f b) -> s -> f t
(%%~) :: Functor f =>     Lens s t a b      -> (a -> f b) -> s -> f t
(%%~) :: Applicative f => Traversal s t a b -> (a -> f b) -> s -> f t

When applied to a Traversal, it can edit the targets of the traversals, extracting a supplemental monoidal summary of its actions, by choosing f = ((,) m)

(%%~) ::             Iso s t a b       -> (a -> (r, b)) -> s -> (r, t)
(%%~) ::             Lens s t a b      -> (a -> (r, b)) -> s -> (r, t)
(%%~) :: Monoid m => Traversal s t a b -> (a -> (m, b)) -> s -> (m, t)

(%%=) :: MonadState s m => Over p ((,) r) s s a b -> p a (r, b) -> m r infix 4 Source #

Modify the target of a Lens in the current state returning some extra information of type r or modify all targets of a Traversal in the current state, extracting extra information of type r and return a monoidal summary of the changes.

>>> runState (_1 %%= \x -> (f x, g x)) (a,b)
(f a,(g a,b))
(%%=) ≡ (state .)

It may be useful to think of (%%=), instead, as having either of the following more restricted type signatures:

(%%=) :: MonadState s m             => Iso s s a b       -> (a -> (r, b)) -> m r
(%%=) :: MonadState s m             => Lens s s a b      -> (a -> (r, b)) -> m r
(%%=) :: (MonadState s m, Monoid r) => Traversal s s a b -> (a -> (r, b)) -> m r

(%%@~) :: IndexedLensLike i f s t a b -> (i -> a -> f b) -> s -> f t infixr 4 Source #

Adjust the target of an IndexedLens returning a supplementary result, or adjust all of the targets of an IndexedTraversal and return a monoidal summary of the supplementary results and the answer.

(%%@~) ≡ withIndex
(%%@~) :: Functor f => IndexedLens i s t a b      -> (i -> a -> f b) -> s -> f t
(%%@~) :: Applicative f => IndexedTraversal i s t a b -> (i -> a -> f b) -> s -> f t

In particular, it is often useful to think of this function as having one of these even more restricted type signatures:

(%%@~) ::             IndexedLens i s t a b      -> (i -> a -> (r, b)) -> s -> (r, t)
(%%@~) :: Monoid r => IndexedTraversal i s t a b -> (i -> a -> (r, b)) -> s -> (r, t)

(%%@=) :: MonadState s m => IndexedLensLike i ((,) r) s s a b -> (i -> a -> (r, b)) -> m r infix 4 Source #

Adjust the target of an IndexedLens returning a supplementary result, or adjust all of the targets of an IndexedTraversal within the current state, and return a monoidal summary of the supplementary results.

l %%@= f ≡ state (l %%@~ f)
(%%@=) :: MonadState s m                 => IndexedLens i s s a b      -> (i -> a -> (r, b)) -> s -> m r
(%%@=) :: (MonadState s m, Monoid r) => IndexedTraversal i s s a b -> (i -> a -> (r, b)) -> s -> m r

(<%@~) :: Over (Indexed i) ((,) b) s t a b -> (i -> a -> b) -> s -> (b, t) infixr 4 Source #

Adjust the target of an IndexedLens returning the intermediate result, or adjust all of the targets of an IndexedTraversal and return a monoidal summary along with the answer.

l <%~ f ≡ l <%@~ const f

When you do not need access to the index then (<%~) is more liberal in what it can accept.

If you do not need the intermediate result, you can use (%@~) or even (%~).

(<%@~) ::             IndexedLens i s t a b      -> (i -> a -> b) -> s -> (b, t)
(<%@~) :: Monoid b => IndexedTraversal i s t a b -> (i -> a -> b) -> s -> (b, t)

(<%@=) :: MonadState s m => IndexedLensLike i ((,) b) s s a b -> (i -> a -> b) -> m b infix 4 Source #

Adjust the target of an IndexedLens returning the intermediate result, or adjust all of the targets of an IndexedTraversal within the current state, and return a monoidal summary of the intermediate results.

(<%@=) :: MonadState s m                 => IndexedLens i s s a b      -> (i -> a -> b) -> m b
(<%@=) :: (MonadState s m, Monoid b) => IndexedTraversal i s s a b -> (i -> a -> b) -> m b

(<<%@~) :: Over (Indexed i) ((,) a) s t a b -> (i -> a -> b) -> s -> (a, t) infixr 4 Source #

Adjust the target of an IndexedLens returning the old value, or adjust all of the targets of an IndexedTraversal and return a monoidal summary of the old values along with the answer.

(<<%@~) ::             IndexedLens i s t a b      -> (i -> a -> b) -> s -> (a, t)
(<<%@~) :: Monoid a => IndexedTraversal i s t a b -> (i -> a -> b) -> s -> (a, t)

(<<%@=) :: MonadState s m => IndexedLensLike i ((,) a) s s a b -> (i -> a -> b) -> m a infix 4 Source #

Adjust the target of an IndexedLens returning the old value, or adjust all of the targets of an IndexedTraversal within the current state, and return a monoidal summary of the old values.

(<<%@=) :: MonadState s m                 => IndexedLens i s s a b      -> (i -> a -> b) -> m a
(<<%@=) :: (MonadState s m, Monoid b) => IndexedTraversal i s s a b -> (i -> a -> b) -> m a

General Purpose Combinators

(&) :: a -> (a -> b) -> b infixl 1 #

& is a reverse application operator. This provides notational convenience. Its precedence is one higher than that of the forward application operator $, which allows & to be nested in $.

Since: 4.8.0.0

(<&>) :: Functor f => f a -> (a -> b) -> f b infixl 1 Source #

Infix flipped fmap.

(<&>) = flip fmap

(??) :: Functor f => f (a -> b) -> a -> f b infixl 1 Source #

This is convenient to flip argument order of composite functions defined as:

fab ?? a = fmap ($ a) fab

For the Functor instance f = ((->) r) you can reason about this function as if the definition was (??) ≡ flip:

>>> (h ?? x) a
h a x
>>> execState ?? [] $ modify (1:)
[1]
>>> over _2 ?? ("hello","world") $ length
("hello",5)
>>> over ?? length ?? ("hello","world") $ _2
("hello",5)

(&~) :: s -> State s a -> s infixl 1 Source #

This can be used to chain lens operations using op= syntax rather than op~ syntax for simple non-type-changing cases.

>>> (10,20) & _1 .~ 30 & _2 .~ 40
(30,40)
>>> (10,20) &~ do _1 .= 30; _2 .= 40
(30,40)

This does not support type-changing assignment, e.g.

>>> (10,20) & _1 .~ "hello"
("hello",20)

Lateral Composition

choosing :: Functor f => LensLike f s t a b -> LensLike f s' t' a b -> LensLike f (Either s s') (Either t t') a b Source #

Merge two lenses, getters, setters, folds or traversals.

chosenchoosing id id
choosing :: Getter s a     -> Getter s' a     -> Getter (Either s s') a
choosing :: Fold s a       -> Fold s' a       -> Fold (Either s s') a
choosing :: Lens' s a      -> Lens' s' a      -> Lens' (Either s s') a
choosing :: Traversal' s a -> Traversal' s' a -> Traversal' (Either s s') a
choosing :: Setter' s a    -> Setter' s' a    -> Setter' (Either s s') a

chosen :: IndexPreservingLens (Either a a) (Either b b) a b Source #

This is a Lens that updates either side of an Either, where both sides have the same type.

chosenchoosing id id
>>> Left a^.chosen
a
>>> Right a^.chosen
a
>>> Right "hello"^.chosen
"hello"
>>> Right a & chosen *~ b
Right (a * b)
chosen :: Lens (Either a a) (Either b b) a b
chosen f (Left a)  = Left <$> f a
chosen f (Right a) = Right <$> f a

alongside :: LensLike (AlongsideLeft f b') s t a b -> LensLike (AlongsideRight f t) s' t' a' b' -> LensLike f (s, s') (t, t') (a, a') (b, b') Source #

alongside makes a Lens from two other lenses or a Getter from two other getters by executing them on their respective halves of a product.

>>> (Left a, Right b)^.alongside chosen chosen
(a,b)
>>> (Left a, Right b) & alongside chosen chosen .~ (c,d)
(Left c,Right d)
alongside :: Lens   s t a b -> Lens   s' t' a' b' -> Lens   (s,s') (t,t') (a,a') (b,b')
alongside :: Getter s t a b -> Getter s' t' a' b' -> Getter (s,s') (t,t') (a,a') (b,b')

inside :: Corepresentable p => ALens s t a b -> Lens (p e s) (p e t) (p e a) (p e b) Source #

Lift a Lens so it can run under a function (or other corepresentable profunctor).

inside :: Lens s t a b -> Lens (e -> s) (e -> t) (e -> a) (e -> b)
>>> (\x -> (x-1,x+1)) ^. inside _1 $ 5
4
>>> runState (modify (1:) >> modify (2:)) ^. (inside _2) $ []
[2,1]

Setting Functionally with Passthrough

(<%~) :: LensLike ((,) b) s t a b -> (a -> b) -> s -> (b, t) infixr 4 Source #

Modify the target of a Lens and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (%~) is more flexible.

(<%~) ::             Lens s t a b      -> (a -> b) -> s -> (b, t)
(<%~) ::             Iso s t a b       -> (a -> b) -> s -> (b, t)
(<%~) :: Monoid b => Traversal s t a b -> (a -> b) -> s -> (b, t)

(<+~) :: Num a => LensLike ((,) a) s t a a -> a -> s -> (a, t) infixr 4 Source #

Increment the target of a numerically valued Lens and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the addition, (+~) is more flexible.

(<+~) :: Num a => Lens' s a -> a -> s -> (a, s)
(<+~) :: Num a => Iso' s a  -> a -> s -> (a, s)

(<-~) :: Num a => LensLike ((,) a) s t a a -> a -> s -> (a, t) infixr 4 Source #

Decrement the target of a numerically valued Lens and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the subtraction, (-~) is more flexible.

(<-~) :: Num a => Lens' s a -> a -> s -> (a, s)
(<-~) :: Num a => Iso' s a  -> a -> s -> (a, s)

(<*~) :: Num a => LensLike ((,) a) s t a a -> a -> s -> (a, t) infixr 4 Source #

Multiply the target of a numerically valued Lens and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the multiplication, (*~) is more flexible.

(<*~) :: Num a => Lens' s a -> a -> s -> (a, s)
(<*~) :: Num a => Iso'  s a -> a -> s -> (a, s)

(<//~) :: Fractional a => LensLike ((,) a) s t a a -> a -> s -> (a, t) infixr 4 Source #

Divide the target of a fractionally valued Lens and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the division, (//~) is more flexible.

(<//~) :: Fractional a => Lens' s a -> a -> s -> (a, s)
(<//~) :: Fractional a => Iso'  s a -> a -> s -> (a, s)

(<^~) :: (Num a, Integral e) => LensLike ((,) a) s t a a -> e -> s -> (a, t) infixr 4 Source #

Raise the target of a numerically valued Lens to a non-negative Integral power and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (^~) is more flexible.

(<^~) :: (Num a, Integral e) => Lens' s a -> e -> s -> (a, s)
(<^~) :: (Num a, Integral e) => Iso' s a -> e -> s -> (a, s)

(<^^~) :: (Fractional a, Integral e) => LensLike ((,) a) s t a a -> e -> s -> (a, t) infixr 4 Source #

Raise the target of a fractionally valued Lens to an Integral power and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (^^~) is more flexible.

(<^^~) :: (Fractional a, Integral e) => Lens' s a -> e -> s -> (a, s)
(<^^~) :: (Fractional a, Integral e) => Iso' s a -> e -> s -> (a, s)

(<**~) :: Floating a => LensLike ((,) a) s t a a -> a -> s -> (a, t) infixr 4 Source #

Raise the target of a floating-point valued Lens to an arbitrary power and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (**~) is more flexible.

(<**~) :: Floating a => Lens' s a -> a -> s -> (a, s)
(<**~) :: Floating a => Iso' s a  -> a -> s -> (a, s)

(<||~) :: LensLike ((,) Bool) s t Bool Bool -> Bool -> s -> (Bool, t) infixr 4 Source #

Logically || a Boolean valued Lens and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (||~) is more flexible.

(<||~) :: Lens' s Bool -> Bool -> s -> (Bool, s)
(<||~) :: Iso' s Bool  -> Bool -> s -> (Bool, s)

(<&&~) :: LensLike ((,) Bool) s t Bool Bool -> Bool -> s -> (Bool, t) infixr 4 Source #

Logically && a Boolean valued Lens and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (&&~) is more flexible.

(<&&~) :: Lens' s Bool -> Bool -> s -> (Bool, s)
(<&&~) :: Iso' s Bool  -> Bool -> s -> (Bool, s)

(<<>~) :: Monoid m => LensLike ((,) m) s t m m -> m -> s -> (m, t) infixr 4 Source #

mappend a monoidal value onto the end of the target of a Lens and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (<>~) is more flexible.

(<<%~) :: LensLike ((,) a) s t a b -> (a -> b) -> s -> (a, t) infixr 4 Source #

Modify the target of a Lens, but return the old value.

When you do not need the old value, (%~) is more flexible.

(<<%~) ::             Lens s t a b      -> (a -> b) -> s -> (a, t)
(<<%~) ::             Iso s t a b       -> (a -> b) -> s -> (a, t)
(<<%~) :: Monoid a => Traversal s t a b -> (a -> b) -> s -> (a, t)

(<<.~) :: LensLike ((,) a) s t a b -> b -> s -> (a, t) infixr 4 Source #

Replace the target of a Lens, but return the old value.

When you do not need the old value, (.~) is more flexible.

(<<.~) ::             Lens s t a b      -> b -> s -> (a, t)
(<<.~) ::             Iso s t a b       -> b -> s -> (a, t)
(<<.~) :: Monoid a => Traversal s t a b -> b -> s -> (a, t)

(<<?~) :: LensLike ((,) a) s t a (Maybe b) -> b -> s -> (a, t) infixr 4 Source #

Replace the target of a Lens with a Just value, but return the old value.

If you do not need the old value (?~) is more flexible.

>>> import Data.Map as Map
>>> _2.at "hello" <<?~ "world" $ (42,Map.fromList [("goodnight","gracie")])
(Nothing,(42,fromList [("goodnight","gracie"),("hello","world")]))
(<<?~) :: Iso s t a (Maybe b)       -> b -> s -> (a, t)
(<<?~) :: Lens s t a (Maybe b)      -> b -> s -> (a, t)
(<<?~) :: Traversal s t a (Maybe b) -> b -> s -> (a, t)

(<<+~) :: Num a => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> a -> s -> (a, s) infixr 4 Source #

Increment the target of a numerically valued Lens and return the old value.

When you do not need the old value, (+~) is more flexible.

>>> (a,b) & _1 <<+~ c
(a,(a + c,b))
>>> (a,b) & _2 <<+~ c
(b,(a,b + c))
(<<+~) :: Num a => Lens' s a -> a -> s -> (a, s)
(<<+~) :: Num a => Iso' s a -> a -> s -> (a, s)

(<<-~) :: Num a => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> a -> s -> (a, s) infixr 4 Source #

Decrement the target of a numerically valued Lens and return the old value.

When you do not need the old value, (-~) is more flexible.

>>> (a,b) & _1 <<-~ c
(a,(a - c,b))
>>> (a,b) & _2 <<-~ c
(b,(a,b - c))
(<<-~) :: Num a => Lens' s a -> a -> s -> (a, s)
(<<-~) :: Num a => Iso' s a -> a -> s -> (a, s)

(<<*~) :: Num a => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> a -> s -> (a, s) infixr 4 Source #

Multiply the target of a numerically valued Lens and return the old value.

When you do not need the old value, (-~) is more flexible.

>>> (a,b) & _1 <<*~ c
(a,(a * c,b))
>>> (a,b) & _2 <<*~ c
(b,(a,b * c))
(<<*~) :: Num a => Lens' s a -> a -> s -> (a, s)
(<<*~) :: Num a => Iso' s a -> a -> s -> (a, s)

(<<//~) :: Fractional a => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> a -> s -> (a, s) infixr 4 Source #

Divide the target of a numerically valued Lens and return the old value.

When you do not need the old value, (//~) is more flexible.

>>> (a,b) & _1 <<//~ c
(a,(a / c,b))
>>> ("Hawaii",10) & _2 <<//~ 2
(10.0,("Hawaii",5.0))
(<<//~) :: Fractional a => Lens' s a -> a -> s -> (a, s)
(<<//~) :: Fractional a => Iso' s a -> a -> s -> (a, s)

(<<^~) :: (Num a, Integral e) => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> e -> s -> (a, s) infixr 4 Source #

Raise the target of a numerically valued Lens to a non-negative power and return the old value.

When you do not need the old value, (^~) is more flexible.

(<<^~) :: (Num a, Integral e) => Lens' s a -> e -> s -> (a, s)
(<<^~) :: (Num a, Integral e) => Iso' s a -> e -> s -> (a, s)

(<<^^~) :: (Fractional a, Integral e) => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> e -> s -> (a, s) infixr 4 Source #

Raise the target of a fractionally valued Lens to an integral power and return the old value.

When you do not need the old value, (^^~) is more flexible.

(<<^^~) :: (Fractional a, Integral e) => Lens' s a -> e -> s -> (a, s)
(<<^^~) :: (Fractional a, Integral e) => Iso' s a -> e -> S -> (a, s)

(<<**~) :: Floating a => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> a -> s -> (a, s) infixr 4 Source #

Raise the target of a floating-point valued Lens to an arbitrary power and return the old value.

When you do not need the old value, (**~) is more flexible.

>>> (a,b) & _1 <<**~ c
(a,(a**c,b))
>>> (a,b) & _2 <<**~ c
(b,(a,b**c))
(<<**~) :: Floating a => Lens' s a -> a -> s -> (a, s)
(<<**~) :: Floating a => Iso' s a -> a -> s -> (a, s)

(<<||~) :: LensLike' ((,) Bool) s Bool -> Bool -> s -> (Bool, s) infixr 4 Source #

Logically || the target of a Bool-valued Lens and return the old value.

When you do not need the old value, (||~) is more flexible.

>>> (False,6) & _1 <<||~ True
(False,(True,6))
>>> ("hello",True) & _2 <<||~ False
(True,("hello",True))
(<<||~) :: Lens' s Bool -> Bool -> s -> (Bool, s)
(<<||~) :: Iso' s Bool -> Bool -> s -> (Bool, s)

(<<&&~) :: LensLike' ((,) Bool) s Bool -> Bool -> s -> (Bool, s) infixr 4 Source #

Logically && the target of a Bool-valued Lens and return the old value.

When you do not need the old value, (&&~) is more flexible.

>>> (False,6) & _1 <<&&~ True
(False,(False,6))
>>> ("hello",True) & _2 <<&&~ False
(True,("hello",False))
(<<&&~) :: Lens' s Bool -> Bool -> s -> (Bool, s)
(<<&&~) :: Iso' s Bool -> Bool -> s -> (Bool, s)

(<<<>~) :: Monoid r => LensLike' ((,) r) s r -> r -> s -> (r, s) infixr 4 Source #

Modify the target of a monoidally valued Lens by mappending a new value and return the old value.

When you do not need the old value, (<>~) is more flexible.

>>> (Sum a,b) & _1 <<<>~ Sum c
(Sum {getSum = a},(Sum {getSum = a + c},b))
>>> _2 <<<>~ ", 007" $ ("James", "Bond")
("Bond",("James","Bond, 007"))
(<<<>~) :: Monoid r => Lens' s r -> r -> s -> (r, s)
(<<<>~) :: Monoid r => Iso' s r -> r -> s -> (r, s)

Setting State with Passthrough

(<%=) :: MonadState s m => LensLike ((,) b) s s a b -> (a -> b) -> m b infix 4 Source #

Modify the target of a Lens into your Monad's state by a user supplied function and return the result.

When applied to a Traversal, it this will return a monoidal summary of all of the intermediate results.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (%=) is more flexible.

(<%=) :: MonadState s m             => Lens' s a      -> (a -> a) -> m a
(<%=) :: MonadState s m             => Iso' s a       -> (a -> a) -> m a
(<%=) :: (MonadState s m, Monoid a) => Traversal' s a -> (a -> a) -> m a

(<+=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a) => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> a -> m a infix 4 Source #

Add to the target of a numerically valued Lens into your Monad's state and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the addition, (+=) is more flexible.

(<+=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a) => Lens' s a -> a -> m a
(<+=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a) => Iso' s a -> a -> m a

(<-=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a) => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> a -> m a infix 4 Source #

Subtract from the target of a numerically valued Lens into your Monad's state and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the subtraction, (-=) is more flexible.

(<-=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a) => Lens' s a -> a -> m a
(<-=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a) => Iso' s a -> a -> m a

(<*=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a) => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> a -> m a infix 4 Source #

Multiply the target of a numerically valued Lens into your Monad's state and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the multiplication, (*=) is more flexible.

(<*=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a) => Lens' s a -> a -> m a
(<*=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a) => Iso' s a -> a -> m a

(<//=) :: (MonadState s m, Fractional a) => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> a -> m a infix 4 Source #

Divide the target of a fractionally valued Lens into your Monad's state and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the division, (//=) is more flexible.

(<//=) :: (MonadState s m, Fractional a) => Lens' s a -> a -> m a
(<//=) :: (MonadState s m, Fractional a) => Iso' s a -> a -> m a

(<^=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a, Integral e) => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> e -> m a infix 4 Source #

Raise the target of a numerically valued Lens into your Monad's state to a non-negative Integral power and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (^=) is more flexible.

(<^=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a, Integral e) => Lens' s a -> e -> m a
(<^=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a, Integral e) => Iso' s a -> e -> m a

(<^^=) :: (MonadState s m, Fractional a, Integral e) => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> e -> m a infix 4 Source #

Raise the target of a fractionally valued Lens into your Monad's state to an Integral power and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (^^=) is more flexible.

(<^^=) :: (MonadState s m, Fractional b, Integral e) => Lens' s a -> e -> m a
(<^^=) :: (MonadState s m, Fractional b, Integral e) => Iso' s a  -> e -> m a

(<**=) :: (MonadState s m, Floating a) => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> a -> m a infix 4 Source #

Raise the target of a floating-point valued Lens into your Monad's state to an arbitrary power and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (**=) is more flexible.

(<**=) :: (MonadState s m, Floating a) => Lens' s a -> a -> m a
(<**=) :: (MonadState s m, Floating a) => Iso' s a -> a -> m a

(<||=) :: MonadState s m => LensLike' ((,) Bool) s Bool -> Bool -> m Bool infix 4 Source #

Logically || a Boolean valued Lens into your Monad's state and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (||=) is more flexible.

(<||=) :: MonadState s m => Lens' s Bool -> Bool -> m Bool
(<||=) :: MonadState s m => Iso' s Bool  -> Bool -> m Bool

(<&&=) :: MonadState s m => LensLike' ((,) Bool) s Bool -> Bool -> m Bool infix 4 Source #

Logically && a Boolean valued Lens into your Monad's state and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (&&=) is more flexible.

(<&&=) :: MonadState s m => Lens' s Bool -> Bool -> m Bool
(<&&=) :: MonadState s m => Iso' s Bool  -> Bool -> m Bool

(<<>=) :: (MonadState s m, Monoid r) => LensLike' ((,) r) s r -> r -> m r infix 4 Source #

mappend a monoidal value onto the end of the target of a Lens into your Monad's state and return the result.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (<>=) is more flexible.

(<<%=) :: (Strong p, MonadState s m) => Over p ((,) a) s s a b -> p a b -> m a infix 4 Source #

Modify the target of a Lens into your Monad's state by a user supplied function and return the old value that was replaced.

When applied to a Traversal, this will return a monoidal summary of all of the old values present.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (%=) is more flexible.

(<<%=) :: MonadState s m             => Lens' s a      -> (a -> a) -> m a
(<<%=) :: MonadState s m             => Iso' s a       -> (a -> a) -> m a
(<<%=) :: (MonadState s m, Monoid a) => Traversal' s a -> (a -> a) -> m a
(<<%=) :: MonadState s m => LensLike ((,)a) s s a b -> (a -> b) -> m a

(<<.=) :: MonadState s m => LensLike ((,) a) s s a b -> b -> m a infix 4 Source #

Replace the target of a Lens into your Monad's state with a user supplied value and return the old value that was replaced.

When applied to a Traversal, this will return a monoidal summary of all of the old values present.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (.=) is more flexible.

(<<.=) :: MonadState s m             => Lens' s a      -> a -> m a
(<<.=) :: MonadState s m             => Iso' s a       -> a -> m a
(<<.=) :: (MonadState s m, Monoid a) => Traversal' s a -> a -> m a

(<<?=) :: MonadState s m => LensLike ((,) a) s s a (Maybe b) -> b -> m a infix 4 Source #

Replace the target of a Lens into your Monad's state with Just a user supplied value and return the old value that was replaced.

When applied to a Traversal, this will return a monoidal summary of all of the old values present.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (?=) is more flexible.

(<<?=) :: MonadState s m             => Lens s t a (Maybe b)      -> b -> m a
(<<?=) :: MonadState s m             => Iso s t a (Maybe b)       -> b -> m a
(<<?=) :: (MonadState s m, Monoid a) => Traversal s t a (Maybe b) -> b -> m a

(<<+=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a) => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> a -> m a infix 4 Source #

Modify the target of a Lens into your Monad's state by adding a value and return the old value that was replaced.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (+=) is more flexible.

(<<+=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a) => Lens' s a -> a -> m a
(<<+=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a) => Iso' s a -> a -> m a

(<<-=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a) => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> a -> m a infix 4 Source #

Modify the target of a Lens into your Monad's state by subtracting a value and return the old value that was replaced.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (-=) is more flexible.

(<<-=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a) => Lens' s a -> a -> m a
(<<-=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a) => Iso' s a -> a -> m a

(<<*=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a) => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> a -> m a infix 4 Source #

Modify the target of a Lens into your Monad's state by multipling a value and return the old value that was replaced.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (*=) is more flexible.

(<<*=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a) => Lens' s a -> a -> m a
(<<*=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a) => Iso' s a -> a -> m a

(<<//=) :: (MonadState s m, Fractional a) => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> a -> m a infix 4 Source #

Modify the target of a Lens into your Monads state by dividing by a value and return the old value that was replaced.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (//=) is more flexible.

(<<//=) :: (MonadState s m, Fractional a) => Lens' s a -> a -> m a
(<<//=) :: (MonadState s m, Fractional a) => Iso' s a -> a -> m a

(<<^=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a, Integral e) => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> e -> m a infix 4 Source #

Modify the target of a Lens into your Monad's state by raising it by a non-negative power and return the old value that was replaced.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (^=) is more flexible.

(<<^=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a, Integral e) => Lens' s a -> e -> m a
(<<^=) :: (MonadState s m, Num a, Integral e) => Iso' s a -> a -> m a

(<<^^=) :: (MonadState s m, Fractional a, Integral e) => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> e -> m a infix 4 Source #

Modify the target of a Lens into your Monad's state by raising it by an integral power and return the old value that was replaced.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (^^=) is more flexible.

(<<^^=) :: (MonadState s m, Fractional a, Integral e) => Lens' s a -> e -> m a
(<<^^=) :: (MonadState s m, Fractional a, Integral e) => Iso' s a -> e -> m a

(<<**=) :: (MonadState s m, Floating a) => LensLike' ((,) a) s a -> a -> m a infix 4 Source #

Modify the target of a Lens into your Monad's state by raising it by an arbitrary power and return the old value that was replaced.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (**=) is more flexible.

(<<**=) :: (MonadState s m, Floating a) => Lens' s a -> a -> m a
(<<**=) :: (MonadState s m, Floating a) => Iso' s a -> a -> m a

(<<||=) :: MonadState s m => LensLike' ((,) Bool) s Bool -> Bool -> m Bool infix 4 Source #

Modify the target of a Lens into your Monad's state by taking its logical || with a value and return the old value that was replaced.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (||=) is more flexible.

(<<||=) :: MonadState s m => Lens' s Bool -> Bool -> m Bool
(<<||=) :: MonadState s m => Iso' s Bool -> Bool -> m Bool

(<<&&=) :: MonadState s m => LensLike' ((,) Bool) s Bool -> Bool -> m Bool infix 4 Source #

Modify the target of a Lens into your Monad's state by taking its logical && with a value and return the old value that was replaced.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (&&=) is more flexible.

(<<&&=) :: MonadState s m => Lens' s Bool -> Bool -> m Bool
(<<&&=) :: MonadState s m => Iso' s Bool -> Bool -> m Bool

(<<<>=) :: (MonadState s m, Monoid r) => LensLike' ((,) r) s r -> r -> m r infix 4 Source #

Modify the target of a Lens into your Monad's state by mappending a value and return the old value that was replaced.

When you do not need the result of the operation, (<>=) is more flexible.

(<<<>=) :: (MonadState s m, Monoid r) => Lens' s r -> r -> m r
(<<<>=) :: (MonadState s m, Monoid r) => Iso' s r -> r -> m r

(<<~) :: MonadState s m => ALens s s a b -> m b -> m b infixr 2 Source #

Run a monadic action, and set the target of Lens to its result.

(<<~) :: MonadState s m => Iso s s a b   -> m b -> m b
(<<~) :: MonadState s m => Lens s s a b  -> m b -> m b

NB: This is limited to taking an actual Lens than admitting a Traversal because there are potential loss of state issues otherwise.

Cloning Lenses

cloneLens :: ALens s t a b -> Lens s t a b Source #

Cloning a Lens is one way to make sure you aren't given something weaker, such as a Traversal and can be used as a way to pass around lenses that have to be monomorphic in f.

Note: This only accepts a proper Lens.

>>> let example l x = set (cloneLens l) (x^.cloneLens l + 1) x in example _2 ("hello",1,"you")
("hello",2,"you")

cloneIndexPreservingLens :: ALens s t a b -> IndexPreservingLens s t a b Source #

Clone a Lens as an IndexedPreservingLens that just passes through whatever index is on any IndexedLens, IndexedFold, IndexedGetter or IndexedTraversal it is composed with.

cloneIndexedLens :: AnIndexedLens i s t a b -> IndexedLens i s t a b Source #

Clone an IndexedLens as an IndexedLens with the same index.

Arrow operators

overA :: Arrow ar => LensLike (Context a b) s t a b -> ar a b -> ar s t Source #

over for Arrows.

Unlike over, overA can't accept a simple Setter, but requires a full lens, or close enough.

>>> overA _1 ((+1) *** (+2)) ((1,2),6)
((2,4),6)
overA :: Arrow ar => Lens s t a b -> ar a b -> ar s t

ALens Combinators

storing :: ALens s t a b -> b -> s -> t Source #

A version of set that works on ALens.

>>> storing _2 "world" ("hello","there")
("hello","world")

(^#) :: s -> ALens s t a b -> a infixl 8 Source #

A version of (^.) that works on ALens.

>>> ("hello","world")^#_2
"world"

(#~) :: ALens s t a b -> b -> s -> t infixr 4 Source #

A version of (.~) that works on ALens.

>>> ("hello","there") & _2 #~ "world"
("hello","world")

(#%~) :: ALens s t a b -> (a -> b) -> s -> t infixr 4 Source #

A version of (%~) that works on ALens.

>>> ("hello","world") & _2 #%~ length
("hello",5)

(#%%~) :: Functor f => ALens s t a b -> (a -> f b) -> s -> f t infixr 4 Source #

A version of (%%~) that works on ALens.

>>> ("hello","world") & _2 #%%~ \x -> (length x, x ++ "!")
(5,("hello","world!"))

(<#~) :: ALens s t a b -> b -> s -> (b, t) infixr 4 Source #

A version of (<.~) that works on ALens.

>>> ("hello","there") & _2 <#~ "world"
("world",("hello","world"))

(<#%~) :: ALens s t a b -> (a -> b) -> s -> (b, t) infixr 4 Source #

A version of (<%~) that works on ALens.

>>> ("hello","world") & _2 <#%~ length
(5,("hello",5))

(#=) :: MonadState s m => ALens s s a b -> b -> m () infix 4 Source #

A version of (.=) that works on ALens.

(#%=) :: MonadState s m => ALens s s a b -> (a -> b) -> m () infix 4 Source #

A version of (%=) that works on ALens.

(#%%=) :: MonadState s m => ALens s s a b -> (a -> (r, b)) -> m r infix 4 Source #

A version of (%%=) that works on ALens.

(<#=) :: MonadState s m => ALens s s a b -> b -> m b infix 4 Source #

A version of (<.=) that works on ALens.

(<#%=) :: MonadState s m => ALens s s a b -> (a -> b) -> m b infix 4 Source #

A version of (<%=) that works on ALens.

Common Lenses

devoid :: Over p f Void Void a b Source #

There is a field for every type in the Void. Very zen.

>>> [] & mapped.devoid +~ 1
[]
>>> Nothing & mapped.devoid %~ abs
Nothing
devoid :: Lens' Void a

united :: Lens' a () Source #

We can always retrieve a () from any type.

>>> "hello"^.united
()
>>> "hello" & united .~ ()
"hello"

Context

data Context a b t Source #

The indexed store can be used to characterize a Lens and is used by cloneLens.

Context a b t is isomorphic to newtype Context a b t = Context { runContext :: forall f. Functor f => (a -> f b) -> f t }, and to exists s. (s, Lens s t a b).

A Context is like a Lens that has already been applied to a some structure.

Constructors

Context (b -> t) a 

Instances

IndexedComonadStore Context Source # 

Methods

ipos :: Context a c t -> a Source #

ipeek :: c -> Context a c t -> t Source #

ipeeks :: (a -> c) -> Context a c t -> t Source #

iseek :: b -> Context a c t -> Context b c t Source #

iseeks :: (a -> b) -> Context a c t -> Context b c t Source #

iexperiment :: Functor f => (b -> f c) -> Context b c t -> f t Source #

context :: Context a b t -> Context a b t Source #

IndexedComonad Context Source # 

Methods

iextract :: Context a a t -> t Source #

iduplicate :: Context a c t -> Context a b (Context b c t) Source #

iextend :: (Context b c t -> r) -> Context a c t -> Context a b r Source #

IndexedFunctor Context Source # 

Methods

ifmap :: (s -> t) -> Context a b s -> Context a b t Source #

(~) * a b => ComonadStore a (Context a b) Source # 

Methods

pos :: Context a b a0 -> a #

peek :: a -> Context a b a0 -> a0 #

peeks :: (a -> a) -> Context a b a0 -> a0 #

seek :: a -> Context a b a0 -> Context a b a0 #

seeks :: (a -> a) -> Context a b a0 -> Context a b a0 #

experiment :: Functor f => (a -> f a) -> Context a b a0 -> f a0 #

Functor (Context a b) Source # 

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b0) -> Context a b a0 -> Context a b b0 #

(<$) :: a0 -> Context a b b0 -> Context a b a0 #

(~) * a b => Comonad (Context a b) Source # 

Methods

extract :: Context a b a0 -> a0 #

duplicate :: Context a b a0 -> Context a b (Context a b a0) #

extend :: (Context a b a0 -> b0) -> Context a b a0 -> Context a b b0 #

Sellable ((->) LiftedRep LiftedRep) Context Source # 

Methods

sell :: (LiftedRep -> LiftedRep) a (Context a b b) Source #

type Context' a = Context a a Source #

type Context' a s = Context a a s

locus :: IndexedComonadStore p => Lens (p a c s) (p b c s) a b Source #

This Lens lets you view the current pos of any indexed store comonad and seek to a new position. This reduces the API for working these instances to a single Lens.

ipos w ≡ w ^. locus
iseek s w ≡ w & locus .~ s
iseeks f w ≡ w & locus %~ f
locus :: Lens' (Context' a s) a
locus :: Conjoined p => Lens' (Pretext' p a s) a
locus :: Conjoined p => Lens' (PretextT' p g a s) a

Lens fusion

fusing :: Functor f => LensLike (Yoneda f) s t a b -> LensLike f s t a b Source #

Fuse a composition of lenses using Yoneda to provide fmap fusion.

In general, given a pair of lenses foo and bar

fusing (foo.bar) = foo.bar

however, foo and bar are either going to fmap internally or they are trivial.

fusing exploits the Yoneda lemma to merge these separate uses into a single fmap.

This is particularly effective when the choice of functor f is unknown at compile time or when the Lens foo.bar in the above description is recursive or complex enough to prevent inlining.

fusing :: Lens s t a b -> Lens s t a b