swish-0.10.0.1: A semantic web toolkit.

Copyright (c) 2003 Graham Klyne 2009 Vasili I Galchin 2011 2012 Douglas Burke GPL V2 Douglas Burke experimental OverloadedStrings None Haskell98

Swish.Rule

Description

This module defines a framework for defining inference rules over some expression form. It is intended to be used with RDF graphs, but the structures aim to be quite generic with respect to the expression forms allowed.

Synopsis

# Documentation

class Eq ex => Expression ex where Source #

Expression is a type class for values over which proofs may be constructed.

Methods

isValid :: ex -> Bool Source #

Is expression true in all interpretations? If so, then its truth is assumed without justification.

Instances
 (LDGraph lg lb, Eq (lg lb)) => Expression (lg lb) Source # Instances of LDGraph are also instance of the Expression class, for which proofs can be constructed. The empty RDF graph is always True (other enduring truths are asserted as axioms). Instance detailsDefined in Swish.RDF.Proof MethodsisValid :: lg lb -> Bool Source #

data Formula ex Source #

A Formula is a named expression.

Constructors

 Formula FieldsformName :: ScopedNameName used for formula in proof chainformExpr :: exNamed formula value
Instances
 Eq (Formula ex) Source # Define equality of formulae as equality of formula names Instance detailsDefined in Swish.Rule Methods(==) :: Formula ex -> Formula ex -> Bool #(/=) :: Formula ex -> Formula ex -> Bool # Ord (Formula ex) Source # Define ordering of formulae based on formula names Instance detailsDefined in Swish.Rule Methodscompare :: Formula ex -> Formula ex -> Ordering #(<) :: Formula ex -> Formula ex -> Bool #(<=) :: Formula ex -> Formula ex -> Bool #(>) :: Formula ex -> Formula ex -> Bool #(>=) :: Formula ex -> Formula ex -> Bool #max :: Formula ex -> Formula ex -> Formula ex #min :: Formula ex -> Formula ex -> Formula ex # Show ex => Show (Formula ex) Source # Instance detailsDefined in Swish.Rule MethodsshowsPrec :: Int -> Formula ex -> ShowS #show :: Formula ex -> String #showList :: [Formula ex] -> ShowS #

data Rule ex Source #

Rule is a data type for inference rules that can be used to construct a step in a proof.

Constructors

 Rule FieldsruleName :: ScopedNameName of rule, for use when displaying a prooffwdApply :: [ex] -> [ex]Forward application of a rule, takes a list of expressions and returns a list (possibly empty) of forward applications of the rule to combinations of the antecedent expressions. Note that all of the results returned can be assumed to be (simultaneously) true, given the antecedents provided.bwdApply :: ex -> [[ex]]Backward application of a rule, takes an expression and returns a list of alternative antecedents, each of which is a list of expressions that jointly yield the given consequence through application of the inference rule. An empty list is returned if no antecedents will allow the consequence to be inferred.checkInference :: [ex] -> ex -> BoolInference check. Takes a list of antecedent expressions and a consequent expression, returning True if the consequence can be obtained from the antecedents by application of the rule. When the antecedents and consequent are both given, this is generally more efficient that using either forward or backward chaining. Also, a particular rule may not fully support either forward or backward chaining, but all rules are required to fully support this function.A default implementation based on forward chaining is given below.
Instances
 Eq (Rule ex) Source # Define equality of rules as equality of the rule names. Instance detailsDefined in Swish.Rule Methods(==) :: Rule ex -> Rule ex -> Bool #(/=) :: Rule ex -> Rule ex -> Bool # Ord (Rule ex) Source # Define ordering of rules based on the rule names. Instance detailsDefined in Swish.Rule Methodscompare :: Rule ex -> Rule ex -> Ordering #(<) :: Rule ex -> Rule ex -> Bool #(<=) :: Rule ex -> Rule ex -> Bool #(>) :: Rule ex -> Rule ex -> Bool #(>=) :: Rule ex -> Rule ex -> Bool #max :: Rule ex -> Rule ex -> Rule ex #min :: Rule ex -> Rule ex -> Rule ex # Show (Rule ex) Source # Instance detailsDefined in Swish.Rule MethodsshowsPrec :: Int -> Rule ex -> ShowS #show :: Rule ex -> String #showList :: [Rule ex] -> ShowS #

type RuleMap ex = Map ScopedName (Rule ex) Source #

A set of rules labelled with their name.

The namespace http://id.ninebynine.org/2003/Ruleset/null with the prefix null:.

Arguments

 :: LName local name. -> ScopedName

Create a scoped name with the null namespace.

The null formula.

The null rule.

Arguments

 :: Eq ex => Rule ex rule -> [ex] antecedants -> ex consequence -> Bool

Checks that consequence is a result of applying the rule to the antecedants.

Arguments

 :: Eq ex => Rule ex rule -> [ex] antecedants -> ex consequence -> Bool

Checks that the antecedants are all required to create the consequence using the given rule.

Arguments

 :: ShowLines ex => String newline -> Formula ex formula -> ShowS

Create a displayable form of a labelled formula

Arguments

 :: ShowLines ex => String newline -> [Formula ex] the formulae to show -> String text to be placed after the formulae -> ShowS

Return a displayable form of a list of labelled formulae

Show a string left justified in a field of at least the specified number of characters width.