Portability | portable (FFI) |
---|---|

Stability | experimental |

Maintainer | judah.jacobson@gmail.com |

Safe Haskell | Trustworthy |

This module provides a low-level interface to the C functions of the terminfo library.

NOTE: Since this library is built on top of the curses interface, it is not thread-safe.

- data Terminal
- setupTerm :: String -> IO Terminal
- setupTermFromEnv :: IO Terminal
- data SetupTermError
- data Capability a
- getCapability :: Terminal -> Capability a -> Maybe a
- tiGetFlag :: String -> Capability Bool
- tiGuardFlag :: String -> Capability ()
- tiGetNum :: String -> Capability Int
- tiGetStr :: String -> Capability String
- tiGetOutput1 :: forall f. OutputCap f => String -> Capability f
- class OutputCap f
- class (Monoid s, OutputCap s) => TermStr s
- data TermOutput
- runTermOutput :: Terminal -> TermOutput -> IO ()
- hRunTermOutput :: Handle -> Terminal -> TermOutput -> IO ()
- termText :: String -> TermOutput
- tiGetOutput :: String -> Capability ([Int] -> LinesAffected -> TermOutput)
- type LinesAffected = Int
- class Monoid a where
- (<#>) :: Monoid m => m -> m -> m

# Initialization

setupTerm :: String -> IO TerminalSource

Initialize the terminfo library to the given terminal entry.

Throws a `SetupTermError`

if the terminfo database could not be read.

setupTermFromEnv :: IO TerminalSource

Initialize the terminfo library, using the `TERM`

environmental variable.
If `TERM`

is not set, we use the generic, minimal entry `dumb`

.

Throws a `SetupTermError`

if the terminfo database could not be read.

# Capabilities

data Capability a Source

A feature or operation which a `Terminal`

may define.

getCapability :: Terminal -> Capability a -> Maybe aSource

tiGetFlag :: String -> Capability BoolSource

Look up a boolean capability in the terminfo database.

Unlike `tiGuardFlag`

, this capability never fails; it returns `False`

if the
capability is absent or set to false, and returns `True`

otherwise.

tiGuardFlag :: String -> Capability ()Source

Look up a boolean capability in the terminfo database, and fail if it's not defined.

tiGetNum :: String -> Capability IntSource

Look up a numeric capability in the terminfo database.

tiGetStr :: String -> Capability StringSource

Look up a string capability in the terminfo database. NOTE: This function is deprecated; use
`tiGetOutput1`

instead.

# Output

Terminfo contains many string capabilities for special effects.
For example, the `cuu1`

capability moves the cursor up one line; on ANSI terminals
this is accomplished by printing the control sequence `"\ESC[A"`

.
However, some older terminals also require "padding", or short pauses, after certain commands.
For example, when `TERM=vt100`

the `cuu1`

capability is `"\ESC[A$<2>"`

, which instructs terminfo
to pause for two milliseconds after outputting the control sequence.

The `TermOutput`

monoid abstracts away all padding and control
sequence output. Unfortunately, that datatype is difficult to integrate into existing `String`

-based APIs
such as pretty-printers. Thus, as a workaround, `tiGetOutput1`

also lets us access the control sequences as `String`

s. The one caveat is that it will not allow you to access padded control sequences as Strings. For example:

> t <- setupTerm "vt100" > isJust (getCapability t (tiGetOutput1 "cuu1") :: Maybe String) False > isJust (getCapability t (tiGetOutput1 "cuu1") :: Maybe TermOutput) True

`String`

capabilities will work with software-based terminal types such as `xterm`

and `linux`

.
However, you should use `TermOutput`

if compatibility with older terminals is important.
Additionally, the `visualBell`

capability which flashes the screen usually produces its effect with a padding directive, so it will only work with `TermOutput`

.

tiGetOutput1 :: forall f. OutputCap f => String -> Capability fSource

Look up an output capability which takes a fixed number of parameters
(for example, `Int -> Int -> TermOutput`

).

For capabilities which may contain variable-length
padding, use `tiGetOutput`

instead.

## TermOutput

data TermOutput Source

An action which sends output to the terminal. That output may mix plain text with control characters and escape sequences, along with delays (called "padding") required by some older terminals.

runTermOutput :: Terminal -> TermOutput -> IO ()Source

Write the terminal output to the standard output device.

hRunTermOutput :: Handle -> Terminal -> TermOutput -> IO ()Source

Write the terminal output to the terminal or file managed by the given
`Handle`

.

termText :: String -> TermOutputSource

tiGetOutput :: String -> Capability ([Int] -> LinesAffected -> TermOutput)Source

Look up an output capability in the terminfo database.

type LinesAffected = IntSource

A parameter to specify the number of lines affected. Some capabilities
(e.g., `clear`

and `dch1`

) use
this parameter on some terminals to compute variable-length padding.

## Monoid functions

class Monoid a where

The class of monoids (types with an associative binary operation that has an identity). Instances should satisfy the following laws:

mappend mempty x = x

mappend x mempty = x

mappend x (mappend y z) = mappend (mappend x y) z

mconcat =

`foldr`

mappend mempty

The method names refer to the monoid of lists under concatenation, but there are many other instances.

Minimal complete definition: `mempty`

and `mappend`

.

Some types can be viewed as a monoid in more than one way,
e.g. both addition and multiplication on numbers.
In such cases we often define `newtype`

s and make those instances
of `Monoid`

, e.g. `Sum`

and `Product`

.

mempty :: a

Identity of `mappend`

mappend :: a -> a -> a

An associative operation

mconcat :: [a] -> a

Fold a list using the monoid.
For most types, the default definition for `mconcat`

will be
used, but the function is included in the class definition so
that an optimized version can be provided for specific types.

Monoid Ordering | |

Monoid () | |

Monoid All | |

Monoid Any | |

Monoid TermOutput | |

Monoid [a] | |

Monoid a => Monoid (Dual a) | |

Monoid (Endo a) | |

Num a => Monoid (Sum a) | |

Num a => Monoid (Product a) | |

Monoid (First a) | |

Monoid (Last a) | |

Monoid a => Monoid (Maybe a) | Lift a semigroup into |

Monoid b => Monoid (a -> b) | |

(Monoid a, Monoid b) => Monoid (a, b) | |

(Monoid a, Monoid b, Monoid c) => Monoid (a, b, c) | |

(Monoid a, Monoid b, Monoid c, Monoid d) => Monoid (a, b, c, d) | |

(Monoid a, Monoid b, Monoid c, Monoid d, Monoid e) => Monoid (a, b, c, d, e) |