websockets- Implements the WebSocket protocol.



A library for creating WebSocket-capable servers, where the implemented protocol is defined here: http://is.gd/eSdLB.

This library was only tested with Chromium 7.* and Firefox 4.*, currently doesn't implement the entire WebSocket protocol, will never implement older versions of the WebSocket protocol and is a work in progress.

How do you use this library? Here's how:

And here's a short, complete example of a server that accepts clients, greets them with a welcome message and replies to all messages by echoing them back with an appended meow:

import Network.WebSockets (shakeHands, getFrame, putFrame)
import Network (listenOn, PortID(PortNumber), accept, withSocketsDo)
import System.IO (Handle, hClose)
import Data.ByteString (append)
import Data.ByteString.UTF8 (fromString) -- this is from utf8-string
import Control.Monad (forever)
import Control.Concurrent (forkIO)

main :: IO ()
main = withSocketsDo $ do
  socket <- listenOn $ PortNumber 12345
  putStrLn "Listening on"
  forever $ do
    (h, _, _) <- accept socket
    forkIO $ talkToClient h

talkToClient :: Handle -> IO ()
talkToClient h = do
  request <- shakeHands h
  case request of
    Left error -> putStrLn error >> hClose h
    Right req -> do
      putFrame h . fromString $ "滴水之恩当以涌泉相报<br>" ++ show req
      forever $ do
        msg <- getFrame h
        putFrame h . append msg $ fromString ", MEOW!"

The example above will suffice if you wish to accept any WebSocket-capable client, regardless of its origin or target. It won't suffice if you have to filter the incoming clients by the contents of their requests. For that, you can use getRequest and putResponse, which allow you to inspect the request details before you send back a response, if any.

If you have any suggestions, bug reports and/or fixes, feel free to send them to mailto:sinisa@bidin.cc.



shakeHands :: Handle -> IO (Either String Request)Source

Accept and perform a handshake, no matter the request contents.

As long as the request is well-formed, the client will receive a response saying, essentially, "proceed". Use this function if you don't care who you're connected to, as long as that someone speaks the WebSocket protocol.

The function returns either a String in case of error, or a Request on success. The Request is returned purely for logging purposes, since the handshake has already been executed. Use this function immediately after establishing the WebSocket connection.

If you wish not to blindly accept requests but to filter them according to their contents, use the getRequest and putResponse functions.

getRequest :: Handle -> IO (Either String Request)Source

Reads the client's opening handshake and returns either a Request based on its contents, or a String in case of an error.

putResponse :: Handle -> Request -> IO ()Source

Sends an accepting response based on the given Request, thus accepting and ending the handshake.

getFrame :: Handle -> IO ByteStringSource

Receive a strict ByteString. Call this function only after having performed the handshake. This function will block until an entire frame is read.

putFrame :: Handle -> ByteString -> IO ()Source

Send a strict ByteString. Call this function only after having performed the handshake.

reqHost :: Request -> StringSource

Returns the requested host.

reqPath :: Request -> StringSource

Returns the requested path.

reqOrigin :: Request -> StringSource

Returns the origin of the request.

reqLocation :: Request -> StringSource

Returns the requested location. Equal to (\r -> "ws://" ++ reqHost r ++ reqPath r).

data Request Source

Contains the request details, accessible via the reqHost, reqPath, reqOrigin and reqLocation functions.