aeson-1.4.0.0: Fast JSON parsing and encoding

Copyright(c) 2011-2016 Bryan O'Sullivan
(c) 2011 MailRank Inc.
LicenseBSD3
Stabilityexperimental
Portabilityportable
Safe HaskellNone
LanguageHaskell2010

Data.Aeson.TH

Contents

Description

Functions to mechanically derive ToJSON and FromJSON instances. Note that you need to enable the TemplateHaskell language extension in order to use this module.

An example shows how instances are generated for arbitrary data types. First we define a data type:

data D a = Nullary
         | Unary Int
         | Product String Char a
         | Record { testOne   :: Double
                  , testTwo   :: Bool
                  , testThree :: D a
                  } deriving Eq

Next we derive the necessary instances. Note that we make use of the feature to change record field names. In this case we drop the first 4 characters of every field name. We also modify constructor names by lower-casing them:

$(deriveJSON defaultOptions{fieldLabelModifier = drop 4, constructorTagModifier = map toLower} ''D)

Now we can use the newly created instances.

d :: D Int
d = Record { testOne = 3.14159
           , testTwo = True
           , testThree = Product "test" 'A' 123
           }
>>> fromJSON (toJSON d) == Success d
> True

This also works for data family instances, but instead of passing in the data family name (with double quotes), we pass in a data family instance constructor (with a single quote):

data family DF a
data instance DF Int = DF1 Int
                     | DF2 Int Int
                     deriving Eq

$(deriveJSON defaultOptions 'DF1)
-- Alternatively, one could pass 'DF2 instead

Please note that you can derive instances for tuples using the following syntax:

-- FromJSON and ToJSON instances for 4-tuples.
$(deriveJSON defaultOptions ''(,,,))

Synopsis

Encoding configuration

data Options Source #

Options that specify how to encode/decode your datatype to/from JSON.

Options can be set using record syntax on defaultOptions with the fields below.

Instances

data SumEncoding Source #

Specifies how to encode constructors of a sum datatype.

Constructors

TaggedObject

A constructor will be encoded to an object with a field tagFieldName which specifies the constructor tag (modified by the constructorTagModifier). If the constructor is a record the encoded record fields will be unpacked into this object. So make sure that your record doesn't have a field with the same label as the tagFieldName. Otherwise the tag gets overwritten by the encoded value of that field! If the constructor is not a record the encoded constructor contents will be stored under the contentsFieldName field.

UntaggedValue

Constructor names won't be encoded. Instead only the contents of the constructor will be encoded as if the type had a single constructor. JSON encodings have to be disjoint for decoding to work properly.

When decoding, constructors are tried in the order of definition. If some encodings overlap, the first one defined will succeed.

Note: Nullary constructors are encoded as strings (using constructorTagModifier). Having a nullary constructor alongside a single field constructor that encodes to a string leads to ambiguity.

Note: Only the last error is kept when decoding, so in the case of malformed JSON, only an error for the last constructor will be reported.

ObjectWithSingleField

A constructor will be encoded to an object with a single field named after the constructor tag (modified by the constructorTagModifier) which maps to the encoded contents of the constructor.

TwoElemArray

A constructor will be encoded to a 2-element array where the first element is the tag of the constructor (modified by the constructorTagModifier) and the second element the encoded contents of the constructor.

defaultTaggedObject :: SumEncoding Source #

Default TaggedObject SumEncoding options:

defaultTaggedObject = TaggedObject
                      { tagFieldName      = "tag"
                      , contentsFieldName = "contents"
                      }

FromJSON and ToJSON derivation

deriveJSON Source #

Arguments

:: Options

Encoding options.

-> Name

Name of the type for which to generate ToJSON and FromJSON instances.

-> Q [Dec] 

Generates both ToJSON and FromJSON instance declarations for the given data type or data family instance constructor.

This is a convienience function which is equivalent to calling both deriveToJSON and deriveFromJSON.

deriveJSON1 Source #

Arguments

:: Options

Encoding options.

-> Name

Name of the type for which to generate ToJSON1 and FromJSON1 instances.

-> Q [Dec] 

Generates both ToJSON1 and FromJSON1 instance declarations for the given data type or data family instance constructor.

This is a convienience function which is equivalent to calling both deriveToJSON1 and deriveFromJSON1.

deriveJSON2 Source #

Arguments

:: Options

Encoding options.

-> Name

Name of the type for which to generate ToJSON2 and FromJSON2 instances.

-> Q [Dec] 

Generates both ToJSON2 and FromJSON2 instance declarations for the given data type or data family instance constructor.

This is a convienience function which is equivalent to calling both deriveToJSON2 and deriveFromJSON2.

deriveToJSON Source #

Arguments

:: Options

Encoding options.

-> Name

Name of the type for which to generate a ToJSON instance declaration.

-> Q [Dec] 

Generates a ToJSON instance declaration for the given data type or data family instance constructor.

deriveToJSON1 Source #

Arguments

:: Options

Encoding options.

-> Name

Name of the type for which to generate a ToJSON1 instance declaration.

-> Q [Dec] 

Generates a ToJSON1 instance declaration for the given data type or data family instance constructor.

deriveToJSON2 Source #

Arguments

:: Options

Encoding options.

-> Name

Name of the type for which to generate a ToJSON2 instance declaration.

-> Q [Dec] 

Generates a ToJSON2 instance declaration for the given data type or data family instance constructor.

deriveFromJSON Source #

Arguments

:: Options

Encoding options.

-> Name

Name of the type for which to generate a FromJSON instance declaration.

-> Q [Dec] 

Generates a FromJSON instance declaration for the given data type or data family instance constructor.

deriveFromJSON1 Source #

Arguments

:: Options

Encoding options.

-> Name

Name of the type for which to generate a FromJSON1 instance declaration.

-> Q [Dec] 

Generates a FromJSON1 instance declaration for the given data type or data family instance constructor.

deriveFromJSON2 Source #

Arguments

:: Options

Encoding options.

-> Name

Name of the type for which to generate a FromJSON3 instance declaration.

-> Q [Dec] 

Generates a FromJSON2 instance declaration for the given data type or data family instance constructor.

mkToJSON Source #

Arguments

:: Options

Encoding options.

-> Name

Name of the type to encode.

-> Q Exp 

Generates a lambda expression which encodes the given data type or data family instance constructor as a Value.

mkLiftToJSON Source #

Arguments

:: Options

Encoding options.

-> Name

Name of the type to encode.

-> Q Exp 

Generates a lambda expression which encodes the given data type or data family instance constructor as a Value by using the given encoding function on occurrences of the last type parameter.

mkLiftToJSON2 Source #

Arguments

:: Options

Encoding options.

-> Name

Name of the type to encode.

-> Q Exp 

Generates a lambda expression which encodes the given data type or data family instance constructor as a Value by using the given encoding functions on occurrences of the last two type parameters.

mkToEncoding Source #

Arguments

:: Options

Encoding options.

-> Name

Name of the type to encode.

-> Q Exp 

Generates a lambda expression which encodes the given data type or data family instance constructor as a JSON string.

mkLiftToEncoding Source #

Arguments

:: Options

Encoding options.

-> Name

Name of the type to encode.

-> Q Exp 

Generates a lambda expression which encodes the given data type or data family instance constructor as a JSON string by using the given encoding function on occurrences of the last type parameter.

mkLiftToEncoding2 Source #

Arguments

:: Options

Encoding options.

-> Name

Name of the type to encode.

-> Q Exp 

Generates a lambda expression which encodes the given data type or data family instance constructor as a JSON string by using the given encoding functions on occurrences of the last two type parameters.

mkParseJSON Source #

Arguments

:: Options

Encoding options.

-> Name

Name of the encoded type.

-> Q Exp 

Generates a lambda expression which parses the JSON encoding of the given data type or data family instance constructor.

mkLiftParseJSON Source #

Arguments

:: Options

Encoding options.

-> Name

Name of the encoded type.

-> Q Exp 

Generates a lambda expression which parses the JSON encoding of the given data type or data family instance constructor by using the given parsing function on occurrences of the last type parameter.

mkLiftParseJSON2 Source #

Arguments

:: Options

Encoding options.

-> Name

Name of the encoded type.

-> Q Exp 

Generates a lambda expression which parses the JSON encoding of the given data type or data family instance constructor by using the given parsing functions on occurrences of the last two type parameters.