auto-0.4.3.1: Denotative, locally stateful programming DSL & platform

Control.Auto.Blip

Contents

Description

This module provides tools for generating and manipulating "blip streams". The blip stream abstraction is not fundamental to Auto, but rather, like interval, is a very useful semantic tool for the denotation of many programs, games, simulations, and computations in general that you are likely to write with this library.

Synopsis

# Blip

In the context of inputs/outputs of Auto, a Blip a represents a "blip stream" that occasionally, in isolated incidents, emits a value of type a.

For example, Auto' a (Blip b) is an Auto' that a stream of a's as input and outputs a *blip stream* that occasionally emits with a b. An Auto' (Blip a) b is an Auto' that takes a *blip stream* that occasionally emits with a a and outputs a stream of b's.

If an Auto takes or outputs a "blip stream", it comes with some "semantic" contracts on to how the stream behaves. The main contract is that your blip stream should only output on (meaningfully) "isolated" incidents, and never on continuous regions of the input stream.

By this, we mean that every emitted value is (conceptually) emitted "alone", and not as a part of continuous on/off chunks.

## Example situations

A good example would be, say, a blip stream that emits every time a user/player sends a certain type of command. Or a blip stream that emits every time a slowly-moving value crosses over from positive to negative.

A bad example would be a blip stream that emits when a player doesn't send a certain less-common type of command. Or a blip stream that emits whenever a slowly-moving value is positive or negative.

## Contrast with Intervals

Blip streams are contrasted with another semantic tool: stream _intervals_, manipulated with Control.Auto.Interval. Intervals are adjacentcontiguous "chunks" of onoff behavior, and are on or off for contiguous "chunks" at a time. So when deciding whether or not you want to use the semantics of blip streams or the semantics of Interval, consider: is this behavior going to be "on/off" for chunks at a time (such as an interval that is on whenever a slowly-moving value is positive)? Or is it something that is usually "not on", but makes separate, isolated, "blips" --- each emitted value alone and (semantically) isolated from the rest.

## Motivations

The main motivations of the semantic concept of blip streams (and why they even exist in the first place) is probably for how well they integrate with Interval semantics and, with intervals, the various powerful switching combinators from Control.Auto.Switch. Many of the combinators in that module are designed so that switches can be "triggered" by blip stream emissions.

Blip streams have many usages, as will be explained later. You'll also find that blip streams work well with their cousins, interval streams. But perhaps the use case that stands out above all (and is alone enough to motivate their existence) is in switching.

## "Blip semantics"

We say that a blip stream has "blip semantics" when it is used in a way that its emitted values are "isolated", "alone", "discrete", in this way. When it is not, we say that the stream "breaks" blip semantics.

Note that this can't really be enforced by the types, so if you're a library or framework developer, it's up to you to take care that the blip streams you offer all conform to blip semantics. However, if you're just making an application, you can use most of the combinators in this library/module and not worry.

Also note that in many of these cases, "blip semantics" depends on how the Autos are composed, and what they are composed to. If the value in question is "almost always" positive and only negative at isolated points in time, then such a "blip stream that emits whenever the value is negative" has proper blip semantics. If the value in question is slowly-moving and meandering, and might spend a lot of time negative at a time, then the same blip stream would not preserve blip semantics.

### Why semantics are important

Why should you care? I can't tell you want to do, right?

Well, for the same reason that typeclasses like Eq, Functor, and Monad have laws. Yeah, you can make any instance you want that satisfies the types. But almost all of the usefulness of those typeclasses comes from our ability to "reason" about the behavior of their instances, and to be able to develop an intuition about their usage. We would be surprised if we had an Eq instance where x == x and x /= x are both true...and it would completely break down any attempt at understanding what Eq code "means".

You can think of "blip semantics" as being the "laws" of blip streams. If we assume that things follow blip semantics properly, then we can reason about them in a unified and useful way. If we can trust that blip streams actually behave "like blip streams", then blip streams become an extremely useful tool for denoting certain behaviors and programs.

If we can't...then it becomes a lot less useful :)

In particular, one big use case for blip streams (the switching mechanisms Control.Auto.Switch) all only "work well" when your blip streams follow proper semantics.

### Combinators preserve semantics

Most of the combinators in this module try their best to preserve blip semantics. That is, you can't use them in a way that will produce a non-semantic-abiding blip stream. You can "trust" them, and if you use only safe combinators, you don't ever have to worry. Well. That much, at least.

There are a few notable exceptions:

• every, eachAt, eachAt_, when you pass in an interval of 1.
• onChange, when the input value isn't ever expected to stay the same between steps.
• emitOn, emitJusts, onJusts, in the cases mentioned in the documentation for emitOn.

## Practical examples

There are many practical examples of using blip streams in the various examples in auto-examples, especially from chatbot. There, blip streams are used in many situations, primarily streams for players sending certain commands. It's also used in hangman, to signify player events such as victory, good/bad guesses, etc.

Blip streams work very closely with the various switching combinators in Control.Auto.Switch. If anything, if there is only one reason to use blip streams, it's with the various switching mechanisms in that module. All of the switching combinators rely on the fact that your blip streams follow proper semantics, further emphasizing the importance of conforming to the semantics.

## For library, framework, and back-end developers

Remember that this module is only meant to export "safe" combinators that try their best to maintain blip semantics. Think of this module as a useful guideline to help programmers maintain semantics at compile-time, by only exporting not-as-dangerous combinators.

However, all of these rules are for the denotation of your /program logic/. These rules are for the benefit of reasoning about the behavior of your program at the logic level.

As a library or framework or back-end developer, however, you aren't programming at the logic level, but rather at the gritty implementation level. So, you might want to provide blip streams and for your library users or application developers or the game logic you are writing.

For this, you might find the hidden constructors and tools in Control.Auto.Blip.Internal helpful, and there is more information at the documentation for that module.

data Blip a Source #

When used in the context of an input or output of an Auto, a Blip a represents a stream that occasionally, at "independent" or "discrete" points, emits a value of type a.

Contrast this to Interval, where things are meant to be "on" or "off" for contiguous chunks at a time; blip streams are "blippy", and Intervals are "chunky".

It's here mainly because it's a pretty useful abstraction in the context of the many combinators found in various modules of this library. If you think of an Auto m a (Blip b) as producing a "blip stream", then there are various combinators and functions that are specifically designed to manipulate blip streams.

For the purposes of the semantics of what Blip is supposed to represent, its constructors are hidden. (Almost) all of the various Blip combinators (and its very useful Functor instance) "preserve Blipness" --- one-at-a-time occurrences remain one-at-a-time under all of these combinators, and you should have enough so that direct access to the constructor is not needed.

If you are creating a framework, library, or backend, you might want to manually create blip stream-producing Autos for your users to access. In this case, you can import the constructors and useful internal (and, of course, semantically unsafe) functions from Control.Auto.Blip.Internal.

Instances

 Source # Methodsfmap :: (a -> b) -> Blip a -> Blip b #(<$) :: a -> Blip b -> Blip a # Show a => Show (Blip a) Source # MethodsshowsPrec :: Int -> Blip a -> ShowS #show :: Blip a -> String #showList :: [Blip a] -> ShowS # Generic (Blip a) Source # Associated Typestype Rep (Blip a) :: * -> * # Methodsfrom :: Blip a -> Rep (Blip a) x #to :: Rep (Blip a) x -> Blip a # Semigroup a => Semigroup (Blip a) Source # Merge two blip streams together; the result emits with either of the two merged streams emit. When both emit at the same time, emit the result of <>-ing the values together. Methods(<>) :: Blip a -> Blip a -> Blip a #sconcat :: NonEmpty (Blip a) -> Blip a #stimes :: Integral b => b -> Blip a -> Blip a # Semigroup a => Monoid (Blip a) Source # Merge two blip streams together; the result emits with either of the two merged streams emit. When both emit at the same time, emit the result of <>-ing the values together. Methodsmempty :: Blip a #mappend :: Blip a -> Blip a -> Blip a #mconcat :: [Blip a] -> Blip a # Serialize a => Serialize (Blip a) Source # Methodsput :: Putter (Blip a) #get :: Get (Blip a) # NFData a => NFData (Blip a) Source # Methodsrnf :: Blip a -> () # type Rep (Blip a) Source # type Rep (Blip a) = D1 (MetaData "Blip" "Control.Auto.Blip.Internal" "auto-0.4.3.1-HNJqqybobBbJ06ezEJkkhZ" False) ((:+:) (C1 (MetaCons "NoBlip" PrefixI False) U1) (C1 (MetaCons "Blip" PrefixI False) (S1 (MetaSel (Nothing Symbol) NoSourceUnpackedness SourceStrict DecidedStrict) (Rec0 a)))) perBlip :: Monad m => Auto m a b -> Auto m (Blip a) (Blip b) Source # Takes an Auto m a b (an Auto that turns incoming as into outputting bs) into an Auto m (Blip a) (Blip b); the original Auto is lifted to only be applied to emitted contents of a blip stream. When the stream emits, the original Auto is "stepped" with the emitted value; when it does not, it is paused and frozen until the next emission. >>> let sums = perBlip (sumFrom 0) >>> let blps = eachAt 2 [1,5,2] >>> take 8 . streamAuto' blps$ repeat ()
[NoBlip, Blip 1, NoBlip, Blip 5, NoBlip, Blip 2, NoBlip, NoBlip]
>>> take 8 . streamAuto' (sums . blps) $repeat () [NoBlip, Blip 1, NoBlip, Blip 6, NoBlip, Blip 8, NoBlip, NoBlip]  ## Merging Arguments  :: (a -> a -> a) merging function -> Blip a first stream -> Blip a second stream -> Blip a merged stream Merge two blip streams together; the result emits with either of the two merged streams emit. When both emit at the same time, emit the result of applying the given function on the two emitted values. Note that this might be too strict for some purposes; see mergeL and mergeR for lazier alternatives. mergeL infixr 5 Source # Arguments  :: Blip a first stream (higher priority) -> Blip a second stream -> Blip a Merges two blip streams together into one, which emits either of the original blip streams emit. If both emit at the same time, the left (first) one is favored. Lazy on the second stream if the first stream is emitting. If we discount laziness, this is merge const. mergeR infixl 5 Source # Arguments  :: Blip a first stream -> Blip a second stream (higher priority) -> Blip a Merges two blip streams together into one, which emits either of the original blip streams emit. If both emit at the same time, the right (second) one is favored. Lazy on the first stream if the second stream is emitting. If we discount laziness, this is merge (flip const). mergeLs :: [Blip a] -> Blip a Source # Merge all the blip streams together into one, favoring the first emitted value. mergeRs :: [Blip a] -> Blip a Source # Merge all the blip streams together into one, favoring the last emitted value. foldrB :: (a -> a -> a) -> a -> [Blip a] -> Blip a Source # Deprecated: Starting in v0.5, will have new functionality. Merge all of the blip streams together, using the given merging function associating from the right. DEPRECATED: In its current form, foldrB will disappear in 0.5. The new version will be: foldrB :: (a -> a -> a) -> [Blip a] -> Blip b  Which will not emit if nothing emits. This really was supposed to be the intended behavior originally. For this reason, please do not use this anymore. As it is currently implemented, it doesn't really make any sense, either. To begin using the new behavior, you can use: foldr (merge f) mempty  foldlB' :: (a -> a -> a) -> a -> [Blip a] -> Blip a Source # Deprecated: Starting in v0.5, will have new functionality. Merge all of the blip streams together, using the given merging function associating from the left. DEPRECATED: In its current form, foldlB' will disappear in 0.5. The new version will be: foldlB' :: (a -> a -> a) -> [Blip a] -> Blip b  Which will not emit if nothing emits. This really was supposed to be the intended behavior originally. For this reason, please do not use this anymore. As it is currently implemented, it doesn't really make any sense, either. To begin using the new behavior, you can use: foldl' (merge f) mempty  ## Raw blip stream creation (dangerous!) Arguments  :: (a -> Maybe b) "predicate" to emit on. -> Auto m a (Blip b) An Auto that runs every input through a a -> Maybe b test and produces a blip stream that emits the value inside every Just result. Particularly useful with prisms from the lens package, where things like emitJusts (preview _Right) will emit the b whenever the input Either a b stream is a Right. Warning! Carries all of the same dangers of emitOn. You can easily break blip semantics with this if you aren't sure what you are doing. Remember to only emit at discrete, separate occurences, and not for interval-like (on and off for chunks at a time) things. For interval semantics, we have Control.Auto.Interval. See the examples of emitOn for more concrete good/bad use cases. emitEithers :: (a -> Either b c) -> Auto m a (Blip b, Blip c) Source # Like emitJusts, except forks into two streams depending on the function's result being Left or Right. Is only meaningful if you expect every 'Left'/'Right' choice to be independent of the last. onJusts :: Auto m (Maybe a) (Blip a) Source # An Auto that emits whenever it receives a Just input, with the value inside the Just. Warning! Carries all of the same dangers of emitOn. You can easily break blip semantics with this if you aren't sure what you are doing. Remember to only emit at discrete, separate occurences, and not for interval-like (on and off for chunks at a time) things. For interval semantics, we have Control.Auto.Interval. See the examples of emitOn for more concrete good/bad use cases. onJusts == emitJusts id onEithers :: Auto m (Either a b) (Blip a, Blip b) Source # Like onJusts, except forks into two streams depending on if the input is Left or Right. Is only meaningful if you expect every 'Left'/'Right' choice to be independent of the last. onEithers == emitEithers id Arguments  :: (a -> Bool) predicate to emit on -> Auto m a (Blip a) Produces a blip stream that emits the input value whenever the input satisfies a given predicate. Warning! This Auto has the capability of "breaking" blip semantics. Be sure you know what you are doing when using this. Blip streams are semantically supposed to only emit at discrete, separate occurrences. Do not use this for interval-like (on and off for chunks at a time) things; each input should be dealt with as a separate thing. For interval semantics, we have Interval from Control.Auto.Interval. Good example: -- is only emitting at discrete blips emitOn even . iterator (+ 1) 0 Bad examples: -- is emitting for "durations" or "intervals" of time. emitOn (< 10) . iterator (+ 1) 0 emitOn (const True) . foo These bad examples would be good use cases of Interval. Can be particularly useful with prisms from the lens package, where things like emitOn (has _Right) and emitOn (hasn't _Right) will emit the input Either a b whenever it is or isn't a Right. See emitJusts for more common uses with lens. ## Blip stream collapse Arguments  :: a the "default value" to output when the input is not emitting. -> Auto m (Blip a) a fromBlips d is an Auto that decomposes the incoming blip stream by constantly outputting d except when the stream emits, and outputs the emitted value when it does. Arguments  :: b the 'default value" to output when the input is not emitting. -> (a -> b) the function to apply to the emitted value whenever input is emitting. -> Auto m (Blip a) b fromBlipsWith d f is an Auto that decomposes the incoming blip stream by constantly outputting d except when the stream emits, and outputs the result of applying f to the emitted value when it does. asMaybes :: Auto m (Blip a) (Maybe a) Source # Collapse a blip stream of as into a stream of Maybe a's holdWith :: Serialize a => a -> Auto m (Blip a) a Source # holdWith y0 is an Auto whose output is always the /most recently emitted/ value from the input blip stream. Before anything is emitted, y0 is outputted as a placeholder. Contrast with hold from Control.Auto.Interval. holdWith_ :: a -> Auto m (Blip a) a Source # A non-serializing/non-resumable version of holdWith. substituteB :: Auto m (a, Blip a) a Source # Take in a normal stream and a blip stream. Behave like the normal stream when the blip stream doesn't emit...but when it does, output the emitted value instead. # Step/"time" based Blip streams and generators never :: Auto m a (Blip b) Source # An Auto that ignores its input and produces a blip stream never emits. immediately :: Auto m a (Blip a) Source # Produces a blip stream that emits with the first received input value, and never again after that. Often used with pure: immediately . pure "Emit me!" Or, in proc notation: blp <- immediately -< "Emit me!" to get a blip stream that emits a given value (eg., "Emit me!") once and stops emitting ever again. >>> streamAuto' (immediately . pure "Emit me!") [1..5] [Blip "Emit Me!", NoBlip, NoBlip, NoBlip, NoBlip]  Arguments  :: Int number of steps before value is emitted. -> Auto m a (Blip a) Produces a blip stream that only emits once, with the input value on the given step number. It emits the input on that many steps. immediately == inB 1 Arguments  :: Int emit every n steps. -> Auto m a (Blip a) every n is an Auto that emits with the incoming inputs on every nth input value. First emitted value is on the nth step. Will obviously break blip semantics when you pass in 1. Arguments  :: Serialize b => Int emit every n steps -> [b] list to emit values from -> Auto m a (Blip b) eachAt n xs is an Auto that ignores its input and creates a blip stream that emits each element of xs one at a time, evey n steps. First emitted value is at step n. Once the list is exhausted, never emits again. Obviously breaks blip semantics when you pass in 1. The process of serializing and resuming this Auto is O(n) space and time with the length of xs. So don't serialize this if you plan on passing an infinite list :) See Control.Auto.Generate for more options. eachAt n xs == perBlip (fromList xs) . every n Arguments  :: Int emit every n steps -> [b] list to emit values from -> Auto m a (Blip b) The non-serializing/non-resumable version of eachAt. collectN :: Serialize a => Int -> Auto m a (Blip [a]) Source # collectN n emits every n steps, emitting with the n last items received. >>> streamAuto' (collectN 3) [1..10] [ NoBlip, NoBlip, Blip [1,2,3], NoBlip, NoBlip, Blip [4,5,6] , NoBlip, NoBlip, Blip [7,8,9], NoBlip ]  collectN_ :: Int -> Auto m a (Blip [a]) Source # The non-serializing/non-resuming version of collectN # Modifying Blip streams Arguments  :: b value to replace every emitted value with -> Auto m (Blip a) (Blip b) Re-emits every emission from the input blip stream, but replaces its value with the given value. tagBlips x == modifyBlips (const x) Arguments  :: (a -> b) function to modify emitted values with -> Auto m (Blip a) (Blip b) Re-emits every emission from the input blip stream, but applies the given function to the emitted value. (<&) :: Monad m => Auto m a (Blip b) -> Auto m a (Blip b) -> Auto m a (Blip b) infixr 5 Source # Takes two Autos producing blip streams and returns a "merged" Auto that emits when either of the original Autos emit. When both emit at the same time, the left (first) one is favored. a1 <& a2 == mergeL <$> a1 <*> a2

(&>) :: Monad m => Auto m a (Blip b) -> Auto m a (Blip b) -> Auto m a (Blip b) infixl 5 Source #

Takes two Autos producing blip streams and returns a "merged" Auto that emits when either of the original Autos emit. When both emit at the same time, the right (second) one is favored.

a1 &> a2 == mergeR <$> a1 <*> a2 once :: Auto m (Blip a) (Blip a) Source # Supress all upstream emitted values except for the very first. notYet :: Auto m (Blip a) (Blip a) Source # Suppress only the first emission coming from upstream, and let all the others pass uninhibited. lagBlips :: Serialize a => Auto m (Blip a) (Blip a) Source # Takes in a blip stream and outputs a blip stream where each emission is delayed/lagged by one step. >>> streamAuto' (emitOn (\x -> x mod 3 == 0)) [1..9] >>> [NoBlip, NoBlip, Blip 3, NoBlip, NoBlip, Blip 6, NoBlip, NoBlip, Blip 9] >>> streamAuto' (lagBlips . emitOn (\x -> x mod 3 == 0)) [1..9] >>> [NoBlip, NoBlip, NoBlip, Blip 3, NoBlip, NoBlip, Blip 6, NoBlip, NoBlip]  lagBlips_ :: Auto m (Blip a) (Blip a) Source # The non-serializing/non-resuming version of lagBlips. Arguments  :: (a -> Bool) filtering predicate -> Auto m (Blip a) (Blip a) Suppress all upstream emissions when the predicate (on the emitted value) fails. splitB :: (a -> Bool) -> Auto m (Blip a) (Blip a, Blip a) Source # Splits a blip stream based on a predicate. Takes in one blip stream and produces two: the first emits whenever the input emits with a value that passes the predicate, and the second emits whenever the input emits with a value that doesn't. mapMaybeB :: (a -> Maybe b) -> Auto m (Blip a) (Blip b) Source # Applies the given function to every emitted value, and suppresses all those for which the result is Nothing. Otherwise, lets it pass through with the value in the Just. splitEitherB :: (a -> Either b c) -> Auto m (Blip a) (Blip b, Blip c) Source # Splits a blip stream based on a predicate returning an Either. All Left results go to the first output stream, and all Right results go to the second. On an 'a -> Either () b', is roughly analogous to mapMaybeB. On an 'a -> Either () ()', is roughly analogous to filterB or splitB. collectB :: (Serialize a, Serialize b) => Auto m (Blip a, Blip b) (Blip (a, b)) Source # Waits on two streams, and emits with the first seen items when both have emitted. Once it emits, starts over. >>> streamAuto' collectB [(Blip 1, NoBlip), (Blip 2, Blip 'a'),(Blip 3, Blip 'b')] [NoBlip, Blip (1, 'a'), Blip (3, 'b')]  Can be used to implement a sort of "parallel wait". collectB_ :: Auto m (Blip a, Blip b) (Blip (a, b)) Source # The non-serializing/non-resuming version of collectB. collectBs :: Serialize a => Int -> Auto m (Blip a) (Blip [a]) Source # A blip stream that listens to an input blip stream and emits after the input stream emits a given number of times. Emits with a list of all received emitted values. collectBs_ :: Int -> Auto m (Blip a) (Blip [a]) Source # The non-serializing/non-resuming version of collectBs. joinB :: Auto m (Blip (Blip a)) (Blip a) Source # Collapses a blip stream of blip streams into single blip stream. that emits whenever the inner-nested stream emits. Arguments  :: Int number of emissions to allow to pass -> Auto m (Blip a) (Blip a) takeB n allows only the first n emissions to pass; it suppresses all of the rest. Arguments  :: (a -> Bool) filtering predicate -> Auto m (Blip a) (Blip a) Allow all emitted valuesto pass until the first that fails the predicate. Arguments  :: Int number of emissions to suppress initially -> Auto m (Blip a) (Blip a) dropB n suppresses the first n emissions from upstream and passes through the rest uninhibited. Arguments  :: (a -> Bool) filtering predicate -> Auto m (Blip a) (Blip a) Suppress all emited values until the first one satisfying the predicate, then allow the rest to pass through. # Scanning & Accumulating Blip streams Arguments  :: Serialize b => (b -> a -> b) folding function -> b initial value -> Auto m (Blip a) (Blip b) Accumulates all emissions in the incoming blip stream with a "folding function", with a given starting value. b -> a -> b, with a starting b, gives Auto m (Blip a) (Blip b). The resulting blip stream will emit every time the input stream emits, but with the "accumulated value". Basically accum, but on blip stream emissions. accumB f x0 == perBlip (accum f x0) Arguments  :: (b -> a -> b) folding function -> b initial value -> Auto m (Blip a) (Blip b) The non-serializing/non-resuming version of accumB. Arguments  :: Serialize b => (b -> a -> b) folding function -> b initial value -> Auto m (Blip a) b The output is the result of folding up every emitted value seen thus far, with the given folding function and initial value. scanB f x0 == holdWith x0 . accumB f x0 >>> let a = scanB (+) 0 . eachAt 2 [1,2,3] >>> take 8 . streamAuto' a$ repeat ()
[0, 1, 1, 3, 3, 6, 6, 6, 6]


Arguments

 :: (b -> a -> b) -> b folding function -> Auto m (Blip a) b initial value

The non-serializing/non-resuming version of scanB.

mscanB :: (Monoid a, Serialize a) => Auto m (Blip a) a Source #

The output is the mconcat (monoid sum) of all emitted values seen this far.

mscanB_ :: Monoid a => Auto m (Blip a) a Source #

The non-serializing/non-resuming version of mscanB.

countB :: Auto m (Blip a) Int Source #

The output is the number of emitted values received from the upstream blip stream so far.

# Blips on edges

onChange :: (Serialize a, Eq a) => Auto m a (Blip a) Source #

Blip stream that emits whenever the input value changes. Emits with the new value.

Warning: Note that, when composed on a value that is never expected to keep the same value twice, this technically breaks blip semantics.

onChange_ :: Eq a => Auto m a (Blip a) Source #

The non-serializing/non-resumable version of onChange.

Arguments

 :: Serialize a => (a -> Bool) change condition -> Auto m a (Blip a)

Blip stream that emits whenever the predicate applied to the input switches from false to true. Emits with the triggering input value.

Arguments

 :: (a -> Bool) change condition -> Auto m a (Blip a)

The non-serializing/non-resumable version of became.

Arguments

 :: (a -> Bool) change condition -> Auto m a (Blip ())

Like became, but emits a '()' instead of the triggering input value.

Useful because it can be serialized without the output needing a Serialize instance.

Arguments

 :: Serialize a => (a -> Bool) change condition -> Auto m a (Blip a)

Blip stream that emits whenever the predicate applied to the input switches from true to false. Emits with the triggering input value.

Arguments

 :: (a -> Bool) change condition -> Auto m a (Blip a)

The non-serializing/non-resumable version of noLonger.

Arguments

 :: (a -> Bool) change condition -> Auto m a (Blip ())

Like noLonger, but emits a '()' instead of the triggering input value.

Useful because it can be serialized without the output needing a Serialize instance.

Arguments

 :: (Serialize a, Monad m) => (a -> Bool) change condition -> Auto m a (Blip a)

Blip stream that emits whenever the predicate applied to the input switches from true to false or false to true. Emits with the triggering input value.

Arguments

 :: Monad m => (a -> Bool) change condition -> Auto m a (Blip a)

The non-serializing/non-resumable version of onFlip.

Arguments

 :: Monad m => (a -> Bool) change condition -> Auto m a (Blip Bool)

Like onFlip, but emits a Bool instead of the triggering input value. An emitted True indicates that the predicate just became true; an emitted False indicates that the predicate just became false.

Useful because it can be serialized without the output needing a Serialize instance.