base-compat-0.10.3: A compatibility layer for base

Safe HaskellNone
LanguageHaskell98

Prelude.Compat

Synopsis

Documentation

either :: (a -> c) -> (b -> c) -> Either a b -> c #

Case analysis for the Either type. If the value is Left a, apply the first function to a; if it is Right b, apply the second function to b.

Examples

Expand

We create two values of type Either String Int, one using the Left constructor and another using the Right constructor. Then we apply "either" the length function (if we have a String) or the "times-two" function (if we have an Int):

>>> let s = Left "foo" :: Either String Int
>>> let n = Right 3 :: Either String Int
>>> either length (*2) s
3
>>> either length (*2) n
6

all :: Foldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a -> Bool #

Determines whether all elements of the structure satisfy the predicate.

and :: Foldable t => t Bool -> Bool #

and returns the conjunction of a container of Bools. For the result to be True, the container must be finite; False, however, results from a False value finitely far from the left end.

any :: Foldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a -> Bool #

Determines whether any element of the structure satisfies the predicate.

concat :: Foldable t => t [a] -> [a] #

The concatenation of all the elements of a container of lists.

concatMap :: Foldable t => (a -> [b]) -> t a -> [b] #

Map a function over all the elements of a container and concatenate the resulting lists.

mapM_ :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => (a -> m b) -> t a -> m () #

Map each element of a structure to a monadic action, evaluate these actions from left to right, and ignore the results. For a version that doesn't ignore the results see mapM.

As of base 4.8.0.0, mapM_ is just traverse_, specialized to Monad.

notElem :: (Foldable t, Eq a) => a -> t a -> Bool infix 4 #

notElem is the negation of elem.

or :: Foldable t => t Bool -> Bool #

or returns the disjunction of a container of Bools. For the result to be False, the container must be finite; True, however, results from a True value finitely far from the left end.

sequence_ :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => t (m a) -> m () #

Evaluate each monadic action in the structure from left to right, and ignore the results. For a version that doesn't ignore the results see sequence.

As of base 4.8.0.0, sequence_ is just sequenceA_, specialized to Monad.

(<$>) :: Functor f => (a -> b) -> f a -> f b infixl 4 #

An infix synonym for fmap.

The name of this operator is an allusion to $. Note the similarities between their types:

 ($)  ::              (a -> b) ->   a ->   b
(<$>) :: Functor f => (a -> b) -> f a -> f b

Whereas $ is function application, <$> is function application lifted over a Functor.

Examples

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Convert from a Maybe Int to a Maybe String using show:

>>> show <$> Nothing
Nothing
>>> show <$> Just 3
Just "3"

Convert from an Either Int Int to an Either Int String using show:

>>> show <$> Left 17
Left 17
>>> show <$> Right 17
Right "17"

Double each element of a list:

>>> (*2) <$> [1,2,3]
[2,4,6]

Apply even to the second element of a pair:

>>> even <$> (2,2)
(2,True)

maybe :: b -> (a -> b) -> Maybe a -> b #

The maybe function takes a default value, a function, and a Maybe value. If the Maybe value is Nothing, the function returns the default value. Otherwise, it applies the function to the value inside the Just and returns the result.

Examples

Expand

Basic usage:

>>> maybe False odd (Just 3)
True
>>> maybe False odd Nothing
False

Read an integer from a string using readMaybe. If we succeed, return twice the integer; that is, apply (*2) to it. If instead we fail to parse an integer, return 0 by default:

>>> import Text.Read ( readMaybe )
>>> maybe 0 (*2) (readMaybe "5")
10
>>> maybe 0 (*2) (readMaybe "")
0

Apply show to a Maybe Int. If we have Just n, we want to show the underlying Int n. But if we have Nothing, we return the empty string instead of (for example) "Nothing":

>>> maybe "" show (Just 5)
"5"
>>> maybe "" show Nothing
""

lines :: String -> [String] #

lines breaks a string up into a list of strings at newline characters. The resulting strings do not contain newlines.

Note that after splitting the string at newline characters, the last part of the string is considered a line even if it doesn't end with a newline. For example,

>>> lines ""
[]
>>> lines "\n"
[""]
>>> lines "one"
["one"]
>>> lines "one\n"
["one"]
>>> lines "one\n\n"
["one",""]
>>> lines "one\ntwo"
["one","two"]
>>> lines "one\ntwo\n"
["one","two"]

Thus lines s contains at least as many elements as newlines in s.

unlines :: [String] -> String #

unlines is an inverse operation to lines. It joins lines, after appending a terminating newline to each.

>>> unlines ["Hello", "World", "!"]
"Hello\nWorld\n!\n"

unwords :: [String] -> String #

unwords is an inverse operation to words. It joins words with separating spaces.

>>> unwords ["Lorem", "ipsum", "dolor"]
"Lorem ipsum dolor"

words :: String -> [String] #

words breaks a string up into a list of words, which were delimited by white space.

>>> words "Lorem ipsum\ndolor"
["Lorem","ipsum","dolor"]

curry :: ((a, b) -> c) -> a -> b -> c #

curry converts an uncurried function to a curried function.

Examples

Expand
>>> curry fst 1 2
1

fst :: (a, b) -> a #

Extract the first component of a pair.

snd :: (a, b) -> b #

Extract the second component of a pair.

uncurry :: (a -> b -> c) -> (a, b) -> c #

uncurry converts a curried function to a function on pairs.

Examples

Expand
>>> uncurry (+) (1,2)
3
>>> uncurry ($) (show, 1)
"1"
>>> map (uncurry max) [(1,2), (3,4), (6,8)]
[2,4,8]

($!) :: forall r a (b :: TYPE r). (a -> b) -> a -> b infixr 0 Source #

Strict (call-by-value) application operator. It takes a function and an argument, evaluates the argument to weak head normal form (WHNF), then calls the function with that value.

(++) :: [a] -> [a] -> [a] infixr 5 #

Append two lists, i.e.,

[x1, ..., xm] ++ [y1, ..., yn] == [x1, ..., xm, y1, ..., yn]
[x1, ..., xm] ++ [y1, ...] == [x1, ..., xm, y1, ...]

If the first list is not finite, the result is the first list.

(.) :: (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c infixr 9 #

Function composition.

(=<<) :: Monad m => (a -> m b) -> m a -> m b infixr 1 #

Same as >>=, but with the arguments interchanged.

asTypeOf :: a -> a -> a #

asTypeOf is a type-restricted version of const. It is usually used as an infix operator, and its typing forces its first argument (which is usually overloaded) to have the same type as the second.

const :: a -> b -> a #

const x is a unary function which evaluates to x for all inputs.

>>> const 42 "hello"
42
>>> map (const 42) [0..3]
[42,42,42,42]

flip :: (a -> b -> c) -> b -> a -> c #

flip f takes its (first) two arguments in the reverse order of f.

>>> flip (++) "hello" "world"
"worldhello"

id :: a -> a #

Identity function.

id x = x

map :: (a -> b) -> [a] -> [b] #

map f xs is the list obtained by applying f to each element of xs, i.e.,

map f [x1, x2, ..., xn] == [f x1, f x2, ..., f xn]
map f [x1, x2, ...] == [f x1, f x2, ...]

otherwise :: Bool #

otherwise is defined as the value True. It helps to make guards more readable. eg.

 f x | x < 0     = ...
     | otherwise = ...

until :: (a -> Bool) -> (a -> a) -> a -> a #

until p f yields the result of applying f until p holds.

ioError :: IOError -> IO a #

Raise an IOError in the IO monad.

userError :: String -> IOError #

Construct an IOError value with a string describing the error. The fail method of the IO instance of the Monad class raises a userError, thus:

instance Monad IO where
  ...
  fail s = ioError (userError s)

(!!) :: [a] -> Int -> a infixl 9 #

List index (subscript) operator, starting from 0. It is an instance of the more general genericIndex, which takes an index of any integral type.

break :: (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> ([a], [a]) #

break, applied to a predicate p and a list xs, returns a tuple where first element is longest prefix (possibly empty) of xs of elements that do not satisfy p and second element is the remainder of the list:

break (> 3) [1,2,3,4,1,2,3,4] == ([1,2,3],[4,1,2,3,4])
break (< 9) [1,2,3] == ([],[1,2,3])
break (> 9) [1,2,3] == ([1,2,3],[])

break p is equivalent to span (not . p).

cycle :: [a] -> [a] #

cycle ties a finite list into a circular one, or equivalently, the infinite repetition of the original list. It is the identity on infinite lists.

drop :: Int -> [a] -> [a] #

drop n xs returns the suffix of xs after the first n elements, or [] if n > length xs:

drop 6 "Hello World!" == "World!"
drop 3 [1,2,3,4,5] == [4,5]
drop 3 [1,2] == []
drop 3 [] == []
drop (-1) [1,2] == [1,2]
drop 0 [1,2] == [1,2]

It is an instance of the more general genericDrop, in which n may be of any integral type.

dropWhile :: (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] #

dropWhile p xs returns the suffix remaining after takeWhile p xs:

dropWhile (< 3) [1,2,3,4,5,1,2,3] == [3,4,5,1,2,3]
dropWhile (< 9) [1,2,3] == []
dropWhile (< 0) [1,2,3] == [1,2,3]

filter :: (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] #

filter, applied to a predicate and a list, returns the list of those elements that satisfy the predicate; i.e.,

filter p xs = [ x | x <- xs, p x]

head :: [a] -> a #

Extract the first element of a list, which must be non-empty.

init :: [a] -> [a] #

Return all the elements of a list except the last one. The list must be non-empty.

iterate :: (a -> a) -> a -> [a] #

iterate f x returns an infinite list of repeated applications of f to x:

iterate f x == [x, f x, f (f x), ...]

Note that iterate is lazy, potentially leading to thunk build-up if the consumer doesn't force each iterate. See 'iterate\'' for a strict variant of this function.

last :: [a] -> a #

Extract the last element of a list, which must be finite and non-empty.

lookup :: Eq a => a -> [(a, b)] -> Maybe b #

lookup key assocs looks up a key in an association list.

repeat :: a -> [a] #

repeat x is an infinite list, with x the value of every element.

replicate :: Int -> a -> [a] #

replicate n x is a list of length n with x the value of every element. It is an instance of the more general genericReplicate, in which n may be of any integral type.

reverse :: [a] -> [a] #

reverse xs returns the elements of xs in reverse order. xs must be finite.

scanl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> [a] -> [b] #

scanl is similar to foldl, but returns a list of successive reduced values from the left:

scanl f z [x1, x2, ...] == [z, z `f` x1, (z `f` x1) `f` x2, ...]

Note that

last (scanl f z xs) == foldl f z xs.

scanl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> [a] -> [a] #

scanl1 is a variant of scanl that has no starting value argument:

scanl1 f [x1, x2, ...] == [x1, x1 `f` x2, ...]

scanr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> [a] -> [b] #

scanr is the right-to-left dual of scanl. Note that

head (scanr f z xs) == foldr f z xs.

scanr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> [a] -> [a] #

scanr1 is a variant of scanr that has no starting value argument.

span :: (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> ([a], [a]) #

span, applied to a predicate p and a list xs, returns a tuple where first element is longest prefix (possibly empty) of xs of elements that satisfy p and second element is the remainder of the list:

span (< 3) [1,2,3,4,1,2,3,4] == ([1,2],[3,4,1,2,3,4])
span (< 9) [1,2,3] == ([1,2,3],[])
span (< 0) [1,2,3] == ([],[1,2,3])

span p xs is equivalent to (takeWhile p xs, dropWhile p xs)

splitAt :: Int -> [a] -> ([a], [a]) #

splitAt n xs returns a tuple where first element is xs prefix of length n and second element is the remainder of the list:

splitAt 6 "Hello World!" == ("Hello ","World!")
splitAt 3 [1,2,3,4,5] == ([1,2,3],[4,5])
splitAt 1 [1,2,3] == ([1],[2,3])
splitAt 3 [1,2,3] == ([1,2,3],[])
splitAt 4 [1,2,3] == ([1,2,3],[])
splitAt 0 [1,2,3] == ([],[1,2,3])
splitAt (-1) [1,2,3] == ([],[1,2,3])

It is equivalent to (take n xs, drop n xs) when n is not _|_ (splitAt _|_ xs = _|_). splitAt is an instance of the more general genericSplitAt, in which n may be of any integral type.

tail :: [a] -> [a] #

Extract the elements after the head of a list, which must be non-empty.

take :: Int -> [a] -> [a] #

take n, applied to a list xs, returns the prefix of xs of length n, or xs itself if n > length xs:

take 5 "Hello World!" == "Hello"
take 3 [1,2,3,4,5] == [1,2,3]
take 3 [1,2] == [1,2]
take 3 [] == []
take (-1) [1,2] == []
take 0 [1,2] == []

It is an instance of the more general genericTake, in which n may be of any integral type.

takeWhile :: (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] #

takeWhile, applied to a predicate p and a list xs, returns the longest prefix (possibly empty) of xs of elements that satisfy p:

takeWhile (< 3) [1,2,3,4,1,2,3,4] == [1,2]
takeWhile (< 9) [1,2,3] == [1,2,3]
takeWhile (< 0) [1,2,3] == []

unzip :: [(a, b)] -> ([a], [b]) #

unzip transforms a list of pairs into a list of first components and a list of second components.

unzip3 :: [(a, b, c)] -> ([a], [b], [c]) #

The unzip3 function takes a list of triples and returns three lists, analogous to unzip.

zip :: [a] -> [b] -> [(a, b)] #

zip takes two lists and returns a list of corresponding pairs. If one input list is short, excess elements of the longer list are discarded.

zip is right-lazy:

zip [] _|_ = []

zip3 :: [a] -> [b] -> [c] -> [(a, b, c)] #

zip3 takes three lists and returns a list of triples, analogous to zip.

zipWith :: (a -> b -> c) -> [a] -> [b] -> [c] #

zipWith generalises zip by zipping with the function given as the first argument, instead of a tupling function. For example, zipWith (+) is applied to two lists to produce the list of corresponding sums.

zipWith is right-lazy:

zipWith f [] _|_ = []

zipWith3 :: (a -> b -> c -> d) -> [a] -> [b] -> [c] -> [d] #

The zipWith3 function takes a function which combines three elements, as well as three lists and returns a list of their point-wise combination, analogous to zipWith.

subtract :: Num a => a -> a -> a #

the same as flip (-).

Because - is treated specially in the Haskell grammar, (- e) is not a section, but an application of prefix negation. However, (subtract exp) is equivalent to the disallowed section.

lex :: ReadS String #

The lex function reads a single lexeme from the input, discarding initial white space, and returning the characters that constitute the lexeme. If the input string contains only white space, lex returns a single successful `lexeme' consisting of the empty string. (Thus lex "" = [("","")].) If there is no legal lexeme at the beginning of the input string, lex fails (i.e. returns []).

This lexer is not completely faithful to the Haskell lexical syntax in the following respects:

  • Qualified names are not handled properly
  • Octal and hexadecimal numerics are not recognized as a single token
  • Comments are not treated properly

readParen :: Bool -> ReadS a -> ReadS a #

readParen True p parses what p parses, but surrounded with parentheses.

readParen False p parses what p parses, but optionally surrounded with parentheses.

(^) :: (Num a, Integral b) => a -> b -> a infixr 8 #

raise a number to a non-negative integral power

(^^) :: (Fractional a, Integral b) => a -> b -> a infixr 8 #

raise a number to an integral power

even :: Integral a => a -> Bool #

fromIntegral :: (Integral a, Num b) => a -> b #

general coercion from integral types

gcd :: Integral a => a -> a -> a #

gcd x y is the non-negative factor of both x and y of which every common factor of x and y is also a factor; for example gcd 4 2 = 2, gcd (-4) 6 = 2, gcd 0 4 = 4. gcd 0 0 = 0. (That is, the common divisor that is "greatest" in the divisibility preordering.)

Note: Since for signed fixed-width integer types, abs minBound < 0, the result may be negative if one of the arguments is minBound (and necessarily is if the other is 0 or minBound) for such types.

lcm :: Integral a => a -> a -> a #

lcm x y is the smallest positive integer that both x and y divide.

odd :: Integral a => a -> Bool #

realToFrac :: (Real a, Fractional b) => a -> b #

general coercion to fractional types

showChar :: Char -> ShowS #

utility function converting a Char to a show function that simply prepends the character unchanged.

showParen :: Bool -> ShowS -> ShowS #

utility function that surrounds the inner show function with parentheses when the Bool parameter is True.

showString :: String -> ShowS #

utility function converting a String to a show function that simply prepends the string unchanged.

shows :: Show a => a -> ShowS #

equivalent to showsPrec with a precedence of 0.

appendFile :: FilePath -> String -> IO () #

The computation appendFile file str function appends the string str, to the file file.

Note that writeFile and appendFile write a literal string to a file. To write a value of any printable type, as with print, use the show function to convert the value to a string first.

main = appendFile "squares" (show [(x,x*x) | x <- [0,0.1..2]])

getChar :: IO Char #

Read a character from the standard input device (same as hGetChar stdin).

getContents :: IO String #

The getContents operation returns all user input as a single string, which is read lazily as it is needed (same as hGetContents stdin).

getLine :: IO String #

Read a line from the standard input device (same as hGetLine stdin).

interact :: (String -> String) -> IO () #

The interact function takes a function of type String->String as its argument. The entire input from the standard input device is passed to this function as its argument, and the resulting string is output on the standard output device.

print :: Show a => a -> IO () #

The print function outputs a value of any printable type to the standard output device. Printable types are those that are instances of class Show; print converts values to strings for output using the show operation and adds a newline.

For example, a program to print the first 20 integers and their powers of 2 could be written as:

main = print ([(n, 2^n) | n <- [0..19]])

putChar :: Char -> IO () #

Write a character to the standard output device (same as hPutChar stdout).

putStr :: String -> IO () #

Write a string to the standard output device (same as hPutStr stdout).

putStrLn :: String -> IO () #

The same as putStr, but adds a newline character.

readFile :: FilePath -> IO String #

The readFile function reads a file and returns the contents of the file as a string. The file is read lazily, on demand, as with getContents.

readIO :: Read a => String -> IO a #

The readIO function is similar to read except that it signals parse failure to the IO monad instead of terminating the program.

readLn :: Read a => IO a #

The readLn function combines getLine and readIO.

writeFile :: FilePath -> String -> IO () #

The computation writeFile file str function writes the string str, to the file file.

read :: Read a => String -> a #

The read function reads input from a string, which must be completely consumed by the input process. read fails with an error if the parse is unsuccessful, and it is therefore discouraged from being used in real applications. Use readMaybe or readEither for safe alternatives.

>>> read "123" :: Int
123
>>> read "hello" :: Int
*** Exception: Prelude.read: no parse

reads :: Read a => ReadS a #

equivalent to readsPrec with a precedence of 0.

(&&) :: Bool -> Bool -> Bool infixr 3 #

Boolean "and"

not :: Bool -> Bool #

Boolean "not"

(||) :: Bool -> Bool -> Bool infixr 2 #

Boolean "or"

($) :: (a -> b) -> a -> b infixr 0 #

Application operator. This operator is redundant, since ordinary application (f x) means the same as (f $ x). However, $ has low, right-associative binding precedence, so it sometimes allows parentheses to be omitted; for example:

f $ g $ h x  =  f (g (h x))

It is also useful in higher-order situations, such as map ($ 0) xs, or zipWith ($) fs xs.

error :: HasCallStack => [Char] -> a #

error stops execution and displays an error message.

errorWithoutStackTrace :: [Char] -> a #

A variant of error that does not produce a stack trace.

Since: base-4.9.0.0

undefined :: HasCallStack => a #

A special case of error. It is expected that compilers will recognize this and insert error messages which are more appropriate to the context in which undefined appears.

seq :: a -> b -> b #

The value of seq a b is bottom if a is bottom, and otherwise equal to b. In other words, it evaluates the first argument a to weak head normal form (WHNF). seq is usually introduced to improve performance by avoiding unneeded laziness.

A note on evaluation order: the expression seq a b does not guarantee that a will be evaluated before b. The only guarantee given by seq is that the both a and b will be evaluated before seq returns a value. In particular, this means that b may be evaluated before a. If you need to guarantee a specific order of evaluation, you must use the function pseq from the "parallel" package.

elem :: (Foldable t, Eq a) => a -> t a -> Bool infix 4 #

Does the element occur in the structure?

foldMap :: (Foldable t, Monoid m) => (a -> m) -> t a -> m #

Map each element of the structure to a monoid, and combine the results.

foldl :: Foldable t => (b -> a -> b) -> b -> t a -> b #

Left-associative fold of a structure.

In the case of lists, foldl, when applied to a binary operator, a starting value (typically the left-identity of the operator), and a list, reduces the list using the binary operator, from left to right:

foldl f z [x1, x2, ..., xn] == (...((z `f` x1) `f` x2) `f`...) `f` xn

Note that to produce the outermost application of the operator the entire input list must be traversed. This means that foldl' will diverge if given an infinite list.

Also note that if you want an efficient left-fold, you probably want to use foldl' instead of foldl. The reason for this is that latter does not force the "inner" results (e.g. z f x1 in the above example) before applying them to the operator (e.g. to (f x2)). This results in a thunk chain O(n) elements long, which then must be evaluated from the outside-in.

For a general Foldable structure this should be semantically identical to,

foldl f z = foldl f z . toList

foldl1 :: Foldable t => (a -> a -> a) -> t a -> a #

A variant of foldl that has no base case, and thus may only be applied to non-empty structures.

foldl1 f = foldl1 f . toList

foldr :: Foldable t => (a -> b -> b) -> b -> t a -> b #

Right-associative fold of a structure.

In the case of lists, foldr, when applied to a binary operator, a starting value (typically the right-identity of the operator), and a list, reduces the list using the binary operator, from right to left:

foldr f z [x1, x2, ..., xn] == x1 `f` (x2 `f` ... (xn `f` z)...)

Note that, since the head of the resulting expression is produced by an application of the operator to the first element of the list, foldr can produce a terminating expression from an infinite list.

For a general Foldable structure this should be semantically identical to,

foldr f z = foldr f z . toList

foldr1 :: Foldable t => (a -> a -> a) -> t a -> a #

A variant of foldr that has no base case, and thus may only be applied to non-empty structures.

foldr1 f = foldr1 f . toList

length :: Foldable t => t a -> Int #

Returns the size/length of a finite structure as an Int. The default implementation is optimized for structures that are similar to cons-lists, because there is no general way to do better.

maximum :: (Foldable t, Ord a) => t a -> a #

The largest element of a non-empty structure.

minimum :: (Foldable t, Ord a) => t a -> a #

The least element of a non-empty structure.

null :: Foldable t => t a -> Bool #

Test whether the structure is empty. The default implementation is optimized for structures that are similar to cons-lists, because there is no general way to do better.

product :: (Foldable t, Num a) => t a -> a #

The product function computes the product of the numbers of a structure.

sum :: (Foldable t, Num a) => t a -> a #

The sum function computes the sum of the numbers of a structure.

mapM :: (Traversable t, Monad m) => (a -> m b) -> t a -> m (t b) #

Map each element of a structure to a monadic action, evaluate these actions from left to right, and collect the results. For a version that ignores the results see mapM_.

sequence :: (Traversable t, Monad m) => t (m a) -> m (t a) #

Evaluate each monadic action in the structure from left to right, and collect the results. For a version that ignores the results see sequence_.

sequenceA :: (Traversable t, Applicative f) => t (f a) -> f (t a) #

Evaluate each action in the structure from left to right, and and collect the results. For a version that ignores the results see sequenceA_.

traverse :: (Traversable t, Applicative f) => (a -> f b) -> t a -> f (t b) #

Map each element of a structure to an action, evaluate these actions from left to right, and collect the results. For a version that ignores the results see traverse_.

(*>) :: Applicative f => f a -> f b -> f b infixl 4 #

Sequence actions, discarding the value of the first argument.

(<*) :: Applicative f => f a -> f b -> f a infixl 4 #

Sequence actions, discarding the value of the second argument.

(<*>) :: Applicative f => f (a -> b) -> f a -> f b infixl 4 #

Sequential application.

A few functors support an implementation of <*> that is more efficient than the default one.

pure :: Applicative f => a -> f a #

Lift a value.

(<$) :: Functor f => a -> f b -> f a infixl 4 #

Replace all locations in the input with the same value. The default definition is fmap . const, but this may be overridden with a more efficient version.

fmap :: Functor f => (a -> b) -> f a -> f b #

(>>) :: Monad m => m a -> m b -> m b infixl 1 #

Sequentially compose two actions, discarding any value produced by the first, like sequencing operators (such as the semicolon) in imperative languages.

(>>=) :: Monad m => m a -> (a -> m b) -> m b infixl 1 #

Sequentially compose two actions, passing any value produced by the first as an argument to the second.

fail :: Monad m => String -> m a #

Fail with a message. This operation is not part of the mathematical definition of a monad, but is invoked on pattern-match failure in a do expression.

As part of the MonadFail proposal (MFP), this function is moved to its own class MonadFail (see Control.Monad.Fail for more details). The definition here will be removed in a future release.

return :: Monad m => a -> m a #

Inject a value into the monadic type.

mappend :: Monoid a => a -> a -> a #

An associative operation

NOTE: This method is redundant and has the default implementation mappend = '(<>)' since base-4.11.0.0.

mconcat :: Monoid a => [a] -> a #

Fold a list using the monoid.

For most types, the default definition for mconcat will be used, but the function is included in the class definition so that an optimized version can be provided for specific types.

mempty :: Monoid a => a #

Identity of mappend

(<>) :: Semigroup a => a -> a -> a infixr 6 #

An associative operation.

maxBound :: Bounded a => a #

minBound :: Bounded a => a #

enumFrom :: Enum a => a -> [a] #

Used in Haskell's translation of [n..].

enumFromThen :: Enum a => a -> a -> [a] #

Used in Haskell's translation of [n,n'..].

enumFromThenTo :: Enum a => a -> a -> a -> [a] #

Used in Haskell's translation of [n,n'..m].

enumFromTo :: Enum a => a -> a -> [a] #

Used in Haskell's translation of [n..m].

fromEnum :: Enum a => a -> Int #

Convert to an Int. It is implementation-dependent what fromEnum returns when applied to a value that is too large to fit in an Int.

pred :: Enum a => a -> a #

the predecessor of a value. For numeric types, pred subtracts 1.

succ :: Enum a => a -> a #

the successor of a value. For numeric types, succ adds 1.

toEnum :: Enum a => Int -> a #

Convert from an Int.

(**) :: Floating a => a -> a -> a infixr 8 #

acos :: Floating a => a -> a #

acosh :: Floating a => a -> a #

asin :: Floating a => a -> a #

asinh :: Floating a => a -> a #

atan :: Floating a => a -> a #

atanh :: Floating a => a -> a #

cos :: Floating a => a -> a #

cosh :: Floating a => a -> a #

exp :: Floating a => a -> a #

log :: Floating a => a -> a #

logBase :: Floating a => a -> a -> a #

pi :: Floating a => a #

sin :: Floating a => a -> a #

sinh :: Floating a => a -> a #

sqrt :: Floating a => a -> a #

tan :: Floating a => a -> a #

tanh :: Floating a => a -> a #

atan2 :: RealFloat a => a -> a -> a #

a version of arctangent taking two real floating-point arguments. For real floating x and y, atan2 y x computes the angle (from the positive x-axis) of the vector from the origin to the point (x,y). atan2 y x returns a value in the range [-pi, pi]. It follows the Common Lisp semantics for the origin when signed zeroes are supported. atan2 y 1, with y in a type that is RealFloat, should return the same value as atan y. A default definition of atan2 is provided, but implementors can provide a more accurate implementation.

decodeFloat :: RealFloat a => a -> (Integer, Int) #

The function decodeFloat applied to a real floating-point number returns the significand expressed as an Integer and an appropriately scaled exponent (an Int). If decodeFloat x yields (m,n), then x is equal in value to m*b^^n, where b is the floating-point radix, and furthermore, either m and n are both zero or else b^(d-1) <= abs m < b^d, where d is the value of floatDigits x. In particular, decodeFloat 0 = (0,0). If the type contains a negative zero, also decodeFloat (-0.0) = (0,0). The result of decodeFloat x is unspecified if either of isNaN x or isInfinite x is True.

encodeFloat :: RealFloat a => Integer -> Int -> a #

encodeFloat performs the inverse of decodeFloat in the sense that for finite x with the exception of -0.0, uncurry encodeFloat (decodeFloat x) = x. encodeFloat m n is one of the two closest representable floating-point numbers to m*b^^n (or ±Infinity if overflow occurs); usually the closer, but if m contains too many bits, the result may be rounded in the wrong direction.

exponent :: RealFloat a => a -> Int #

exponent corresponds to the second component of decodeFloat. exponent 0 = 0 and for finite nonzero x, exponent x = snd (decodeFloat x) + floatDigits x. If x is a finite floating-point number, it is equal in value to significand x * b ^^ exponent x, where b is the floating-point radix. The behaviour is unspecified on infinite or NaN values.

floatDigits :: RealFloat a => a -> Int #

a constant function, returning the number of digits of floatRadix in the significand

floatRadix :: RealFloat a => a -> Integer #

a constant function, returning the radix of the representation (often 2)

floatRange :: RealFloat a => a -> (Int, Int) #

a constant function, returning the lowest and highest values the exponent may assume

isDenormalized :: RealFloat a => a -> Bool #

True if the argument is too small to be represented in normalized format

isIEEE :: RealFloat a => a -> Bool #

True if the argument is an IEEE floating point number

isInfinite :: RealFloat a => a -> Bool #

True if the argument is an IEEE infinity or negative infinity

isNaN :: RealFloat a => a -> Bool #

True if the argument is an IEEE "not-a-number" (NaN) value

isNegativeZero :: RealFloat a => a -> Bool #

True if the argument is an IEEE negative zero

scaleFloat :: RealFloat a => Int -> a -> a #

multiplies a floating-point number by an integer power of the radix

significand :: RealFloat a => a -> a #

The first component of decodeFloat, scaled to lie in the open interval (-1,1), either 0.0 or of absolute value >= 1/b, where b is the floating-point radix. The behaviour is unspecified on infinite or NaN values.

(*) :: Num a => a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

(+) :: Num a => a -> a -> a infixl 6 #

(-) :: Num a => a -> a -> a infixl 6 #

abs :: Num a => a -> a #

Absolute value.

negate :: Num a => a -> a #

Unary negation.

signum :: Num a => a -> a #

Sign of a number. The functions abs and signum should satisfy the law:

abs x * signum x == x

For real numbers, the signum is either -1 (negative), 0 (zero) or 1 (positive).

readList :: Read a => ReadS [a] #

The method readList is provided to allow the programmer to give a specialised way of parsing lists of values. For example, this is used by the predefined Read instance of the Char type, where values of type String should be are expected to use double quotes, rather than square brackets.

readsPrec #

Arguments

:: Read a 
=> Int

the operator precedence of the enclosing context (a number from 0 to 11). Function application has precedence 10.

-> ReadS a 

attempts to parse a value from the front of the string, returning a list of (parsed value, remaining string) pairs. If there is no successful parse, the returned list is empty.

Derived instances of Read and Show satisfy the following:

That is, readsPrec parses the string produced by showsPrec, and delivers the value that showsPrec started with.

(/) :: Fractional a => a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

fractional division

fromRational :: Fractional a => Rational -> a #

Conversion from a Rational (that is Ratio Integer). A floating literal stands for an application of fromRational to a value of type Rational, so such literals have type (Fractional a) => a.

recip :: Fractional a => a -> a #

reciprocal fraction

div :: Integral a => a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

integer division truncated toward negative infinity

divMod :: Integral a => a -> a -> (a, a) #

simultaneous div and mod

mod :: Integral a => a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

integer modulus, satisfying

(x `div` y)*y + (x `mod` y) == x

quot :: Integral a => a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

integer division truncated toward zero

quotRem :: Integral a => a -> a -> (a, a) #

simultaneous quot and rem

rem :: Integral a => a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

integer remainder, satisfying

(x `quot` y)*y + (x `rem` y) == x

toInteger :: Integral a => a -> Integer #

conversion to Integer

toRational :: Real a => a -> Rational #

the rational equivalent of its real argument with full precision

ceiling :: (RealFrac a, Integral b) => a -> b #

ceiling x returns the least integer not less than x

floor :: (RealFrac a, Integral b) => a -> b #

floor x returns the greatest integer not greater than x

properFraction :: (RealFrac a, Integral b) => a -> (b, a) #

The function properFraction takes a real fractional number x and returns a pair (n,f) such that x = n+f, and:

  • n is an integral number with the same sign as x; and
  • f is a fraction with the same type and sign as x, and with absolute value less than 1.

The default definitions of the ceiling, floor, truncate and round functions are in terms of properFraction.

round :: (RealFrac a, Integral b) => a -> b #

round x returns the nearest integer to x; the even integer if x is equidistant between two integers

truncate :: (RealFrac a, Integral b) => a -> b #

truncate x returns the integer nearest x between zero and x

show :: Show a => a -> String #

A specialised variant of showsPrec, using precedence context zero, and returning an ordinary String.

showList :: Show a => [a] -> ShowS #

The method showList is provided to allow the programmer to give a specialised way of showing lists of values. For example, this is used by the predefined Show instance of the Char type, where values of type String should be shown in double quotes, rather than between square brackets.

showsPrec #

Arguments

:: Show a 
=> Int

the operator precedence of the enclosing context (a number from 0 to 11). Function application has precedence 10.

-> a

the value to be converted to a String

-> ShowS 

Convert a value to a readable String.

showsPrec should satisfy the law

showsPrec d x r ++ s  ==  showsPrec d x (r ++ s)

Derived instances of Read and Show satisfy the following:

That is, readsPrec parses the string produced by showsPrec, and delivers the value that showsPrec started with.

(/=) :: Eq a => a -> a -> Bool infix 4 #

(==) :: Eq a => a -> a -> Bool infix 4 #

(<) :: Ord a => a -> a -> Bool infix 4 #

(<=) :: Ord a => a -> a -> Bool infix 4 #

(>) :: Ord a => a -> a -> Bool infix 4 #

(>=) :: Ord a => a -> a -> Bool infix 4 #

compare :: Ord a => a -> a -> Ordering #

max :: Ord a => a -> a -> a #

min :: Ord a => a -> a -> a #

class Functor f => Applicative (f :: * -> *) #

A functor with application, providing operations to

  • embed pure expressions (pure), and
  • sequence computations and combine their results (<*> and liftA2).

A minimal complete definition must include implementations of pure and of either <*> or liftA2. If it defines both, then they must behave the same as their default definitions:

(<*>) = liftA2 id
liftA2 f x y = f <$> x <*> y

Further, any definition must satisfy the following:

identity
pure id <*> v = v
composition
pure (.) <*> u <*> v <*> w = u <*> (v <*> w)
homomorphism
pure f <*> pure x = pure (f x)
interchange
u <*> pure y = pure ($ y) <*> u

The other methods have the following default definitions, which may be overridden with equivalent specialized implementations:

As a consequence of these laws, the Functor instance for f will satisfy

It may be useful to note that supposing

forall x y. p (q x y) = f x . g y

it follows from the above that

liftA2 p (liftA2 q u v) = liftA2 f u . liftA2 g v

If f is also a Monad, it should satisfy

(which implies that pure and <*> satisfy the applicative functor laws).

Minimal complete definition

pure, ((<*>) | liftA2)

Instances
Applicative []

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

pure :: a -> [a] #

(<*>) :: [a -> b] -> [a] -> [b] #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> [a] -> [b] -> [c] #

(*>) :: [a] -> [b] -> [b] #

(<*) :: [a] -> [b] -> [a] #

Applicative Maybe

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

pure :: a -> Maybe a #

(<*>) :: Maybe (a -> b) -> Maybe a -> Maybe b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> Maybe a -> Maybe b -> Maybe c #

(*>) :: Maybe a -> Maybe b -> Maybe b #

(<*) :: Maybe a -> Maybe b -> Maybe a #

Applicative IO

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

pure :: a -> IO a #

(<*>) :: IO (a -> b) -> IO a -> IO b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> IO a -> IO b -> IO c #

(*>) :: IO a -> IO b -> IO b #

(<*) :: IO a -> IO b -> IO a #

Applicative Complex

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Complex

Methods

pure :: a -> Complex a #

(<*>) :: Complex (a -> b) -> Complex a -> Complex b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> Complex a -> Complex b -> Complex c #

(*>) :: Complex a -> Complex b -> Complex b #

(<*) :: Complex a -> Complex b -> Complex a #

Applicative Min

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

pure :: a -> Min a #

(<*>) :: Min (a -> b) -> Min a -> Min b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> Min a -> Min b -> Min c #

(*>) :: Min a -> Min b -> Min b #

(<*) :: Min a -> Min b -> Min a #

Applicative Max

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

pure :: a -> Max a #

(<*>) :: Max (a -> b) -> Max a -> Max b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> Max a -> Max b -> Max c #

(*>) :: Max a -> Max b -> Max b #

(<*) :: Max a -> Max b -> Max a #

Applicative First

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

pure :: a -> First a #

(<*>) :: First (a -> b) -> First a -> First b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> First a -> First b -> First c #

(*>) :: First a -> First b -> First b #

(<*) :: First a -> First b -> First a #

Applicative Last

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

pure :: a -> Last a #

(<*>) :: Last (a -> b) -> Last a -> Last b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> Last a -> Last b -> Last c #

(*>) :: Last a -> Last b -> Last b #

(<*) :: Last a -> Last b -> Last a #

Applicative Option

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

pure :: a -> Option a #

(<*>) :: Option (a -> b) -> Option a -> Option b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> Option a -> Option b -> Option c #

(*>) :: Option a -> Option b -> Option b #

(<*) :: Option a -> Option b -> Option a #

Applicative ZipList
f '<$>' 'ZipList' xs1 '<*>' ... '<*>' 'ZipList' xsN
    = 'ZipList' (zipWithN f xs1 ... xsN)

where zipWithN refers to the zipWith function of the appropriate arity (zipWith, zipWith3, zipWith4, ...). For example:

(\a b c -> stimes c [a, b]) <$> ZipList "abcd" <*> ZipList "567" <*> ZipList [1..]
    = ZipList (zipWith3 (\a b c -> stimes c [a, b]) "abcd" "567" [1..])
    = ZipList {getZipList = ["a5","b6b6","c7c7c7"]}

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Control.Applicative

Methods

pure :: a -> ZipList a #

(<*>) :: ZipList (a -> b) -> ZipList a -> ZipList b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> ZipList a -> ZipList b -> ZipList c #

(*>) :: ZipList a -> ZipList b -> ZipList b #

(<*) :: ZipList a -> ZipList b -> ZipList a #

Applicative Identity

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Methods

pure :: a -> Identity a #

(<*>) :: Identity (a -> b) -> Identity a -> Identity b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> Identity a -> Identity b -> Identity c #

(*>) :: Identity a -> Identity b -> Identity b #

(<*) :: Identity a -> Identity b -> Identity a #

Applicative STM

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Conc.Sync

Methods

pure :: a -> STM a #

(<*>) :: STM (a -> b) -> STM a -> STM b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> STM a -> STM b -> STM c #

(*>) :: STM a -> STM b -> STM b #

(<*) :: STM a -> STM b -> STM a #

Applicative First 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

pure :: a -> First a #

(<*>) :: First (a -> b) -> First a -> First b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> First a -> First b -> First c #

(*>) :: First a -> First b -> First b #

(<*) :: First a -> First b -> First a #

Applicative Last 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

pure :: a -> Last a #

(<*>) :: Last (a -> b) -> Last a -> Last b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> Last a -> Last b -> Last c #

(*>) :: Last a -> Last b -> Last b #

(<*) :: Last a -> Last b -> Last a #

Applicative Dual

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

pure :: a -> Dual a #

(<*>) :: Dual (a -> b) -> Dual a -> Dual b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> Dual a -> Dual b -> Dual c #

(*>) :: Dual a -> Dual b -> Dual b #

(<*) :: Dual a -> Dual b -> Dual a #

Applicative Sum

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

pure :: a -> Sum a #

(<*>) :: Sum (a -> b) -> Sum a -> Sum b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> Sum a -> Sum b -> Sum c #

(*>) :: Sum a -> Sum b -> Sum b #

(<*) :: Sum a -> Sum b -> Sum a #

Applicative Product

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

pure :: a -> Product a #

(<*>) :: Product (a -> b) -> Product a -> Product b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> Product a -> Product b -> Product c #

(*>) :: Product a -> Product b -> Product b #

(<*) :: Product a -> Product b -> Product a #

Applicative ReadPrec

Since: base-4.6.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Text.ParserCombinators.ReadPrec

Methods

pure :: a -> ReadPrec a #

(<*>) :: ReadPrec (a -> b) -> ReadPrec a -> ReadPrec b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> ReadPrec a -> ReadPrec b -> ReadPrec c #

(*>) :: ReadPrec a -> ReadPrec b -> ReadPrec b #

(<*) :: ReadPrec a -> ReadPrec b -> ReadPrec a #

Applicative ReadP

Since: base-4.6.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Text.ParserCombinators.ReadP

Methods

pure :: a -> ReadP a #

(<*>) :: ReadP (a -> b) -> ReadP a -> ReadP b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> ReadP a -> ReadP b -> ReadP c #

(*>) :: ReadP a -> ReadP b -> ReadP b #

(<*) :: ReadP a -> ReadP b -> ReadP a #

Applicative NonEmpty

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

pure :: a -> NonEmpty a #

(<*>) :: NonEmpty (a -> b) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b -> NonEmpty c #

(*>) :: NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b -> NonEmpty b #

(<*) :: NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b -> NonEmpty a #

Applicative P

Since: base-4.5.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Text.ParserCombinators.ReadP

Methods

pure :: a -> P a #

(<*>) :: P (a -> b) -> P a -> P b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> P a -> P b -> P c #

(*>) :: P a -> P b -> P b #

(<*) :: P a -> P b -> P a #

Applicative (Either e)

Since: base-3.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Either

Methods

pure :: a -> Either e a #

(<*>) :: Either e (a -> b) -> Either e a -> Either e b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> Either e a -> Either e b -> Either e c #

(*>) :: Either e a -> Either e b -> Either e b #

(<*) :: Either e a -> Either e b -> Either e a #

Monoid a => Applicative ((,) a)

For tuples, the Monoid constraint on a determines how the first values merge. For example, Strings concatenate:

("hello ", (+15)) <*> ("world!", 2002)
("hello world!",2017)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

pure :: a0 -> (a, a0) #

(<*>) :: (a, a0 -> b) -> (a, a0) -> (a, b) #

liftA2 :: (a0 -> b -> c) -> (a, a0) -> (a, b) -> (a, c) #

(*>) :: (a, a0) -> (a, b) -> (a, b) #

(<*) :: (a, a0) -> (a, b) -> (a, a0) #

Applicative (ST s)

Since: base-4.4.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.ST

Methods

pure :: a -> ST s a #

(<*>) :: ST s (a -> b) -> ST s a -> ST s b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> ST s a -> ST s b -> ST s c #

(*>) :: ST s a -> ST s b -> ST s b #

(<*) :: ST s a -> ST s b -> ST s a #

Applicative (ST s)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.ST.Lazy.Imp

Methods

pure :: a -> ST s a #

(<*>) :: ST s (a -> b) -> ST s a -> ST s b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> ST s a -> ST s b -> ST s c #

(*>) :: ST s a -> ST s b -> ST s b #

(<*) :: ST s a -> ST s b -> ST s a #

Monad m => Applicative (WrappedMonad m)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Control.Applicative

Methods

pure :: a -> WrappedMonad m a #

(<*>) :: WrappedMonad m (a -> b) -> WrappedMonad m a -> WrappedMonad m b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> WrappedMonad m a -> WrappedMonad m b -> WrappedMonad m c #

(*>) :: WrappedMonad m a -> WrappedMonad m b -> WrappedMonad m b #

(<*) :: WrappedMonad m a -> WrappedMonad m b -> WrappedMonad m a #

Applicative (Proxy :: * -> *)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Proxy

Methods

pure :: a -> Proxy a #

(<*>) :: Proxy (a -> b) -> Proxy a -> Proxy b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> Proxy a -> Proxy b -> Proxy c #

(*>) :: Proxy a -> Proxy b -> Proxy b #

(<*) :: Proxy a -> Proxy b -> Proxy a #

Arrow a => Applicative (WrappedArrow a b)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Control.Applicative

Methods

pure :: a0 -> WrappedArrow a b a0 #

(<*>) :: WrappedArrow a b (a0 -> b0) -> WrappedArrow a b a0 -> WrappedArrow a b b0 #

liftA2 :: (a0 -> b0 -> c) -> WrappedArrow a b a0 -> WrappedArrow a b b0 -> WrappedArrow a b c #

(*>) :: WrappedArrow a b a0 -> WrappedArrow a b b0 -> WrappedArrow a b b0 #

(<*) :: WrappedArrow a b a0 -> WrappedArrow a b b0 -> WrappedArrow a b a0 #

Monoid m => Applicative (Const m :: * -> *)

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

pure :: a -> Const m a #

(<*>) :: Const m (a -> b) -> Const m a -> Const m b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> Const m a -> Const m b -> Const m c #

(*>) :: Const m a -> Const m b -> Const m b #

(<*) :: Const m a -> Const m b -> Const m a #

Applicative f => Applicative (Alt f) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

pure :: a -> Alt f a #

(<*>) :: Alt f (a -> b) -> Alt f a -> Alt f b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> Alt f a -> Alt f b -> Alt f c #

(*>) :: Alt f a -> Alt f b -> Alt f b #

(<*) :: Alt f a -> Alt f b -> Alt f a #

Applicative ((->) a :: * -> *)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

pure :: a0 -> a -> a0 #

(<*>) :: (a -> a0 -> b) -> (a -> a0) -> a -> b #

liftA2 :: (a0 -> b -> c) -> (a -> a0) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c #

(*>) :: (a -> a0) -> (a -> b) -> a -> b #

(<*) :: (a -> a0) -> (a -> b) -> a -> a0 #

(Applicative f, Applicative g) => Applicative (Product f g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Product

Methods

pure :: a -> Product f g a #

(<*>) :: Product f g (a -> b) -> Product f g a -> Product f g b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> Product f g a -> Product f g b -> Product f g c #

(*>) :: Product f g a -> Product f g b -> Product f g b #

(<*) :: Product f g a -> Product f g b -> Product f g a #

(Applicative f, Applicative g) => Applicative (Compose f g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Compose

Methods

pure :: a -> Compose f g a #

(<*>) :: Compose f g (a -> b) -> Compose f g a -> Compose f g b #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> Compose f g a -> Compose f g b -> Compose f g c #

(*>) :: Compose f g a -> Compose f g b -> Compose f g b #

(<*) :: Compose f g a -> Compose f g b -> Compose f g a #

class Bounded a #

The Bounded class is used to name the upper and lower limits of a type. Ord is not a superclass of Bounded since types that are not totally ordered may also have upper and lower bounds.

The Bounded class may be derived for any enumeration type; minBound is the first constructor listed in the data declaration and maxBound is the last. Bounded may also be derived for single-constructor datatypes whose constituent types are in Bounded.

Minimal complete definition

minBound, maxBound

Instances
Bounded Bool

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded Char

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded Int

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: Int #

maxBound :: Int #

Bounded Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Bounded Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Bounded Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Bounded Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Bounded Ordering

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded Word

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Bounded Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Bounded Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Bounded Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Bounded VecCount

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded VecElem

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded ()

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: () #

maxBound :: () #

Bounded All 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

minBound :: All #

maxBound :: All #

Bounded Any 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

minBound :: Any #

maxBound :: Any #

Bounded CChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CSChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CUChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CShort 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CUShort 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CInt 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CUInt 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CULong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CLLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CULLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CBool 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CPtrdiff 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CSize 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CWchar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CSigAtomic 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CIntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CUIntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CIntMax 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CUIntMax 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded WordPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.Ptr

Bounded IntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.Ptr

Bounded a => Bounded (Min a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

minBound :: Min a #

maxBound :: Min a #

Bounded a => Bounded (Max a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

minBound :: Max a #

maxBound :: Max a #

Bounded a => Bounded (First a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

minBound :: First a #

maxBound :: First a #

Bounded a => Bounded (Last a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

minBound :: Last a #

maxBound :: Last a #

Bounded m => Bounded (WrappedMonoid m) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Bounded a => Bounded (Identity a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Bounded a => Bounded (Dual a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

minBound :: Dual a #

maxBound :: Dual a #

Bounded a => Bounded (Sum a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

minBound :: Sum a #

maxBound :: Sum a #

Bounded a => Bounded (Product a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

(Bounded a, Bounded b) => Bounded (a, b)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b) #

maxBound :: (a, b) #

Bounded (Proxy t) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Proxy

Methods

minBound :: Proxy t #

maxBound :: Proxy t #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c) => Bounded (a, b, c)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c) #

Bounded a => Bounded (Const a b) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

minBound :: Const a b #

maxBound :: Const a b #

Coercible a b => Bounded (Coercion a b)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Coercion

Methods

minBound :: Coercion a b #

maxBound :: Coercion a b #

a ~ b => Bounded (a :~: b)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Equality

Methods

minBound :: a :~: b #

maxBound :: a :~: b #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d) => Bounded (a, b, c, d)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d) #

a ~~ b => Bounded (a :~~: b)

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Equality

Methods

minBound :: a :~~: b #

maxBound :: a :~~: b #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k, Bounded l) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k, Bounded l, Bounded m) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k, Bounded l, Bounded m, Bounded n) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k, Bounded l, Bounded m, Bounded n, Bounded o) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) #

class Enum a #

Class Enum defines operations on sequentially ordered types.

The enumFrom... methods are used in Haskell's translation of arithmetic sequences.

Instances of Enum may be derived for any enumeration type (types whose constructors have no fields). The nullary constructors are assumed to be numbered left-to-right by fromEnum from 0 through n-1. See Chapter 10 of the Haskell Report for more details.

For any type that is an instance of class Bounded as well as Enum, the following should hold:

   enumFrom     x   = enumFromTo     x maxBound
   enumFromThen x y = enumFromThenTo x y bound
     where
       bound | fromEnum y >= fromEnum x = maxBound
             | otherwise                = minBound

Minimal complete definition

toEnum, fromEnum

Instances
Enum Bool

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: Bool -> Bool #

pred :: Bool -> Bool #

toEnum :: Int -> Bool #

fromEnum :: Bool -> Int #

enumFrom :: Bool -> [Bool] #

enumFromThen :: Bool -> Bool -> [Bool] #

enumFromTo :: Bool -> Bool -> [Bool] #

enumFromThenTo :: Bool -> Bool -> Bool -> [Bool] #

Enum Char

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: Char -> Char #

pred :: Char -> Char #

toEnum :: Int -> Char #

fromEnum :: Char -> Int #

enumFrom :: Char -> [Char] #

enumFromThen :: Char -> Char -> [Char] #

enumFromTo :: Char -> Char -> [Char] #

enumFromThenTo :: Char -> Char -> Char -> [Char] #

Enum Int

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: Int -> Int #

pred :: Int -> Int #

toEnum :: Int -> Int #

fromEnum :: Int -> Int #

enumFrom :: Int -> [Int] #

enumFromThen :: Int -> Int -> [Int] #

enumFromTo :: Int -> Int -> [Int] #

enumFromThenTo :: Int -> Int -> Int -> [Int] #

Enum Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

succ :: Int8 -> Int8 #

pred :: Int8 -> Int8 #

toEnum :: Int -> Int8 #

fromEnum :: Int8 -> Int #

enumFrom :: Int8 -> [Int8] #

enumFromThen :: Int8 -> Int8 -> [Int8] #

enumFromTo :: Int8 -> Int8 -> [Int8] #

enumFromThenTo :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 -> [Int8] #

Enum Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Enum Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Enum Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Enum Integer

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum Natural

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Natural

Enum Ordering

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum Word

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: Word -> Word #

pred :: Word -> Word #

toEnum :: Int -> Word #

fromEnum :: Word -> Int #

enumFrom :: Word -> [Word] #

enumFromThen :: Word -> Word -> [Word] #

enumFromTo :: Word -> Word -> [Word] #

enumFromThenTo :: Word -> Word -> Word -> [Word] #

Enum Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Enum Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Enum Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Enum Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Enum VecCount

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum VecElem

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum ()

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: () -> () #

pred :: () -> () #

toEnum :: Int -> () #

fromEnum :: () -> Int #

enumFrom :: () -> [()] #

enumFromThen :: () -> () -> [()] #

enumFromTo :: () -> () -> [()] #

enumFromThenTo :: () -> () -> () -> [()] #

Enum CChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CSChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CUChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CShort 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CUShort 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CInt 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

succ :: CInt -> CInt #

pred :: CInt -> CInt #

toEnum :: Int -> CInt #

fromEnum :: CInt -> Int #

enumFrom :: CInt -> [CInt] #

enumFromThen :: CInt -> CInt -> [CInt] #

enumFromTo :: CInt -> CInt -> [CInt] #

enumFromThenTo :: CInt -> CInt -> CInt -> [CInt] #

Enum CUInt 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CULong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CLLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CULLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CBool 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CFloat 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CDouble 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CPtrdiff 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CSize 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CWchar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CSigAtomic 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CClock 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CTime 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CUSeconds 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CSUSeconds 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CIntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CUIntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CIntMax 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CUIntMax 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum WordPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.Ptr

Enum IntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.Ptr

Integral a => Enum (Ratio a)

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

succ :: Ratio a -> Ratio a #

pred :: Ratio a -> Ratio a #

toEnum :: Int -> Ratio a #

fromEnum :: Ratio a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Ratio a -> [Ratio a] #

enumFromThen :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> [Ratio a] #

enumFromTo :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> [Ratio a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> Ratio a -> [Ratio a] #

Enum a => Enum (Min a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

succ :: Min a -> Min a #

pred :: Min a -> Min a #

toEnum :: Int -> Min a #

fromEnum :: Min a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Min a -> [Min a] #

enumFromThen :: Min a -> Min a -> [Min a] #

enumFromTo :: Min a -> Min a -> [Min a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Min a -> Min a -> Min a -> [Min a] #

Enum a => Enum (Max a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

succ :: Max a -> Max a #

pred :: Max a -> Max a #

toEnum :: Int -> Max a #

fromEnum :: Max a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Max a -> [Max a] #

enumFromThen :: Max a -> Max a -> [Max a] #

enumFromTo :: Max a -> Max a -> [Max a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Max a -> Max a -> Max a -> [Max a] #

Enum a => Enum (First a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

succ :: First a -> First a #

pred :: First a -> First a #

toEnum :: Int -> First a #

fromEnum :: First a -> Int #

enumFrom :: First a -> [First a] #

enumFromThen :: First a -> First a -> [First a] #

enumFromTo :: First a -> First a -> [First a] #

enumFromThenTo :: First a -> First a -> First a -> [First a] #

Enum a => Enum (Last a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

succ :: Last a -> Last a #

pred :: Last a -> Last a #

toEnum :: Int -> Last a #

fromEnum :: Last a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Last a -> [Last a] #

enumFromThen :: Last a -> Last a -> [Last a] #

enumFromTo :: Last a -> Last a -> [Last a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Last a -> Last a -> Last a -> [Last a] #

Enum a => Enum (WrappedMonoid a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Enum a => Enum (Identity a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Enum (Proxy s)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Proxy

Methods

succ :: Proxy s -> Proxy s #

pred :: Proxy s -> Proxy s #

toEnum :: Int -> Proxy s #

fromEnum :: Proxy s -> Int #

enumFrom :: Proxy s -> [Proxy s] #

enumFromThen :: Proxy s -> Proxy s -> [Proxy s] #

enumFromTo :: Proxy s -> Proxy s -> [Proxy s] #

enumFromThenTo :: Proxy s -> Proxy s -> Proxy s -> [Proxy s] #

Enum a => Enum (Const a b) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

succ :: Const a b -> Const a b #

pred :: Const a b -> Const a b #

toEnum :: Int -> Const a b #

fromEnum :: Const a b -> Int #

enumFrom :: Const a b -> [Const a b] #

enumFromThen :: Const a b -> Const a b -> [Const a b] #

enumFromTo :: Const a b -> Const a b -> [Const a b] #

enumFromThenTo :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b -> [Const a b] #

Enum (f a) => Enum (Alt f a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

succ :: Alt f a -> Alt f a #

pred :: Alt f a -> Alt f a #

toEnum :: Int -> Alt f a #

fromEnum :: Alt f a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Alt f a -> [Alt f a] #

enumFromThen :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> [Alt f a] #

enumFromTo :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> [Alt f a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> Alt f a -> [Alt f a] #

Coercible a b => Enum (Coercion a b)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Coercion

Methods

succ :: Coercion a b -> Coercion a b #

pred :: Coercion a b -> Coercion a b #

toEnum :: Int -> Coercion a b #

fromEnum :: Coercion a b -> Int #

enumFrom :: Coercion a b -> [Coercion a b] #

enumFromThen :: Coercion a b -> Coercion a b -> [Coercion a b] #

enumFromTo :: Coercion a b -> Coercion a b -> [Coercion a b] #

enumFromThenTo :: Coercion a b -> Coercion a b -> Coercion a b -> [Coercion a b] #

a ~ b => Enum (a :~: b)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Equality

Methods

succ :: (a :~: b) -> a :~: b #

pred :: (a :~: b) -> a :~: b #

toEnum :: Int -> a :~: b #

fromEnum :: (a :~: b) -> Int #

enumFrom :: (a :~: b) -> [a :~: b] #

enumFromThen :: (a :~: b) -> (a :~: b) -> [a :~: b] #

enumFromTo :: (a :~: b) -> (a :~: b) -> [a :~: b] #

enumFromThenTo :: (a :~: b) -> (a :~: b) -> (a :~: b) -> [a :~: b] #

a ~~ b => Enum (a :~~: b)

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Equality

Methods

succ :: (a :~~: b) -> a :~~: b #

pred :: (a :~~: b) -> a :~~: b #

toEnum :: Int -> a :~~: b #

fromEnum :: (a :~~: b) -> Int #

enumFrom :: (a :~~: b) -> [a :~~: b] #

enumFromThen :: (a :~~: b) -> (a :~~: b) -> [a :~~: b] #

enumFromTo :: (a :~~: b) -> (a :~~: b) -> [a :~~: b] #

enumFromThenTo :: (a :~~: b) -> (a :~~: b) -> (a :~~: b) -> [a :~~: b] #

class Eq a #

The Eq class defines equality (==) and inequality (/=). All the basic datatypes exported by the Prelude are instances of Eq, and Eq may be derived for any datatype whose constituents are also instances of Eq.

Minimal complete definition: either == or /=.

Minimal complete definition

(==) | (/=)

Instances
Eq Bool 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: Bool -> Bool -> Bool #

(/=) :: Bool -> Bool -> Bool #

Eq Char 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: Char -> Char -> Bool #

(/=) :: Char -> Char -> Bool #

Eq Double 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: Double -> Double -> Bool #

(/=) :: Double -> Double -> Bool #

Eq Float 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: Float -> Float -> Bool #

(/=) :: Float -> Float -> Bool #

Eq Int 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: Int -> Int -> Bool #

(/=) :: Int -> Int -> Bool #

Eq Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

(==) :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Bool #

(/=) :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Bool #

Eq Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

(==) :: Int16 -> Int16 -> Bool #

(/=) :: Int16 -> Int16 -> Bool #

Eq Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

(==) :: Int32 -> Int32 -> Bool #

(/=) :: Int32 -> Int32 -> Bool #

Eq Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

(==) :: Int64 -> Int64 -> Bool #

(/=) :: Int64 -> Int64 -> Bool #

Eq Integer 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Integer.Type

Methods

(==) :: Integer -> Integer -> Bool #

(/=) :: Integer -> Integer -> Bool #

Eq Natural 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Natural

Methods

(==) :: Natural -> Natural -> Bool #

(/=) :: Natural -> Natural -> Bool #

Eq Ordering 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Eq Word 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: Word -> Word -> Bool #

(/=) :: Word -> Word -> Bool #

Eq Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Methods

(==) :: Word8 -> Word8 -> Bool #

(/=) :: Word8 -> Word8 -> Bool #

Eq Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Methods

(==) :: Word16 -> Word16 -> Bool #

(/=) :: Word16 -> Word16 -> Bool #

Eq Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Methods

(==) :: Word32 -> Word32 -> Bool #

(/=) :: Word32 -> Word32 -> Bool #

Eq Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Methods

(==) :: Word64 -> Word64 -> Bool #

(/=) :: Word64 -> Word64 -> Bool #

Eq SomeTypeRep 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Typeable.Internal

Eq () 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: () -> () -> Bool #

(/=) :: () -> () -> Bool #

Eq TyCon 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: TyCon -> TyCon -> Bool #

(/=) :: TyCon -> TyCon -> Bool #

Eq Module 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: Module -> Module -> Bool #

(/=) :: Module -> Module -> Bool #

Eq TrName 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: TrName -> TrName -> Bool #

(/=) :: TrName -> TrName -> Bool #

Eq Handle

Since: base-4.1.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Handle.Types

Methods

(==) :: Handle -> Handle -> Bool #

(/=) :: Handle -> Handle -> Bool #

Eq BigNat 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Integer.Type

Methods

(==) :: BigNat -> BigNat -> Bool #

(/=) :: BigNat -> BigNat -> Bool #

Eq Void

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Void

Methods

(==) :: Void -> Void -> Bool #

(/=) :: Void -> Void -> Bool #

Eq SpecConstrAnnotation 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Exts

Eq Version

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Version

Methods

(==) :: Version -> Version -> Bool #

(/=) :: Version -> Version -> Bool #

Eq ThreadId

Since: base-4.2.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Conc.Sync

Eq BlockReason 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Conc.Sync

Eq ThreadStatus 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Conc.Sync

Eq AsyncException 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Eq ArrayException 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Eq ExitCode 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Eq IOErrorType

Since: base-4.1.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Eq BufferMode 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Handle.Types

Eq Newline 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Handle.Types

Methods

(==) :: Newline -> Newline -> Bool #

(/=) :: Newline -> Newline -> Bool #

Eq NewlineMode 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Handle.Types

Eq MaskingState 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO

Eq IOException

Since: base-4.1.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Eq ErrorCall 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Exception

Eq ArithException 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Exception

Eq All 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(==) :: All -> All -> Bool #

(/=) :: All -> All -> Bool #

Eq Any 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(==) :: Any -> Any -> Bool #

(/=) :: Any -> Any -> Bool #

Eq CChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CChar -> CChar -> Bool #

(/=) :: CChar -> CChar -> Bool #

Eq CSChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CSChar -> CSChar -> Bool #

(/=) :: CSChar -> CSChar -> Bool #

Eq CUChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CUChar -> CUChar -> Bool #

(/=) :: CUChar -> CUChar -> Bool #

Eq CShort 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CShort -> CShort -> Bool #

(/=) :: CShort -> CShort -> Bool #

Eq CUShort 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CUShort -> CUShort -> Bool #

(/=) :: CUShort -> CUShort -> Bool #

Eq CInt 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CInt -> CInt -> Bool #

(/=) :: CInt -> CInt -> Bool #

Eq CUInt 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CUInt -> CUInt -> Bool #

(/=) :: CUInt -> CUInt -> Bool #

Eq CLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CLong -> CLong -> Bool #

(/=) :: CLong -> CLong -> Bool #

Eq CULong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CULong -> CULong -> Bool #

(/=) :: CULong -> CULong -> Bool #

Eq CLLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CLLong -> CLLong -> Bool #

(/=) :: CLLong -> CLLong -> Bool #

Eq CULLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CULLong -> CULLong -> Bool #

(/=) :: CULLong -> CULLong -> Bool #

Eq CBool 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CBool -> CBool -> Bool #

(/=) :: CBool -> CBool -> Bool #

Eq CFloat 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CFloat -> CFloat -> Bool #

(/=) :: CFloat -> CFloat -> Bool #

Eq CDouble 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CDouble -> CDouble -> Bool #

(/=) :: CDouble -> CDouble -> Bool #

Eq CPtrdiff 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Eq CSize 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CSize -> CSize -> Bool #

(/=) :: CSize -> CSize -> Bool #

Eq CWchar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CWchar -> CWchar -> Bool #

(/=) :: CWchar -> CWchar -> Bool #

Eq CSigAtomic 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Eq CClock 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CClock -> CClock -> Bool #

(/=) :: CClock -> CClock -> Bool #

Eq CTime 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CTime -> CTime -> Bool #

(/=) :: CTime -> CTime -> Bool #

Eq CUSeconds 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Eq CSUSeconds 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Eq CIntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CIntPtr -> CIntPtr -> Bool #

(/=) :: CIntPtr -> CIntPtr -> Bool #

Eq CUIntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Eq CIntMax 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(==) :: CIntMax -> CIntMax -> Bool #

(/=) :: CIntMax -> CIntMax -> Bool #

Eq CUIntMax 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Eq WordPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.Ptr

Methods

(==) :: WordPtr -> WordPtr -> Bool #

(/=) :: WordPtr -> WordPtr -> Bool #

Eq IntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.Ptr

Methods

(==) :: IntPtr -> IntPtr -> Bool #

(/=) :: IntPtr -> IntPtr -> Bool #

Eq Lexeme 
Instance details

Defined in Text.Read.Lex

Methods

(==) :: Lexeme -> Lexeme -> Bool #

(/=) :: Lexeme -> Lexeme -> Bool #

Eq Number 
Instance details

Defined in Text.Read.Lex

Methods

(==) :: Number -> Number -> Bool #

(/=) :: Number -> Number -> Bool #

Eq SrcLoc 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Stack.Types

Methods

(==) :: SrcLoc -> SrcLoc -> Bool #

(/=) :: SrcLoc -> SrcLoc -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq [a] 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: [a] -> [a] -> Bool #

(/=) :: [a] -> [a] -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Maybe a) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

(==) :: Maybe a -> Maybe a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Maybe a -> Maybe a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Ratio a) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

(==) :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> Bool #

Eq (StablePtr a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Stable

Methods

(==) :: StablePtr a -> StablePtr a -> Bool #

(/=) :: StablePtr a -> StablePtr a -> Bool #

Eq (Ptr a) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Ptr

Methods

(==) :: Ptr a -> Ptr a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Ptr a -> Ptr a -> Bool #

Eq (FunPtr a) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Ptr

Methods

(==) :: FunPtr a -> FunPtr a -> Bool #

(/=) :: FunPtr a -> FunPtr a -> Bool #

Eq (ForeignPtr a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.ForeignPtr

Methods

(==) :: ForeignPtr a -> ForeignPtr a -> Bool #

(/=) :: ForeignPtr a -> ForeignPtr a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Complex a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Complex

Methods

(==) :: Complex a -> Complex a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Complex a -> Complex a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Min a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(==) :: Min a -> Min a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Min a -> Min a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Max a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(==) :: Max a -> Max a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Max a -> Max a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (First a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(==) :: First a -> First a -> Bool #

(/=) :: First a -> First a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Last a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(==) :: Last a -> Last a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Last a -> Last a -> Bool #

Eq m => Eq (WrappedMonoid m) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Eq a => Eq (Option a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(==) :: Option a -> Option a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Option a -> Option a -> Bool #

Eq (Chan a) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Concurrent.Chan

Methods

(==) :: Chan a -> Chan a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Chan a -> Chan a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (ZipList a) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Applicative

Methods

(==) :: ZipList a -> ZipList a -> Bool #

(/=) :: ZipList a -> ZipList a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Identity a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Methods

(==) :: Identity a -> Identity a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Identity a -> Identity a -> Bool #

Eq (TVar a)

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Conc.Sync

Methods

(==) :: TVar a -> TVar a -> Bool #

(/=) :: TVar a -> TVar a -> Bool #

Eq (IORef a)

Pointer equality.

Since: base-4.1.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IORef

Methods

(==) :: IORef a -> IORef a -> Bool #

(/=) :: IORef a -> IORef a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (First a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

(==) :: First a -> First a -> Bool #

(/=) :: First a -> First a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Last a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

(==) :: Last a -> Last a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Last a -> Last a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Dual a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(==) :: Dual a -> Dual a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Dual a -> Dual a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Sum a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(==) :: Sum a -> Sum a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Sum a -> Sum a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Product a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(==) :: Product a -> Product a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Product a -> Product a -> Bool #

Eq (MVar a)

Since: base-4.1.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.MVar

Methods

(==) :: MVar a -> MVar a -> Bool #

(/=) :: MVar a -> MVar a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (NonEmpty a) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

(==) :: NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a -> Bool #

(/=) :: NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b) => Eq (Either a b) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Either

Methods

(==) :: Either a b -> Either a b -> Bool #

(/=) :: Either a b -> Either a b -> Bool #

Eq (TypeRep a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Typeable.Internal

Methods

(==) :: TypeRep a -> TypeRep a -> Bool #

(/=) :: TypeRep a -> TypeRep a -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b) => Eq (a, b) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b) -> (a, b) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b) -> (a, b) -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Arg a b)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(==) :: Arg a b -> Arg a b -> Bool #

(/=) :: Arg a b -> Arg a b -> Bool #

Eq (Proxy s)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Proxy

Methods

(==) :: Proxy s -> Proxy s -> Bool #

(/=) :: Proxy s -> Proxy s -> Bool #

Eq (STRef s a)

Pointer equality.

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.STRef

Methods

(==) :: STRef s a -> STRef s a -> Bool #

(/=) :: STRef s a -> STRef s a -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c) => Eq (a, b, c) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c) -> (a, b, c) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c) -> (a, b, c) -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Const a b) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

(==) :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Bool #

(/=) :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Bool #

Eq (f a) => Eq (Alt f a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(==) :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> Bool #

Eq (Coercion a b) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Coercion

Methods

(==) :: Coercion a b -> Coercion a b -> Bool #

(/=) :: Coercion a b -> Coercion a b -> Bool #

Eq (a :~: b) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Equality

Methods

(==) :: (a :~: b) -> (a :~: b) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a :~: b) -> (a :~: b) -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d) => Eq (a, b, c, d) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d) -> (a, b, c, d) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d) -> (a, b, c, d) -> Bool #

(Eq1 f, Eq1 g, Eq a) => Eq (Product f g a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Product

Methods

(==) :: Product f g a -> Product f g a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Product f g a -> Product f g a -> Bool #

(Eq1 f, Eq1 g, Eq a) => Eq (Sum f g a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Sum

Methods

(==) :: Sum f g a -> Sum f g a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Sum f g a -> Sum f g a -> Bool #

Eq (a :~~: b)

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Equality

Methods

(==) :: (a :~~: b) -> (a :~~: b) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a :~~: b) -> (a :~~: b) -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e) -> (a, b, c, d, e) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e) -> (a, b, c, d, e) -> Bool #

(Eq1 f, Eq1 g, Eq a) => Eq (Compose f g a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Compose

Methods

(==) :: Compose f g a -> Compose f g a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Compose f g a -> Compose f g a -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f) -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f, Eq g) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f, Eq g, Eq h) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f, Eq g, Eq h, Eq i) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f, Eq g, Eq h, Eq i, Eq j) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f, Eq g, Eq h, Eq i, Eq j, Eq k) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f, Eq g, Eq h, Eq i, Eq j, Eq k, Eq l) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f, Eq g, Eq h, Eq i, Eq j, Eq k, Eq l, Eq m) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f, Eq g, Eq h, Eq i, Eq j, Eq k, Eq l, Eq m, Eq n) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f, Eq g, Eq h, Eq i, Eq j, Eq k, Eq l, Eq m, Eq n, Eq o) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) -> Bool #

class Fractional a => Floating a #

Trigonometric and hyperbolic functions and related functions.

Minimal complete definition

pi, exp, log, sin, cos, asin, acos, atan, sinh, cosh, asinh, acosh, atanh

Instances
Floating Double

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Float

Floating Float

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Float

Floating CFloat 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Floating CDouble 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

RealFloat a => Floating (Complex a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Complex

Methods

pi :: Complex a #

exp :: Complex a -> Complex a #

log :: Complex a -> Complex a #

sqrt :: Complex a -> Complex a #

(**) :: Complex a -> Complex a -> Complex a #

logBase :: Complex a -> Complex a -> Complex a #

sin :: Complex a -> Complex a #

cos :: Complex a -> Complex a #

tan :: Complex a -> Complex a #

asin :: Complex a -> Complex a #

acos :: Complex a -> Complex a #

atan :: Complex a -> Complex a #

sinh :: Complex a -> Complex a #

cosh :: Complex a -> Complex a #

tanh :: Complex a -> Complex a #

asinh :: Complex a -> Complex a #

acosh :: Complex a -> Complex a #

atanh :: Complex a -> Complex a #

log1p :: Complex a -> Complex a #

expm1 :: Complex a -> Complex a #

log1pexp :: Complex a -> Complex a #

log1mexp :: Complex a -> Complex a #

Floating a => Floating (Identity a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Floating a => Floating (Const a b) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

pi :: Const a b #

exp :: Const a b -> Const a b #

log :: Const a b -> Const a b #

sqrt :: Const a b -> Const a b #

(**) :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

logBase :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

sin :: Const a b -> Const a b #

cos :: Const a b -> Const a b #

tan :: Const a b -> Const a b #

asin :: Const a b -> Const a b #

acos :: Const a b -> Const a b #

atan :: Const a b -> Const a b #

sinh :: Const a b -> Const a b #

cosh :: Const a b -> Const a b #

tanh :: Const a b -> Const a b #

asinh :: Const a b -> Const a b #

acosh :: Const a b -> Const a b #

atanh :: Const a b -> Const a b #

log1p :: Const a b -> Const a b #

expm1 :: Const a b -> Const a b #

log1pexp :: Const a b -> Const a b #

log1mexp :: Const a b -> Const a b #

class Foldable (t :: * -> *) #

Data structures that can be folded.

For example, given a data type

data Tree a = Empty | Leaf a | Node (Tree a) a (Tree a)

a suitable instance would be

instance Foldable Tree where
   foldMap f Empty = mempty
   foldMap f (Leaf x) = f x
   foldMap f (Node l k r) = foldMap f l `mappend` f k `mappend` foldMap f r

This is suitable even for abstract types, as the monoid is assumed to satisfy the monoid laws. Alternatively, one could define foldr:

instance Foldable Tree where
   foldr f z Empty = z
   foldr f z (Leaf x) = f x z
   foldr f z (Node l k r) = foldr f (f k (foldr f z r)) l

Foldable instances are expected to satisfy the following laws:

foldr f z t = appEndo (foldMap (Endo . f) t ) z
foldl f z t = appEndo (getDual (foldMap (Dual . Endo . flip f) t)) z
fold = foldMap id
length = getSum . foldMap (Sum . const  1)

sum, product, maximum, and minimum should all be essentially equivalent to foldMap forms, such as

sum = getSum . foldMap Sum

but may be less defined.

If the type is also a Functor instance, it should satisfy

foldMap f = fold . fmap f

which implies that

foldMap f . fmap g = foldMap (f . g)

Minimal complete definition

foldMap | foldr

Instances
Foldable []

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => [m] -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> [a] -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> [a] -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> [a] -> a #

toList :: [a] -> [a] #

null :: [a] -> Bool #

length :: [a] -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> [a] -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => [a] -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => [a] -> a #

sum :: Num a => [a] -> a #

product :: Num a => [a] -> a #

Foldable Maybe

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Maybe m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Maybe a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Maybe a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Maybe a -> a #

toList :: Maybe a -> [a] #

null :: Maybe a -> Bool #

length :: Maybe a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Maybe a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Maybe a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Maybe a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Maybe a -> a #

product :: Num a => Maybe a -> a #

Foldable Par1 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Par1 m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Par1 a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Par1 a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Par1 a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Par1 a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Par1 a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Par1 a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Par1 a -> a #

toList :: Par1 a -> [a] #

null :: Par1 a -> Bool #

length :: Par1 a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Par1 a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Par1 a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Par1 a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Par1 a -> a #

product :: Num a => Par1 a -> a #

Foldable Complex 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Complex

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Complex m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Complex a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Complex a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Complex a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Complex a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Complex a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Complex a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Complex a -> a #

toList :: Complex a -> [a] #

null :: Complex a -> Bool #

length :: Complex a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Complex a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Complex a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Complex a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Complex a -> a #

product :: Num a => Complex a -> a #

Foldable Min

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Min m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Min a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Min a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Min a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Min a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Min a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Min a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Min a -> a #

toList :: Min a -> [a] #

null :: Min a -> Bool #

length :: Min a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Min a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Min a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Min a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Min a -> a #

product :: Num a => Min a -> a #

Foldable Max

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Max m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Max a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Max a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Max a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Max a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Max a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Max a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Max a -> a #

toList :: Max a -> [a] #

null :: Max a -> Bool #

length :: Max a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Max a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Max a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Max a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Max a -> a #

product :: Num a => Max a -> a #

Foldable First

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => First m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> First a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> First a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> First a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> First a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> First a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> First a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> First a -> a #

toList :: First a -> [a] #

null :: First a -> Bool #

length :: First a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> First a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => First a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => First a -> a #

sum :: Num a => First a -> a #

product :: Num a => First a -> a #

Foldable Last

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Last m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Last a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Last a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Last a -> a #

toList :: Last a -> [a] #

null :: Last a -> Bool #

length :: Last a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Last a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Last a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Last a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Last a -> a #

product :: Num a => Last a -> a #

Foldable Option

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Option m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Option a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Option a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Option a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Option a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Option a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Option a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Option a -> a #

toList :: Option a -> [a] #

null :: Option a -> Bool #

length :: Option a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Option a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Option a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Option a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Option a -> a #

product :: Num a => Option a -> a #

Foldable ZipList 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Applicative

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => ZipList m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> ZipList a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ZipList a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ZipList a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ZipList a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ZipList a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ZipList a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ZipList a -> a #

toList :: ZipList a -> [a] #

null :: ZipList a -> Bool #

length :: ZipList a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> ZipList a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => ZipList a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => ZipList a -> a #

sum :: Num a => ZipList a -> a #

product :: Num a => ZipList a -> a #

Foldable Identity

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Identity m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Identity a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Identity a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Identity a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Identity a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Identity a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Identity a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Identity a -> a #

toList :: Identity a -> [a] #

null :: Identity a -> Bool #

length :: Identity a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Identity a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Identity a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Identity a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Identity a -> a #

product :: Num a => Identity a -> a #

Foldable First

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => First m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> First a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> First a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> First a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> First a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> First a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> First a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> First a -> a #

toList :: First a -> [a] #

null :: First a -> Bool #

length :: First a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> First a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => First a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => First a -> a #

sum :: Num a => First a -> a #

product :: Num a => First a -> a #

Foldable Last

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Last m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Last a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Last a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Last a -> a #

toList :: Last a -> [a] #

null :: Last a -> Bool #

length :: Last a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Last a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Last a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Last a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Last a -> a #

product :: Num a => Last a -> a #

Foldable Dual

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Dual m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Dual a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Dual a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Dual a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Dual a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Dual a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Dual a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Dual a -> a #

toList :: Dual a -> [a] #

null :: Dual a -> Bool #

length :: Dual a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Dual a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Dual a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Dual a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Dual a -> a #

product :: Num a => Dual a -> a #

Foldable Sum

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Sum m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Sum a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Sum a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Sum a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Sum a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Sum a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Sum a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Sum a -> a #

toList :: Sum a -> [a] #

null :: Sum a -> Bool #

length :: Sum a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Sum a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Sum a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Sum a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Sum a -> a #

product :: Num a => Sum a -> a #

Foldable Product

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Product m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Product a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Product a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Product a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Product a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Product a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Product a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Product a -> a #

toList :: Product a -> [a] #

null :: Product a -> Bool #

length :: Product a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Product a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Product a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Product a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Product a -> a #

product :: Num a => Product a -> a #

Foldable NonEmpty

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => NonEmpty m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> NonEmpty a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> NonEmpty a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> NonEmpty a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> NonEmpty a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> NonEmpty a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> NonEmpty a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> NonEmpty a -> a #

toList :: NonEmpty a -> [a] #

null :: NonEmpty a -> Bool #

length :: NonEmpty a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> NonEmpty a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => NonEmpty a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => NonEmpty a -> a #

sum :: Num a => NonEmpty a -> a #

product :: Num a => NonEmpty a -> a #

Foldable (Either a)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Either a m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a0 -> m) -> Either a a0 -> m #

foldr :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> Either a a0 -> b #

foldr' :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> Either a a0 -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> Either a a0 -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> Either a a0 -> b #

foldr1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> Either a a0 -> a0 #

foldl1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> Either a a0 -> a0 #

toList :: Either a a0 -> [a0] #

null :: Either a a0 -> Bool #

length :: Either a a0 -> Int #

elem :: Eq a0 => a0 -> Either a a0 -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a0 => Either a a0 -> a0 #

minimum :: Ord a0 => Either a a0 -> a0 #

sum :: Num a0 => Either a a0 -> a0 #

product :: Num a0 => Either a a0 -> a0 #

Foldable (V1 :: * -> *) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => V1 m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> V1 a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> V1 a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> V1 a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> V1 a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> V1 a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> V1 a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> V1 a -> a #

toList :: V1 a -> [a] #

null :: V1 a -> Bool #

length :: V1 a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> V1 a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => V1 a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => V1 a -> a #

sum :: Num a => V1 a -> a #

product :: Num a => V1 a -> a #

Foldable (U1 :: * -> *)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => U1 m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> U1 a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> U1 a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> U1 a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> U1 a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> U1 a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> U1 a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> U1 a -> a #

toList :: U1 a -> [a] #

null :: U1 a -> Bool #

length :: U1 a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> U1 a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => U1 a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => U1 a -> a #

sum :: Num a => U1 a -> a #

product :: Num a => U1 a -> a #

Foldable ((,) a)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => (a, m) -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a0 -> m) -> (a, a0) -> m #

foldr :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> (a, a0) -> b #

foldr' :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> (a, a0) -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> (a, a0) -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> (a, a0) -> b #

foldr1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> (a, a0) -> a0 #

foldl1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> (a, a0) -> a0 #

toList :: (a, a0) -> [a0] #

null :: (a, a0) -> Bool #

length :: (a, a0) -> Int #

elem :: Eq a0 => a0 -> (a, a0) -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a0 => (a, a0) -> a0 #

minimum :: Ord a0 => (a, a0) -> a0 #

sum :: Num a0 => (a, a0) -> a0 #

product :: Num a0 => (a, a0) -> a0 #

Foldable (Array i)

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Array i m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Array i a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Array i a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Array i a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Array i a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Array i a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Array i a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Array i a -> a #

toList :: Array i a -> [a] #

null :: Array i a -> Bool #

length :: Array i a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Array i a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Array i a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Array i a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Array i a -> a #

product :: Num a => Array i a -> a #

Foldable (Arg a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Arg a m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a0 -> m) -> Arg a a0 -> m #

foldr :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> Arg a a0 -> b #

foldr' :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> Arg a a0 -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> Arg a a0 -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> Arg a a0 -> b #

foldr1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> Arg a a0 -> a0 #

foldl1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> Arg a a0 -> a0 #

toList :: Arg a a0 -> [a0] #

null :: Arg a a0 -> Bool #

length :: Arg a a0 -> Int #

elem :: Eq a0 => a0 -> Arg a a0 -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a0 => Arg a a0 -> a0 #

minimum :: Ord a0 => Arg a a0 -> a0 #

sum :: Num a0 => Arg a a0 -> a0 #

product :: Num a0 => Arg a a0 -> a0 #

Foldable (Proxy :: * -> *)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Proxy m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Proxy a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Proxy a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Proxy a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Proxy a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Proxy a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Proxy a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Proxy a -> a #

toList :: Proxy a -> [a] #

null :: Proxy a -> Bool #

length :: Proxy a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Proxy a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Proxy a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Proxy a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Proxy a -> a #

product :: Num a => Proxy a -> a #

Foldable f => Foldable (Rec1 f) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Rec1 f m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Rec1 f a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Rec1 f a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Rec1 f a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Rec1 f a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Rec1 f a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Rec1 f a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Rec1 f a -> a #

toList :: Rec1 f a -> [a] #

null :: Rec1 f a -> Bool #

length :: Rec1 f a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Rec1 f a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Rec1 f a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Rec1 f a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Rec1 f a -> a #

product :: Num a => Rec1 f a -> a #

Foldable (URec Char :: * -> *) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => URec Char m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> URec Char a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Char a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Char a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Char a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Char a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Char a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Char a -> a #

toList :: URec Char a -> [a] #

null :: URec Char a -> Bool #

length :: URec Char a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> URec Char a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => URec Char a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => URec Char a -> a #

sum :: Num a => URec Char a -> a #

product :: Num a => URec Char a -> a #

Foldable (URec Double :: * -> *) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => URec Double m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> URec Double a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Double a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Double a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Double a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Double a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Double a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Double a -> a #

toList :: URec Double a -> [a] #

null :: URec Double a -> Bool #

length :: URec Double a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> URec Double a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => URec Double a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => URec Double a -> a #

sum :: Num a => URec Double a -> a #

product :: Num a => URec Double a -> a #

Foldable (URec Float :: * -> *) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => URec Float m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> URec Float a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Float a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Float a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Float a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Float a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Float a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Float a -> a #

toList :: URec Float a -> [a] #

null :: URec Float a -> Bool #

length :: URec Float a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> URec Float a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => URec Float a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => URec Float a -> a #

sum :: Num a => URec Float a -> a #

product :: Num a => URec Float a -> a #

Foldable (URec Int :: * -> *) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => URec Int m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> URec Int a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Int a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Int a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Int a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Int a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Int a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Int a -> a #

toList :: URec Int a -> [a] #

null :: URec Int a -> Bool #

length :: URec Int a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> URec Int a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => URec Int a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => URec Int a -> a #

sum :: Num a => URec Int a -> a #

product :: Num a => URec Int a -> a #

Foldable (URec Word :: * -> *) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => URec Word m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> URec Word a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Word a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Word a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Word a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Word a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Word a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Word a -> a #

toList :: URec Word a -> [a] #

null :: URec Word a -> Bool #

length :: URec Word a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> URec Word a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => URec Word a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => URec Word a -> a #

sum :: Num a => URec Word a -> a #

product :: Num a => URec Word a -> a #

Foldable (URec (Ptr ()) :: * -> *) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => URec (Ptr ()) m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> a #

toList :: URec (Ptr ()) a -> [a] #

null :: URec (Ptr ()) a -> Bool #

length :: URec (Ptr ()) a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => URec (Ptr ()) a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => URec (Ptr ()) a -> a #

sum :: Num a => URec (Ptr ()) a -> a #

product :: Num a => URec (Ptr ()) a -> a #

Foldable (Const m :: * -> *)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

fold :: Monoid m0 => Const m m0 -> m0 #

foldMap :: Monoid m0 => (a -> m0) -> Const m a -> m0 #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Const m a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Const m a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Const m a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Const m a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Const m a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Const m a -> a #

toList :: Const m a -> [a] #

null :: Const m a -> Bool #

length :: Const m a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Const m a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Const m a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Const m a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Const m a -> a #

product :: Num a => Const m a -> a #

Foldable (K1 i c :: * -> *) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => K1 i c m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> K1 i c a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> K1 i c a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> K1 i c a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> K1 i c a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> K1 i c a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> K1 i c a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> K1 i c a -> a #

toList :: K1 i c a -> [a] #

null :: K1 i c a -> Bool #

length :: K1 i c a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> K1 i c a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => K1 i c a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => K1 i c a -> a #

sum :: Num a => K1 i c a -> a #

product :: Num a => K1 i c a -> a #

(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (f :+: g) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => (f :+: g) m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> (f :+: g) a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :+: g) a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :+: g) a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :+: g) a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :+: g) a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :+: g) a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :+: g) a -> a #

toList :: (f :+: g) a -> [a] #

null :: (f :+: g) a -> Bool #

length :: (f :+: g) a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> (f :+: g) a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => (f :+: g) a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => (f :+: g) a -> a #

sum :: Num a => (f :+: g) a -> a #

product :: Num a => (f :+: g) a -> a #

(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (f :*: g) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => (f :*: g) m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> (f :*: g) a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :*: g) a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :*: g) a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :*: g) a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :*: g) a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :*: g) a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :*: g) a -> a #

toList :: (f :*: g) a -> [a] #

null :: (f :*: g) a -> Bool #

length :: (f :*: g) a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> (f :*: g) a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => (f :*: g) a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => (f :*: g) a -> a #

sum :: Num a => (f :*: g) a -> a #

product :: Num a => (f :*: g) a -> a #

(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (Product f g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Product

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Product f g m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Product f g a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Product f g a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Product f g a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Product f g a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Product f g a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Product f g a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Product f g a -> a #

toList :: Product f g a -> [a] #

null :: Product f g a -> Bool #

length :: Product f g a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Product f g a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Product f g a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Product f g a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Product f g a -> a #

product :: Num a => Product f g a -> a #

(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (Sum f g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Sum

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Sum f g m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Sum f g a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Sum f g a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Sum f g a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Sum f g a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Sum f g a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Sum f g a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Sum f g a -> a #

toList :: Sum f g a -> [a] #

null :: Sum f g a -> Bool #

length :: Sum f g a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Sum f g a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Sum f g a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Sum f g a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Sum f g a -> a #

product :: Num a => Sum f g a -> a #

Foldable f => Foldable (M1 i c f) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => M1 i c f m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> M1 i c f a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> M1 i c f a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> M1 i c f a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> M1 i c f a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> M1 i c f a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> M1 i c f a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> M1 i c f a -> a #

toList :: M1 i c f a -> [a] #

null :: M1 i c f a -> Bool #

length :: M1 i c f a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> M1 i c f a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => M1 i c f a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => M1 i c f a -> a #

sum :: Num a => M1 i c f a -> a #

product :: Num a => M1 i c f a -> a #

(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (f :.: g) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Foldable

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => (f :.: g) m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> (f :.: g) a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :.: g) a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :.: g) a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :.: g) a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :.: g) a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :.: g) a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :.: g) a -> a #

toList :: (f :.: g) a -> [a] #

null :: (f :.: g) a -> Bool #

length :: (f :.: g) a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> (f :.: g) a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => (f :.: g) a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => (f :.: g) a -> a #

sum :: Num a => (f :.: g) a -> a #

product :: Num a => (f :.: g) a -> a #

(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (Compose f g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Compose

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => Compose f g m -> m #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Compose f g a -> m #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Compose f g a -> b #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Compose f g a -> b #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Compose f g a -> b #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Compose f g a -> b #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Compose f g a -> a #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Compose f g a -> a #

toList :: Compose f g a -> [a] #

null :: Compose f g a -> Bool #

length :: Compose f g a -> Int #

elem :: Eq a => a -> Compose f g a -> Bool #

maximum :: Ord a => Compose f g a -> a #

minimum :: Ord a => Compose f g a -> a #

sum :: Num a => Compose f g a -> a #

product :: Num a => Compose f g a -> a #

class Num a => Fractional a #

Fractional numbers, supporting real division.

Minimal complete definition

fromRational, (recip | (/))

Instances
Fractional CFloat 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Fractional CDouble 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral a => Fractional (Ratio a)

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

(/) :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> Ratio a #

recip :: Ratio a -> Ratio a #

fromRational :: Rational -> Ratio a #

RealFloat a => Fractional (Complex a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Complex

Methods

(/) :: Complex a -> Complex a -> Complex a #

recip :: Complex a -> Complex a #

fromRational :: Rational -> Complex a #

Fractional a => Fractional (Identity a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Fractional a => Fractional (Const a b) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

(/) :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

recip :: Const a b -> Const a b #

fromRational :: Rational -> Const a b #

class Functor (f :: * -> *) #

The Functor class is used for types that can be mapped over. Instances of Functor should satisfy the following laws:

fmap id  ==  id
fmap (f . g)  ==  fmap f . fmap g

The instances of Functor for lists, Maybe and IO satisfy these laws.

Minimal complete definition

fmap

Instances
Functor []

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> [a] -> [b] #

(<$) :: a -> [b] -> [a] #

Functor Maybe

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Maybe a -> Maybe b #

(<$) :: a -> Maybe b -> Maybe a #

Functor IO

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> IO a -> IO b #

(<$) :: a -> IO b -> IO a #

Functor Complex 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Complex

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Complex a -> Complex b #

(<$) :: a -> Complex b -> Complex a #

Functor Min

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Min a -> Min b #

(<$) :: a -> Min b -> Min a #

Functor Max

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Max a -> Max b #

(<$) :: a -> Max b -> Max a #

Functor First

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> First a -> First b #

(<$) :: a -> First b -> First a #

Functor Last

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Last a -> Last b #

(<$) :: a -> Last b -> Last a #

Functor Option

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Option a -> Option b #

(<$) :: a -> Option b -> Option a #

Functor ZipList 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Applicative

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ZipList a -> ZipList b #

(<$) :: a -> ZipList b -> ZipList a #

Functor Identity

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Identity a -> Identity b #

(<$) :: a -> Identity b -> Identity a #

Functor Handler

Since: base-4.6.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Control.Exception

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Handler a -> Handler b #

(<$) :: a -> Handler b -> Handler a #

Functor STM

Since: base-4.3.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Conc.Sync

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> STM a -> STM b #

(<$) :: a -> STM b -> STM a #

Functor First 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> First a -> First b #

(<$) :: a -> First b -> First a #

Functor Last 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Last a -> Last b #

(<$) :: a -> Last b -> Last a #

Functor Dual

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Dual a -> Dual b #

(<$) :: a -> Dual b -> Dual a #

Functor Sum

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Sum a -> Sum b #

(<$) :: a -> Sum b -> Sum a #

Functor Product

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Product a -> Product b #

(<$) :: a -> Product b -> Product a #

Functor ReadPrec

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Text.ParserCombinators.ReadPrec

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ReadPrec a -> ReadPrec b #

(<$) :: a -> ReadPrec b -> ReadPrec a #

Functor ReadP

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Text.ParserCombinators.ReadP

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ReadP a -> ReadP b #

(<$) :: a -> ReadP b -> ReadP a #

Functor NonEmpty

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b #

(<$) :: a -> NonEmpty b -> NonEmpty a #

Functor P 
Instance details

Defined in Text.ParserCombinators.ReadP

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> P a -> P b #

(<$) :: a -> P b -> P a #

Functor (Either a)

Since: base-3.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Either

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> Either a a0 -> Either a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> Either a b -> Either a a0 #

Functor ((,) a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> (a, a0) -> (a, b) #

(<$) :: a0 -> (a, b) -> (a, a0) #

Functor (ST s)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.ST

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ST s a -> ST s b #

(<$) :: a -> ST s b -> ST s a #

Functor (Arg a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> Arg a a0 -> Arg a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> Arg a b -> Arg a a0 #

Functor (ST s)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.ST.Lazy.Imp

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ST s a -> ST s b #

(<$) :: a -> ST s b -> ST s a #

Monad m => Functor (WrappedMonad m)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Control.Applicative

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> WrappedMonad m a -> WrappedMonad m b #

(<$) :: a -> WrappedMonad m b -> WrappedMonad m a #

Functor (Proxy :: * -> *)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Proxy

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Proxy a -> Proxy b #

(<$) :: a -> Proxy b -> Proxy a #

Arrow a => Functor (WrappedArrow a b)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Control.Applicative

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b0) -> WrappedArrow a b a0 -> WrappedArrow a b b0 #

(<$) :: a0 -> WrappedArrow a b b0 -> WrappedArrow a b a0 #

Functor (Const m :: * -> *)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Const m a -> Const m b #

(<$) :: a -> Const m b -> Const m a #

Functor f => Functor (Alt f) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Alt f a -> Alt f b #

(<$) :: a -> Alt f b -> Alt f a #

Functor ((->) r :: * -> *)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> (r -> a) -> r -> b #

(<$) :: a -> (r -> b) -> r -> a #

(Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (Product f g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Product

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Product f g a -> Product f g b #

(<$) :: a -> Product f g b -> Product f g a #

(Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (Sum f g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Sum

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Sum f g a -> Sum f g b #

(<$) :: a -> Sum f g b -> Sum f g a #

(Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (Compose f g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Compose

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Compose f g a -> Compose f g b #

(<$) :: a -> Compose f g b -> Compose f g a #

class (Real a, Enum a) => Integral a #

Integral numbers, supporting integer division.

Minimal complete definition

quotRem, toInteger

Instances
Integral Int

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

quot :: Int -> Int -> Int #

rem :: Int -> Int -> Int #

div