clash-prelude-1.4.1: Clash: a functional hardware description language - Prelude library

Clash.Prelude.Synchronizer

Description

Synchronizer circuits for safe clock domain crossings

Synopsis

Bit-synchronizers

Arguments

 :: (NFDataX a, HiddenClock dom1, HiddenClockResetEnable dom2) => a Initial value of the two synchronization registers -> Signal dom1 a Incoming data -> Signal dom2 a Outgoing, synchronized, data

Synchronizer based on two sequentially connected flip-flops.

• NB: This synchronizer can be used for bit-synchronization.
• NB: Although this synchronizer does reduce metastability, it does not guarantee the proper synchronization of a whole word. For example, given that the output is sampled twice as fast as the input is running, and we have two samples in the input stream that look like:

[0111,1000]

But the circuit driving the input stream has a longer propagation delay on msb compared to the lsbs. What can happen is an output stream that looks like this:

[0111,0111,0000,1000]

Where the level-change of the msb was not captured, but the level change of the lsbs were.

If you want to have safe word-synchronization use asyncFIFOSynchronizer.

Word-synchronizers

Arguments

 :: (HiddenClockResetEnable rdom, HiddenClockResetEnable wdom, 2 <= addrSize) => SNat addrSize Size of the internally used addresses, the FIFO contains 2^addrSize elements. -> Signal rdom Bool Read request -> Signal wdom (Maybe a) Element to insert -> (Signal rdom a, Signal rdom Bool, Signal wdom Bool) (Oldest element in the FIFO, empty flag, full flag)

Synchronizer implemented as a FIFO around an asynchronous RAM. Based on the design described in Clash.Tutorial, which is itself based on the design described in http://www.sunburst-design.com/papers/CummingsSNUG2002SJ_FIFO1.pdf.

NB: This synchronizer can be used for word-synchronization.