ghc-9.4.2: The GHC API

GHC.Utils.Misc

Description

Highly random utility functions

Synopsis

# Miscellaneous higher-order functions

applyWhen :: Bool -> (a -> a) -> a -> a Source #

Apply a function iff some condition is met.

nTimes :: Int -> (a -> a) -> a -> a Source #

Apply a function n times to a given value.

const2 :: a -> b -> c -> a Source #

# General list processing

zipEqual :: String -> [a] -> [b] -> [(a, b)] Source #

zipWithEqual :: String -> (a -> b -> c) -> [a] -> [b] -> [c] Source #

zipWith3Equal :: String -> (a -> b -> c -> d) -> [a] -> [b] -> [c] -> [d] Source #

zipWith4Equal :: String -> (a -> b -> c -> d -> e) -> [a] -> [b] -> [c] -> [d] -> [e] Source #

zipLazy :: [a] -> [b] -> [(a, b)] Source #

zipLazy is a kind of zip that is lazy in the second list (observe the ~)

stretchZipWith :: (a -> Bool) -> b -> (a -> b -> c) -> [a] -> [b] -> [c] Source #

stretchZipWith p z f xs ys stretches ys by inserting z in the places where p returns True

zipWithAndUnzip :: (a -> b -> (c, d)) -> [a] -> [b] -> ([c], [d]) Source #

zipAndUnzip :: [a] -> [b] -> ([a], [b]) Source #

This has the effect of making the two lists have equal length by dropping the tail of the longer one.

zipWithLazy :: (a -> b -> c) -> [a] -> [b] -> [c] Source #

zipWithLazy is like zipWith but is lazy in the second list. The length of the output is always the same as the length of the first list.

zipWith3Lazy :: (a -> b -> c -> d) -> [a] -> [b] -> [c] -> [d] Source #

zipWith3Lazy is like zipWith3 but is lazy in the second and third lists. The length of the output is always the same as the length of the first list.

filterByList :: [Bool] -> [a] -> [a] Source #

filterByList takes a list of Bools and a list of some elements and filters out these elements for which the corresponding value in the list of Bools is False. This function does not check whether the lists have equal length.

filterByLists :: [Bool] -> [a] -> [a] -> [a] Source #

filterByLists takes a list of Bools and two lists as input, and outputs a new list consisting of elements from the last two input lists. For each Bool in the list, if it is True, then it takes an element from the former list. If it is False, it takes an element from the latter list. The elements taken correspond to the index of the Bool in its list. For example:

filterByLists [True, False, True, False] "abcd" "wxyz" = "axcz"


This function does not check whether the lists have equal length.

partitionByList :: [Bool] -> [a] -> ([a], [a]) Source #

partitionByList takes a list of Bools and a list of some elements and partitions the list according to the list of Bools. Elements corresponding to True go to the left; elements corresponding to False go to the right. For example, partitionByList [True, False, True] [1,2,3] == ([1,3], [2]) This function does not check whether the lists have equal length; when one list runs out, the function stops.

unzipWith :: (a -> b -> c) -> [(a, b)] -> [c] Source #

mapFst :: (a -> c) -> [(a, b)] -> [(c, b)] Source #

mapSnd :: (b -> c) -> [(a, b)] -> [(a, c)] Source #

chkAppend :: [a] -> [a] -> [a] Source #

mapAndUnzip :: (a -> (b, c)) -> [a] -> ([b], [c]) Source #

mapAndUnzip3 :: (a -> (b, c, d)) -> [a] -> ([b], [c], [d]) Source #

filterOut :: (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] Source #

Like filter, only it reverses the sense of the test

partitionWith :: (a -> Either b c) -> [a] -> ([b], [c]) Source #

Uses a function to determine which of two output lists an input element should join

mapAccumM :: Monad m => (r -> a -> m (r, b)) -> r -> [a] -> m (r, [b]) Source #

dropWhileEndLE :: (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] Source #

spanEnd :: (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> ([a], [a]) Source #

spanEnd p l == reverse (span p (reverse l)). The first list returns actually comes after the second list (when you look at the input list).

last2 :: [a] -> (a, a) Source #

Get the last two elements in a list. Partial!

lastMaybe :: [a] -> Maybe a Source #

onJust :: b -> Maybe a -> (a -> b) -> b Source #

onJust x m f applies f to the value inside the Just or returns the default.

foldl1' :: HasCallStack => (a -> a -> a) -> [a] -> a Source #

A strict version of foldl1.

foldl2 :: (acc -> a -> b -> acc) -> acc -> [a] -> [b] -> acc Source #

count :: (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> Int Source #

countWhile :: (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> Int Source #

all2 :: (a -> b -> Bool) -> [a] -> [b] -> Bool Source #

lengthExceeds :: [a] -> Int -> Bool Source #

(lengthExceeds xs n) = (length xs > n)

lengthIs :: [a] -> Int -> Bool Source #

(lengthIs xs n) = (length xs == n)

lengthIsNot :: [a] -> Int -> Bool Source #

(lengthIsNot xs n) = (length xs /= n)

lengthAtLeast :: [a] -> Int -> Bool Source #

(lengthAtLeast xs n) = (length xs >= n)

lengthAtMost :: [a] -> Int -> Bool Source #

(lengthAtMost xs n) = (length xs <= n)

lengthLessThan :: [a] -> Int -> Bool Source #

(lengthLessThan xs n) == (length xs < n)

atLength :: ([a] -> b) -> b -> [a] -> Int -> b Source #

atLength atLen atEnd ls n unravels list ls to position n. Precisely:

 atLength atLenPred atEndPred ls n
| n < 0         = atLenPred ls
| length ls < n = atEndPred (n - length ls)
| otherwise     = atLenPred (drop n ls)


equalLength :: [a] -> [b] -> Bool Source #

True if length xs == length ys

compareLength :: [a] -> [b] -> Ordering Source #

leLength :: [a] -> [b] -> Bool Source #

True if length xs <= length ys

ltLength :: [a] -> [b] -> Bool Source #

True if length xs < length ys

only :: [a] -> a Source #

Utility function to go from a singleton list to it's element.

Wether or not the argument is a singleton list is only checked in debug builds.

expectOnly :: HasCallStack => String -> [a] -> a Source #

Extract the single element of a list and panic with the given message if there are more elements or the list was empty. Like expectJust, but for lists.

singleton :: a -> [a] Source #

notNull :: Foldable f => f a -> Bool Source #

snocView :: [a] -> Maybe ([a], a) Source #

Split a list into its last element and the initial part of the list. snocView xs = Just (init xs, last xs) for non-empty lists. snocView xs = Nothing otherwise. Unless both parts of the result are guaranteed to be used prefer separate calls to last + init. If you are guaranteed to use both, this will be more efficient.

chunkList :: Int -> [a] -> [[a]] Source #

Split a list into chunks of n elements

changeLast :: [a] -> a -> [a] Source #

Replace the last element of a list with another element.

mapLastM :: Functor f => (a -> f a) -> [a] -> f [a] Source #

Apply an effectful function to the last list element. Assumes a non-empty list (panics otherwise).

whenNonEmpty :: Applicative m => [a] -> (NonEmpty a -> m ()) -> m () Source #

mergeListsBy :: forall a. (a -> a -> Ordering) -> [[a]] -> [a] Source #

Merge an unsorted list of sorted lists, for example:

mergeListsBy compare [ [2,5,15], [1,10,100] ] = [1,2,5,10,15,100]

$$O(n \log{} k)$$

isSortedBy :: (a -> a -> Ordering) -> [a] -> Bool Source #

mapMaybe' :: Foldable f => (a -> Maybe b) -> f a -> [b] Source #

# Tuples

fstOf3 :: (a, b, c) -> a Source #

sndOf3 :: (a, b, c) -> b Source #

thdOf3 :: (a, b, c) -> c Source #

firstM :: Monad m => (a -> m c) -> (a, b) -> m (c, b) Source #

first3M :: Monad m => (a -> m d) -> (a, b, c) -> m (d, b, c) Source #

secondM :: Monad m => (b -> m c) -> (a, b) -> m (a, c) Source #

fst3 :: (a -> d) -> (a, b, c) -> (d, b, c) Source #

snd3 :: (b -> d) -> (a, b, c) -> (a, d, c) Source #

third3 :: (c -> d) -> (a, b, c) -> (a, b, d) Source #

uncurry3 :: (a -> b -> c -> d) -> (a, b, c) -> d Source #

liftFst :: (a -> b) -> (a, c) -> (b, c) Source #

liftSnd :: (a -> b) -> (c, a) -> (c, b) Source #

# List operations controlled by another list

takeList :: [b] -> [a] -> [a] Source #

dropList :: [b] -> [a] -> [a] Source #

splitAtList :: [b] -> [a] -> ([a], [a]) Source #

Given two lists xs and ys, return splitAt (length xs) ys.

dropTail :: Int -> [a] -> [a] Source #

drop from the end of a list

Convert a word to title case by capitalising the first letter

# Sorting

sortWith :: Ord b => (a -> b) -> [a] -> [a] Source #

The sortWith function sorts a list of elements using the user supplied function to project something out of each element

In general if the user supplied function is expensive to compute then you should probably be using sortOn, as it only needs to compute it once for each element. sortWith, on the other hand must compute the mapping function for every comparison that it performs.

minWith :: Ord b => (a -> b) -> [a] -> a Source #

nubSort :: Ord a => [a] -> [a] Source #

ordNub :: Ord a => [a] -> [a] Source #

Remove duplicates but keep elements in order. O(n * log n)

ordNubOn :: Ord b => (a -> b) -> [a] -> [a] Source #

Remove duplicates but keep elements in order. O(n * log n)

# Comparisons

eqListBy :: (a -> a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] -> Bool Source #

eqMaybeBy :: (a -> a -> Bool) -> Maybe a -> Maybe a -> Bool Source #

cmpList :: (a -> a -> Ordering) -> [a] -> [a] -> Ordering Source #

(<&&>) :: Applicative f => f Bool -> f Bool -> f Bool infixr 3 Source #

(<||>) :: Applicative f => f Bool -> f Bool -> f Bool infixr 2 Source #

# Edit distance

fuzzyLookup :: String -> [(String, a)] -> [a] Source #

Search for possible matches to the users input in the given list, returning a small number of ranked results

# Transitive closures

transitiveClosure :: (a -> [a]) -> (a -> a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] Source #

# Strictness

seqList :: [a] -> b -> b Source #

strictMap :: (a -> b) -> [a] -> [b] Source #

strictZipWith :: (a -> b -> c) -> [a] -> [b] -> [c] Source #

strictZipWith3 :: (a -> b -> c -> d) -> [a] -> [b] -> [c] -> [d] Source #

# Integers

Determine the $log_2$ of exact powers of 2

# Floating point

Parse a string into a significand and exponent. A trivial example might be: ghci> readSignificandExponentPair "1E2" (1,2) In a more complex case we might return a exponent different than that which the user wrote. This is needed in order to use a Integer significand. ghci> readSignificandExponentPair "-1.11E5" (-111,3)

Parse a string into a significand and exponent according to the "Hexadecimal Floats in Haskell" proposal. A trivial example might be: ghci> readHexSignificandExponentPair "0x1p+1" (1,1) Behaves similar to readSignificandExponentPair but the base is 16 and numbers are given in hexadecimal: ghci> readHexSignificandExponentPair "0xAp-4" (10,-4) ghci> readHexSignificandExponentPair "0x1.2p3" (18,-1)

# IO-ish utilities

withAtomicRename :: MonadIO m => FilePath -> (FilePath -> m a) -> m a Source #

# Filenames and paths

data Direction Source #

Constructors

 Forwards Backwards

# Utils for defining Data instances

Constructs a non-representation for a non-representable type

# Hashing

A sample hash function for Strings. We keep multiplying by the golden ratio and adding. The implementation is:

hashString = foldl' f golden
where f m c = fromIntegral (ord c) * magic + hashInt32 m
magic = 0xdeadbeef

Where hashInt32 works just as hashInt shown above.

Knuth argues that repeated multiplication by the golden ratio will minimize gaps in the hash space, and thus it's a good choice for combining together multiple keys to form one.

Here we know that individual characters c are often small, and this produces frequent collisions if we use ord c alone. A particular problem are the shorter low ASCII and ISO-8859-1 character strings. We pre-multiply by a magic twiddle factor to obtain a good distribution. In fact, given the following test:

testp :: Int32 -> Int
testp k = (n - ) . length . group . sort . map hs . take n \$ ls
where ls = [] : [c : l | l <- ls, c <- ['\0'..'\xff']]
hs = foldl' f golden
f m c = fromIntegral (ord c) * k + hashInt32 m
n = 100000

We discover that testp magic = 0.

# Call stacks

type HasCallStack = ?callStack :: CallStack Source #

Request a CallStack.

NOTE: The implicit parameter ?callStack :: CallStack is an implementation detail and should not be considered part of the CallStack API, we may decide to change the implementation in the future.

Since: base-4.9.0.0

type HasDebugCallStack = () :: Constraint Source #

A call stack constraint, but only when isDebugOn.