ghcjs-base- base library for GHCJS

Safe HaskellNone



Basic interop between Haskell and JavaScript.

The principal type here is JSVal, which is a lifted type that contains a JavaScript reference. The JSVal type is parameterized with one phantom type, and GHCJS.Types defines several type synonyms for specific variants.

The code in this module makes no assumptions about 'JSVal a' types. Operations that can result in a JS exception that can kill a Haskell thread are marked unsafe (for example if the JSVal contains a null or undefined value). There are safe variants where the JS exception is propagated as a Haskell exception, so that it can be handled on the Haskell side.

For more specific types, like JSArray or JSBool, the code assumes that the contents of the JSVal actually is a JavaScript array or bool value. If it contains an unexpected value, the code can result in exceptions that kill the Haskell thread, even for functions not marked unsafe.

The code makes use of `foreign import javascript', enabled with the JavaScriptFFI extension, available since GHC 7.8. There are three different safety levels:

  • unsafe: The imported code is run directly. returning an incorrectly typed value leads to undefined behaviour. JavaScript exceptions in the foreign code kill the Haskell thread.
  • safe: Returned values are replaced with a default value if they have the wrong type. JavaScript exceptions are caught and propagated as Haskell exceptions (JSException), so they can be handled with the standard Control.Exception machinery.
  • interruptible: The import is asynchronous. The calling Haskell thread sleeps until the foreign code calls the `$c` JavaScript function with the result. The thread is in interruptible state while blocked, so it can receive asynchronous exceptions.

Unlike the FFI for native code, it's safe to call back into Haskell (`h$run`, `h$runSync`) from foreign code in any of the safety levels. Since JavaScript is single threaded, no Haskell threads can run while the foreign code is running.


data JSType Source #



implementation dependent

Enum JSType Source # 
Instance details

Defined in GHCJS.Foreign.Internal

Eq JSType Source # 
Instance details

Defined in GHCJS.Foreign.Internal


(==) :: JSType -> JSType -> Bool #

(/=) :: JSType -> JSType -> Bool #

Ord JSType Source # 
Instance details

Defined in GHCJS.Foreign.Internal

Show JSType Source # 
Instance details

Defined in GHCJS.Foreign.Internal