luminance-0.7.2: Type-safe, type-level and stateless graphics framework

Copyright(C) 2015 Dimitri Sabadie
MaintainerDimitri Sabadie <>
Safe HaskellNone






Shader program creation

data Program

Shader program.

createProgram :: (HasProgramError e, MonadError e m, MonadIO m, MonadResource m) => [Stage] -> ((forall a. Uniform a => Either String Natural -> UniformInterface m (U a)) -> (forall a. UniformBlock a => String -> UniformInterface m (U (Region rw (UB a)))) -> UniformInterface m i) -> m (Program, i)

Create a new shader Program.

That function takes a list of Stages and a uniform interface builder function and yields a Program and the interface.

The builder function takes a function you can use to retrieve uniforms. You can pass 'Left name' to map a String to a uniform or you can pass 'Right sem' to map a semantic Natural to a uniform. If the uniform can’t be retrieved, throws InactiveUniform.

In the end, you get the new Program and a polymorphic value you can choose the type of in the function you pass as argument. You can use that value to gather uniforms for instance.

createProgram_ :: (HasProgramError e, MonadError e m, MonadIO m, MonadResource m) => [Stage] -> m Program

A simpler version of createProgram. That function assumes you don’t need a uniform interface and then just returns the Program.


class Uniform a

Class of types that can be sent down to shaders. That class is closed because shaders cannot handle a lot of uniform types. However, you should have a look at the U documentation for further information about how to augment the scope of the types you can send down to shaders.

Minimal complete definition



Uniform Float 
Uniform Int32 
Uniform Word32 
Uniform () 
Uniform [Float] 
Uniform [Int32] 
Uniform [Word32] 
Uniform [(Float, Float)] 
Uniform [(Int32, Int32)] 
Uniform [(Word32, Word32)] 
Uniform [(Float, Float, Float)] 
Uniform [(Int32, Int32, Int32)] 
Uniform [(Word32, Word32, Word32)] 
Uniform [(Float, Float, Float, Float)] 
Uniform [(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32)] 
Uniform [(Word32, Word32, Word32, Word32)] 
Uniform [M44 Float] 
Uniform [V Nat 2 Float] 
Uniform [V Nat 2 Int32] 
Uniform [V Nat 2 Word32] 
Uniform [V Nat 3 Float] 
Uniform [V Nat 3 Int32] 
Uniform [V Nat 3 Word32] 
Uniform [V Nat 4 Float] 
Uniform [V Nat 4 Int32] 
Uniform [V Nat 4 Word32] 
Uniform [V4 Float] 
Uniform [V4 Int32] 
Uniform [V4 Word32] 
Uniform [V3 Float] 
Uniform [V3 Int32] 
Uniform [V3 Word32] 
Uniform [V2 Float] 
Uniform [V2 Int32] 
Uniform [V2 Word32] 
Uniform (M44 Float) 
Uniform (V4 Float) 
Uniform (V4 Int32) 
Uniform (V4 Word32) 
Uniform (V3 Float) 
Uniform (V3 Int32) 
Uniform (V3 Word32) 
Uniform (V2 Float) 
Uniform (V2 Int32) 
Uniform (V2 Word32) 
Pixel f => Uniform (Cubemap f) 
Pixel f => Uniform (Texture1D f) 
Pixel f => Uniform (Texture2D f) 
Pixel f => Uniform (Texture3D f) 
Uniform (Float, Float) 
Uniform (Int32, Int32) 
Uniform (Word32, Word32) 
Uniform (Float, Float, Float) 
Uniform (Int32, Int32, Int32) 
Uniform (Word32, Word32, Word32) 
Uniform (V Nat 2 Float) 
Uniform (V Nat 2 Int32) 
Uniform (V Nat 2 Word32) 
Uniform (V Nat 3 Float) 
Uniform (V Nat 3 Int32) 
Uniform (V Nat 3 Word32) 
Uniform (V Nat 4 Float) 
Uniform (V Nat 4 Int32) 
Uniform (V Nat 4 Word32) 
Uniform (Float, Float, Float, Float) 
Uniform (Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32) 
Uniform (Word32, Word32, Word32, Word32) 

data U a

A shader uniform. U a doesn’t hold any value. It’s more like a mapping between the host code and the shader the uniform was retrieved from.

U is contravariant in its argument. That means that you can use contramap to build more interesting uniform types. It’s also a divisible contravariant functor, then you can divide structures to take advantage of divisible contravariant properties and then glue several U with different types. That can be useful to build a uniform type by gluing its fields.

Another interesting part is the fact that U is also monoidal. You can accumulate several of them with '(<>)' if they have the same type. That means that you can join them so that when you pass an actual value, it gets shared inside the resulting value.

The '()' instance doesn’t do anything and doesn’t even use its argument ('()').

Uniform block

newtype UB a




unUB :: a


Functor UB 
Foldable UB 
Traversable UB 
Eq a => Eq (UB a) 
Ord a => Ord (UB a) 
Show a => Show (UB a) 
UniformBlock a => Storable (UB a) 

Error handling

data ProgramError

Shader program error.

'LinkFailed reason' happens when a program fails to link. reason contains the error message.

'InactiveUniform uni' happens at linking when a uniform is inactive in the program; that is, unused or semantically set to a negative value.

class HasProgramError a where

Types that can handle ProgramError – read as, “have”.