morley-prelude-0.4.2: A custom prelude used in Morley
Safe HaskellNone
LanguageHaskell2010

Prelude

Description

This module essentially replaces the default Prelude with Universum.

It works because we are using the 'base-noprelude' package instead of base.

Synopsis

Documentation

(&) :: a -> (a -> b) -> b infixl 1 #

& is a reverse application operator. This provides notational convenience. Its precedence is one higher than that of the forward application operator $, which allows & to be nested in $.

>>> 5 & (+1) & show
"6"

Since: base-4.8.0.0

(<&>) :: Functor f => f a -> (a -> b) -> f b infixl 1 #

Flipped version of <$>.

(<&>) = flip fmap

Examples

Expand

Apply (+1) to a list, a Just and a Right:

>>> Just 2 <&> (+1)
Just 3
>>> [1,2,3] <&> (+1)
[2,3,4]
>>> Right 3 <&> (+1)
Right 4

Since: base-4.11.0.0

preuse :: MonadState s m => Getting (First a) s a -> m (Maybe a) #

Retrieve the first value targeted by a Fold or Traversal (or Just the result from a Getter or Lens) into the current state.

preuse = use . pre
preuse :: MonadState s m => Getter s a     -> m (Maybe a)
preuse :: MonadState s m => Fold s a       -> m (Maybe a)
preuse :: MonadState s m => Lens' s a      -> m (Maybe a)
preuse :: MonadState s m => Iso' s a       -> m (Maybe a)
preuse :: MonadState s m => Traversal' s a -> m (Maybe a)

preview :: MonadReader s m => Getting (First a) s a -> m (Maybe a) #

Retrieve the first value targeted by a Fold or Traversal (or Just the result from a Getter or Lens). See also firstOf and ^?, which are similar with some subtle differences (explained below).

listToMaybe . toListpreview folded
preview = view . pre

Unlike ^?, this function uses a MonadReader to read the value to be focused in on. This allows one to pass the value as the last argument by using the MonadReader instance for (->) s However, it may also be used as part of some deeply nested transformer stack.

preview uses a monoidal value to obtain the result. This means that it generally has good performance, but can occasionally cause space leaks or even stack overflows on some data types. There is another function, firstOf, which avoids these issues at the cost of a slight constant performance cost and a little less flexibility.

It may be helpful to think of preview as having one of the following more specialized types:

preview :: Getter s a     -> s -> Maybe a
preview :: Fold s a       -> s -> Maybe a
preview :: Lens' s a      -> s -> Maybe a
preview :: Iso' s a       -> s -> Maybe a
preview :: Traversal' s a -> s -> Maybe a
preview :: MonadReader s m => Getter s a     -> m (Maybe a)
preview :: MonadReader s m => Fold s a       -> m (Maybe a)
preview :: MonadReader s m => Lens' s a      -> m (Maybe a)
preview :: MonadReader s m => Iso' s a       -> m (Maybe a)
preview :: MonadReader s m => Traversal' s a -> m (Maybe a)

(^?) :: s -> Getting (First a) s a -> Maybe a infixl 8 #

Perform a safe head of a Fold or Traversal or retrieve Just the result from a Getter or Lens.

When using a Traversal as a partial Lens, or a Fold as a partial Getter this can be a convenient way to extract the optional value.

Note: if you get stack overflows due to this, you may want to use firstOf instead, which can deal more gracefully with heavily left-biased trees. This is because ^? works by using the First monoid, which can occasionally cause space leaks.

>>> Left 4 ^?_Left
Just 4
>>> Right 4 ^?_Left
Nothing
>>> "world" ^? ix 3
Just 'l'
>>> "world" ^? ix 20
Nothing

This operator works as an infix version of preview.

(^?) ≡ flip preview

It may be helpful to think of ^? as having one of the following more specialized types:

(^?) :: s -> Getter s a     -> Maybe a
(^?) :: s -> Fold s a       -> Maybe a
(^?) :: s -> Lens' s a      -> Maybe a
(^?) :: s -> Iso' s a       -> Maybe a
(^?) :: s -> Traversal' s a -> Maybe a

(^..) :: s -> Getting (Endo [a]) s a -> [a] infixl 8 #

A convenient infix (flipped) version of toListOf.

>>> [[1,2],[3]]^..id
[[[1,2],[3]]]
>>> [[1,2],[3]]^..traverse
[[1,2],[3]]
>>> [[1,2],[3]]^..traverse.traverse
[1,2,3]
>>> (1,2)^..both
[1,2]
toList xs ≡ xs ^.. folded
(^..) ≡ flip toListOf
(^..) :: s -> Getter s a     -> a :: s -> Fold s a       -> a :: s -> Lens' s a      -> a :: s -> Iso' s a       -> a :: s -> Traversal' s a -> a :: s -> Prism' s a     -> [a]

use :: MonadState s m => Getting a s a -> m a #

Use the target of a Lens, Iso, or Getter in the current state, or use a summary of a Fold or Traversal that points to a monoidal value.

>>> evalState (use _1) (a,b)
a
>>> evalState (use _1) ("hello","world")
"hello"
use :: MonadState s m             => Getter s a     -> m a
use :: (MonadState s m, Monoid r) => Fold s r       -> m r
use :: MonadState s m             => Iso' s a       -> m a
use :: MonadState s m             => Lens' s a      -> m a
use :: (MonadState s m, Monoid r) => Traversal' s r -> m r

(^.) :: s -> Getting a s a -> a infixl 8 #

View the value pointed to by a Getter or Lens or the result of folding over all the results of a Fold or Traversal that points at a monoidal values.

This is the same operation as view with the arguments flipped.

The fixity and semantics are such that subsequent field accesses can be performed with (.).

>>> (a,b)^._2
b
>>> ("hello","world")^._2
"world"
>>> import Data.Complex
>>> ((0, 1 :+ 2), 3)^._1._2.to magnitude
2.23606797749979
(^.) ::             s -> Getter s a     -> a
(^.) :: Monoid m => s -> Fold s m       -> m
(^.) ::             s -> Iso' s a       -> a
(^.) ::             s -> Lens' s a      -> a
(^.) :: Monoid m => s -> Traversal' s m -> m

view :: MonadReader s m => Getting a s a -> m a #

View the value pointed to by a Getter, Iso or Lens or the result of folding over all the results of a Fold or Traversal that points at a monoidal value.

view . toid
>>> view (to f) a
f a
>>> view _2 (1,"hello")
"hello"
>>> view (to succ) 5
6
>>> view (_2._1) ("hello",("world","!!!"))
"world"

As view is commonly used to access the target of a Getter or obtain a monoidal summary of the targets of a Fold, It may be useful to think of it as having one of these more restricted signatures:

view ::             Getter s a     -> s -> a
view :: Monoid m => Fold s m       -> s -> m
view ::             Iso' s a       -> s -> a
view ::             Lens' s a      -> s -> a
view :: Monoid m => Traversal' s m -> s -> m

In a more general setting, such as when working with a Monad transformer stack you can use:

view :: MonadReader s m             => Getter s a     -> m a
view :: (MonadReader s m, Monoid a) => Fold s a       -> m a
view :: MonadReader s m             => Iso' s a       -> m a
view :: MonadReader s m             => Lens' s a      -> m a
view :: (MonadReader s m, Monoid a) => Traversal' s a -> m a

_1 :: Field1 s t a b => Lens s t a b #

Access the 1st field of a tuple (and possibly change its type).

>>> (1,2)^._1
1
>>> _1 .~ "hello" $ (1,2)
("hello",2)
>>> (1,2) & _1 .~ "hello"
("hello",2)
>>> _1 putStrLn ("hello","world")
hello
((),"world")

This can also be used on larger tuples as well:

>>> (1,2,3,4,5) & _1 +~ 41
(42,2,3,4,5)
_1 :: Lens (a,b) (a',b) a a'
_1 :: Lens (a,b,c) (a',b,c) a a'
_1 :: Lens (a,b,c,d) (a',b,c,d) a a'
...
_1 :: Lens (a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i) (a',b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i) a a'

_2 :: Field2 s t a b => Lens s t a b #

Access the 2nd field of a tuple.

>>> _2 .~ "hello" $ (1,(),3,4)
(1,"hello",3,4)
>>> (1,2,3,4) & _2 *~ 3
(1,6,3,4)
>>> _2 print (1,2)
2
(1,())
anyOf _2 :: (s -> Bool) -> (a, s) -> Bool
traverse . _2 :: (Applicative f, Traversable t) => (a -> f b) -> t (s, a) -> f (t (s, b))
foldMapOf (traverse . _2) :: (Traversable t, Monoid m) => (s -> m) -> t (b, s) -> m

_3 :: Field3 s t a b => Lens s t a b #

Access the 3rd field of a tuple.

_4 :: Field4 s t a b => Lens s t a b #

Access the 4th field of a tuple.

_5 :: Field5 s t a b => Lens s t a b #

Access the 5th field of a tuple.

(.~) :: ASetter s t a b -> b -> s -> t infixr 4 #

Replace the target of a Lens or all of the targets of a Setter or Traversal with a constant value.

This is an infix version of set, provided for consistency with (.=).

f <$ a ≡ mapped .~ f $ a
>>> (a,b,c,d) & _4 .~ e
(a,b,c,e)
>>> (42,"world") & _1 .~ "hello"
("hello","world")
>>> (a,b) & both .~ c
(c,c)
(.~) :: Setter s t a b    -> b -> s -> t
(.~) :: Iso s t a b       -> b -> s -> t
(.~) :: Lens s t a b      -> b -> s -> t
(.~) :: Traversal s t a b -> b -> s -> t

(%~) :: ASetter s t a b -> (a -> b) -> s -> t infixr 4 #

Modifies the target of a Lens or all of the targets of a Setter or Traversal with a user supplied function.

This is an infix version of over.

fmap f ≡ mapped %~ f
fmapDefault f ≡ traverse %~ f
>>> (a,b,c) & _3 %~ f
(a,b,f c)
>>> (a,b) & both %~ f
(f a,f b)
>>> _2 %~ length $ (1,"hello")
(1,5)
>>> traverse %~ f $ [a,b,c]
[f a,f b,f c]
>>> traverse %~ even $ [1,2,3]
[False,True,False]
>>> traverse.traverse %~ length $ [["hello","world"],["!!!"]]
[[5,5],[3]]
(%~) :: Setter s t a b    -> (a -> b) -> s -> t
(%~) :: Iso s t a b       -> (a -> b) -> s -> t
(%~) :: Lens s t a b      -> (a -> b) -> s -> t
(%~) :: Traversal s t a b -> (a -> b) -> s -> t

set :: ASetter s t a b -> b -> s -> t #

Replace the target of a Lens or all of the targets of a Setter or Traversal with a constant value.

(<$) ≡ set mapped
>>> set _2 "hello" (1,())
(1,"hello")
>>> set mapped () [1,2,3,4]
[(),(),(),()]

Note: Attempting to set a Fold or Getter will fail at compile time with an relatively nice error message.

set :: Setter s t a b    -> b -> s -> t
set :: Iso s t a b       -> b -> s -> t
set :: Lens s t a b      -> b -> s -> t
set :: Traversal s t a b -> b -> s -> t

over :: ASetter s t a b -> (a -> b) -> s -> t #

Modify the target of a Lens or all the targets of a Setter or Traversal with a function.

fmapover mapped
fmapDefaultover traverse
sets . overid
over . setsid

Given any valid Setter l, you can also rely on the law:

over l f . over l g = over l (f . g)

e.g.

>>> over mapped f (over mapped g [a,b,c]) == over mapped (f . g) [a,b,c]
True

Another way to view over is to say that it transforms a Setter into a "semantic editor combinator".

>>> over mapped f (Just a)
Just (f a)
>>> over mapped (*10) [1,2,3]
[10,20,30]
>>> over _1 f (a,b)
(f a,b)
>>> over _1 show (10,20)
("10",20)
over :: Setter s t a b -> (a -> b) -> s -> t
over :: ASetter s t a b -> (a -> b) -> s -> t

type Lens s t a b = forall (f :: Type -> Type). Functor f => (a -> f b) -> s -> f t #

A Lens is actually a lens family as described in http://comonad.com/reader/2012/mirrored-lenses/.

With great power comes great responsibility and a Lens is subject to the three common sense Lens laws:

1) You get back what you put in:

view l (set l v s)  ≡ v

2) Putting back what you got doesn't change anything:

set l (view l s) s  ≡ s

3) Setting twice is the same as setting once:

set l v' (set l v s) ≡ set l v' s

These laws are strong enough that the 4 type parameters of a Lens cannot vary fully independently. For more on how they interact, read the "Why is it a Lens Family?" section of http://comonad.com/reader/2012/mirrored-lenses/.

There are some emergent properties of these laws:

1) set l s must be injective for every s This is a consequence of law #1

2) set l must be surjective, because of law #2, which indicates that it is possible to obtain any v from some s such that set s v = s

3) Given just the first two laws you can prove a weaker form of law #3 where the values v that you are setting match:

set l v (set l v s) ≡ set l v s

Every Lens can be used directly as a Setter or Traversal.

You can also use a Lens for Getting as if it were a Fold or Getter.

Since every Lens is a valid Traversal, the Traversal laws are required of any Lens you create:

l purepure
fmap (l f) . l g ≡ getCompose . l (Compose . fmap f . g)
type Lens s t a b = forall f. Functor f => LensLike f s t a b

type Lens' s a = Lens s s a a #

type Lens' = Simple Lens

type Traversal s t a b = forall (f :: Type -> Type). Applicative f => (a -> f b) -> s -> f t #

A Traversal can be used directly as a Setter or a Fold (but not as a Lens) and provides the ability to both read and update multiple fields, subject to some relatively weak Traversal laws.

These have also been known as multilenses, but they have the signature and spirit of

traverse :: Traversable f => Traversal (f a) (f b) a b

and the more evocative name suggests their application.

Most of the time the Traversal you will want to use is just traverse, but you can also pass any Lens or Iso as a Traversal, and composition of a Traversal (or Lens or Iso) with a Traversal (or Lens or Iso) using (.) forms a valid Traversal.

The laws for a Traversal t follow from the laws for Traversable as stated in "The Essence of the Iterator Pattern".

t purepure
fmap (t f) . t g ≡ getCompose . t (Compose . fmap f . g)

One consequence of this requirement is that a Traversal needs to leave the same number of elements as a candidate for subsequent Traversal that it started with. Another testament to the strength of these laws is that the caveat expressed in section 5.5 of the "Essence of the Iterator Pattern" about exotic Traversable instances that traverse the same entry multiple times was actually already ruled out by the second law in that same paper!

type Traversal' s a = Traversal s s a a #

(++) :: [a] -> [a] -> [a] infixr 5 #

Append two lists, i.e.,

[x1, ..., xm] ++ [y1, ..., yn] == [x1, ..., xm, y1, ..., yn]
[x1, ..., xm] ++ [y1, ...] == [x1, ..., xm, y1, ...]

If the first list is not finite, the result is the first list.

seq :: forall (r :: RuntimeRep) a (b :: TYPE r). a -> b -> b infixr 0 #

The value of seq a b is bottom if a is bottom, and otherwise equal to b. In other words, it evaluates the first argument a to weak head normal form (WHNF). seq is usually introduced to improve performance by avoiding unneeded laziness.

A note on evaluation order: the expression seq a b does not guarantee that a will be evaluated before b. The only guarantee given by seq is that the both a and b will be evaluated before seq returns a value. In particular, this means that b may be evaluated before a. If you need to guarantee a specific order of evaluation, you must use the function pseq from the "parallel" package.

filter :: (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] #

\(\mathcal{O}(n)\). filter, applied to a predicate and a list, returns the list of those elements that satisfy the predicate; i.e.,

filter p xs = [ x | x <- xs, p x]
>>> filter odd [1, 2, 3]
[1,3]

zip :: [a] -> [b] -> [(a, b)] #

\(\mathcal{O}(\min(m,n))\). zip takes two lists and returns a list of corresponding pairs.

zip [1, 2] ['a', 'b'] = [(1, 'a'), (2, 'b')]

If one input list is short, excess elements of the longer list are discarded:

zip [1] ['a', 'b'] = [(1, 'a')]
zip [1, 2] ['a'] = [(1, 'a')]

zip is right-lazy:

zip [] _|_ = []
zip _|_ [] = _|_

zip is capable of list fusion, but it is restricted to its first list argument and its resulting list.

fst :: (a, b) -> a #

Extract the first component of a pair.

snd :: (a, b) -> b #

Extract the second component of a pair.

otherwise :: Bool #

otherwise is defined as the value True. It helps to make guards more readable. eg.

 f x | x < 0     = ...
     | otherwise = ...

($) :: forall (r :: RuntimeRep) a (b :: TYPE r). (a -> b) -> a -> b infixr 0 #

Application operator. This operator is redundant, since ordinary application (f x) means the same as (f $ x). However, $ has low, right-associative binding precedence, so it sometimes allows parentheses to be omitted; for example:

f $ g $ h x  =  f (g (h x))

It is also useful in higher-order situations, such as map ($ 0) xs, or zipWith ($) fs xs.

Note that ($) is levity-polymorphic in its result type, so that foo $ True where foo :: Bool -> Int# is well-typed.

fromIntegral :: (Integral a, Num b) => a -> b #

general coercion from integral types

realToFrac :: (Real a, Fractional b) => a -> b #

general coercion to fractional types

guard :: Alternative f => Bool -> f () #

Conditional failure of Alternative computations. Defined by

guard True  = pure ()
guard False = empty

Examples

Expand

Common uses of guard include conditionally signaling an error in an error monad and conditionally rejecting the current choice in an Alternative-based parser.

As an example of signaling an error in the error monad Maybe, consider a safe division function safeDiv x y that returns Nothing when the denominator y is zero and Just (x `div` y) otherwise. For example:

>>> safeDiv 4 0
Nothing
>>> safeDiv 4 2
Just 2

A definition of safeDiv using guards, but not guard:

safeDiv :: Int -> Int -> Maybe Int
safeDiv x y | y /= 0    = Just (x `div` y)
            | otherwise = Nothing

A definition of safeDiv using guard and Monad do-notation:

safeDiv :: Int -> Int -> Maybe Int
safeDiv x y = do
  guard (y /= 0)
  return (x `div` y)

join :: Monad m => m (m a) -> m a #

The join function is the conventional monad join operator. It is used to remove one level of monadic structure, projecting its bound argument into the outer level.

'join bss' can be understood as the do expression

do bs <- bss
   bs

Examples

Expand

A common use of join is to run an IO computation returned from an STM transaction, since STM transactions can't perform IO directly. Recall that

atomically :: STM a -> IO a

is used to run STM transactions atomically. So, by specializing the types of atomically and join to

atomically :: STM (IO b) -> IO (IO b)
join       :: IO (IO b)  -> IO b

we can compose them as

join . atomically :: STM (IO b) -> IO b

to run an STM transaction and the IO action it returns.

class Bounded a where #

The Bounded class is used to name the upper and lower limits of a type. Ord is not a superclass of Bounded since types that are not totally ordered may also have upper and lower bounds.

The Bounded class may be derived for any enumeration type; minBound is the first constructor listed in the data declaration and maxBound is the last. Bounded may also be derived for single-constructor datatypes whose constituent types are in Bounded.

Methods

minBound :: a #

maxBound :: a #

Instances

Instances details
Bounded Bool

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded Char

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded Int

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: Int #

maxBound :: Int #

Bounded Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Bounded Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Bounded Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Bounded Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Bounded Ordering

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded Word

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Bounded Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Bounded Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Bounded Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Bounded VecCount

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded VecElem

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded ()

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: () #

maxBound :: () #

Bounded All

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

minBound :: All #

maxBound :: All #

Bounded Any

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

minBound :: Any #

maxBound :: Any #

Bounded Associativity

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Bounded SourceUnpackedness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Bounded SourceStrictness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Bounded DecidedStrictness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Bounded Undefined 
Instance details

Defined in Universum.Debug

Bounded a => Bounded (Min a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

minBound :: Min a #

maxBound :: Min a #

Bounded a => Bounded (Max a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

minBound :: Max a #

maxBound :: Max a #

Bounded a => Bounded (First a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

minBound :: First a #

maxBound :: First a #

Bounded a => Bounded (Last a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

minBound :: Last a #

maxBound :: Last a #

Bounded m => Bounded (WrappedMonoid m)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Bounded a => Bounded (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Bounded a => Bounded (Dual a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

minBound :: Dual a #

maxBound :: Dual a #

Bounded a => Bounded (Sum a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

minBound :: Sum a #

maxBound :: Sum a #

Bounded a => Bounded (Product a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Bounded a => Bounded (Down a)

Since: base-4.14.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Ord

Methods

minBound :: Down a #

maxBound :: Down a #

(Bounded a, Bounded b) => Bounded (a, b)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b) #

maxBound :: (a, b) #

Bounded (Proxy t)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Proxy

Methods

minBound :: Proxy t #

maxBound :: Proxy t #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c) => Bounded (a, b, c)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c) #

Bounded a => Bounded (Const a b)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

minBound :: Const a b #

maxBound :: Const a b #

(Applicative f, Bounded a) => Bounded (Ap f a)

Since: base-4.12.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

minBound :: Ap f a #

maxBound :: Ap f a #

Bounded b => Bounded (Tagged s b) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Tagged

Methods

minBound :: Tagged s b #

maxBound :: Tagged s b #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d) => Bounded (a, b, c, d)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k, Bounded l) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k, Bounded l, Bounded m) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k, Bounded l, Bounded m, Bounded n) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k, Bounded l, Bounded m, Bounded n, Bounded o) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) #

class Enum a where #

Class Enum defines operations on sequentially ordered types.

The enumFrom... methods are used in Haskell's translation of arithmetic sequences.

Instances of Enum may be derived for any enumeration type (types whose constructors have no fields). The nullary constructors are assumed to be numbered left-to-right by fromEnum from 0 through n-1. See Chapter 10 of the Haskell Report for more details.

For any type that is an instance of class Bounded as well as Enum, the following should hold:

   enumFrom     x   = enumFromTo     x maxBound
   enumFromThen x y = enumFromThenTo x y bound
     where
       bound | fromEnum y >= fromEnum x = maxBound
             | otherwise                = minBound

Minimal complete definition

toEnum, fromEnum

Methods

succ :: a -> a #

the successor of a value. For numeric types, succ adds 1.

pred :: a -> a #

the predecessor of a value. For numeric types, pred subtracts 1.

toEnum :: Int -> a #

Convert from an Int.

fromEnum :: a -> Int #

Convert to an Int. It is implementation-dependent what fromEnum returns when applied to a value that is too large to fit in an Int.

enumFrom :: a -> [a] #

Used in Haskell's translation of [n..] with [n..] = enumFrom n, a possible implementation being enumFrom n = n : enumFrom (succ n). For example:

  • enumFrom 4 :: [Integer] = [4,5,6,7,...]
  • enumFrom 6 :: [Int] = [6,7,8,9,...,maxBound :: Int]

enumFromThen :: a -> a -> [a] #

Used in Haskell's translation of [n,n'..] with [n,n'..] = enumFromThen n n', a possible implementation being enumFromThen n n' = n : n' : worker (f x) (f x n'), worker s v = v : worker s (s v), x = fromEnum n' - fromEnum n and f n y | n > 0 = f (n - 1) (succ y) | n < 0 = f (n + 1) (pred y) | otherwise = y For example:

  • enumFromThen 4 6 :: [Integer] = [4,6,8,10...]
  • enumFromThen 6 2 :: [Int] = [6,2,-2,-6,...,minBound :: Int]

enumFromTo :: a -> a -> [a] #

Used in Haskell's translation of [n..m] with [n..m] = enumFromTo n m, a possible implementation being enumFromTo n m | n <= m = n : enumFromTo (succ n) m | otherwise = []. For example:

  • enumFromTo 6 10 :: [Int] = [6,7,8,9,10]
  • enumFromTo 42 1 :: [Integer] = []

enumFromThenTo :: a -> a -> a -> [a] #

Used in Haskell's translation of [n,n'..m] with [n,n'..m] = enumFromThenTo n n' m, a possible implementation being enumFromThenTo n n' m = worker (f x) (c x) n m, x = fromEnum n' - fromEnum n, c x = bool (>=) ((x 0) f n y | n > 0 = f (n - 1) (succ y) | n < 0 = f (n + 1) (pred y) | otherwise = y and worker s c v m | c v m = v : worker s c (s v) m | otherwise = [] For example:

  • enumFromThenTo 4 2 -6 :: [Integer] = [4,2,0,-2,-4,-6]
  • enumFromThenTo 6 8 2 :: [Int] = []

Instances

Instances details
Enum Bool

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: Bool -> Bool #

pred :: Bool -> Bool #

toEnum :: Int -> Bool #

fromEnum :: Bool -> Int #

enumFrom :: Bool -> [Bool] #

enumFromThen :: Bool -> Bool -> [Bool] #

enumFromTo :: Bool -> Bool -> [Bool] #

enumFromThenTo :: Bool -> Bool -> Bool -> [Bool] #

Enum Char

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: Char -> Char #

pred :: Char -> Char #

toEnum :: Int -> Char #

fromEnum :: Char -> Int #

enumFrom :: Char -> [Char] #

enumFromThen :: Char -> Char -> [Char] #

enumFromTo :: Char -> Char -> [Char] #

enumFromThenTo :: Char -> Char -> Char -> [Char] #

Enum Int

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: Int -> Int #

pred :: Int -> Int #

toEnum :: Int -> Int #

fromEnum :: Int -> Int #

enumFrom :: Int -> [Int] #

enumFromThen :: Int -> Int -> [Int] #

enumFromTo :: Int -> Int -> [Int] #

enumFromThenTo :: Int -> Int -> Int -> [Int] #

Enum Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

succ :: Int8 -> Int8 #

pred :: Int8 -> Int8 #

toEnum :: Int -> Int8 #

fromEnum :: Int8 -> Int #

enumFrom :: Int8 -> [Int8] #

enumFromThen :: Int8 -> Int8 -> [Int8] #

enumFromTo :: Int8 -> Int8 -> [Int8] #

enumFromThenTo :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 -> [Int8] #

Enum Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Enum Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Enum Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Enum Integer

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum Natural

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum Ordering

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum Word

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: Word -> Word #

pred :: Word -> Word #

toEnum :: Int -> Word #

fromEnum :: Word -> Int #

enumFrom :: Word -> [Word] #

enumFromThen :: Word -> Word -> [Word] #

enumFromTo :: Word -> Word -> [Word] #

enumFromThenTo :: Word -> Word -> Word -> [Word] #

Enum Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Enum Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Enum Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Enum Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Enum VecCount

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum VecElem

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum ()

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: () -> () #

pred :: () -> () #

toEnum :: Int -> () #

fromEnum :: () -> Int #

enumFrom :: () -> [()] #

enumFromThen :: () -> () -> [()] #

enumFromTo :: () -> () -> [()] #

enumFromThenTo :: () -> () -> () -> [()] #

Enum Associativity

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Enum SourceUnpackedness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Enum SourceStrictness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Enum DecidedStrictness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Enum IOMode

Since: base-4.2.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.IOMode

Enum Undefined 
Instance details

Defined in Universum.Debug

Integral a => Enum (Ratio a)

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

succ :: Ratio a -> Ratio a #

pred :: Ratio a -> Ratio a #

toEnum :: Int -> Ratio a #

fromEnum :: Ratio a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Ratio a -> [Ratio a] #

enumFromThen :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> [Ratio a] #

enumFromTo :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> [Ratio a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> Ratio a -> [Ratio a] #

Enum a => Enum (Min a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

succ :: Min a -> Min a #

pred :: Min a -> Min a #

toEnum :: Int -> Min a #

fromEnum :: Min a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Min a -> [Min a] #

enumFromThen :: Min a -> Min a -> [Min a] #

enumFromTo :: Min a -> Min a -> [Min a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Min a -> Min a -> Min a -> [Min a] #

Enum a => Enum (Max a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

succ :: Max a -> Max a #

pred :: Max a -> Max a #

toEnum :: Int -> Max a #

fromEnum :: Max a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Max a -> [Max a] #

enumFromThen :: Max a -> Max a -> [Max a] #

enumFromTo :: Max a -> Max a -> [Max a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Max a -> Max a -> Max a -> [Max a] #

Enum a => Enum (First a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

succ :: First a -> First a #

pred :: First a -> First a #

toEnum :: Int -> First a #

fromEnum :: First a -> Int #

enumFrom :: First a -> [First a] #

enumFromThen :: First a -> First a -> [First a] #

enumFromTo :: First a -> First a -> [First a] #

enumFromThenTo :: First a -> First a -> First a -> [First a] #

Enum a => Enum (Last a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

succ :: Last a -> Last a #

pred :: Last a -> Last a #

toEnum :: Int -> Last a #

fromEnum :: Last a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Last a -> [Last a] #

enumFromThen :: Last a -> Last a -> [Last a] #

enumFromTo :: Last a -> Last a -> [Last a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Last a -> Last a -> Last a -> [Last a] #

Enum a => Enum (WrappedMonoid a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Enum a => Enum (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Enum a => Enum (Down a)

Since: base-4.14.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Ord

Methods

succ :: Down a -> Down a #

pred :: Down a -> Down a #

toEnum :: Int -> Down a #

fromEnum :: Down a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Down a -> [Down a] #

enumFromThen :: Down a -> Down a -> [Down a] #

enumFromTo :: Down a -> Down a -> [Down a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Down a -> Down a -> Down a -> [Down a] #

Enum (Proxy s)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Proxy

Methods

succ :: Proxy s -> Proxy s #

pred :: Proxy s -> Proxy s #

toEnum :: Int -> Proxy s #

fromEnum :: Proxy s -> Int #

enumFrom :: Proxy s -> [Proxy s] #

enumFromThen :: Proxy s -> Proxy s -> [Proxy s] #

enumFromTo :: Proxy s -> Proxy s -> [Proxy s] #

enumFromThenTo :: Proxy s -> Proxy s -> Proxy s -> [Proxy s] #

Enum a => Enum (Const a b)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

succ :: Const a b -> Const a b #

pred :: Const a b -> Const a b #

toEnum :: Int -> Const a b #

fromEnum :: Const a b -> Int #

enumFrom :: Const a b -> [Const a b] #

enumFromThen :: Const a b -> Const a b -> [Const a b] #

enumFromTo :: Const a b -> Const a b -> [Const a b] #

enumFromThenTo :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b -> [Const a b] #

Enum (f a) => Enum (Ap f a)

Since: base-4.12.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

succ :: Ap f a -> Ap f a #

pred :: Ap f a -> Ap f a #

toEnum :: Int -> Ap f a #

fromEnum :: Ap f a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Ap f a -> [Ap f a] #

enumFromThen :: Ap f a -> Ap f a -> [Ap f a] #

enumFromTo :: Ap f a -> Ap f a -> [Ap f a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Ap f a -> Ap f a -> Ap f a -> [Ap f a] #

Enum (f a) => Enum (Alt f a)

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

succ :: Alt f a -> Alt f a #

pred :: Alt f a -> Alt f a #

toEnum :: Int -> Alt f a #

fromEnum :: Alt f a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Alt f a -> [Alt f a] #

enumFromThen :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> [Alt f a] #

enumFromTo :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> [Alt f a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> Alt f a -> [Alt f a] #

Enum a => Enum (Tagged s a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Tagged

Methods

succ :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

pred :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

toEnum :: Int -> Tagged s a #

fromEnum :: Tagged s a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Tagged s a -> [Tagged s a] #

enumFromThen :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a -> [Tagged s a] #

enumFromTo :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a -> [Tagged s a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a -> Tagged s a -> [Tagged s a] #

class Eq a where #

The Eq class defines equality (==) and inequality (/=). All the basic datatypes exported by the Prelude are instances of Eq, and Eq may be derived for any datatype whose constituents are also instances of Eq.

The Haskell Report defines no laws for Eq. However, == is customarily expected to implement an equivalence relationship where two values comparing equal are indistinguishable by "public" functions, with a "public" function being one not allowing to see implementation details. For example, for a type representing non-normalised natural numbers modulo 100, a "public" function doesn't make the difference between 1 and 201. It is expected to have the following properties:

Reflexivity
x == x = True
Symmetry
x == y = y == x
Transitivity
if x == y && y == z = True, then x == z = True
Substitutivity
if x == y = True and f is a "public" function whose return type is an instance of Eq, then f x == f y = True
Negation
x /= y = not (x == y)

Minimal complete definition: either == or /=.

Minimal complete definition

(==) | (/=)

Methods

(==) :: a -> a -> Bool infix 4 #

(/=) :: a -> a -> Bool infix 4 #

Instances

Instances details
Eq Bool 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: Bool -> Bool -> Bool #

(/=) :: Bool -> Bool -> Bool #

Eq Char 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: Char -> Char -> Bool #

(/=) :: Char -> Char -> Bool #

Eq Double

Note that due to the presence of NaN, Double's Eq instance does not satisfy reflexivity.

>>> 0/0 == (0/0 :: Double)
False

Also note that Double's Eq instance does not satisfy substitutivity:

>>> 0 == (-0 :: Double)
True
>>> recip 0 == recip (-0 :: Double)
False
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: Double -> Double -> Bool #

(/=) :: Double -> Double -> Bool #

Eq Float

Note that due to the presence of NaN, Float's Eq instance does not satisfy reflexivity.

>>> 0/0 == (0/0 :: Float)
False

Also note that Float's Eq instance does not satisfy substitutivity:

>>> 0 == (-0 :: Float)
True
>>> recip 0 == recip (-0 :: Float)
False
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: Float -> Float -> Bool #

(/=) :: Float -> Float -> Bool #

Eq Int 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: Int -> Int -> Bool #

(/=) :: Int -> Int -> Bool #

Eq Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

(==) :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Bool #

(/=) :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Bool #

Eq Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

(==) :: Int16 -> Int16 -> Bool #

(/=) :: Int16 -> Int16 -> Bool #

Eq Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

(==) :: Int32 -> Int32 -> Bool #

(/=) :: Int32 -> Int32 -> Bool #

Eq Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

(==) :: Int64 -> Int64 -> Bool #

(/=) :: Int64 -> Int64 -> Bool #

Eq Integer 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Integer.Type

Methods

(==) :: Integer -> Integer -> Bool #

(/=) :: Integer -> Integer -> Bool #

Eq Natural

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Natural

Methods

(==) :: Natural -> Natural -> Bool #

(/=) :: Natural -> Natural -> Bool #

Eq Ordering 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Eq Word 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: Word -> Word -> Bool #

(/=) :: Word -> Word -> Bool #

Eq Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Methods

(==) :: Word8 -> Word8 -> Bool #

(/=) :: Word8 -> Word8 -> Bool #

Eq Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Methods

(==) :: Word16 -> Word16 -> Bool #

(/=) :: Word16 -> Word16 -> Bool #

Eq Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Methods

(==) :: Word32 -> Word32 -> Bool #

(/=) :: Word32 -> Word32 -> Bool #

Eq Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Methods

(==) :: Word64 -> Word64 -> Bool #

(/=) :: Word64 -> Word64 -> Bool #

Eq SomeTypeRep 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Typeable.Internal

Eq () 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: () -> () -> Bool #

(/=) :: () -> () -> Bool #

Eq TyCon 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: TyCon -> TyCon -> Bool #

(/=) :: TyCon -> TyCon -> Bool #

Eq Module 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: Module -> Module -> Bool #

(/=) :: Module -> Module -> Bool #

Eq TrName 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: TrName -> TrName -> Bool #

(/=) :: TrName -> TrName -> Bool #

Eq Handle

Since: base-4.1.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Handle.Types

Methods

(==) :: Handle -> Handle -> Bool #

(/=) :: Handle -> Handle -> Bool #

Eq Void

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Void

Methods

(==) :: Void -> Void -> Bool #

(/=) :: Void -> Void -> Bool #

Eq SpecConstrAnnotation

Since: base-4.3.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Exts

Eq Version

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Version

Methods

(==) :: Version -> Version -> Bool #

(/=) :: Version -> Version -> Bool #

Eq ThreadId

Since: base-4.2.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Conc.Sync

Eq BlockReason

Since: base-4.3.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Conc.Sync

Eq ThreadStatus

Since: base-4.3.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Conc.Sync

Eq AsyncException

Since: base-4.2.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Eq ArrayException

Since: base-4.2.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Eq ExitCode 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Eq IOErrorType

Since: base-4.1.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Eq BufferMode

Since: base-4.2.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Handle.Types

Eq Newline

Since: base-4.2.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Handle.Types

Methods

(==) :: Newline -> Newline -> Bool #

(/=) :: Newline -> Newline -> Bool #

Eq NewlineMode

Since: base-4.2.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Handle.Types

Eq MaskingState

Since: base-4.3.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO

Eq IOException

Since: base-4.1.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Eq ErrorCall

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Exception

Eq ArithException

Since: base-3.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Exception.Type

Eq All

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(==) :: All -> All -> Bool #

(/=) :: All -> All -> Bool #

Eq Any

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(==) :: Any -> Any -> Bool #

(/=) :: Any -> Any -> Bool #

Eq Fixity

Since: base-4.6.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(==) :: Fixity -> Fixity -> Bool #

(/=) :: Fixity -> Fixity -> Bool #

Eq Associativity

Since: base-4.6.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Eq SourceUnpackedness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Eq SourceStrictness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Eq DecidedStrictness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Eq SomeNat

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.TypeNats

Methods

(==) :: SomeNat -> SomeNat -> Bool #

(/=) :: SomeNat -> SomeNat -> Bool #

Eq IOMode

Since: base-4.2.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.IOMode

Methods

(==) :: IOMode -> IOMode -> Bool #

(/=) :: IOMode -> IOMode -> Bool #

Eq SrcLoc

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Stack.Types

Methods

(==) :: SrcLoc -> SrcLoc -> Bool #

(/=) :: SrcLoc -> SrcLoc -> Bool #

Eq ByteString 
Instance details

Defined in Data.ByteString.Internal

Eq IntSet 
Instance details

Defined in Data.IntSet.Internal

Methods

(==) :: IntSet -> IntSet -> Bool #

(/=) :: IntSet -> IntSet -> Bool #

Eq BigNat 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Integer.Type

Methods

(==) :: BigNat -> BigNat -> Bool #

(/=) :: BigNat -> BigNat -> Bool #

Eq Doc 
Instance details

Defined in Text.PrettyPrint.HughesPJ

Methods

(==) :: Doc -> Doc -> Bool #

(/=) :: Doc -> Doc -> Bool #

Eq TextDetails 
Instance details

Defined in Text.PrettyPrint.Annotated.HughesPJ

Eq Style 
Instance details

Defined in Text.PrettyPrint.Annotated.HughesPJ

Methods

(==) :: Style -> Style -> Bool #

(/=) :: Style -> Style -> Bool #

Eq Mode 
Instance details

Defined in Text.PrettyPrint.Annotated.HughesPJ

Methods

(==) :: Mode -> Mode -> Bool #

(/=) :: Mode -> Mode -> Bool #

Eq UnicodeException 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Text.Encoding.Error

Eq DatatypeInfo 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Datatype

Eq DatatypeVariant 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Datatype

Eq ConstructorInfo 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Datatype

Eq ConstructorVariant 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Datatype

Eq FieldStrictness 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Datatype

Eq Unpackedness 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Datatype

Eq Strictness 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Datatype

Eq Specificity 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Datatype.TyVarBndr

Eq Undefined 
Instance details

Defined in Universum.Debug

Eq CodePoint 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Text.Encoding

Methods

(==) :: CodePoint -> CodePoint -> Bool #

(/=) :: CodePoint -> CodePoint -> Bool #

Eq DecoderState 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Text.Encoding

Methods

(==) :: DecoderState -> DecoderState -> Bool #

(/=) :: DecoderState -> DecoderState -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq [a] 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: [a] -> [a] -> Bool #

(/=) :: [a] -> [a] -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Maybe a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Maybe

Methods

(==) :: Maybe a -> Maybe a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Maybe a -> Maybe a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Ratio a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

(==) :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> Bool #

Eq (Ptr a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Ptr

Methods

(==) :: Ptr a -> Ptr a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Ptr a -> Ptr a -> Bool #

Eq (FunPtr a) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Ptr

Methods

(==) :: FunPtr a -> FunPtr a -> Bool #

(/=) :: FunPtr a -> FunPtr a -> Bool #

Eq p => Eq (Par1 p)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(==) :: Par1 p -> Par1 p -> Bool #

(/=) :: Par1 p -> Par1 p -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Min a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(==) :: Min a -> Min a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Min a -> Min a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Max a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(==) :: Max a -> Max a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Max a -> Max a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (First a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(==) :: First a -> First a -> Bool #

(/=) :: First a -> First a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Last a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(==) :: Last a -> Last a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Last a -> Last a -> Bool #

Eq m => Eq (WrappedMonoid m)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Eq a => Eq (Option a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(==) :: Option a -> Option a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Option a -> Option a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (ZipList a)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Control.Applicative

Methods

(==) :: ZipList a -> ZipList a -> Bool #

(/=) :: ZipList a -> ZipList a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Identity a)

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Methods

(==) :: Identity a -> Identity a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Identity a -> Identity a -> Bool #

Eq (TVar a)

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Conc.Sync

Methods

(==) :: TVar a -> TVar a -> Bool #

(/=) :: TVar a -> TVar a -> Bool #

Eq (IORef a)

Pointer equality.

Since: base-4.0.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IORef

Methods

(==) :: IORef a -> IORef a -> Bool #

(/=) :: IORef a -> IORef a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (First a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

(==) :: First a -> First a -> Bool #

(/=) :: First a -> First a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Last a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

(==) :: Last a -> Last a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Last a -> Last a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Dual a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(==) :: Dual a -> Dual a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Dual a -> Dual a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Sum a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(==) :: Sum a -> Sum a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Sum a -> Sum a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Product a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(==) :: Product a -> Product a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Product a -> Product a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Down a)

Since: base-4.6.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Ord

Methods

(==) :: Down a -> Down a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Down a -> Down a -> Bool #

Eq (MVar a)

Since: base-4.1.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.MVar

Methods

(==) :: MVar a -> MVar a -> Bool #

(/=) :: MVar a -> MVar a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (NonEmpty a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

(==) :: NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a -> Bool #

(/=) :: NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (IntMap a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.IntMap.Internal

Methods

(==) :: IntMap a -> IntMap a -> Bool #

(/=) :: IntMap a -> IntMap a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Seq a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal

Methods

(==) :: Seq a -> Seq a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Seq a -> Seq a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (ViewL a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal

Methods

(==) :: ViewL a -> ViewL a -> Bool #

(/=) :: ViewL a -> ViewL a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (ViewR a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal

Methods

(==) :: ViewR a -> ViewR a -> Bool #

(/=) :: ViewR a -> ViewR a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Set a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Set.Internal

Methods

(==) :: Set a -> Set a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Set a -> Set a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Hashed a)

Uses precomputed hash to detect inequality faster

Instance details

Defined in Data.Hashable.Class

Methods

(==) :: Hashed a -> Hashed a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Hashed a -> Hashed a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (HashSet a)

Note that, in the presence of hash collisions, equal HashSets may behave differently, i.e. substitutivity may be violated:

>>> data D = A | B deriving (Eq, Show)
>>> instance Hashable D where hashWithSalt salt _d = salt
>>> x = fromList [A, B]
>>> y = fromList [B, A]
>>> x == y
True
>>> toList x
[A,B]
>>> toList y
[B,A]

In general, the lack of substitutivity can be observed with any function that depends on the key ordering, such as folds and traversals.

Instance details

Defined in Data.HashSet.Internal

Methods

(==) :: HashSet a -> HashSet a -> Bool #

(/=) :: HashSet a -> HashSet a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Vector a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Vector

Methods

(==) :: Vector a -> Vector a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Vector a -> Vector a -> Bool #

Eq (Doc a) 
Instance details

Defined in Text.PrettyPrint.Annotated.HughesPJ

Methods

(==) :: Doc a -> Doc a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Doc a -> Doc a -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (AnnotDetails a) 
Instance details

Defined in Text.PrettyPrint.Annotated.HughesPJ

Eq a => Eq (Span a) 
Instance details

Defined in Text.PrettyPrint.Annotated.HughesPJ

Methods

(==) :: Span a -> Span a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Span a -> Span a -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b) => Eq (Either a b)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Either

Methods

(==) :: Either a b -> Either a b -> Bool #

(/=) :: Either a b -> Either a b -> Bool #

Eq (V1 p)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(==) :: V1 p -> V1 p -> Bool #

(/=) :: V1 p -> V1 p -> Bool #

Eq (U1 p)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(==) :: U1 p -> U1 p -> Bool #

(/=) :: U1 p -> U1 p -> Bool #

Eq (TypeRep a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Typeable.Internal

Methods

(==) :: TypeRep a -> TypeRep a -> Bool #

(/=) :: TypeRep a -> TypeRep a -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b) => Eq (a, b) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b) -> (a, b) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b) -> (a, b) -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Arg a b)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(==) :: Arg a b -> Arg a b -> Bool #

(/=) :: Arg a b -> Arg a b -> Bool #

Eq (Proxy s)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Proxy

Methods

(==) :: Proxy s -> Proxy s -> Bool #

(/=) :: Proxy s -> Proxy s -> Bool #

(Eq k, Eq a) => Eq (Map k a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Map.Internal

Methods

(==) :: Map k a -> Map k a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Map k a -> Map k a -> Bool #

(Eq1 m, Eq a) => Eq (MaybeT m a) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Maybe

Methods

(==) :: MaybeT m a -> MaybeT m a -> Bool #

(/=) :: MaybeT m a -> MaybeT m a -> Bool #

(Eq1 f, Eq a) => Eq (Cofree f a) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Comonad.Cofree

Methods

(==) :: Cofree f a -> Cofree f a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Cofree f a -> Cofree f a -> Bool #

(Eq1 f, Eq a) => Eq (Free f a) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Free

Methods

(==) :: Free f a -> Free f a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Free f a -> Free f a -> Bool #

(Eq1 f, Eq a) => Eq (Yoneda f a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Yoneda

Methods

(==) :: Yoneda f a -> Yoneda f a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Yoneda f a -> Yoneda f a -> Bool #

(Eq k, Eq v) => Eq (HashMap k v)

Note that, in the presence of hash collisions, equal HashMaps may behave differently, i.e. substitutivity may be violated:

>>> data D = A | B deriving (Eq, Show)
>>> instance Hashable D where hashWithSalt salt _d = salt
>>> x = fromList [(A,1), (B,2)]
>>> y = fromList [(B,2), (A,1)]
>>> x == y
True
>>> toList x
[(A,1),(B,2)]
>>> toList y
[(B,2),(A,1)]

In general, the lack of substitutivity can be observed with any function that depends on the key ordering, such as folds and traversals.

Instance details

Defined in Data.HashMap.Internal

Methods

(==) :: HashMap k v -> HashMap k v -> Bool #

(/=) :: HashMap k v -> HashMap k v -> Bool #

(Eq k, Eq v) => Eq (Leaf k v) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.HashMap.Internal

Methods

(==) :: Leaf k v -> Leaf k v -> Bool #

(/=) :: Leaf k v -> Leaf k v -> Bool #

Eq (f p) => Eq (Rec1 f p)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(==) :: Rec1 f p -> Rec1 f p -> Bool #

(/=) :: Rec1 f p -> Rec1 f p -> Bool #

Eq (URec (Ptr ()) p)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(==) :: URec (Ptr ()) p -> URec (Ptr ()) p -> Bool #

(/=) :: URec (Ptr ()) p -> URec (Ptr ()) p -> Bool #

Eq (URec Char p)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(==) :: URec Char p -> URec Char p -> Bool #

(/=) :: URec Char p -> URec Char p -> Bool #

Eq (URec Double p)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(==) :: URec Double p -> URec Double p -> Bool #

(/=) :: URec Double p -> URec Double p -> Bool #

Eq (URec Float p) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(==) :: URec Float p -> URec Float p -> Bool #

(/=) :: URec Float p -> URec Float p -> Bool #

Eq (URec Int p)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(==) :: URec Int p -> URec Int p -> Bool #

(/=) :: URec Int p -> URec Int p -> Bool #

Eq (URec Word p)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(==) :: URec Word p -> URec Word p -> Bool #

(/=) :: URec Word p -> URec Word p -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c) => Eq (a, b, c) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c) -> (a, b, c) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c) -> (a, b, c) -> Bool #

Eq a => Eq (Const a b)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

(==) :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Bool #

(/=) :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Bool #

Eq (f a) => Eq (Ap f a)

Since: base-4.12.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

(==) :: Ap f a -> Ap f a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Ap f a -> Ap f a -> Bool #

Eq (f a) => Eq (Alt f a)

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(==) :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> Bool #

Eq (p a a) => Eq (Join p a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Bifunctor.Join

Methods

(==) :: Join p a -> Join p a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Join p a -> Join p a -> Bool #

Eq (p (Fix p a) a) => Eq (Fix p a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Bifunctor.Fix

Methods

(==) :: Fix p a -> Fix p a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Fix p a -> Fix p a -> Bool #

(Eq1 f, Eq a) => Eq (IdentityT f a) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Identity

Methods

(==) :: IdentityT f a -> IdentityT f a -> Bool #

(/=) :: IdentityT f a -> IdentityT f a -> Bool #

(Eq e, Eq1 m, Eq a) => Eq (ExceptT e m a) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Except

Methods

(==) :: ExceptT e m a -> ExceptT e m a -> Bool #

(/=) :: ExceptT e m a -> ExceptT e m a -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq (f b)) => Eq (FreeF f a b) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Free

Methods

(==) :: FreeF f a b -> FreeF f a b -> Bool #

(/=) :: FreeF f a b -> FreeF f a b -> Bool #

(Eq1 f, Eq1 m, Eq a) => Eq (FreeT f m a) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Free

Methods

(==) :: FreeT f m a -> FreeT f m a -> Bool #

(/=) :: FreeT f m a -> FreeT f m a -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq (f b)) => Eq (CofreeF f a b) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Comonad.Trans.Cofree

Methods

(==) :: CofreeF f a b -> CofreeF f a b -> Bool #

(/=) :: CofreeF f a b -> CofreeF f a b -> Bool #

Eq (w (CofreeF f a (CofreeT f w a))) => Eq (CofreeT f w a) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Comonad.Trans.Cofree

Methods

(==) :: CofreeT f w a -> CofreeT f w a -> Bool #

(/=) :: CofreeT f w a -> CofreeT f w a -> Bool #

(Eq e, Eq1 m, Eq a) => Eq (ErrorT e m a) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Error

Methods

(==) :: ErrorT e m a -> ErrorT e m a -> Bool #

(/=) :: ErrorT e m a -> ErrorT e m a -> Bool #

Eq b => Eq (Tagged s b) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Tagged

Methods

(==) :: Tagged s b -> Tagged s b -> Bool #

(/=) :: Tagged s b -> Tagged s b -> Bool #

Eq c => Eq (K1 i c p)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(==) :: K1 i c p -> K1 i c p -> Bool #

(/=) :: K1 i c p -> K1 i c p -> Bool #

(Eq (f p), Eq (g p)) => Eq ((f :+: g) p)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(==) :: (f :+: g) p -> (f :+: g) p -> Bool #

(/=) :: (f :+: g) p -> (f :+: g) p -> Bool #

(Eq (f p), Eq (g p)) => Eq ((f :*: g) p)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(==) :: (f :*: g) p -> (f :*: g) p -> Bool #

(/=) :: (f :*: g) p -> (f :*: g) p -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d) => Eq (a, b, c, d) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d) -> (a, b, c, d) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d) -> (a, b, c, d) -> Bool #

Eq (f p) => Eq (M1 i c f p)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(==) :: M1 i c f p -> M1 i c f p -> Bool #

(/=) :: M1 i c f p -> M1 i c f p -> Bool #

Eq (f (g p)) => Eq ((f :.: g) p)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(==) :: (f :.: g) p -> (f :.: g) p -> Bool #

(/=) :: (f :.: g) p -> (f :.: g) p -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e) -> (a, b, c, d, e) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e) -> (a, b, c, d, e) -> Bool #

(Eq1 f, Eq1 g, Eq a) => Eq (Compose f g a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Compose

Methods

(==) :: Compose f g a -> Compose f g a -> Bool #

(/=) :: Compose f g a -> Compose f g a -> Bool #

Eq (p a b) => Eq (WrappedBifunctor p a b) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Bifunctor.Wrapped

Methods

(==) :: WrappedBifunctor p a b -> WrappedBifunctor p a b -> Bool #

(/=) :: WrappedBifunctor p a b -> WrappedBifunctor p a b -> Bool #

Eq (g b) => Eq (Joker g a b) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Bifunctor.Joker

Methods

(==) :: Joker g a b -> Joker g a b -> Bool #

(/=) :: Joker g a b -> Joker g a b -> Bool #

Eq (p b a) => Eq (Flip p a b) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Bifunctor.Flip

Methods

(==) :: Flip p a b -> Flip p a b -> Bool #

(/=) :: Flip p a b -> Flip p a b -> Bool #

Eq (f a) => Eq (Clown f a b) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Bifunctor.Clown

Methods

(==) :: Clown f a b -> Clown f a b -> Bool #

(/=) :: Clown f a b -> Clown f a b -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f) -> Bool #

(Eq (p a b), Eq (q a b)) => Eq (Sum p q a b) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Bifunctor.Sum

Methods

(==) :: Sum p q a b -> Sum p q a b -> Bool #

(/=) :: Sum p q a b -> Sum p q a b -> Bool #

(Eq (f a b), Eq (g a b)) => Eq (Product f g a b) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Bifunctor.Product

Methods

(==) :: Product f g a b -> Product f g a b -> Bool #

(/=) :: Product f g a b -> Product f g a b -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f, Eq g) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) -> Bool #

Eq (f (p a b)) => Eq (Tannen f p a b) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Bifunctor.Tannen

Methods

(==) :: Tannen f p a b -> Tannen f p a b -> Bool #

(/=) :: Tannen f p a b -> Tannen f p a b -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f, Eq g, Eq h) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f, Eq g, Eq h, Eq i) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) -> Bool #

Eq (p (f a) (g b)) => Eq (Biff p f g a b) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Bifunctor.Biff

Methods

(==) :: Biff p f g a b -> Biff p f g a b -> Bool #

(/=) :: Biff p f g a b -> Biff p f g a b -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f, Eq g, Eq h, Eq i, Eq j) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f, Eq g, Eq h, Eq i, Eq j, Eq k) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f, Eq g, Eq h, Eq i, Eq j, Eq k, Eq l) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f, Eq g, Eq h, Eq i, Eq j, Eq k, Eq l, Eq m) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f, Eq g, Eq h, Eq i, Eq j, Eq k, Eq l, Eq m, Eq n) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) -> Bool #

(Eq a, Eq b, Eq c, Eq d, Eq e, Eq f, Eq g, Eq h, Eq i, Eq j, Eq k, Eq l, Eq m, Eq n, Eq o) => Eq (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

(==) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) -> Bool #

(/=) :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) -> (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) -> Bool #

class Fractional a => Floating a where #

Trigonometric and hyperbolic functions and related functions.

The Haskell Report defines no laws for Floating. However, (+), (*) and exp are customarily expected to define an exponential field and have the following properties:

  • exp (a + b) = exp a * exp b
  • exp (fromInteger 0) = fromInteger 1

Minimal complete definition

pi, exp, log, sin, cos, asin, acos, atan, sinh, cosh, asinh, acosh, atanh

Methods

pi :: a #

exp :: a -> a #

sqrt :: a -> a #

(**) :: a -> a -> a infixr 8 #

logBase :: a -> a -> a #

sin :: a -> a #

cos :: a -> a #

tan :: a -> a #

asin :: a -> a #

acos :: a -> a #

atan :: a -> a #

sinh :: a -> a #

cosh :: a -> a #

tanh :: a -> a #

asinh :: a -> a #

acosh :: a -> a #

atanh :: a -> a #

Instances

Instances details
Floating Double

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Float

Floating Float

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Float

Floating a => Floating (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Floating a => Floating (Down a)

Since: base-4.14.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Ord

Methods

pi :: Down a #

exp :: Down a -> Down a #

log :: Down a -> Down a #

sqrt :: Down a -> Down a #

(**) :: Down a -> Down a -> Down a #

logBase :: Down a -> Down a -> Down a #

sin :: Down a -> Down a #

cos :: Down a -> Down a #

tan :: Down a -> Down a #

asin :: Down a -> Down a #

acos :: Down a -> Down a #

atan :: Down a -> Down a #

sinh :: Down a -> Down a #

cosh :: Down a -> Down a #

tanh :: Down a -> Down a #

asinh :: Down a -> Down a #

acosh :: Down a -> Down a #

atanh :: Down a -> Down a #

log1p :: Down a -> Down a #

expm1 :: Down a -> Down a #

log1pexp :: Down a -> Down a #

log1mexp :: Down a -> Down a #

Floating a => Floating (Const a b)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

pi :: Const a b #

exp :: Const a b -> Const a b #

log :: Const a b -> Const a b #

sqrt :: Const a b -> Const a b #

(**) :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

logBase :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

sin :: Const a b -> Const a b #

cos :: Const a b -> Const a b #

tan :: Const a b -> Const a b #

asin :: Const a b -> Const a b #

acos :: Const a b -> Const a b #

atan :: Const a b -> Const a b #

sinh :: Const a b -> Const a b #

cosh :: Const a b -> Const a b #

tanh :: Const a b -> Const a b #

asinh :: Const a b -> Const a b #

acosh :: Const a b -> Const a b #

atanh :: Const a b -> Const a b #

log1p :: Const a b -> Const a b #

expm1 :: Const a b -> Const a b #

log1pexp :: Const a b -> Const a b #

log1mexp :: Const a b -> Const a b #

Floating a => Floating (Tagged s a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Tagged

Methods

pi :: Tagged s a #

exp :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

log :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

sqrt :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

(**) :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

logBase :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

sin :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

cos :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

tan :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

asin :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

acos :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

atan :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

sinh :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

cosh :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

tanh :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

asinh :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

acosh :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

atanh :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

log1p :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

expm1 :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

log1pexp :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

log1mexp :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

class Num a => Fractional a where #

Fractional numbers, supporting real division.

The Haskell Report defines no laws for Fractional. However, (+) and (*) are customarily expected to define a division ring and have the following properties:

recip gives the multiplicative inverse
x * recip x = recip x * x = fromInteger 1

Note that it isn't customarily expected that a type instance of Fractional implement a field. However, all instances in base do.

Minimal complete definition

fromRational, (recip | (/))

Methods

(/) :: a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

Fractional division.

recip :: a -> a #

Reciprocal fraction.

fromRational :: Rational -> a #

Conversion from a Rational (that is Ratio Integer). A floating literal stands for an application of fromRational to a value of type Rational, so such literals have type (Fractional a) => a.

Instances

Instances details
Integral a => Fractional (Ratio a)

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

(/) :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> Ratio a #

recip :: Ratio a -> Ratio a #

fromRational :: Rational -> Ratio a #

Fractional a => Fractional (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Fractional a => Fractional (Down a)

Since: base-4.14.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Ord

Methods

(/) :: Down a -> Down a -> Down a #

recip :: Down a -> Down a #

fromRational :: Rational -> Down a #

Fractional a => Fractional (Const a b)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

(/) :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

recip :: Const a b -> Const a b #

fromRational :: Rational -> Const a b #

Fractional a => Fractional (Tagged s a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Tagged

Methods

(/) :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

recip :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

fromRational :: Rational -> Tagged s a #

class (Real a, Enum a) => Integral a where #

Integral numbers, supporting integer division.

The Haskell Report defines no laws for Integral. However, Integral instances are customarily expected to define a Euclidean domain and have the following properties for the div/mod and quot/rem pairs, given suitable Euclidean functions f and g:

  • x = y * quot x y + rem x y with rem x y = fromInteger 0 or g (rem x y) < g y
  • x = y * div x y + mod x y with mod x y = fromInteger 0 or f (mod x y) < f y

An example of a suitable Euclidean function, for Integer's instance, is abs.

Minimal complete definition

quotRem, toInteger

Methods

quot :: a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

integer division truncated toward zero

rem :: a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

integer remainder, satisfying

(x `quot` y)*y + (x `rem` y) == x

div :: a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

integer division truncated toward negative infinity

mod :: a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

integer modulus, satisfying

(x `div` y)*y + (x `mod` y) == x

quotRem :: a -> a -> (a, a) #

simultaneous quot and rem

divMod :: a -> a -> (a, a) #

simultaneous div and mod

toInteger :: a -> Integer #

conversion to Integer

Instances

Instances details
Integral Int

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

quot :: Int -> Int -> Int #

rem :: Int -> Int -> Int #

div :: Int -> Int -> Int #

mod :: Int -> Int -> Int #

quotRem :: Int -> Int -> (Int, Int) #

divMod :: Int -> Int -> (Int, Int) #

toInteger :: Int -> Integer #

Integral Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

quot :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 #

rem :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 #

div :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 #

mod :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 #

quotRem :: Int8 -> Int8 -> (Int8, Int8) #

divMod :: Int8 -> Int8 -> (Int8, Int8) #

toInteger :: Int8 -> Integer #

Integral Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Integral Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Integral Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Integral Integer

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Integral Natural

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Integral Word

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

quot :: Word -> Word -> Word #

rem :: Word -> Word -> Word #

div :: Word -> Word -> Word #

mod :: Word -> Word -> Word #

quotRem :: Word -> Word -> (Word, Word) #

divMod :: Word -> Word -> (Word, Word) #

toInteger :: Word -> Integer #

Integral Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Integral Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Integral Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Integral Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Integral a => Integral (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Integral a => Integral (Down a)

Since: base-4.14.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Ord

Methods

quot :: Down a -> Down a -> Down a #

rem :: Down a -> Down a -> Down a #

div :: Down a -> Down a -> Down a #

mod :: Down a -> Down a -> Down a #

quotRem :: Down a -> Down a -> (Down a, Down a) #

divMod :: Down a -> Down a -> (Down a, Down a) #

toInteger :: Down a -> Integer #

Integral a => Integral (Const a b)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

quot :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

rem :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

div :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

mod :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

quotRem :: Const a b -> Const a b -> (Const a b, Const a b) #

divMod :: Const a b -> Const a b -> (Const a b, Const a b) #

toInteger :: Const a b -> Integer #

Integral a => Integral (Tagged s a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Tagged

Methods

quot :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

rem :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

div :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

mod :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

quotRem :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a -> (Tagged s a, Tagged s a) #

divMod :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a -> (Tagged s a, Tagged s a) #

toInteger :: Tagged s a -> Integer #

class Applicative m => Monad (m :: Type -> Type) where #

The Monad class defines the basic operations over a monad, a concept from a branch of mathematics known as category theory. From the perspective of a Haskell programmer, however, it is best to think of a monad as an abstract datatype of actions. Haskell's do expressions provide a convenient syntax for writing monadic expressions.

Instances of Monad should satisfy the following:

Left identity
return a >>= k = k a
Right identity
m >>= return = m
Associativity
m >>= (\x -> k x >>= h) = (m >>= k) >>= h

Furthermore, the Monad and Applicative operations should relate as follows:

The above laws imply:

and that pure and (<*>) satisfy the applicative functor laws.

The instances of Monad for lists, Maybe and IO defined in the Prelude satisfy these laws.

Minimal complete definition

(>>=)

Methods

(>>=) :: m a -> (a -> m b) -> m b infixl 1 #

Sequentially compose two actions, passing any value produced by the first as an argument to the second.

'as >>= bs' can be understood as the do expression

do a <- as
   bs a

(>>) :: m a -> m b -> m b infixl 1 #

Sequentially compose two actions, discarding any value produced by the first, like sequencing operators (such as the semicolon) in imperative languages.

'as >> bs' can be understood as the do expression

do as
   bs

return :: a -> m a #

Inject a value into the monadic type.

Instances

Instances details
Monad []

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

(>>=) :: [a] -> (a -> [b]) -> [b] #

(>>) :: [a] -> [b] -> [b] #

return :: a -> [a] #

Monad Maybe

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

(>>=) :: Maybe a -> (a -> Maybe b) -> Maybe b #

(>>) :: Maybe a -> Maybe b -> Maybe b #

return :: a -> Maybe a #

Monad IO

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

(>>=) :: IO a -> (a -> IO b) -> IO b #

(>>) :: IO a -> IO b -> IO b #

return :: a -> IO a #

Monad Par1

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(>>=) :: Par1 a -> (a -> Par1 b) -> Par1 b #

(>>) :: Par1 a -> Par1 b -> Par1 b #

return :: a -> Par1 a #

Monad Min

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(>>=) :: Min a -> (a -> Min b) -> Min b #

(>>) :: Min a -> Min b -> Min b #

return :: a -> Min a #

Monad Max

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(>>=) :: Max a -> (a -> Max b) -> Max b #

(>>) :: Max a -> Max b -> Max b #

return :: a -> Max a #

Monad First

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(>>=) :: First a -> (a -> First b) -> First b #

(>>) :: First a -> First b -> First b #

return :: a -> First a #

Monad Last

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(>>=) :: Last a -> (a -> Last b) -> Last b #

(>>) :: Last a -> Last b -> Last b #

return :: a -> Last a #

Monad Option

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(>>=) :: Option a -> (a -> Option b) -> Option b #

(>>) :: Option a -> Option b -> Option b #

return :: a -> Option a #

Monad Identity

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Methods

(>>=) :: Identity a -> (a -> Identity b) -> Identity b #

(>>) :: Identity a -> Identity b -> Identity b #

return :: a -> Identity a #

Monad STM

Since: base-4.3.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Conc.Sync

Methods

(>>=) :: STM a -> (a -> STM b) -> STM b #

(>>) :: STM a -> STM b -> STM b #

return :: a -> STM a #

Monad First

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

(>>=) :: First a -> (a -> First b) -> First b #

(>>) :: First a -> First b -> First b #

return :: a -> First a #

Monad Last

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

(>>=) :: Last a -> (a -> Last b) -> Last b #

(>>) :: Last a -> Last b -> Last b #

return :: a -> Last a #

Monad Dual

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(>>=) :: Dual a -> (a -> Dual b) -> Dual b #

(>>) :: Dual a -> Dual b -> Dual b #

return :: a -> Dual a #

Monad Sum

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(>>=) :: Sum a -> (a -> Sum b) -> Sum b #

(>>) :: Sum a -> Sum b -> Sum b #

return :: a -> Sum a #

Monad Product

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(>>=) :: Product a -> (a -> Product b) -> Product b #

(>>) :: Product a -> Product b -> Product b #

return :: a -> Product a #

Monad Down

Since: base-4.11.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Ord

Methods

(>>=) :: Down a -> (a -> Down b) -> Down b #

(>>) :: Down a -> Down b -> Down b #

return :: a -> Down a #

Monad ReadP

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Text.ParserCombinators.ReadP

Methods

(>>=) :: ReadP a -> (a -> ReadP b) -> ReadP b #

(>>) :: ReadP a -> ReadP b -> ReadP b #

return :: a -> ReadP a #

Monad NonEmpty

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

(>>=) :: NonEmpty a -> (a -> NonEmpty b) -> NonEmpty b #

(>>) :: NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b -> NonEmpty b #

return :: a -> NonEmpty a #

Monad Seq 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal

Methods

(>>=) :: Seq a -> (a -> Seq b) -> Seq b #

(>>) :: Seq a -> Seq b -> Seq b #

return :: a -> Seq a #

Monad Vector 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Vector

Methods

(>>=) :: Vector a -> (a -> Vector b) -> Vector b #

(>>) :: Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector b #

return :: a -> Vector a #

Monad P

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Text.ParserCombinators.ReadP

Methods

(>>=) :: P a -> (a -> P b) -> P b #

(>>) :: P a -> P b -> P b #

return :: a -> P a #

Monad (Either e)

Since: base-4.4.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Either

Methods

(>>=) :: Either e a -> (a -> Either e b) -> Either e b #

(>>) :: Either e a -> Either e b -> Either e b #

return :: a -> Either e a #

Monad (U1 :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(>>=) :: U1 a -> (a -> U1 b) -> U1 b #

(>>) :: U1 a -> U1 b -> U1 b #

return :: a -> U1 a #

Monoid a => Monad ((,) a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

(>>=) :: (a, a0) -> (a0 -> (a, b)) -> (a, b) #

(>>) :: (a, a0) -> (a, b) -> (a, b) #

return :: a0 -> (a, a0) #

Representable f => Monad (Co f) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Rep

Methods

(>>=) :: Co f a -> (a -> Co f b) -> Co f b #

(>>) :: Co f a -> Co f b -> Co f b #

return :: a -> Co f a #

Monad m => Monad (WrappedMonad m)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Control.Applicative

Methods

(>>=) :: WrappedMonad m a -> (a -> WrappedMonad m b) -> WrappedMonad m b #

(>>) :: WrappedMonad m a -> WrappedMonad m b -> WrappedMonad m b #

return :: a -> WrappedMonad m a #

ArrowApply a => Monad (ArrowMonad a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Control.Arrow

Methods

(>>=) :: ArrowMonad a a0 -> (a0 -> ArrowMonad a b) -> ArrowMonad a b #

(>>) :: ArrowMonad a a0 -> ArrowMonad a b -> ArrowMonad a b #

return :: a0 -> ArrowMonad a a0 #

Monad (Proxy :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Proxy

Methods

(>>=) :: Proxy a -> (a -> Proxy b) -> Proxy b #

(>>) :: Proxy a -> Proxy b -> Proxy b #

return :: a -> Proxy a #

Monad m => Monad (MaybeT m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Maybe

Methods

(>>=) :: MaybeT m a -> (a -> MaybeT m b) -> MaybeT m b #

(>>) :: MaybeT m a -> MaybeT m b -> MaybeT m b #

return :: a -> MaybeT m a #

Alternative f => Monad (Cofree f) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Comonad.Cofree

Methods

(>>=) :: Cofree f a -> (a -> Cofree f b) -> Cofree f b #

(>>) :: Cofree f a -> Cofree f b -> Cofree f b #

return :: a -> Cofree f a #

Functor f => Monad (Free f) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Free

Methods

(>>=) :: Free f a -> (a -> Free f b) -> Free f b #

(>>) :: Free f a -> Free f b -> Free f b #

return :: a -> Free f a #

Monad m => Monad (Yoneda m) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Yoneda

Methods

(>>=) :: Yoneda m a -> (a -> Yoneda m b) -> Yoneda m b #

(>>) :: Yoneda m a -> Yoneda m b -> Yoneda m b #

return :: a -> Yoneda m a #

Monad (ReifiedGetter s) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Lens.Reified

Methods

(>>=) :: ReifiedGetter s a -> (a -> ReifiedGetter s b) -> ReifiedGetter s b #

(>>) :: ReifiedGetter s a -> ReifiedGetter s b -> ReifiedGetter s b #

return :: a -> ReifiedGetter s a #

Monad (ReifiedFold s) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Lens.Reified

Methods

(>>=) :: ReifiedFold s a -> (a -> ReifiedFold s b) -> ReifiedFold s b #

(>>) :: ReifiedFold s a -> ReifiedFold s b -> ReifiedFold s b #

return :: a -> ReifiedFold s a #

(Monad (Rep p), Representable p) => Monad (Prep p) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Profunctor.Rep

Methods

(>>=) :: Prep p a -> (a -> Prep p b) -> Prep p b #

(>>) :: Prep p a -> Prep p b -> Prep p b #

return :: a -> Prep p a #

Monad f => Monad (Rec1 f)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(>>=) :: Rec1 f a -> (a -> Rec1 f b) -> Rec1 f b #

(>>) :: Rec1 f a -> Rec1 f b -> Rec1 f b #

return :: a -> Rec1 f a #

(Monoid a, Monoid b) => Monad ((,,) a b)

Since: base-4.14.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

(>>=) :: (a, b, a0) -> (a0 -> (a, b, b0)) -> (a, b, b0) #

(>>) :: (a, b, a0) -> (a, b, b0) -> (a, b, b0) #

return :: a0 -> (a, b, a0) #

Monad m => Monad (Kleisli m a)

Since: base-4.14.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Control.Arrow

Methods

(>>=) :: Kleisli m a a0 -> (a0 -> Kleisli m a b) -> Kleisli m a b #

(>>) :: Kleisli m a a0 -> Kleisli m a b -> Kleisli m a b #

return :: a0 -> Kleisli m a a0 #

Monad f => Monad (Ap f)

Since: base-4.12.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

(>>=) :: Ap f a -> (a -> Ap f b) -> Ap f b #

(>>) :: Ap f a -> Ap f b -> Ap f b #

return :: a -> Ap f a #

Monad f => Monad (Alt f)

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(>>=) :: Alt f a -> (a -> Alt f b) -> Alt f b #

(>>) :: Alt f a -> Alt f b -> Alt f b #

return :: a -> Alt f a #

Monad m => Monad (IdentityT m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Identity

Methods

(>>=) :: IdentityT m a -> (a -> IdentityT m b) -> IdentityT m b #

(>>) :: IdentityT m a -> IdentityT m b -> IdentityT m b #

return :: a -> IdentityT m a #

(Applicative f, Monad f) => Monad (WhenMissing f x)

Equivalent to ReaderT k (ReaderT x (MaybeT f)).

Since: containers-0.5.9

Instance details

Defined in Data.IntMap.Internal

Methods

(>>=) :: WhenMissing f x a -> (a -> WhenMissing f x b) -> WhenMissing f x b #

(>>) :: WhenMissing f x a -> WhenMissing f x b -> WhenMissing f x b #

return :: a -> WhenMissing f x a #

Monad m => Monad (ExceptT e m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Except

Methods

(>>=) :: ExceptT e m a -> (a -> ExceptT e m b) -> ExceptT e m b #

(>>) :: ExceptT e m a -> ExceptT e m b -> ExceptT e m b #

return :: a -> ExceptT e m a #

(Functor f, Monad m) => Monad (FreeT f m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Free

Methods

(>>=) :: FreeT f m a -> (a -> FreeT f m b) -> FreeT f m b #

(>>) :: FreeT f m a -> FreeT f m b -> FreeT f m b #

return :: a -> FreeT f m a #

(Alternative f, Monad w) => Monad (CofreeT f w) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Comonad.Trans.Cofree

Methods

(>>=) :: CofreeT f w a -> (a -> CofreeT f w b) -> CofreeT f w b #

(>>) :: CofreeT f w a -> CofreeT f w b -> CofreeT f w b #

return :: a -> CofreeT f w a #

(Monad m, Error e) => Monad (ErrorT e m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Error

Methods

(>>=) :: ErrorT e m a -> (a -> ErrorT e m b) -> ErrorT e m b #

(>>) :: ErrorT e m a -> ErrorT e m b -> ErrorT e m b #

return :: a -> ErrorT e m a #

Monad m => Monad (StateT s m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.State.Strict

Methods

(>>=) :: StateT s m a -> (a -> StateT s m b) -> StateT s m b #

(>>) :: StateT s m a -> StateT s m b -> StateT s m b #

return :: a -> StateT s m a #

Monad (Tagged s) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Tagged

Methods

(>>=) :: Tagged s a -> (a -> Tagged s b) -> Tagged s b #

(>>) :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s b -> Tagged s b #

return :: a -> Tagged s a #

Monad (Indexed i a) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Lens.Internal.Indexed

Methods

(>>=) :: Indexed i a a0 -> (a0 -> Indexed i a b) -> Indexed i a b #

(>>) :: Indexed i a a0 -> Indexed i a b -> Indexed i a b #

return :: a0 -> Indexed i a a0 #

Monad m => Monad (ReaderT r m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Reader

Methods

(>>=) :: ReaderT r m a -> (a -> ReaderT r m b) -> ReaderT r m b #

(>>) :: ReaderT r m a -> ReaderT r m b -> ReaderT r m b #

return :: a -> ReaderT r m a #

Monad ((->) r :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

(>>=) :: (r -> a) -> (a -> r -> b) -> r -> b #

(>>) :: (r -> a) -> (r -> b) -> r -> b #

return :: a -> r -> a #

(Monad f, Monad g) => Monad (f :*: g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(>>=) :: (f :*: g) a -> (a -> (f :*: g) b) -> (f :*: g) b #

(>>) :: (f :*: g) a -> (f :*: g) b -> (f :*: g) b #

return :: a -> (f :*: g) a #

(Monoid a, Monoid b, Monoid c) => Monad ((,,,) a b c)

Since: base-4.14.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

(>>=) :: (a, b, c, a0) -> (a0 -> (a, b, c, b0)) -> (a, b, c, b0) #

(>>) :: (a, b, c, a0) -> (a, b, c, b0) -> (a, b, c, b0) #

return :: a0 -> (a, b, c, a0) #

(Monad f, Applicative f) => Monad (WhenMatched f x y)

Equivalent to ReaderT Key (ReaderT x (ReaderT y (MaybeT f)))

Since: containers-0.5.9

Instance details

Defined in Data.IntMap.Internal

Methods

(>>=) :: WhenMatched f x y a -> (a -> WhenMatched f x y b) -> WhenMatched f x y b #

(>>) :: WhenMatched f x y a -> WhenMatched f x y b -> WhenMatched f x y b #

return :: a -> WhenMatched f x y a #

(Applicative f, Monad f) => Monad (WhenMissing f k x)

Equivalent to ReaderT k (ReaderT x (MaybeT f)) .

Since: containers-0.5.9

Instance details

Defined in Data.Map.Internal

Methods

(>>=) :: WhenMissing f k x a -> (a -> WhenMissing f k x b) -> WhenMissing f k x b #

(>>) :: WhenMissing f k x a -> WhenMissing f k x b -> WhenMissing f k x b #

return :: a -> WhenMissing f k x a #

Monad f => Monad (M1 i c f)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(>>=) :: M1 i c f a -> (a -> M1 i c f b) -> M1 i c f b #

(>>) :: M1 i c f a -> M1 i c f b -> M1 i c f b #

return :: a -> M1 i c f a #

(Monad f, Applicative f) => Monad (WhenMatched f k x y)

Equivalent to ReaderT k (ReaderT x (ReaderT y (MaybeT f)))

Since: containers-0.5.9

Instance details

Defined in Data.Map.Internal

Methods

(>>=) :: WhenMatched f k x y a -> (a -> WhenMatched f k x y b) -> WhenMatched f k x y b #

(>>) :: WhenMatched f k x y a -> WhenMatched f k x y b -> WhenMatched f k x y b #

return :: a -> WhenMatched f k x y a #

class Functor (f :: Type -> Type) where #

A type f is a Functor if it provides a function fmap which, given any types a and b lets you apply any function from (a -> b) to turn an f a into an f b, preserving the structure of f. Furthermore f needs to adhere to the following:

Identity
fmap id == id
Composition
fmap (f . g) == fmap f . fmap g

Note, that the second law follows from the free theorem of the type fmap and the first law, so you need only check that the former condition holds.

Minimal complete definition

fmap

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> f a -> f b #

Using ApplicativeDo: 'fmap f as' can be understood as the do expression

do a <- as
   pure (f a)

with an inferred Functor constraint.

(<$) :: a -> f b -> f a infixl 4 #

Replace all locations in the input with the same value. The default definition is fmap . const, but this may be overridden with a more efficient version.

Using ApplicativeDo: 'a <$ bs' can be understood as the do expression

do bs
   pure a

with an inferred Functor constraint.

Instances

Instances details
Functor []

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> [a] -> [b] #

(<$) :: a -> [b] -> [a] #

Functor Maybe

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Maybe a -> Maybe b #

(<$) :: a -> Maybe b -> Maybe a #

Functor IO

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> IO a -> IO b #

(<$) :: a -> IO b -> IO a #

Functor Par1

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Par1 a -> Par1 b #

(<$) :: a -> Par1 b -> Par1 a #

Functor Min

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Min a -> Min b #

(<$) :: a -> Min b -> Min a #

Functor Max

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Max a -> Max b #

(<$) :: a -> Max b -> Max a #

Functor First

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> First a -> First b #

(<$) :: a -> First b -> First a #

Functor Last

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Last a -> Last b #

(<$) :: a -> Last b -> Last a #

Functor Option

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Option a -> Option b #

(<$) :: a -> Option b -> Option a #

Functor ZipList

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Control.Applicative

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ZipList a -> ZipList b #

(<$) :: a -> ZipList b -> ZipList a #

Functor Identity

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Identity a -> Identity b #

(<$) :: a -> Identity b -> Identity a #

Functor Handler

Since: base-4.6.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Control.Exception

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Handler a -> Handler b #

(<$) :: a -> Handler b -> Handler a #

Functor STM

Since: base-4.3.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Conc.Sync

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> STM a -> STM b #

(<$) :: a -> STM b -> STM a #

Functor First

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> First a -> First b #

(<$) :: a -> First b -> First a #

Functor Last

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Last a -> Last b #

(<$) :: a -> Last b -> Last a #

Functor Dual

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Dual a -> Dual b #

(<$) :: a -> Dual b -> Dual a #

Functor Sum

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Sum a -> Sum b #

(<$) :: a -> Sum b -> Sum a #

Functor Product

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Product a -> Product b #

(<$) :: a -> Product b -> Product a #

Functor Down

Since: base-4.11.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Ord

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Down a -> Down b #

(<$) :: a -> Down b -> Down a #

Functor ReadP

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Text.ParserCombinators.ReadP

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ReadP a -> ReadP b #

(<$) :: a -> ReadP b -> ReadP a #

Functor NonEmpty

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b #

(<$) :: a -> NonEmpty b -> NonEmpty a #

Functor IntMap 
Instance details

Defined in Data.IntMap.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> IntMap a -> IntMap b #

(<$) :: a -> IntMap b -> IntMap a #

Functor Seq 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Seq a -> Seq b #

(<$) :: a -> Seq b -> Seq a #

Functor FingerTree 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> FingerTree a -> FingerTree b #

(<$) :: a -> FingerTree b -> FingerTree a #

Functor Digit 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Digit a -> Digit b #

(<$) :: a -> Digit b -> Digit a #

Functor Node 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Node a -> Node b #

(<$) :: a -> Node b -> Node a #

Functor Elem 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Elem a -> Elem b #

(<$) :: a -> Elem b -> Elem a #

Functor ViewL 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ViewL a -> ViewL b #

(<$) :: a -> ViewL b -> ViewL a #

Functor ViewR 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ViewR a -> ViewR b #

(<$) :: a -> ViewR b -> ViewR a #

Functor Vector 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Vector

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Vector a -> Vector b #

(<$) :: a -> Vector b -> Vector a #

Functor Doc 
Instance details

Defined in Text.PrettyPrint.Annotated.HughesPJ

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Doc a -> Doc b #

(<$) :: a -> Doc b -> Doc a #

Functor AnnotDetails 
Instance details

Defined in Text.PrettyPrint.Annotated.HughesPJ

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> AnnotDetails a -> AnnotDetails b #

(<$) :: a -> AnnotDetails b -> AnnotDetails a #

Functor Span 
Instance details

Defined in Text.PrettyPrint.Annotated.HughesPJ

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Span a -> Span b #

(<$) :: a -> Span b -> Span a #

Functor P

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Text.ParserCombinators.ReadP

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> P a -> P b #

(<$) :: a -> P b -> P a #

Functor (Either a)

Since: base-3.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Either

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> Either a a0 -> Either a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> Either a b -> Either a a0 #

Functor (V1 :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> V1 a -> V1 b #

(<$) :: a -> V1 b -> V1 a #

Functor (U1 :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> U1 a -> U1 b #

(<$) :: a -> U1 b -> U1 a #

Functor ((,) a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> (a, a0) -> (a, b) #

(<$) :: a0 -> (a, b) -> (a, a0) #

Functor f => Functor (Co f) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Rep

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Co f a -> Co f b #

(<$) :: a -> Co f b -> Co f a #

Functor (Arg a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> Arg a a0 -> Arg a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> Arg a b -> Arg a a0 #

Monad m => Functor (WrappedMonad m)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Control.Applicative

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> WrappedMonad m a -> WrappedMonad m b #

(<$) :: a -> WrappedMonad m b -> WrappedMonad m a #

Arrow a => Functor (ArrowMonad a)

Since: base-4.6.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Control.Arrow

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> ArrowMonad a a0 -> ArrowMonad a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> ArrowMonad a b -> ArrowMonad a a0 #

Functor (Proxy :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Proxy

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Proxy a -> Proxy b #

(<$) :: a -> Proxy b -> Proxy a #

Functor (Map k) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Map.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Map k a -> Map k b #

(<$) :: a -> Map k b -> Map k a #

Functor m => Functor (MaybeT m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Maybe

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> MaybeT m a -> MaybeT m b #

(<$) :: a -> MaybeT m b -> MaybeT m a #

Monad m => Functor (Handler m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Catch

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Handler m a -> Handler m b #

(<$) :: a -> Handler m b -> Handler m a #

Functor f => Functor (Cofree f) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Comonad.Cofree

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Cofree f a -> Cofree f b #

(<$) :: a -> Cofree f b -> Cofree f a #

Functor f => Functor (Free f) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Free

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Free f a -> Free f b #

(<$) :: a -> Free f b -> Free f a #

Functor (Yoneda f) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Yoneda

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Yoneda f a -> Yoneda f b #

(<$) :: a -> Yoneda f b -> Yoneda f a #

Functor (HashMap k) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.HashMap.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> HashMap k a -> HashMap k b #

(<$) :: a -> HashMap k b -> HashMap k a #

Functor (ReifiedGetter s) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Lens.Reified

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ReifiedGetter s a -> ReifiedGetter s b #

(<$) :: a -> ReifiedGetter s b -> ReifiedGetter s a #

Functor (ReifiedFold s) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Lens.Reified

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ReifiedFold s a -> ReifiedFold s b #

(<$) :: a -> ReifiedFold s b -> ReifiedFold s a #

Functor f => Functor (Indexing f) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Lens.Internal.Indexed

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Indexing f a -> Indexing f b #

(<$) :: a -> Indexing f b -> Indexing f a #

Functor f => Functor (Indexing64 f) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Lens.Internal.Indexed

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Indexing64 f a -> Indexing64 f b #

(<$) :: a -> Indexing64 f b -> Indexing64 f a #

Profunctor p => Functor (Prep p) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Profunctor.Rep

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Prep p a -> Prep p b #

(<$) :: a -> Prep p b -> Prep p a #

Profunctor p => Functor (Coprep p) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Profunctor.Rep

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Coprep p a -> Coprep p b #

(<$) :: a -> Coprep p b -> Coprep p a #

Functor f => Functor (Rec1 f)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Rec1 f a -> Rec1 f b #

(<$) :: a -> Rec1 f b -> Rec1 f a #

Functor (URec Char :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> URec Char a -> URec Char b #

(<$) :: a -> URec Char b -> URec Char a #

Functor (URec Double :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> URec Double a -> URec Double b #

(<$) :: a -> URec Double b -> URec Double a #

Functor (URec Float :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> URec Float a -> URec Float b #

(<$) :: a -> URec Float b -> URec Float a #

Functor (URec Int :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> URec Int a -> URec Int b #

(<$) :: a -> URec Int b -> URec Int a #

Functor (URec Word :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> URec Word a -> URec Word b #

(<$) :: a -> URec Word b -> URec Word a #

Functor (URec (Ptr ()) :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> URec (Ptr ()) b #

(<$) :: a -> URec (Ptr ()) b -> URec (Ptr ()) a #

Functor ((,,) a b)

Since: base-4.14.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b0) -> (a, b, a0) -> (a, b, b0) #

(<$) :: a0 -> (a, b, b0) -> (a, b, a0) #

Arrow a => Functor (WrappedArrow a b)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Control.Applicative

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b0) -> WrappedArrow a b a0 -> WrappedArrow a b b0 #

(<$) :: a0 -> WrappedArrow a b b0 -> WrappedArrow a b a0 #

Functor m => Functor (Kleisli m a)

Since: base-4.14.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Control.Arrow

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> Kleisli m a a0 -> Kleisli m a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> Kleisli m a b -> Kleisli m a a0 #

Functor (Const m :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Const m a -> Const m b #

(<$) :: a -> Const m b -> Const m a #

Functor f => Functor (Ap f)

Since: base-4.12.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Ap f a -> Ap f b #

(<$) :: a -> Ap f b -> Ap f a #

Functor f => Functor (Alt f)

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Alt f a -> Alt f b #

(<$) :: a -> Alt f b -> Alt f a #

Bifunctor p => Functor (Join p) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Bifunctor.Join

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Join p a -> Join p b #

(<$) :: a -> Join p b -> Join p a #

Bifunctor p => Functor (Fix p) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Bifunctor.Fix

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Fix p a -> Fix p b #

(<$) :: a -> Fix p b -> Fix p a #

Functor m => Functor (IdentityT m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Identity

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> IdentityT m a -> IdentityT m b #

(<$) :: a -> IdentityT m b -> IdentityT m a #

(Applicative f, Monad f) => Functor (WhenMissing f x)

Since: containers-0.5.9

Instance details

Defined in Data.IntMap.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> WhenMissing f x a -> WhenMissing f x b #

(<$) :: a -> WhenMissing f x b -> WhenMissing f x a #

Functor m => Functor (ExceptT e m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Except

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ExceptT e m a -> ExceptT e m b #

(<$) :: a -> ExceptT e m b -> ExceptT e m a #

Functor f => Functor (FreeF f a) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Free

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> FreeF f a a0 -> FreeF f a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> FreeF f a b -> FreeF f a a0 #

(Functor f, Monad m) => Functor (FreeT f m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Free

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> FreeT f m a -> FreeT f m b #

(<$) :: a -> FreeT f m b -> FreeT f m a #

Functor f => Functor (CofreeF f a) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Comonad.Trans.Cofree

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> CofreeF f a a0 -> CofreeF f a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> CofreeF f a b -> CofreeF f a a0 #

(Functor f, Functor w) => Functor (CofreeT f w) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Comonad.Trans.Cofree

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> CofreeT f w a -> CofreeT f w b #

(<$) :: a -> CofreeT f w b -> CofreeT f w a #

Functor (Day f g) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Day

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Day f g a -> Day f g b #

(<$) :: a -> Day f g b -> Day f g a #

Functor m => Functor (ErrorT e m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Error

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ErrorT e m a -> ErrorT e m b #

(<$) :: a -> ErrorT e m b -> ErrorT e m a #

Functor m => Functor (StateT s m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.State.Strict

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> StateT s m a -> StateT s m b #

(<$) :: a -> StateT s m b -> StateT s m a #

Functor (Tagged s) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Tagged

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Tagged s a -> Tagged s b #

(<$) :: a -> Tagged s b -> Tagged s a #

Functor (ReifiedIndexedGetter i s) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Lens.Reified

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ReifiedIndexedGetter i s a -> ReifiedIndexedGetter i s b #

(<$) :: a -> ReifiedIndexedGetter i s b -> ReifiedIndexedGetter i s a #

Functor (ReifiedIndexedFold i s) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Lens.Reified

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ReifiedIndexedFold i s a -> ReifiedIndexedFold i s b #

(<$) :: a -> ReifiedIndexedFold i s b -> ReifiedIndexedFold i s a #

Functor (Indexed i a) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Lens.Internal.Indexed

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> Indexed i a a0 -> Indexed i a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> Indexed i a b -> Indexed i a a0 #

Functor m => Functor (ReaderT r m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Reader

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ReaderT r m a -> ReaderT r m b #

(<$) :: a -> ReaderT r m b -> ReaderT r m a #

Monad m => Functor (Focusing m s) 
Instance details

Defined in Lens.Micro.Mtl.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Focusing m s a -> Focusing m s b #

(<$) :: a -> Focusing m s b -> Focusing m s a #

Functor (k (May s)) => Functor (FocusingMay k s) 
Instance details

Defined in Lens.Micro.Mtl.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> FocusingMay k s a -> FocusingMay k s b #

(<$) :: a -> FocusingMay k s b -> FocusingMay k s a #

Functor (Effect m r) 
Instance details

Defined in Lens.Micro.Mtl.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Effect m r a -> Effect m r b #

(<$) :: a -> Effect m r b -> Effect m r a #

Functor f => Functor (ApplicativeBoolean f) Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Morley.Prelude.Boolean

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ApplicativeBoolean f a -> ApplicativeBoolean f b #

(<$) :: a -> ApplicativeBoolean f b -> ApplicativeBoolean f a #

Functor ((->) r :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> (r -> a) -> r -> b #

(<$) :: a -> (r -> b) -> r -> a #

Functor (K1 i c :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> K1 i c a -> K1 i c b #

(<$) :: a -> K1 i c b -> K1 i c a #

(Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (f :+: g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> (f :+: g) a -> (f :+: g) b #

(<$) :: a -> (f :+: g) b -> (f :+: g) a #

(Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (f :*: g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> (f :*: g) a -> (f :*: g) b #

(<$) :: a -> (f :*: g) b -> (f :*: g) a #

Functor ((,,,) a b c)

Since: base-4.14.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b0) -> (a, b, c, a0) -> (a, b, c, b0) #

(<$) :: a0 -> (a, b, c, b0) -> (a, b, c, a0) #

Functor f => Functor (WhenMatched f x y)

Since: containers-0.5.9

Instance details

Defined in Data.IntMap.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> WhenMatched f x y a -> WhenMatched f x y b #

(<$) :: a -> WhenMatched f x y b -> WhenMatched f x y a #

(Applicative f, Monad f) => Functor (WhenMissing f k x)

Since: containers-0.5.9

Instance details

Defined in Data.Map.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> WhenMissing f k x a -> WhenMissing f k x b #

(<$) :: a -> WhenMissing f k x b -> WhenMissing f k x a #

Monad m => Functor (FocusingWith w m s) 
Instance details

Defined in Lens.Micro.Mtl.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> FocusingWith w m s a -> FocusingWith w m s b #

(<$) :: a -> FocusingWith w m s b -> FocusingWith w m s a #

Functor (k (s, w)) => Functor (FocusingPlus w k s) 
Instance details

Defined in Lens.Micro.Mtl.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> FocusingPlus w k s a -> FocusingPlus w k s b #

(<$) :: a -> FocusingPlus w k s b -> FocusingPlus w k s a #

Functor (k (f s)) => Functor (FocusingOn f k s) 
Instance details

Defined in Lens.Micro.Mtl.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> FocusingOn f k s a -> FocusingOn f k s b #

(<$) :: a -> FocusingOn f k s b -> FocusingOn f k s a #

Functor (k (Err e s)) => Functor (FocusingErr e k s) 
Instance details

Defined in Lens.Micro.Mtl.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> FocusingErr e k s a -> FocusingErr e k s b #

(<$) :: a -> FocusingErr e k s b -> FocusingErr e k s a #

Profunctor p => Functor (Procompose p q a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Profunctor.Composition

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> Procompose p q a a0 -> Procompose p q a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> Procompose p q a b -> Procompose p q a a0 #

Profunctor p => Functor (Rift p q a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Profunctor.Composition

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> Rift p q a a0 -> Rift p q a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> Rift p q a b -> Rift p q a a0 #

Functor f => Functor (M1 i c f)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> M1 i c f a -> M1 i c f b #

(<$) :: a -> M1 i c f b -> M1 i c f a #

(Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (f :.: g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> (f :.: g) a -> (f :.: g) b #

(<$) :: a -> (f :.: g) b -> (f :.: g) a #

(Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (Compose f g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Compose

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Compose f g a -> Compose f g b #

(<$) :: a -> Compose f g b -> Compose f g a #

Bifunctor p => Functor (WrappedBifunctor p a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Bifunctor.Wrapped

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> WrappedBifunctor p a a0 -> WrappedBifunctor p a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> WrappedBifunctor p a b -> WrappedBifunctor p a a0 #

Functor g => Functor (Joker g a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Bifunctor.Joker

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> Joker g a a0 -> Joker g a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> Joker g a b -> Joker g a a0 #

Bifunctor p => Functor (Flip p a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Bifunctor.Flip

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> Flip p a a0 -> Flip p a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> Flip p a b -> Flip p a a0 #

Functor (Clown f a :: Type -> Type) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Bifunctor.Clown

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> Clown f a a0 -> Clown f a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> Clown f a b -> Clown f a a0 #

Functor f => Functor (WhenMatched f k x y)

Since: containers-0.5.9

Instance details

Defined in Data.Map.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> WhenMatched f k x y a -> WhenMatched f k x y b #

(<$) :: a -> WhenMatched f k x y b -> WhenMatched f k x y a #

Functor (EffectRWS w st m s) 
Instance details

Defined in Lens.Micro.Mtl.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> EffectRWS w st m s a -> EffectRWS w st m s b #

(<$) :: a -> EffectRWS w st m s b -> EffectRWS w st m s a #

Reifies s (ReifiedApplicative f) => Functor (ReflectedApplicative f s) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Reflection

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ReflectedApplicative f s a -> ReflectedApplicative f s b #

(<$) :: a -> ReflectedApplicative f s b -> ReflectedApplicative f s a #

(Functor f, Bifunctor p) => Functor (Tannen f p a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Bifunctor.Tannen

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> Tannen f p a a0 -> Tannen f p a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> Tannen f p a b -> Tannen f p a a0 #

(Bifunctor p, Functor g) => Functor (Biff p f g a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Bifunctor.Biff

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> Biff p f g a a0 -> Biff p f g a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> Biff p f g a b -> Biff p f g a a0 #

class Num a where #

Basic numeric class.

The Haskell Report defines no laws for Num. However, (+) and (*) are customarily expected to define a ring and have the following properties:

Associativity of (+)
(x + y) + z = x + (y + z)
Commutativity of (+)
x + y = y + x
fromInteger 0 is the additive identity
x + fromInteger 0 = x
negate gives the additive inverse
x + negate x = fromInteger 0
Associativity of (*)
(x * y) * z = x * (y * z)
fromInteger 1 is the multiplicative identity
x * fromInteger 1 = x and fromInteger 1 * x = x
Distributivity of (*) with respect to (+)
a * (b + c) = (a * b) + (a * c) and (b + c) * a = (b * a) + (c * a)

Note that it isn't customarily expected that a type instance of both Num and Ord implement an ordered ring. Indeed, in base only Integer and Rational do.

Minimal complete definition

(+), (*), abs, signum, fromInteger, (negate | (-))

Methods

(+) :: a -> a -> a infixl 6 #

(-) :: a -> a -> a infixl 6 #

(*) :: a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

negate :: a -> a #

Unary negation.

abs :: a -> a #

Absolute value.

signum :: a -> a #

Sign of a number. The functions abs and signum should satisfy the law:

abs x * signum x == x

For real numbers, the signum is either -1 (negative), 0 (zero) or 1 (positive).

fromInteger :: Integer -> a #

Conversion from an Integer. An integer literal represents the application of the function fromInteger to the appropriate value of type Integer, so such literals have type (Num a) => a.

Instances

Instances details
Num Int

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Num

Methods

(+) :: Int -> Int -> Int #

(-) :: Int -> Int -> Int #

(*) :: Int -> Int -> Int #

negate :: Int -> Int #

abs :: Int -> Int #

signum :: Int -> Int #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Int #

Num Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

(+) :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 #

(-) :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 #

(*) :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 #

negate :: Int8 -> Int8 #

abs :: Int8 -> Int8 #

signum :: Int8 -> Int8 #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Int8 #

Num Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Num Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Num Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Num Integer

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Num

Num Natural

Note that Natural's Num instance isn't a ring: no element but 0 has an additive inverse. It is a semiring though.

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Num

Num Word

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Num

Methods

(+) :: Word -> Word -> Word #

(-) :: Word -> Word -> Word #

(*) :: Word -> Word -> Word #

negate :: Word -> Word #

abs :: Word -> Word #

signum :: Word -> Word #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Word #

Num Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Num Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Num Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Num Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Num CodePoint 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Text.Encoding

Methods

(+) :: CodePoint -> CodePoint -> CodePoint #

(-) :: CodePoint -> CodePoint -> CodePoint #

(*) :: CodePoint -> CodePoint -> CodePoint #

negate :: CodePoint -> CodePoint #

abs :: CodePoint -> CodePoint #

signum :: CodePoint -> CodePoint #

fromInteger :: Integer -> CodePoint #

Num DecoderState 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Text.Encoding

Methods

(+) :: DecoderState -> DecoderState -> DecoderState #

(-) :: DecoderState -> DecoderState -> DecoderState #

(*) :: DecoderState -> DecoderState -> DecoderState #

negate :: DecoderState -> DecoderState #

abs :: DecoderState -> DecoderState #

signum :: DecoderState -> DecoderState #

fromInteger :: Integer -> DecoderState #

Integral a => Num (Ratio a)

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

(+) :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> Ratio a #

(-) :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> Ratio a #

(*) :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> Ratio a #

negate :: Ratio a -> Ratio a #

abs :: Ratio a -> Ratio a #

signum :: Ratio a -> Ratio a #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Ratio a #

Num a => Num (Min a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(+) :: Min a -> Min a -> Min a #

(-) :: Min a -> Min a -> Min a #

(*) :: Min a -> Min a -> Min a #

negate :: Min a -> Min a #

abs :: Min a -> Min a #

signum :: Min a -> Min a #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Min a #

Num a => Num (Max a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(+) :: Max a -> Max a -> Max a #

(-) :: Max a -> Max a -> Max a #

(*) :: Max a -> Max a -> Max a #

negate :: Max a -> Max a #

abs :: Max a -> Max a #

signum :: Max a -> Max a #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Max a #

Num a => Num (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Num a => Num (Sum a)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(+) :: Sum a -> Sum a -> Sum a #

(-) :: Sum a -> Sum a -> Sum a #

(*) :: Sum a -> Sum a -> Sum a #

negate :: Sum a -> Sum a #

abs :: Sum a -> Sum a #

signum :: Sum a -> Sum a #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Sum a #

Num a => Num (Product a)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(+) :: Product a -> Product a -> Product a #

(-) :: Product a -> Product a -> Product a #

(*) :: Product a -> Product a -> Product a #

negate :: Product a -> Product a #

abs :: Product a -> Product a #

signum :: Product a -> Product a #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Product a #

Num a => Num (Down a)

Since: base-4.11.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Ord

Methods

(+) :: Down a -> Down a -> Down a #

(-) :: Down a -> Down a -> Down a #

(*) :: Down a -> Down a -> Down a #

negate :: Down a -> Down a #

abs :: Down a -> Down a #

signum :: Down a -> Down a #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Down a #

Num a => Num (Const a b)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

(+) :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

(-) :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

(*) :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

negate :: Const a b -> Const a b #

abs :: Const a b -> Const a b #

signum :: Const a b -> Const a b #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Const a b #

(Applicative f, Num a) => Num (Ap f a)

Since: base-4.12.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

(+) :: Ap f a -> Ap f a -> Ap f a #

(-) :: Ap f a -> Ap f a -> Ap f a #

(*) :: Ap f a -> Ap f a -> Ap f a #

negate :: Ap f a -> Ap f a #

abs :: Ap f a -> Ap f a #

signum :: Ap f a -> Ap f a #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Ap f a #

Num (f a) => Num (Alt f a)

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(+) :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> Alt f a #

(-) :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> Alt f a #

(*) :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> Alt f a #

negate :: Alt f a -> Alt f a #

abs :: Alt f a -> Alt f a #

signum :: Alt f a -> Alt f a #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Alt f a #

Num a => Num (Tagged s a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Tagged

Methods

(+) :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

(-) :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

(*) :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

negate :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

abs :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

signum :: Tagged s a -> Tagged s a #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Tagged s a #

class Eq a => Ord a where #

The Ord class is used for totally ordered datatypes.

Instances of Ord can be derived for any user-defined datatype whose constituent types are in Ord. The declared order of the constructors in the data declaration determines the ordering in derived Ord instances. The Ordering datatype allows a single comparison to determine the precise ordering of two objects.

The Haskell Report defines no laws for Ord. However, <= is customarily expected to implement a non-strict partial order and have the following properties:

Transitivity
if x <= y && y <= z = True, then x <= z = True
Reflexivity
x <= x = True
Antisymmetry
if x <= y && y <= x = True, then x == y = True

Note that the following operator interactions are expected to hold:

  1. x >= y = y <= x
  2. x < y = x <= y && x /= y
  3. x > y = y < x
  4. x < y = compare x y == LT
  5. x > y = compare x y == GT
  6. x == y = compare x y == EQ
  7. min x y == if x <= y then x else y = True
  8. max x y == if x >= y then x else y = True

Note that (7.) and (8.) do not require min and max to return either of their arguments. The result is merely required to equal one of the arguments in terms of (==).

Minimal complete definition: either compare or <=. Using compare can be more efficient for complex types.

Minimal complete definition

compare | (<=)

Methods

compare :: a -> a -> Ordering #

(<) :: a -> a -> Bool infix 4 #

(<=) :: a -> a -> Bool infix 4 #

(>) :: a -> a -> Bool infix 4 #

(>=) :: a -> a -> Bool infix 4 #

max :: a -> a -> a #

min :: a -> a -> a #

Instances

Instances details
Ord Bool 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

compare :: Bool -> Bool -> Ordering #

(<) :: Bool -> Bool -> Bool #

(<=) :: Bool -> Bool -> Bool #

(>) :: Bool -> Bool -> Bool #

(>=) :: Bool -> Bool -> Bool #

max :: Bool -> Bool -> Bool #

min :: Bool -> Bool -> Bool #

Ord Char 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

compare :: Char -> Char -> Ordering #

(<) :: Char -> Char -> Bool #

(<=) :: Char -> Char -> Bool #

(>) :: Char -> Char -> Bool #

(>=) :: Char -> Char -> Bool #

max :: Char -> Char -> Char #

min :: Char -> Char -> Char #

Ord Double

Note that due to the presence of NaN, Double's Ord instance does not satisfy reflexivity.

>>> 0/0 <= (0/0 :: Double)
False

Also note that, due to the same, Ord's operator interactions are not respected by Double's instance:

>>> (0/0 :: Double) > 1
False
>>> compare (0/0 :: Double) 1
GT
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Ord Float

Note that due to the presence of NaN, Float's Ord instance does not satisfy reflexivity.

>>> 0/0 <= (0/0 :: Float)
False

Also note that, due to the same, Ord's operator interactions are not respected by Float's instance:

>>> (0/0 :: Float) > 1
False
>>> compare (0/0 :: Float) 1
GT
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

compare :: Float -> Float -> Ordering #

(<) :: Float -> Float -> Bool #

(<=) :: Float -> Float -> Bool #

(>) :: Float -> Float -> Bool #

(>=) :: Float -> Float -> Bool #

max :: Float -> Float -> Float #

min :: Float -> Float -> Float #

Ord Int 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Classes

Methods

compare :: Int -> Int -> Ordering #

(<) :: Int -> Int -> Bool #

(<=) :: Int -> Int -> Bool #

(>) :: Int -> Int -> Bool #

(>=) :: Int -> Int -> Bool #

max :: Int -> Int -> Int #

min :: Int -> Int -> Int #

Ord Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

compare :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Ordering #

(<) ::