Copyright | (c) 2018-2019 Kowainik |
---|---|
License | MIT |
Maintainer | Kowainik <xrom.xkov@gmail.com> |
Safe Haskell | Safe |
Language | Haskell2010 |
Reexports Data.Foldable and Data.Traversable.
Synopsis
- class Foldable (t :: Type -> Type) where
- find :: Foldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a -> Maybe a
- all :: Foldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a -> Bool
- any :: Foldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a -> Bool
- or :: Foldable t => t Bool -> Bool
- and :: Foldable t => t Bool -> Bool
- concatMap :: Foldable t => (a -> [b]) -> t a -> [b]
- concat :: Foldable t => t [a] -> [a]
- asum :: (Foldable t, Alternative f) => t (f a) -> f a
- sequence_ :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => t (m a) -> m ()
- sequenceA_ :: (Foldable t, Applicative f) => t (f a) -> f ()
- forM_ :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => t a -> (a -> m b) -> m ()
- mapM_ :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => (a -> m b) -> t a -> m ()
- for_ :: (Foldable t, Applicative f) => t a -> (a -> f b) -> f ()
- traverse_ :: (Foldable t, Applicative f) => (a -> f b) -> t a -> f ()
- foldlM :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => (b -> a -> m b) -> b -> t a -> m b
- class (Functor t, Foldable t) => Traversable (t :: Type -> Type) where
- traverse :: Applicative f => (a -> f b) -> t a -> f (t b)
- sequenceA :: Applicative f => t (f a) -> f (t a)
- mapM :: Monad m => (a -> m b) -> t a -> m (t b)
- sequence :: Monad m => t (m a) -> m (t a)
- mapAccumR :: Traversable t => (a -> b -> (a, c)) -> a -> t b -> (a, t c)
- mapAccumL :: Traversable t => (a -> b -> (a, c)) -> a -> t b -> (a, t c)
- forM :: (Traversable t, Monad m) => t a -> (a -> m b) -> m (t b)
- bifind :: Bifoldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a a -> Maybe a
- biall :: Bifoldable t => (a -> Bool) -> (b -> Bool) -> t a b -> Bool
- biany :: Bifoldable t => (a -> Bool) -> (b -> Bool) -> t a b -> Bool
- bior :: Bifoldable t => t Bool Bool -> Bool
- biand :: Bifoldable t => t Bool Bool -> Bool
- bielem :: (Bifoldable t, Eq a) => a -> t a a -> Bool
- bilength :: Bifoldable t => t a b -> Int
- binull :: Bifoldable t => t a b -> Bool
- biList :: Bifoldable t => t a a -> [a]
- biasum :: (Bifoldable t, Alternative f) => t (f a) (f a) -> f a
- bisequence_ :: (Bifoldable t, Applicative f) => t (f a) (f b) -> f ()
- bifor_ :: (Bifoldable t, Applicative f) => t a b -> (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> f ()
- bitraverse_ :: (Bifoldable t, Applicative f) => (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> t a b -> f ()
- bifoldlM :: (Bifoldable t, Monad m) => (a -> b -> m a) -> (a -> c -> m a) -> a -> t b c -> m a
- bifoldl' :: Bifoldable t => (a -> b -> a) -> (a -> c -> a) -> a -> t b c -> a
- bifoldrM :: (Bifoldable t, Monad m) => (a -> c -> m c) -> (b -> c -> m c) -> c -> t a b -> m c
- bifoldr' :: Bifoldable t => (a -> c -> c) -> (b -> c -> c) -> c -> t a b -> c
- class Bifoldable (p :: Type -> Type -> Type) where
- bifoldMapDefault :: (Bitraversable t, Monoid m) => (a -> m) -> (b -> m) -> t a b -> m
- bimapDefault :: Bitraversable t => (a -> b) -> (c -> d) -> t a c -> t b d
- bifor :: (Bitraversable t, Applicative f) => t a b -> (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> f (t c d)
- bisequence :: (Bitraversable t, Applicative f) => t (f a) (f b) -> f (t a b)
- class (Bifunctor t, Bifoldable t) => Bitraversable (t :: Type -> Type -> Type) where
- bitraverse :: Applicative f => (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> t a b -> f (t c d)
Documentation
class Foldable (t :: Type -> Type) where #
Data structures that can be folded.
For example, given a data type
data Tree a = Empty | Leaf a | Node (Tree a) a (Tree a)
a suitable instance would be
instance Foldable Tree where foldMap f Empty = mempty foldMap f (Leaf x) = f x foldMap f (Node l k r) = foldMap f l `mappend` f k `mappend` foldMap f r
This is suitable even for abstract types, as the monoid is assumed
to satisfy the monoid laws. Alternatively, one could define foldr
:
instance Foldable Tree where foldr f z Empty = z foldr f z (Leaf x) = f x z foldr f z (Node l k r) = foldr f (f k (foldr f z r)) l
Foldable
instances are expected to satisfy the following laws:
foldr f z t = appEndo (foldMap (Endo . f) t ) z
foldl f z t = appEndo (getDual (foldMap (Dual . Endo . flip f) t)) z
fold = foldMap id
length = getSum . foldMap (Sum . const 1)
sum
, product
, maximum
, and minimum
should all be essentially
equivalent to foldMap
forms, such as
sum = getSum . foldMap Sum
but may be less defined.
If the type is also a Functor
instance, it should satisfy
foldMap f = fold . fmap f
which implies that
foldMap f . fmap g = foldMap (f . g)
fold :: Monoid m => t m -> m #
Combine the elements of a structure using a monoid.
foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> t a -> m #
Map each element of the structure to a monoid, and combine the results.
foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> t a -> b #
Right-associative fold of a structure.
In the case of lists, foldr
, when applied to a binary operator, a
starting value (typically the right-identity of the operator), and a
list, reduces the list using the binary operator, from right to left:
foldr f z [x1, x2, ..., xn] == x1 `f` (x2 `f` ... (xn `f` z)...)
Note that, since the head of the resulting expression is produced by
an application of the operator to the first element of the list,
foldr
can produce a terminating expression from an infinite list.
For a general Foldable
structure this should be semantically identical
to,
foldr f z =foldr
f z .toList
foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> t a -> b #
Left-associative fold of a structure but with strict application of the operator.
This ensures that each step of the fold is forced to weak head normal
form before being applied, avoiding the collection of thunks that would
otherwise occur. This is often what you want to strictly reduce a finite
list to a single, monolithic result (e.g. length
).
For a general Foldable
structure this should be semantically identical
to,
foldl f z =foldl'
f z .toList
List of elements of a structure, from left to right.
Test whether the structure is empty. The default implementation is optimized for structures that are similar to cons-lists, because there is no general way to do better.
Returns the size/length of a finite structure as an Int
. The
default implementation is optimized for structures that are similar to
cons-lists, because there is no general way to do better.
Instances
Foldable [] | Since: base-2.1 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => [m] -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> [a] -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> [a] -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> [a] -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> [a] -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => [a] -> a # | |
Foldable Maybe | Since: base-2.1 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Maybe m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Maybe a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Maybe a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Maybe a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Maybe a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Maybe a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Maybe a -> a # | |
Foldable Par1 | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Par1 m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Par1 a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Par1 a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Par1 a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Par1 a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Par1 a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Par1 a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Par1 a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Par1 a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Par1 a -> a # | |
Foldable Complex | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Complex fold :: Monoid m => Complex m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Complex a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Complex a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Complex a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Complex a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Complex a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Complex a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Complex a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Complex a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Complex a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Complex a -> a # | |
Foldable Min | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup fold :: Monoid m => Min m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Min a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Min a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Min a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Min a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Min a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Min a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Min a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Min a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Min a -> a # | |
Foldable Max | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup fold :: Monoid m => Max m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Max a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Max a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Max a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Max a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Max a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Max a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Max a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Max a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Max a -> a # | |
Foldable First | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup fold :: Monoid m => First m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> First a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> First a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> First a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> First a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> First a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> First a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> First a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> First a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => First a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => First a -> a # | |
Foldable Last | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup fold :: Monoid m => Last m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Last a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Last a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Last a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Last a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Last a -> a # | |
Foldable Option | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup fold :: Monoid m => Option m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Option a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Option a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Option a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Option a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Option a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Option a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Option a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Option a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Option a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Option a -> a # | |
Foldable ZipList | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Control.Applicative fold :: Monoid m => ZipList m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> ZipList a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ZipList a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ZipList a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ZipList a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ZipList a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ZipList a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ZipList a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> ZipList a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => ZipList a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => ZipList a -> a # | |
Foldable Identity | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Functor.Identity fold :: Monoid m => Identity m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Identity a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Identity a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Identity a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Identity a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Identity a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Identity a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Identity a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Identity a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Identity a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Identity a -> a # | |
Foldable First | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => First m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> First a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> First a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> First a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> First a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> First a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> First a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> First a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> First a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => First a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => First a -> a # | |
Foldable Last | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Last m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Last a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Last a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Last a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Last a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Last a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Last a -> a # | |
Foldable Dual | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Dual m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Dual a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Dual a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Dual a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Dual a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Dual a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Dual a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Dual a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Dual a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Dual a -> a # | |
Foldable Sum | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Sum m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Sum a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Sum a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Sum a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Sum a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Sum a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Sum a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Sum a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Sum a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Sum a -> a # | |
Foldable Product | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Product m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Product a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Product a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Product a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Product a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Product a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Product a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Product a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Product a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Product a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Product a -> a # | |
Foldable Down | Since: base-4.12.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Down m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Down a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Down a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Down a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Down a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Down a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Down a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Down a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Down a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Down a -> a # | |
Foldable NonEmpty | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => NonEmpty m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> NonEmpty a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> NonEmpty a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> NonEmpty a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> NonEmpty a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> NonEmpty a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> NonEmpty a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> NonEmpty a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> NonEmpty a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => NonEmpty a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => NonEmpty a -> a # | |
Foldable IntMap | |
Defined in Data.IntMap.Internal fold :: Monoid m => IntMap m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> IntMap a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> IntMap a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> IntMap a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> IntMap a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> IntMap a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> IntMap a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> IntMap a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> IntMap a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => IntMap a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => IntMap a -> a # | |
Foldable Tree | |
Defined in Data.Tree fold :: Monoid m => Tree m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Tree a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Tree a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Tree a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Tree a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Tree a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Tree a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Tree a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Tree a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Tree a -> a # | |
Foldable Seq | |
Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal fold :: Monoid m => Seq m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Seq a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Seq a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Seq a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Seq a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Seq a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Seq a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Seq a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Seq a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Seq a -> a # | |
Foldable FingerTree | |
Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal fold :: Monoid m => FingerTree m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> FingerTree a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> FingerTree a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> FingerTree a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> FingerTree a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> FingerTree a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> FingerTree a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> FingerTree a -> a # toList :: FingerTree a -> [a] # null :: FingerTree a -> Bool # length :: FingerTree a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> FingerTree a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => FingerTree a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => FingerTree a -> a # sum :: Num a => FingerTree a -> a # product :: Num a => FingerTree a -> a # | |
Foldable Digit | |
Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal fold :: Monoid m => Digit m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Digit a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Digit a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Digit a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Digit a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Digit a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Digit a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Digit a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Digit a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Digit a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Digit a -> a # | |
Foldable Node | |
Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal fold :: Monoid m => Node m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Node a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Node a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Node a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Node a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Node a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Node a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Node a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Node a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Node a -> a # | |
Foldable Elem | |
Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal fold :: Monoid m => Elem m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Elem a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Elem a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Elem a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Elem a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Elem a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Elem a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Elem a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Elem a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Elem a -> a # | |
Foldable ViewL | |
Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal fold :: Monoid m => ViewL m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> ViewL a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ViewL a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ViewL a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ViewL a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ViewL a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ViewL a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ViewL a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> ViewL a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => ViewL a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => ViewL a -> a # | |
Foldable ViewR | |
Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal fold :: Monoid m => ViewR m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> ViewR a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ViewR a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ViewR a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ViewR a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ViewR a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ViewR a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ViewR a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> ViewR a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => ViewR a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => ViewR a -> a # | |
Foldable Set | |
Defined in Data.Set.Internal fold :: Monoid m => Set m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Set a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Set a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Set a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Set a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Set a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Set a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Set a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Set a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Set a -> a # | |
Foldable Hashed | |
Defined in Data.Hashable.Class fold :: Monoid m => Hashed m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Hashed a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Hashed a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Hashed a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Hashed a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Hashed a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Hashed a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Hashed a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Hashed a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Hashed a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Hashed a -> a # | |
Foldable HashSet | |
Defined in Data.HashSet.Base fold :: Monoid m => HashSet m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> HashSet a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> HashSet a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> HashSet a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> HashSet a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> HashSet a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> HashSet a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> HashSet a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> HashSet a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => HashSet a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => HashSet a -> a # | |
Foldable (Either a) | Since: base-4.7.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Either a m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a0 -> m) -> Either a a0 -> m # foldr :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> Either a a0 -> b # foldr' :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> Either a a0 -> b # foldl :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> Either a a0 -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> Either a a0 -> b # foldr1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> Either a a0 -> a0 # foldl1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> Either a a0 -> a0 # toList :: Either a a0 -> [a0] # length :: Either a a0 -> Int # elem :: Eq a0 => a0 -> Either a a0 -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a0 => Either a a0 -> a0 # minimum :: Ord a0 => Either a a0 -> a0 # | |
Foldable (V1 :: Type -> Type) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => V1 m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> V1 a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> V1 a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> V1 a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> V1 a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> V1 a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> V1 a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> V1 a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> V1 a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => V1 a -> a # | |
Foldable (U1 :: Type -> Type) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => U1 m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> U1 a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> U1 a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> U1 a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> U1 a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> U1 a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> U1 a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> U1 a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> U1 a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => U1 a -> a # | |
Foldable ((,) a) | Since: base-4.7.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => (a, m) -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a0 -> m) -> (a, a0) -> m # foldr :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> (a, a0) -> b # foldr' :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> (a, a0) -> b # foldl :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> (a, a0) -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> (a, a0) -> b # foldr1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> (a, a0) -> a0 # foldl1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> (a, a0) -> a0 # elem :: Eq a0 => a0 -> (a, a0) -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a0 => (a, a0) -> a0 # minimum :: Ord a0 => (a, a0) -> a0 # | |
Foldable (Array i) | Since: base-4.8.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Array i m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Array i a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Array i a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Array i a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Array i a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Array i a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Array i a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Array i a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Array i a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Array i a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Array i a -> a # | |
Foldable (Arg a) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup fold :: Monoid m => Arg a m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a0 -> m) -> Arg a a0 -> m # foldr :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> Arg a a0 -> b # foldr' :: (a0 -> b -> b) -> b -> Arg a a0 -> b # foldl :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> Arg a a0 -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a0 -> b) -> b -> Arg a a0 -> b # foldr1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> Arg a a0 -> a0 # foldl1 :: (a0 -> a0 -> a0) -> Arg a a0 -> a0 # elem :: Eq a0 => a0 -> Arg a a0 -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a0 => Arg a a0 -> a0 # minimum :: Ord a0 => Arg a a0 -> a0 # | |
Foldable (Proxy :: Type -> Type) | Since: base-4.7.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Proxy m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Proxy a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Proxy a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Proxy a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Proxy a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Proxy a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Proxy a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Proxy a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Proxy a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Proxy a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Proxy a -> a # | |
Foldable (Map k) | |
Defined in Data.Map.Internal fold :: Monoid m => Map k m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Map k a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Map k a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Map k a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Map k a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Map k a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Map k a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Map k a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Map k a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Map k a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Map k a -> a # | |
Foldable f => Foldable (MaybeT f) | |
Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Maybe fold :: Monoid m => MaybeT f m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> MaybeT f a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> MaybeT f a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> MaybeT f a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> MaybeT f a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> MaybeT f a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> MaybeT f a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> MaybeT f a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> MaybeT f a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => MaybeT f a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => MaybeT f a -> a # | |
Foldable (HashMap k) | |
Defined in Data.HashMap.Base fold :: Monoid m => HashMap k m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> HashMap k a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> HashMap k a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> HashMap k a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> HashMap k a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> HashMap k a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> HashMap k a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> HashMap k a -> a # toList :: HashMap k a -> [a] # length :: HashMap k a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> HashMap k a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => HashMap k a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => HashMap k a -> a # | |
Foldable (Validation e) Source # | |
Defined in Relude.Extra.Validation fold :: Monoid m => Validation e m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Validation e a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Validation e a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Validation e a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Validation e a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Validation e a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Validation e a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Validation e a -> a # toList :: Validation e a -> [a] # null :: Validation e a -> Bool # length :: Validation e a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> Validation e a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Validation e a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Validation e a -> a # sum :: Num a => Validation e a -> a # product :: Num a => Validation e a -> a # | |
Foldable f => Foldable (Rec1 f) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Rec1 f m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Rec1 f a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Rec1 f a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Rec1 f a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Rec1 f a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Rec1 f a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Rec1 f a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Rec1 f a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Rec1 f a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Rec1 f a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Rec1 f a -> a # | |
Foldable (URec Char :: Type -> Type) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => URec Char m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> URec Char a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Char a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Char a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Char a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Char a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Char a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Char a -> a # toList :: URec Char a -> [a] # length :: URec Char a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> URec Char a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => URec Char a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => URec Char a -> a # | |
Foldable (URec Double :: Type -> Type) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => URec Double m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> URec Double a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Double a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Double a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Double a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Double a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Double a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Double a -> a # toList :: URec Double a -> [a] # null :: URec Double a -> Bool # length :: URec Double a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> URec Double a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => URec Double a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => URec Double a -> a # | |
Foldable (URec Float :: Type -> Type) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => URec Float m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> URec Float a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Float a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Float a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Float a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Float a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Float a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Float a -> a # toList :: URec Float a -> [a] # null :: URec Float a -> Bool # length :: URec Float a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> URec Float a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => URec Float a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => URec Float a -> a # | |
Foldable (URec Int :: Type -> Type) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => URec Int m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> URec Int a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Int a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Int a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Int a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Int a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Int a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Int a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> URec Int a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => URec Int a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => URec Int a -> a # | |
Foldable (URec Word :: Type -> Type) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => URec Word m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> URec Word a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Word a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec Word a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Word a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec Word a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Word a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec Word a -> a # toList :: URec Word a -> [a] # length :: URec Word a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> URec Word a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => URec Word a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => URec Word a -> a # | |
Foldable (URec (Ptr ()) :: Type -> Type) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => URec (Ptr ()) m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> a # toList :: URec (Ptr ()) a -> [a] # null :: URec (Ptr ()) a -> Bool # length :: URec (Ptr ()) a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => URec (Ptr ()) a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => URec (Ptr ()) a -> a # | |
Foldable (Const m :: Type -> Type) | Since: base-4.7.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Functor.Const fold :: Monoid m0 => Const m m0 -> m0 # foldMap :: Monoid m0 => (a -> m0) -> Const m a -> m0 # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Const m a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Const m a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Const m a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Const m a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Const m a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Const m a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Const m a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Const m a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Const m a -> a # | |
Foldable f => Foldable (Ap f) | Since: base-4.12.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Ap f m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Ap f a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Ap f a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Ap f a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Ap f a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Ap f a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Ap f a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Ap f a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Ap f a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Ap f a -> a # | |
Foldable f => Foldable (Alt f) | Since: base-4.12.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Alt f m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Alt f a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Alt f a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Alt f a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Alt f a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Alt f a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Alt f a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Alt f a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Alt f a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Alt f a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Alt f a -> a # | |
Foldable f => Foldable (IdentityT f) | |
Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Identity fold :: Monoid m => IdentityT f m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> IdentityT f a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> IdentityT f a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> IdentityT f a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> IdentityT f a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> IdentityT f a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> IdentityT f a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> IdentityT f a -> a # toList :: IdentityT f a -> [a] # null :: IdentityT f a -> Bool # length :: IdentityT f a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> IdentityT f a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => IdentityT f a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => IdentityT f a -> a # | |
Foldable f => Foldable (ErrorT e f) | |
Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Error fold :: Monoid m => ErrorT e f m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> ErrorT e f a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ErrorT e f a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ErrorT e f a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ErrorT e f a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ErrorT e f a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ErrorT e f a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ErrorT e f a -> a # toList :: ErrorT e f a -> [a] # null :: ErrorT e f a -> Bool # length :: ErrorT e f a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> ErrorT e f a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => ErrorT e f a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => ErrorT e f a -> a # | |
Foldable f => Foldable (ExceptT e f) | |
Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Except fold :: Monoid m => ExceptT e f m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> ExceptT e f a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ExceptT e f a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> ExceptT e f a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ExceptT e f a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> ExceptT e f a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ExceptT e f a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> ExceptT e f a -> a # toList :: ExceptT e f a -> [a] # null :: ExceptT e f a -> Bool # length :: ExceptT e f a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> ExceptT e f a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => ExceptT e f a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => ExceptT e f a -> a # | |
Foldable (K1 i c :: Type -> Type) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => K1 i c m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> K1 i c a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> K1 i c a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> K1 i c a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> K1 i c a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> K1 i c a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> K1 i c a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> K1 i c a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> K1 i c a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => K1 i c a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => K1 i c a -> a # | |
(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (f :+: g) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => (f :+: g) m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> (f :+: g) a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :+: g) a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :+: g) a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :+: g) a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :+: g) a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :+: g) a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :+: g) a -> a # toList :: (f :+: g) a -> [a] # length :: (f :+: g) a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> (f :+: g) a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => (f :+: g) a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => (f :+: g) a -> a # | |
(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (f :*: g) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => (f :*: g) m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> (f :*: g) a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :*: g) a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :*: g) a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :*: g) a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :*: g) a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :*: g) a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :*: g) a -> a # toList :: (f :*: g) a -> [a] # length :: (f :*: g) a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> (f :*: g) a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => (f :*: g) a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => (f :*: g) a -> a # | |
(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (Product f g) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Functor.Product fold :: Monoid m => Product f g m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Product f g a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Product f g a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Product f g a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Product f g a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Product f g a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Product f g a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Product f g a -> a # toList :: Product f g a -> [a] # null :: Product f g a -> Bool # length :: Product f g a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> Product f g a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Product f g a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Product f g a -> a # | |
(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (Sum f g) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Functor.Sum fold :: Monoid m => Sum f g m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Sum f g a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Sum f g a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Sum f g a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Sum f g a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Sum f g a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Sum f g a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Sum f g a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> Sum f g a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Sum f g a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Sum f g a -> a # | |
Foldable f => Foldable (M1 i c f) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => M1 i c f m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> M1 i c f a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> M1 i c f a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> M1 i c f a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> M1 i c f a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> M1 i c f a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> M1 i c f a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> M1 i c f a -> a # elem :: Eq a => a -> M1 i c f a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => M1 i c f a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => M1 i c f a -> a # | |
(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (f :.: g) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => (f :.: g) m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> (f :.: g) a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :.: g) a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> (f :.: g) a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :.: g) a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> (f :.: g) a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :.: g) a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> (f :.: g) a -> a # toList :: (f :.: g) a -> [a] # length :: (f :.: g) a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> (f :.: g) a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => (f :.: g) a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => (f :.: g) a -> a # | |
(Foldable f, Foldable g) => Foldable (Compose f g) | Since: base-4.9.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Functor.Compose fold :: Monoid m => Compose f g m -> m # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Compose f g a -> m # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Compose f g a -> b # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Compose f g a -> b # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Compose f g a -> b # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Compose f g a -> b # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Compose f g a -> a # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Compose f g a -> a # toList :: Compose f g a -> [a] # null :: Compose f g a -> Bool # length :: Compose f g a -> Int # elem :: Eq a => a -> Compose f g a -> Bool # maximum :: Ord a => Compose f g a -> a # minimum :: Ord a => Compose f g a -> a # |
all :: Foldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a -> Bool #
Determines whether all elements of the structure satisfy the predicate.
any :: Foldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a -> Bool #
Determines whether any element of the structure satisfies the predicate.
concatMap :: Foldable t => (a -> [b]) -> t a -> [b] #
Map a function over all the elements of a container and concatenate the resulting lists.
concat :: Foldable t => t [a] -> [a] #
The concatenation of all the elements of a container of lists.
asum :: (Foldable t, Alternative f) => t (f a) -> f a #
sequence_ :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => t (m a) -> m () #
Evaluate each monadic action in the structure from left to right,
and ignore the results. For a version that doesn't ignore the
results see sequence
.
As of base 4.8.0.0, sequence_
is just sequenceA_
, specialized
to Monad
.
sequenceA_ :: (Foldable t, Applicative f) => t (f a) -> f () #
Evaluate each action in the structure from left to right, and
ignore the results. For a version that doesn't ignore the results
see sequenceA
.
for_ :: (Foldable t, Applicative f) => t a -> (a -> f b) -> f () #
traverse_ :: (Foldable t, Applicative f) => (a -> f b) -> t a -> f () #
Map each element of a structure to an action, evaluate these
actions from left to right, and ignore the results. For a version
that doesn't ignore the results see traverse
.
foldlM :: (Foldable t, Monad m) => (b -> a -> m b) -> b -> t a -> m b #
Monadic fold over the elements of a structure, associating to the left, i.e. from left to right.
class (Functor t, Foldable t) => Traversable (t :: Type -> Type) where #
Functors representing data structures that can be traversed from left to right.
A definition of traverse
must satisfy the following laws:
- naturality
t .
for every applicative transformationtraverse
f =traverse
(t . f)t
- identity
traverse
Identity = Identity- composition
traverse
(Compose .fmap
g . f) = Compose .fmap
(traverse
g) .traverse
f
A definition of sequenceA
must satisfy the following laws:
- naturality
t .
for every applicative transformationsequenceA
=sequenceA
.fmap
tt
- identity
sequenceA
.fmap
Identity = Identity- composition
sequenceA
.fmap
Compose = Compose .fmap
sequenceA
.sequenceA
where an applicative transformation is a function
t :: (Applicative f, Applicative g) => f a -> g a
preserving the Applicative
operations, i.e.
and the identity functor Identity
and composition of functors Compose
are defined as
newtype Identity a = Identity a instance Functor Identity where fmap f (Identity x) = Identity (f x) instance Applicative Identity where pure x = Identity x Identity f <*> Identity x = Identity (f x) newtype Compose f g a = Compose (f (g a)) instance (Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (Compose f g) where fmap f (Compose x) = Compose (fmap (fmap f) x) instance (Applicative f, Applicative g) => Applicative (Compose f g) where pure x = Compose (pure (pure x)) Compose f <*> Compose x = Compose ((<*>) <$> f <*> x)
(The naturality law is implied by parametricity.)
Instances are similar to Functor
, e.g. given a data type
data Tree a = Empty | Leaf a | Node (Tree a) a (Tree a)
a suitable instance would be
instance Traversable Tree where traverse f Empty = pure Empty traverse f (Leaf x) = Leaf <$> f x traverse f (Node l k r) = Node <$> traverse f l <*> f k <*> traverse f r
This is suitable even for abstract types, as the laws for <*>
imply a form of associativity.
The superclass instances should satisfy the following:
- In the
Functor
instance,fmap
should be equivalent to traversal with the identity applicative functor (fmapDefault
). - In the
Foldable
instance,foldMap
should be equivalent to traversal with a constant applicative functor (foldMapDefault
).
traverse :: Applicative f => (a -> f b) -> t a -> f (t b) #
Map each element of a structure to an action, evaluate these actions
from left to right, and collect the results. For a version that ignores
the results see traverse_
.
sequenceA :: Applicative f => t (f a) -> f (t a) #
Evaluate each action in the structure from left to right, and
collect the results. For a version that ignores the results
see sequenceA_
.
mapM :: Monad m => (a -> m b) -> t a -> m (t b) #
Map each element of a structure to a monadic action, evaluate
these actions from left to right, and collect the results. For
a version that ignores the results see mapM_
.
sequence :: Monad m => t (m a) -> m (t a) #
Evaluate each monadic action in the structure from left to
right, and collect the results. For a version that ignores the
results see sequence_
.
Instances
mapAccumR :: Traversable t => (a -> b -> (a, c)) -> a -> t b -> (a, t c) #
mapAccumL :: Traversable t => (a -> b -> (a, c)) -> a -> t b -> (a, t c) #
forM :: (Traversable t, Monad m) => t a -> (a -> m b) -> m (t b) #
bifind :: Bifoldable t => (a -> Bool) -> t a a -> Maybe a #
biall :: Bifoldable t => (a -> Bool) -> (b -> Bool) -> t a b -> Bool #
Determines whether all elements of the structure satisfy their appropriate predicate argument.
Since: base-4.10.0.0
biany :: Bifoldable t => (a -> Bool) -> (b -> Bool) -> t a b -> Bool #
Determines whether any element of the structure satisfies its appropriate predicate argument.
Since: base-4.10.0.0
bielem :: (Bifoldable t, Eq a) => a -> t a a -> Bool #
Does the element occur in the structure?
Since: base-4.10.0.0
bilength :: Bifoldable t => t a b -> Int #
Returns the size/length of a finite structure as an Int
.
Since: base-4.10.0.0
binull :: Bifoldable t => t a b -> Bool #
Test whether the structure is empty.
Since: base-4.10.0.0
biList :: Bifoldable t => t a a -> [a] #
Collects the list of elements of a structure, from left to right.
Since: base-4.10.0.0
biasum :: (Bifoldable t, Alternative f) => t (f a) (f a) -> f a #
The sum of a collection of actions, generalizing biconcat
.
Since: base-4.10.0.0
bisequence_ :: (Bifoldable t, Applicative f) => t (f a) (f b) -> f () #
Evaluate each action in the structure from left to right, and ignore the
results. For a version that doesn't ignore the results, see
bisequence
.
Since: base-4.10.0.0
bifor_ :: (Bifoldable t, Applicative f) => t a b -> (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> f () #
As bitraverse_
, but with the structure as the primary argument. For a
version that doesn't ignore the results, see bifor
.
>>>
> bifor_ ('a', "bc") print (print . reverse)
'a' "cb"
Since: base-4.10.0.0
bitraverse_ :: (Bifoldable t, Applicative f) => (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> t a b -> f () #
Map each element of a structure using one of two actions, evaluate these
actions from left to right, and ignore the results. For a version that
doesn't ignore the results, see bitraverse
.
Since: base-4.10.0.0
bifoldlM :: (Bifoldable t, Monad m) => (a -> b -> m a) -> (a -> c -> m a) -> a -> t b c -> m a #
Left associative monadic bifold over a structure.
Since: base-4.10.0.0
bifoldl' :: Bifoldable t => (a -> b -> a) -> (a -> c -> a) -> a -> t b c -> a #
As bifoldl
, but strict in the result of the reduction functions at each
step.
This ensures that each step of the bifold is forced to weak head normal form
before being applied, avoiding the collection of thunks that would otherwise
occur. This is often what you want to strictly reduce a finite structure to
a single, monolithic result (e.g., bilength
).
Since: base-4.10.0.0
bifoldrM :: (Bifoldable t, Monad m) => (a -> c -> m c) -> (b -> c -> m c) -> c -> t a b -> m c #
Right associative monadic bifold over a structure.
Since: base-4.10.0.0
bifoldr' :: Bifoldable t => (a -> c -> c) -> (b -> c -> c) -> c -> t a b -> c #
As bifoldr
, but strict in the result of the reduction functions at each
step.
Since: base-4.10.0.0
class Bifoldable (p :: Type -> Type -> Type) where #
Bifoldable
identifies foldable structures with two different varieties
of elements (as opposed to Foldable
, which has one variety of element).
Common examples are Either
and '(,)':
instance Bifoldable Either where bifoldMap f _ (Left a) = f a bifoldMap _ g (Right b) = g b instance Bifoldable (,) where bifoldr f g z (a, b) = f a (g b z)
A minimal Bifoldable
definition consists of either bifoldMap
or
bifoldr
. When defining more than this minimal set, one should ensure
that the following identities hold:
bifold
≡bifoldMap
id
id
bifoldMap
f g ≡bifoldr
(mappend
. f) (mappend
. g)mempty
bifoldr
f g z t ≡appEndo
(bifoldMap
(Endo . f) (Endo . g) t) z
If the type is also a Bifunctor
instance, it should satisfy:
'bifoldMap' f g ≡ 'bifold' . 'bimap' f g
which implies that
'bifoldMap' f g . 'bimap' h i ≡ 'bifoldMap' (f . h) (g . i)
Since: base-4.10.0.0
bifold :: Monoid m => p m m -> m #
bifoldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> (b -> m) -> p a b -> m #
Combines the elements of a structure, given ways of mapping them to a common monoid.
bifoldMap
f g ≡bifoldr
(mappend
. f) (mappend
. g)mempty
Since: base-4.10.0.0
bifoldr :: (a -> c -> c) -> (b -> c -> c) -> c -> p a b -> c #
Combines the elements of a structure in a right associative manner.
Given a hypothetical function toEitherList :: p a b -> [Either a b]
yielding a list of all elements of a structure in order, the following
would hold:
bifoldr
f g z ≡foldr
(either
f g) z . toEitherList
Since: base-4.10.0.0
bifoldl :: (c -> a -> c) -> (c -> b -> c) -> c -> p a b -> c #
Combines the elements of a structure in a left associative manner. Given
a hypothetical function toEitherList :: p a b -> [Either a b]
yielding a
list of all elements of a structure in order, the following would hold:
bifoldl
f g z ≡foldl
(acc ->either
(f acc) (g acc)) z . toEitherList
Note that if you want an efficient left-fold, you probably want to use
bifoldl'
instead of bifoldl
. The reason is that the latter does not
force the "inner" results, resulting in a thunk chain which then must be
evaluated from the outside-in.
Since: base-4.10.0.0
Instances
Bifoldable Either | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Bifoldable (,) | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Bifoldable Arg | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Bifoldable Validation Source # | |
Defined in Relude.Extra.Validation bifold :: Monoid m => Validation m m -> m # bifoldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> (b -> m) -> Validation a b -> m # bifoldr :: (a -> c -> c) -> (b -> c -> c) -> c -> Validation a b -> c # bifoldl :: (c -> a -> c) -> (c -> b -> c) -> c -> Validation a b -> c # | |
Bifoldable ((,,) x) | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Bifoldable (Const :: Type -> Type -> Type) | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Bifoldable (K1 i :: Type -> Type -> Type) | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Bifoldable ((,,,) x y) | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Bifoldable ((,,,,) x y z) | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Bifoldable ((,,,,,) x y z w) | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Bifoldable ((,,,,,,) x y z w v) | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Bifoldable |
bifoldMapDefault :: (Bitraversable t, Monoid m) => (a -> m) -> (b -> m) -> t a b -> m #
A default definition of bifoldMap
in terms of the Bitraversable
operations.
bifoldMapDefault
f g ≡getConst
.bitraverse
(Const
. f) (Const
. g)
Since: base-4.10.0.0
bimapDefault :: Bitraversable t => (a -> b) -> (c -> d) -> t a c -> t b d #
A default definition of bimap
in terms of the Bitraversable
operations.
bimapDefault
f g ≡runIdentity
.bitraverse
(Identity
. f) (Identity
. g)
Since: base-4.10.0.0
bifor :: (Bitraversable t, Applicative f) => t a b -> (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> f (t c d) #
bifor
is bitraverse
with the structure as the first argument. For a
version that ignores the results, see bifor_
.
Since: base-4.10.0.0
bisequence :: (Bitraversable t, Applicative f) => t (f a) (f b) -> f (t a b) #
Sequences all the actions in a structure, building a new structure with
the same shape using the results of the actions. For a version that ignores
the results, see bisequence_
.
bisequence
≡bitraverse
id
id
Since: base-4.10.0.0
class (Bifunctor t, Bifoldable t) => Bitraversable (t :: Type -> Type -> Type) where #
Bitraversable
identifies bifunctorial data structures whose elements can
be traversed in order, performing Applicative
or Monad
actions at each
element, and collecting a result structure with the same shape.
As opposed to Traversable
data structures, which have one variety of
element on which an action can be performed, Bitraversable
data structures
have two such varieties of elements.
A definition of bitraverse
must satisfy the following laws:
- naturality
for every applicative transformationbitraverse
(t . f) (t . g) ≡ t .bitraverse
f gt
- identity
bitraverse
Identity
Identity
≡Identity
- composition
Compose
.fmap
(bitraverse
g1 g2) .bitraverse
f1 f2 ≡traverse
(Compose
.fmap
g1 . f1) (Compose
.fmap
g2 . f2)
where an applicative transformation is a function
t :: (Applicative
f,Applicative
g) => f a -> g a
preserving the Applicative
operations:
t (pure
x) =pure
x t (f<*>
x) = t f<*>
t x
and the identity functor Identity
and composition functors Compose
are
defined as
newtype Identity a = Identity { runIdentity :: a } instance Functor Identity where fmap f (Identity x) = Identity (f x) instance Applicative Identity where pure = Identity Identity f <*> Identity x = Identity (f x) newtype Compose f g a = Compose (f (g a)) instance (Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (Compose f g) where fmap f (Compose x) = Compose (fmap (fmap f) x) instance (Applicative f, Applicative g) => Applicative (Compose f g) where pure = Compose . pure . pure Compose f <*> Compose x = Compose ((<*>) <$> f <*> x)
Some simple examples are Either
and '(,)':
instance Bitraversable Either where bitraverse f _ (Left x) = Left <$> f x bitraverse _ g (Right y) = Right <$> g y instance Bitraversable (,) where bitraverse f g (x, y) = (,) <$> f x <*> g y
Bitraversable
relates to its superclasses in the following ways:
bimap
f g ≡runIdentity
.bitraverse
(Identity
. f) (Identity
. g)bifoldMap
f g =getConst
.bitraverse
(Const
. f) (Const
. g)
These are available as bimapDefault
and bifoldMapDefault
respectively.
Since: base-4.10.0.0
Nothing
bitraverse :: Applicative f => (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> t a b -> f (t c d) #
Evaluates the relevant functions at each element in the structure, running the action, and builds a new structure with the same shape, using the results produced from sequencing the actions.
bitraverse
f g ≡bisequenceA
.bimap
f g
For a version that ignores the results, see bitraverse_
.
Since: base-4.10.0.0
Instances
Bitraversable Either | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Bitraversable bitraverse :: Applicative f => (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> Either a b -> f (Either c d) # | |
Bitraversable (,) | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Bitraversable bitraverse :: Applicative f => (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> (a, b) -> f (c, d) # | |
Bitraversable Arg | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Semigroup bitraverse :: Applicative f => (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> Arg a b -> f (Arg c d) # | |
Bitraversable Validation Source # | |
Defined in Relude.Extra.Validation bitraverse :: Applicative f => (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> Validation a b -> f (Validation c d) # | |
Bitraversable ((,,) x) | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Bitraversable bitraverse :: Applicative f => (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> (x, a, b) -> f (x, c, d) # | |
Bitraversable (Const :: Type -> Type -> Type) | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Bitraversable bitraverse :: Applicative f => (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> Const a b -> f (Const c d) # | |
Bitraversable (K1 i :: Type -> Type -> Type) | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Bitraversable bitraverse :: Applicative f => (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> K1 i a b -> f (K1 i c d) # | |
Bitraversable ((,,,) x y) | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Bitraversable bitraverse :: Applicative f => (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> (x, y, a, b) -> f (x, y, c, d) # | |
Bitraversable ((,,,,) x y z) | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Bitraversable bitraverse :: Applicative f => (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> (x, y, z, a, b) -> f (x, y, z, c, d) # | |
Bitraversable ((,,,,,) x y z w) | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Bitraversable bitraverse :: Applicative f => (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> (x, y, z, w, a, b) -> f (x, y, z, w, c, d) # | |
Bitraversable ((,,,,,,) x y z w v) | Since: base-4.10.0.0 |
Defined in Data.Bitraversable bitraverse :: Applicative f => (a -> f c) -> (b -> f d) -> (x, y, z, w, v, a, b) -> f (x, y, z, w, v, c, d) # |