- class RootFinder r a b where
- initRootFinder :: (a -> b) -> a -> a -> r a b
- stepRootFinder :: (a -> b) -> r a b -> r a b
- estimateRoot :: r a b -> a
- estimateError :: r a b -> a
- converged :: (Num a, Ord a) => a -> r a b -> Bool
- defaultNSteps :: Tagged (r a b) Int

- getDefaultNSteps :: RootFinder r a b => r a b -> Int
- runRootFinder :: RootFinder r a b => (Int -> r a b -> c -> c) -> (a -> b) -> r a b -> c
- traceRoot :: (Eq (r a b), RootFinder r a b, Num a, Ord a) => (a -> b) -> a -> a -> Maybe a -> [r a b]
- findRoot :: (RootFinder r a b, Num a, Ord a) => (a -> b) -> a -> a -> a -> Either (r a b) (r a b)
- findRootN :: (RootFinder r a b, Num a, Ord a) => Int -> (a -> b) -> a -> a -> a -> Either (r a b) (r a b)
- eps :: RealFloat a => a
- realFloatDefaultNSteps :: RealFloat a => Float -> Tagged (r a b) Int

# Documentation

class RootFinder r a b whereSource

General interface for numerical root finders.

initRootFinder :: (a -> b) -> a -> a -> r a bSource

`initRootFinder f x0 x1`

: Initialize a root finder for the given
function with the initial bracketing interval (x0,x1).

stepRootFinder :: (a -> b) -> r a b -> r a bSource

Step a root finder for the given function (which should generally
be the same one passed to `initRootFinder`

), refining the finder's
estimate of the location of a root.

estimateRoot :: r a b -> aSource

Extract the finder's current estimate of the position of a root.

estimateError :: r a b -> aSource

Extract the finder's current estimate of the upper bound of the
distance from `estimateRoot`

to an actual root in the function.

Generally, `estimateRoot r`

+- `estimateError r`

should bracket
a root of the function.

converged :: (Num a, Ord a) => a -> r a b -> BoolSource

Test whether a root finding algorithm has converged to a given relative accuracy.

defaultNSteps :: Tagged (r a b) IntSource

(Fractional a, Eq a, Ord b, Num b) => RootFinder Bisect a b | |

(Fractional a, Ord a, Real b, Fractional b, Ord b) => RootFinder Dekker a b | |

(Fractional a, Ord a) => RootFinder FalsePosition a a | |

(Fractional a, Ord a, Real b, Fractional b) => RootFinder InverseQuadratic a b | |

(Floating a, Ord a) => RootFinder RiddersMethod a a | |

(Fractional a, Ord a) => RootFinder SecantMethod a a | |

(RealFloat a, Real b, Fractional b) => RootFinder Brent a b | |

Fractional a => RootFinder Newton a (a, a) |

getDefaultNSteps :: RootFinder r a b => r a b -> IntSource

Convenience function to access `defaultNSteps`

for a root finder,
which requires a little bit of type-gymnastics.

This function does not evaluate its argument.

runRootFinder :: RootFinder r a b => (Int -> r a b -> c -> c) -> (a -> b) -> r a b -> cSource

General-purpose driver for stepping a root finder. Given a "control"
function, the function being searched, and an initial `RootFinder`

state,
`runRootFinder step f state`

repeatedly steps the root-finder and passes
each intermediate state, along with a count of steps taken, to `step`

.

The `step`

funtion will be called with the following arguments:

`n ::`

`Int`

- The number of steps taken thus far
`currentState :: r a b`

- The current state of the root finder
`continue :: c`

- The result of the "rest" of the iteration

For example, the following function simply iterates a root finder
and returns every intermediate state (similar to `traceRoot`

):

iterateRoot :: RootFinder r a b => (a -> b) -> a -> a -> [r a b] iterateRoot f a b = runRootFinder (const (:)) f (initRootFinder f a b)

And the following function simply iterates the root finder to convergence or throws an error after a given number of steps:

solve :: (RootFinder r a b, RealFloat a) => Int -> (a -> b) -> a -> a -> r a b solve maxN f a b = runRootFinder step f (initRootFinder f a b) where step n x continue | converged eps x = x | n > maxN = error "solve: step limit exceeded" | otherwise = continue

traceRoot :: (Eq (r a b), RootFinder r a b, Num a, Ord a) => (a -> b) -> a -> a -> Maybe a -> [r a b]Source

`traceRoot f x0 x1 mbEps`

initializes a root finder and repeatedly
steps it, returning each step of the process in a list. No step limit
is imposed.

Termination criteria depends on `mbEps`

; if it is of the form `Just eps`

then convergence to `eps`

is used (using the `converged`

method of the
root finder). Otherwise, the trace is not terminated until subsequent
states are equal (according to `==`

). This is a stricter condition than
convergence to 0; subsequent states may have converged to zero but as long
as any internal state changes the trace will continue.

findRoot :: (RootFinder r a b, Num a, Ord a) => (a -> b) -> a -> a -> a -> Either (r a b) (r a b)Source

`findRoot f x0 x1 eps`

initializes a root finder and repeatedly
steps it. When the algorithm converges to `eps`

or the `defaultNSteps`

limit is exceeded, the current best guess is returned, with the `Right`

constructor indicating successful convergence or the `Left`

constructor
indicating failure to converge.

findRootN :: (RootFinder r a b, Num a, Ord a) => Int -> (a -> b) -> a -> a -> a -> Either (r a b) (r a b)Source

Like `findRoot`

but with a specified limit on the number of steps (rather
than using `defaultNSteps`

).