vector-0.10.12.2: Efficient Arrays

Copyright (c) Roman Leshchinskiy 2008-2010 BSD-style Roman Leshchinskiy experimental non-portable None Haskell2010

Data.Vector

Description

A library for boxed vectors (that is, polymorphic arrays capable of holding any Haskell value). The vectors come in two flavours:

• mutable
• immutable

and support a rich interface of both list-like operations, and bulk array operations.

For unboxed arrays, use Data.Vector.Unboxed

Synopsis

# Boxed vectors

data Vector a Source

Boxed vectors, supporting efficient slicing.

Instances

 Alternative Vector Monad Vector Functor Vector MonadPlus Vector Applicative Vector Foldable Vector Traversable Vector Vector Vector a IsList (Vector a) Eq a => Eq (Vector a) Data a => Data (Vector a) Ord a => Ord (Vector a) Read a => Read (Vector a) Show a => Show (Vector a) Monoid (Vector a) NFData a => NFData (Vector a) Typeable (* -> *) Vector type Mutable Vector = MVector type Item (Vector a) = a

data MVector s a Source

Mutable boxed vectors keyed on the monad they live in (`IO` or `ST s`).

Instances

 MVector MVector a Typeable (* -> * -> *) MVector

# Accessors

## Length information

length :: Vector a -> Int Source

O(1) Yield the length of the vector.

null :: Vector a -> Bool Source

O(1) Test whether a vector if empty

## Indexing

(!) :: Vector a -> Int -> a Source

O(1) Indexing

(!?) :: Vector a -> Int -> Maybe a Source

O(1) Safe indexing

head :: Vector a -> a Source

O(1) First element

last :: Vector a -> a Source

O(1) Last element

unsafeIndex :: Vector a -> Int -> a Source

O(1) Unsafe indexing without bounds checking

unsafeHead :: Vector a -> a Source

O(1) First element without checking if the vector is empty

unsafeLast :: Vector a -> a Source

O(1) Last element without checking if the vector is empty

indexM :: Monad m => Vector a -> Int -> m a Source

The monad allows operations to be strict in the vector when necessary. Suppose vector copying is implemented like this:

`copy mv v = ... write mv i (v ! i) ...`

For lazy vectors, `v ! i` would not be evaluated which means that `mv` would unnecessarily retain a reference to `v` in each element written.

With `indexM`, copying can be implemented like this instead:

```copy mv v = ... do
x <- indexM v i
write mv i x```

Here, no references to `v` are retained because indexing (but not the elements) is evaluated eagerly.

O(1) First element of a vector in a monad. See `indexM` for an explanation of why this is useful.

lastM :: Monad m => Vector a -> m a Source

O(1) Last element of a vector in a monad. See `indexM` for an explanation of why this is useful.

unsafeIndexM :: Monad m => Vector a -> Int -> m a Source

O(1) Indexing in a monad without bounds checks. See `indexM` for an explanation of why this is useful.

O(1) First element in a monad without checking for empty vectors. See `indexM` for an explanation of why this is useful.

unsafeLastM :: Monad m => Vector a -> m a Source

O(1) Last element in a monad without checking for empty vectors. See `indexM` for an explanation of why this is useful.

## Extracting subvectors (slicing)

Arguments

 :: Int `i` starting index -> Int `n` length -> Vector a -> Vector a

O(1) Yield a slice of the vector without copying it. The vector must contain at least `i+n` elements.

init :: Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(1) Yield all but the last element without copying. The vector may not be empty.

tail :: Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(1) Yield all but the first element without copying. The vector may not be empty.

take :: Int -> Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(1) Yield at the first `n` elements without copying. The vector may contain less than `n` elements in which case it is returned unchanged.

drop :: Int -> Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(1) Yield all but the first `n` elements without copying. The vector may contain less than `n` elements in which case an empty vector is returned.

splitAt :: Int -> Vector a -> (Vector a, Vector a) Source

O(1) Yield the first `n` elements paired with the remainder without copying.

Note that `splitAt n v` is equivalent to `(take n v, drop n v)` but slightly more efficient.

Arguments

 :: Int `i` starting index -> Int `n` length -> Vector a -> Vector a

O(1) Yield a slice of the vector without copying. The vector must contain at least `i+n` elements but this is not checked.

unsafeInit :: Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(1) Yield all but the last element without copying. The vector may not be empty but this is not checked.

unsafeTail :: Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(1) Yield all but the first element without copying. The vector may not be empty but this is not checked.

unsafeTake :: Int -> Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(1) Yield the first `n` elements without copying. The vector must contain at least `n` elements but this is not checked.

unsafeDrop :: Int -> Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(1) Yield all but the first `n` elements without copying. The vector must contain at least `n` elements but this is not checked.

# Construction

## Initialisation

O(1) Empty vector

singleton :: a -> Vector a Source

O(1) Vector with exactly one element

replicate :: Int -> a -> Vector a Source

O(n) Vector of the given length with the same value in each position

generate :: Int -> (Int -> a) -> Vector a Source

O(n) Construct a vector of the given length by applying the function to each index

iterateN :: Int -> (a -> a) -> a -> Vector a Source

O(n) Apply function n times to value. Zeroth element is original value.

replicateM :: Monad m => Int -> m a -> m (Vector a) Source

O(n) Execute the monadic action the given number of times and store the results in a vector.

generateM :: Monad m => Int -> (Int -> m a) -> m (Vector a) Source

O(n) Construct a vector of the given length by applying the monadic action to each index

create :: (forall s. ST s (MVector s a)) -> Vector a Source

Execute the monadic action and freeze the resulting vector.

```create (do { v <- new 2; write v 0 'a'; write v 1 'b'; return v }) = <`a`,`b`>
```

## Unfolding

unfoldr :: (b -> Maybe (a, b)) -> b -> Vector a Source

O(n) Construct a vector by repeatedly applying the generator function to a seed. The generator function yields `Just` the next element and the new seed or `Nothing` if there are no more elements.

```unfoldr (\n -> if n == 0 then Nothing else Just (n,n-1)) 10
= <10,9,8,7,6,5,4,3,2,1>```

unfoldrN :: Int -> (b -> Maybe (a, b)) -> b -> Vector a Source

O(n) Construct a vector with at most `n` by repeatedly applying the generator function to the a seed. The generator function yields `Just` the next element and the new seed or `Nothing` if there are no more elements.

`unfoldrN 3 (\n -> Just (n,n-1)) 10 = <10,9,8>`

constructN :: Int -> (Vector a -> a) -> Vector a Source

O(n) Construct a vector with `n` elements by repeatedly applying the generator function to the already constructed part of the vector.

`constructN 3 f = let a = f <> ; b = f <a> ; c = f <a,b> in f <a,b,c>`

constructrN :: Int -> (Vector a -> a) -> Vector a Source

O(n) Construct a vector with `n` elements from right to left by repeatedly applying the generator function to the already constructed part of the vector.

`constructrN 3 f = let a = f <> ; b = f<a> ; c = f <b,a> in f <c,b,a>`

## Enumeration

enumFromN :: Num a => a -> Int -> Vector a Source

O(n) Yield a vector of the given length containing the values `x`, `x+1` etc. This operation is usually more efficient than `enumFromTo`.

`enumFromN 5 3 = <5,6,7>`

enumFromStepN :: Num a => a -> a -> Int -> Vector a Source

O(n) Yield a vector of the given length containing the values `x`, `x+y`, `x+y+y` etc. This operations is usually more efficient than `enumFromThenTo`.

`enumFromStepN 1 0.1 5 = <1,1.1,1.2,1.3,1.4>`

enumFromTo :: Enum a => a -> a -> Vector a Source

O(n) Enumerate values from `x` to `y`.

WARNING: This operation can be very inefficient. If at all possible, use `enumFromN` instead.

enumFromThenTo :: Enum a => a -> a -> a -> Vector a Source

O(n) Enumerate values from `x` to `y` with a specific step `z`.

WARNING: This operation can be very inefficient. If at all possible, use `enumFromStepN` instead.

## Concatenation

cons :: a -> Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(n) Prepend an element

snoc :: Vector a -> a -> Vector a Source

O(n) Append an element

(++) :: Vector a -> Vector a -> Vector a infixr 5 Source

O(m+n) Concatenate two vectors

concat :: [Vector a] -> Vector a Source

O(n) Concatenate all vectors in the list

## Restricting memory usage

force :: Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(n) Yield the argument but force it not to retain any extra memory, possibly by copying it.

This is especially useful when dealing with slices. For example:

`force (slice 0 2 <huge vector>)`

Here, the slice retains a reference to the huge vector. Forcing it creates a copy of just the elements that belong to the slice and allows the huge vector to be garbage collected.

# Modifying vectors

Arguments

 :: Vector a initial vector (of length `m`) -> [(Int, a)] list of index/value pairs (of length `n`) -> Vector a

O(m+n) For each pair `(i,a)` from the list, replace the vector element at position `i` by `a`.

`<5,9,2,7> // [(2,1),(0,3),(2,8)] = <3,9,8,7>`

Arguments

 :: Vector a initial vector (of length `m`) -> Vector (Int, a) vector of index/value pairs (of length `n`) -> Vector a

O(m+n) For each pair `(i,a)` from the vector of index/value pairs, replace the vector element at position `i` by `a`.

`update <5,9,2,7> <(2,1),(0,3),(2,8)> = <3,9,8,7>`

Arguments

 :: Vector a initial vector (of length `m`) -> Vector Int index vector (of length `n1`) -> Vector a value vector (of length `n2`) -> Vector a

O(m+min(n1,n2)) For each index `i` from the index vector and the corresponding value `a` from the value vector, replace the element of the initial vector at position `i` by `a`.

`update_ <5,9,2,7>  <2,0,2> <1,3,8> = <3,9,8,7>`

The function `update` provides the same functionality and is usually more convenient.

```update_ xs is ys = `update` xs (`zip` is ys)
```

unsafeUpd :: Vector a -> [(Int, a)] -> Vector a Source

Same as (`//`) but without bounds checking.

unsafeUpdate :: Vector a -> Vector (Int, a) -> Vector a Source

Same as `update` but without bounds checking.

unsafeUpdate_ :: Vector a -> Vector Int -> Vector a -> Vector a Source

Same as `update_` but without bounds checking.

## Accumulations

Arguments

 :: (a -> b -> a) accumulating function `f` -> Vector a initial vector (of length `m`) -> [(Int, b)] list of index/value pairs (of length `n`) -> Vector a

O(m+n) For each pair `(i,b)` from the list, replace the vector element `a` at position `i` by `f a b`.

`accum (+) <5,9,2> [(2,4),(1,6),(0,3),(1,7)] = <5+3, 9+6+7, 2+4>`

Arguments

 :: (a -> b -> a) accumulating function `f` -> Vector a initial vector (of length `m`) -> Vector (Int, b) vector of index/value pairs (of length `n`) -> Vector a

O(m+n) For each pair `(i,b)` from the vector of pairs, replace the vector element `a` at position `i` by `f a b`.

`accumulate (+) <5,9,2> <(2,4),(1,6),(0,3),(1,7)> = <5+3, 9+6+7, 2+4>`

Arguments

 :: (a -> b -> a) accumulating function `f` -> Vector a initial vector (of length `m`) -> Vector Int index vector (of length `n1`) -> Vector b value vector (of length `n2`) -> Vector a

O(m+min(n1,n2)) For each index `i` from the index vector and the corresponding value `b` from the the value vector, replace the element of the initial vector at position `i` by `f a b`.

`accumulate_ (+) <5,9,2> <2,1,0,1> <4,6,3,7> = <5+3, 9+6+7, 2+4>`

The function `accumulate` provides the same functionality and is usually more convenient.

```accumulate_ f as is bs = `accumulate` f as (`zip` is bs)
```

unsafeAccum :: (a -> b -> a) -> Vector a -> [(Int, b)] -> Vector a Source

Same as `accum` but without bounds checking.

unsafeAccumulate :: (a -> b -> a) -> Vector a -> Vector (Int, b) -> Vector a Source

Same as `accumulate` but without bounds checking.

unsafeAccumulate_ :: (a -> b -> a) -> Vector a -> Vector Int -> Vector b -> Vector a Source

Same as `accumulate_` but without bounds checking.

## Permutations

reverse :: Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(n) Reverse a vector

O(n) Yield the vector obtained by replacing each element `i` of the index vector by `xs!i`. This is equivalent to `map (xs!) is` but is often much more efficient.

`backpermute <a,b,c,d> <0,3,2,3,1,0> = <a,d,c,d,b,a>`

Same as `backpermute` but without bounds checking.

modify :: (forall s. MVector s a -> ST s ()) -> Vector a -> Vector a Source

Apply a destructive operation to a vector. The operation will be performed in place if it is safe to do so and will modify a copy of the vector otherwise.

```modify (\v -> write v 0 'x') (`replicate` 3 'a') = <'x','a','a'>
```

# Elementwise operations

## Indexing

indexed :: Vector a -> Vector (Int, a) Source

O(n) Pair each element in a vector with its index

## Mapping

map :: (a -> b) -> Vector a -> Vector b Source

O(n) Map a function over a vector

imap :: (Int -> a -> b) -> Vector a -> Vector b Source

O(n) Apply a function to every element of a vector and its index

concatMap :: (a -> Vector b) -> Vector a -> Vector b Source

Map a function over a vector and concatenate the results.

mapM :: Monad m => (a -> m b) -> Vector a -> m (Vector b) Source

O(n) Apply the monadic action to all elements of the vector, yielding a vector of results

mapM_ :: Monad m => (a -> m b) -> Vector a -> m () Source

O(n) Apply the monadic action to all elements of a vector and ignore the results

forM :: Monad m => Vector a -> (a -> m b) -> m (Vector b) Source

O(n) Apply the monadic action to all elements of the vector, yielding a vector of results. Equvalent to `flip mapM`.

forM_ :: Monad m => Vector a -> (a -> m b) -> m () Source

O(n) Apply the monadic action to all elements of a vector and ignore the results. Equivalent to `flip mapM_`.

## Zipping

zipWith :: (a -> b -> c) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c Source

O(min(m,n)) Zip two vectors with the given function.

zipWith3 :: (a -> b -> c -> d) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector d Source

Zip three vectors with the given function.

zipWith4 :: (a -> b -> c -> d -> e) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector d -> Vector e Source

zipWith5 :: (a -> b -> c -> d -> e -> f) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector d -> Vector e -> Vector f Source

zipWith6 :: (a -> b -> c -> d -> e -> f -> g) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector d -> Vector e -> Vector f -> Vector g Source

izipWith :: (Int -> a -> b -> c) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c Source

O(min(m,n)) Zip two vectors with a function that also takes the elements' indices.

izipWith3 :: (Int -> a -> b -> c -> d) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector d Source

Zip three vectors and their indices with the given function.

izipWith4 :: (Int -> a -> b -> c -> d -> e) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector d -> Vector e Source

izipWith5 :: (Int -> a -> b -> c -> d -> e -> f) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector d -> Vector e -> Vector f Source

izipWith6 :: (Int -> a -> b -> c -> d -> e -> f -> g) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector d -> Vector e -> Vector f -> Vector g Source

zip :: Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector (a, b) Source

Elementwise pairing of array elements.

zip3 :: Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector (a, b, c) Source

zip together three vectors into a vector of triples

zip4 :: Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector d -> Vector (a, b, c, d) Source

zip5 :: Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector d -> Vector e -> Vector (a, b, c, d, e) Source

zip6 :: Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector d -> Vector e -> Vector f -> Vector (a, b, c, d, e, f) Source

zipWithM :: Monad m => (a -> b -> m c) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> m (Vector c) Source

O(min(m,n)) Zip the two vectors with the monadic action and yield a vector of results

zipWithM_ :: Monad m => (a -> b -> m c) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> m () Source

O(min(m,n)) Zip the two vectors with the monadic action and ignore the results

## Unzipping

unzip :: Vector (a, b) -> (Vector a, Vector b) Source

O(min(m,n)) Unzip a vector of pairs.

unzip3 :: Vector (a, b, c) -> (Vector a, Vector b, Vector c) Source

unzip4 :: Vector (a, b, c, d) -> (Vector a, Vector b, Vector c, Vector d) Source

unzip5 :: Vector (a, b, c, d, e) -> (Vector a, Vector b, Vector c, Vector d, Vector e) Source

unzip6 :: Vector (a, b, c, d, e, f) -> (Vector a, Vector b, Vector c, Vector d, Vector e, Vector f) Source

# Working with predicates

## Filtering

filter :: (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(n) Drop elements that do not satisfy the predicate

ifilter :: (Int -> a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(n) Drop elements that do not satisfy the predicate which is applied to values and their indices

filterM :: Monad m => (a -> m Bool) -> Vector a -> m (Vector a) Source

O(n) Drop elements that do not satisfy the monadic predicate

takeWhile :: (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(n) Yield the longest prefix of elements satisfying the predicate without copying.

dropWhile :: (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(n) Drop the longest prefix of elements that satisfy the predicate without copying.

## Partitioning

partition :: (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> (Vector a, Vector a) Source

O(n) Split the vector in two parts, the first one containing those elements that satisfy the predicate and the second one those that don't. The relative order of the elements is preserved at the cost of a sometimes reduced performance compared to `unstablePartition`.

unstablePartition :: (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> (Vector a, Vector a) Source

O(n) Split the vector in two parts, the first one containing those elements that satisfy the predicate and the second one those that don't. The order of the elements is not preserved but the operation is often faster than `partition`.

span :: (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> (Vector a, Vector a) Source

O(n) Split the vector into the longest prefix of elements that satisfy the predicate and the rest without copying.

break :: (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> (Vector a, Vector a) Source

O(n) Split the vector into the longest prefix of elements that do not satisfy the predicate and the rest without copying.

## Searching

elem :: Eq a => a -> Vector a -> Bool infix 4 Source

O(n) Check if the vector contains an element

notElem :: Eq a => a -> Vector a -> Bool infix 4 Source

O(n) Check if the vector does not contain an element (inverse of `elem`)

find :: (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> Maybe a Source

O(n) Yield `Just` the first element matching the predicate or `Nothing` if no such element exists.

findIndex :: (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> Maybe Int Source

O(n) Yield `Just` the index of the first element matching the predicate or `Nothing` if no such element exists.

findIndices :: (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> Vector Int Source

O(n) Yield the indices of elements satisfying the predicate in ascending order.

elemIndex :: Eq a => a -> Vector a -> Maybe Int Source

O(n) Yield `Just` the index of the first occurence of the given element or `Nothing` if the vector does not contain the element. This is a specialised version of `findIndex`.

elemIndices :: Eq a => a -> Vector a -> Vector Int Source

O(n) Yield the indices of all occurences of the given element in ascending order. This is a specialised version of `findIndices`.

# Folding

foldl :: (a -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> a Source

O(n) Left fold

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Vector a -> a Source

O(n) Left fold on non-empty vectors

foldl' :: (a -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> a Source

O(n) Left fold with strict accumulator

foldl1' :: (a -> a -> a) -> Vector a -> a Source

O(n) Left fold on non-empty vectors with strict accumulator

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> b Source

O(n) Right fold

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Vector a -> a Source

O(n) Right fold on non-empty vectors

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> b Source

O(n) Right fold with a strict accumulator

foldr1' :: (a -> a -> a) -> Vector a -> a Source

O(n) Right fold on non-empty vectors with strict accumulator

ifoldl :: (a -> Int -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> a Source

O(n) Left fold (function applied to each element and its index)

ifoldl' :: (a -> Int -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> a Source

O(n) Left fold with strict accumulator (function applied to each element and its index)

ifoldr :: (Int -> a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> b Source

O(n) Right fold (function applied to each element and its index)

ifoldr' :: (Int -> a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> b Source

O(n) Right fold with strict accumulator (function applied to each element and its index)

## Specialised folds

all :: (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> Bool Source

O(n) Check if all elements satisfy the predicate.

any :: (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> Bool Source

O(n) Check if any element satisfies the predicate.

O(n) Check if all elements are `True`

O(n) Check if any element is `True`

sum :: Num a => Vector a -> a Source

O(n) Compute the sum of the elements

product :: Num a => Vector a -> a Source

O(n) Compute the produce of the elements

maximum :: Ord a => Vector a -> a Source

O(n) Yield the maximum element of the vector. The vector may not be empty.

maximumBy :: (a -> a -> Ordering) -> Vector a -> a Source

O(n) Yield the maximum element of the vector according to the given comparison function. The vector may not be empty.

minimum :: Ord a => Vector a -> a Source

O(n) Yield the minimum element of the vector. The vector may not be empty.

minimumBy :: (a -> a -> Ordering) -> Vector a -> a Source

O(n) Yield the minimum element of the vector according to the given comparison function. The vector may not be empty.

minIndex :: Ord a => Vector a -> Int Source

O(n) Yield the index of the minimum element of the vector. The vector may not be empty.

minIndexBy :: (a -> a -> Ordering) -> Vector a -> Int Source

O(n) Yield the index of the minimum element of the vector according to the given comparison function. The vector may not be empty.

maxIndex :: Ord a => Vector a -> Int Source

O(n) Yield the index of the maximum element of the vector. The vector may not be empty.

maxIndexBy :: (a -> a -> Ordering) -> Vector a -> Int Source

O(n) Yield the index of the maximum element of the vector according to the given comparison function. The vector may not be empty.

foldM :: Monad m => (a -> b -> m a) -> a -> Vector b -> m a Source

foldM' :: Monad m => (a -> b -> m a) -> a -> Vector b -> m a Source

O(n) Monadic fold with strict accumulator

fold1M :: Monad m => (a -> a -> m a) -> Vector a -> m a Source

O(n) Monadic fold over non-empty vectors

fold1M' :: Monad m => (a -> a -> m a) -> Vector a -> m a Source

O(n) Monadic fold over non-empty vectors with strict accumulator

foldM_ :: Monad m => (a -> b -> m a) -> a -> Vector b -> m () Source

foldM'_ :: Monad m => (a -> b -> m a) -> a -> Vector b -> m () Source

fold1M_ :: Monad m => (a -> a -> m a) -> Vector a -> m () Source

fold1M'_ :: Monad m => (a -> a -> m a) -> Vector a -> m () Source

O(n) Monadic fold over non-empty vectors with strict accumulator that discards the result

sequence :: Monad m => Vector (m a) -> m (Vector a) Source

Evaluate each action and collect the results

sequence_ :: Monad m => Vector (m a) -> m () Source

Evaluate each action and discard the results

# Prefix sums (scans)

prescanl :: (a -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> Vector a Source

O(n) Prescan

```prescanl f z = `init` . `scanl` f z
```

Example: `prescanl (+) 0 <1,2,3,4> = <0,1,3,6>`

prescanl' :: (a -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> Vector a Source

O(n) Prescan with strict accumulator

postscanl :: (a -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> Vector a Source

O(n) Scan

```postscanl f z = `tail` . `scanl` f z
```

Example: `postscanl (+) 0 <1,2,3,4> = <1,3,6,10>`

postscanl' :: (a -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> Vector a Source

O(n) Scan with strict accumulator

scanl :: (a -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> Vector a Source

```scanl f z <x1,...,xn> = <y1,...,y(n+1)>
where y1 = z
yi = f y(i-1) x(i-1)```

Example: `scanl (+) 0 <1,2,3,4> = <0,1,3,6,10>`

scanl' :: (a -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> Vector a Source

O(n) Haskell-style scan with strict accumulator

scanl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(n) Scan over a non-empty vector

```scanl f <x1,...,xn> = <y1,...,yn>
where y1 = x1
yi = f y(i-1) xi```

scanl1' :: (a -> a -> a) -> Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(n) Scan over a non-empty vector with a strict accumulator

prescanr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> Vector b Source

O(n) Right-to-left prescan

```prescanr f z = `reverse` . `prescanl` (flip f) z . `reverse`
```

prescanr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> Vector b Source

O(n) Right-to-left prescan with strict accumulator

postscanr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> Vector b Source

O(n) Right-to-left scan

postscanr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> Vector b Source

O(n) Right-to-left scan with strict accumulator

scanr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> Vector b Source

scanr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> Vector b Source

O(n) Right-to-left Haskell-style scan with strict accumulator

scanr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(n) Right-to-left scan over a non-empty vector

scanr1' :: (a -> a -> a) -> Vector a -> Vector a Source

O(n) Right-to-left scan over a non-empty vector with a strict accumulator

# Conversions

## Lists

toList :: Vector a -> [a] Source

O(n) Convert a vector to a list

fromList :: [a] -> Vector a Source

O(n) Convert a list to a vector

fromListN :: Int -> [a] -> Vector a Source

O(n) Convert the first `n` elements of a list to a vector

```fromListN n xs = `fromList` (`take` n xs)
```

## Other vector types

convert :: (Vector v a, Vector w a) => v a -> w a Source

O(n) Convert different vector types

## Mutable vectors

freeze :: PrimMonad m => MVector (PrimState m) a -> m (Vector a) Source

O(n) Yield an immutable copy of the mutable vector.

thaw :: PrimMonad m => Vector a -> m (MVector (PrimState m) a) Source

O(n) Yield a mutable copy of the immutable vector.

copy :: PrimMonad m => MVector (PrimState m) a -> Vector a -> m () Source

O(n) Copy an immutable vector into a mutable one. The two vectors must have the same length.

unsafeFreeze :: PrimMonad m => MVector (PrimState m) a -> m (Vector a) Source

O(1) Unsafe convert a mutable vector to an immutable one without copying. The mutable vector may not be used after this operation.

unsafeThaw :: PrimMonad m => Vector a -> m (MVector (PrimState m) a) Source

O(1) Unsafely convert an immutable vector to a mutable one without copying. The immutable vector may not be used after this operation.

unsafeCopy :: PrimMonad m => MVector (PrimState m) a -> Vector a -> m () Source

O(n) Copy an immutable vector into a mutable one. The two vectors must have the same length. This is not checked.