The cairo-appbase package
This template includes working callbacks to handle the File and Help menus and File Save/Open dialogs, with dummy handlers for selecting filenames and the Edit menu's Cut, Copy, and Paste. The main canvas uses Cairo for graphics rendering, and includes example code from the cairo package.
To build your own application on top of this, first grab the code. You can either grab it from hackage with cabal unpack cairo-appbase, or clone the git repo:
git clone git://github.com/kfish/cairo-appbase.git
To add widgets, install glade from your distro system and run glade data/main.ui. Save the resulting file in GtkBuilder format.
Note that you must run cabal install to put the UI file in the correct place for your application to pick it up. To modify the code, edit src/cairo-appbase.hs. Hooking up functions to widgets is very simple: get a widget by name (which you set in ui file), and hook one of its signals (which you found in the Signals tab in glade) to an IO () action:
cut1 <- get G.castToMenuItem "cut1" G.onActivateLeaf cut1 $ myCut
The template code includes a trivial definition of myCut:
myCut :: IO () myCut = putStrLn "Cut"
A real application will want to pass data to the callback. In C, this is fairly tedious as you only have a single void * to pass to callbacks as user_data, and applications typically do lots of marshalling and unmarshalling to pass data around. In Haskell however, you can make yourself a more complex callback handler and use a curried version of it in each instance:
cut1 <- get G.castToMenuItem "cut1" G.onActivateLeaf cut1 $ myComplexCut project phase 7 ... myCut :: Project -> MoonPhase -> LuckyNumber -> IO () myCut project phase num = do let selection = currentSelection project when (phase == Full) howl when (num /= 7) fail doActualCut selection
|Versions||0.2, 0.3, 0.4|
|Dependencies||base (<3), cairo, glib, gtk or|
base (≥3 & <6), cairo, glib, gtk
|Author||Conrad Parker, Johan Bockgård|
|Source repository||git clone git://github.com/kfish/cairo-appbase.git|
|Upload date||Mon Nov 14 06:55:33 UTC 2011|