knead: Repa-like array processing using LLVM JIT

[ bsd3, data-structures, library ] [ Propose Tags ]

This library processes arrays like Repa and Accelerate, but it uses the just-in-time compiler of LLVM for generating the machine code. That is, you get very efficient vectorised code that can be run without a GPU. You do not need to care about inlining and strictness annotations, because the LLVM code is by default inlined and strict. The package is intended as the basis for an LLVM backend for the Accelerate framework.


  • Very flexible index handling, even more flexible than the one of Data.Array. It is much more expressive and type-safe than that of repa and array.

  • Extensible element types, e.g. complex numbers. (Maybe this is also possible with accelerate, e.g. with RGB type.)

  • Every compilable program also runs. In contrast to that, accelerate may accept a program that cannot be run by a particular backend, like accelerate-cuda.

Known deficiencies:

  • The functions do not check array bounds. (Of course, we can think about temporary bound checking for debugging purposes.)

  • The package does not try to distribute work across multiple processors. It is certainly simpler, more efficient and more reliable if you do that at a higher level.

The name of the package is inspired by the visualization of typical operations like reshaping, collapsing a dimension and extruding another one.


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Versions [RSS] 0.2,, 0.2.1, 0.2.2, 0.2.3, 0.3, 0.4, 0.4.1, 0.4.2, 0.5, 1.0, 1.0.1, (info)
Dependencies base (>=4 && <5), bool8 (>=0.0 && <0.1), comfort-array (>=0.5 && <0.6), fixed-length (>=0.2.1 && <0.3), llvm-dsl (>=0.1.1 && <0.2), llvm-extra (>=0.11 && <0.13), llvm-tf (>=9.0 && <17.1), prelude-compat (>=0.0 && <0.0.1), storable-enum (>=0.0 && <0.1), storable-record (>=0.0.5 && <0.1), tagged (>=0.7 && <0.9), tfp (>=1.0 && <1.1), transformers (>=0.3 && <0.7), utility-ht (>=0.0.15 && <0.1) [details]
License BSD-3-Clause
Author Henning Thielemann <>
Maintainer Henning Thielemann <>
Category Data Structures
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Source repo this: darcs get --tag
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Uploaded by HenningThielemann at 2024-04-11T09:00:51Z
Reverse Dependencies 2 direct, 2 indirect [details]
Downloads 4680 total (44 in the last 30 days)
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Status Docs uploaded by user [build log]
All reported builds failed as of 2024-04-11 [all 1 reports]