libjwt-typed: A Haskell implementation of JSON Web Token (JWT)

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A Haskell implementation of JSON Web Token (JWT)

Key features

Type-safety

Above Haskell standard type-safety, the library keeps track of public and private claim names and types. There are no user-facing HashMaps in this library! A type of a JWT token might be: Jwt '["user_name" ->> Text, "is_root" ->> Bool, "user_id" ->> UUID, "created" ->> UTCTime, "accounts" ->> NonEmpty (UUID, Text)] ('SomeNs "https://example.com"). From information encoded with precise types, it automatically derives encoders and decoders. It can also work with generic representations such as records.

Speed and robustness

libjwt-typed uses libjwt for low-level functionality. libjwt delegates cryptographic work to either GnuTLS or OpenSSL. This way, not only the most performance-sensitive features work lightning fast, they are also extremely reliable. Besides, the library does not depend on any JSON library like aeson, but it implements the necessary JSON processing in C via jsmn - which makes it even faster. Benchmarking shows that it can be over 10 times faster than other Haskell JWT libraries.

Ease of use

The library is designed for frictionless use. It can be easily extended, e.g. to add support for new types or to use custom JSON encodings compatible with other libraries you may already use in your project. Most instances can be derived automatically. The compilation errors are designed to be informational, i.e. you get Claim "user_name" does not exist in this claim set from GHC, not some 3 page long instance resolution output.

Installation

You must have libjwt (preferrably the latest version) installed on your system and visible to the linker.

libjwt-typed links to it at compile time. You can configure libjwt with GnuTLS or OpenSSL

Please see the full README or browse the docs for more details.


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Versions [faq] 0.1
Change log CHANGELOG.md
Dependencies base (>=4.13.0.0 && <4.15), bytestring (>=0.10.10.0 && <0.11), case-insensitive (>=1.2.0.0), casing (>=0.1.4.1 && <0.2), data-default (>=0.2 && <1.0), either (>=5.0.1.1 && <5.1), exceptions (==0.10.4), extra (==1.7.*), monad-time (==0.3.*), proxied (==0.3.*), text (>=1.2.3.2 && <1.2.5), time (==1.9.*), transformers (>=0.5.6.2 && <0.6), unordered-containers (>=0.2.10.0 && <0.3), utf8-string (>=1.0.1.1 && <1.1), uuid (>=1.3) [details]
License MPL-2.0[multiple license files]
Copyright 2020 Marcin Rzeźnicki
Author Marcin Rzeźnicki
Maintainer Marcin Rzeźnicki <marcin.rzeznicki@gmail.com>
Category Web
Home page https://github.com/marcin-rzeznicki/libjwt-typed
Bug tracker https://github.com/marcin-rzeznicki/libjwt-typed/issues
Source repo head: git clone https://github.com/marcin-rzeznicki/libjwt-typed.git
Uploaded by rzeznik at 2020-09-15T20:00:49Z
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Readme for libjwt-typed-0.1

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libjwt-typed

Build status Hackage Stackage Lts Stackage Nightly MPL-2.0 license

A Haskell implementation of JSON Web Token (JWT).

  1. Key features
    1. Type-safety
    2. Speed and robustness
    3. Ease of use
  2. Installation
  3. Supported algorithms
    1. Example usage
      1. With secrets (HS256, HS384, HS512)
      2. With keys
  4. Usage
    1. Create a payload
      1. Namespaces
    2. Signing a token
    3. Decoding a token
  5. Supported types
    1. Flags
  6. Benchmarks
    1. Signing
    2. Decoding
  7. Not implemented
  8. Idea

Key features

Type-safety

Above Haskell standard type-safety, the library keeps track of public and private claim names and types. There are no user-facing HashMaps in this library! A type of a JWT token might be: Jwt '["user_name" ->> Text, "is_root" ->> Bool, "user_id" ->> UUID, "created" ->> UTCTime, "accounts" ->> NonEmpty (UUID, Text)] ('SomeNs "https://example.com").

From information encoded with precise types, it automatically derives encoders and decoders. It can also work with generic representations such as records.

Speed and robustness

libjwt-typed uses libjwt for low-level functionality. libjwt delegates cryptographic work to either GnuTLS or OpenSSL. This way, not only the most performance-sensitive features work lightning fast, they are also extremely reliable. Besides, the library does not depend on any JSON library like aeson, but it implements the necessary JSON processing in C via jsmn - which makes it even faster. Benchmarking shows that it can be over 10 times faster than other Haskell JWT libraries.

Ease of use

The library is designed for frictionless use. It can be easily extended, e.g. to add support for new types or to use custom JSON encodings compatible with other libraries you may already use in your project. Most instances can be derived automatically. The compilation errors are designed to be informational, i.e. you get Claim "user_name" does not exist in this claim set from GHC, not some 3 page long instance resolution output.

Installation

libjwt-typed is available on Hackage

You must have libjwt (preferrably the latest version) installed on your system and visible to the linker. libjwt-typed links to it at compile time. You can configure libjwt with GnuTLS or OpenSSL (it doesn't matter for lbjwt-typed which one you chose)

Supported algorithms

| JWS | Algorithm | Description | | :---: | :-------: | :--------------------------------- | | HS256 | HMAC256 | HMAC with SHA-256 | | HS384 | HMAC384 | HMAC with SHA-384 | | HS512 | HMAC512 | HMAC with SHA-512 | | RS256 | RSA256 | RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 with SHA-256 | | RS384 | RSA384 | RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 with SHA-384 | | RS512 | RSA512 | RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 with SHA-512 | | ES256 | ECDSA256 | ECDSA with curve P-256 and SHA-256 | | ES384 | ECDSA384 | ECDSA with curve P-384 and SHA-384 | | ES512 | ECDSA512 | ECDSA with curve P-521 and SHA-512 |

Example usage

With secrets (HS256, HS384, HS512)

{-# LANGUAGE OverloadedStrings #-}

import Web.Libjwt ( Alg(HS512) )

hmac512 :: Alg
hmac512 =
  HS512
    "MjZkMDY2OWFiZmRjYTk5YjczZWFiZjYzMmRjMzU5NDYyMjMxODBjMTg3ZmY5OTZjM2NhM2NhN2Mx\
    \YzFiNDNlYjc4NTE1MjQxZGI0OWM1ZWI2ZDUyZmMzZDlhMmFiNjc5OWJlZTUxNjE2ZDRlYTNkYjU5\
    \Y2IwMDZhYWY1MjY1OTQgIC0K"

A key of the same size as the hash output (for instance, 256 bits for "HS256") or larger MUST be used with these algorithms.

With keys

Obtaining or reading keys is beyond the scope of this library. It accepts PEM-encoded RSA/ECDSA keys as ByteStrings

import           Web.Libjwt                     ( Alg(..)
                                                , EcKeyPair(..)
                                                , RsaKeyPair(..)
                                                )
import qualified Data.ByteString.Char8         as C8

rsa2048KeyPair :: RsaKeyPair
rsa2048KeyPair =
  let private = C8.pack $ unlines
        [ "-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----"
        , "MIIEpgIBAAKCAQEAwCXp2P+qboao0tjUyU+D3YI+sgBn8dkGaxOvPFLBFQMNkhbL"
        -- ... 
        , "-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----"
        ]
      public = C8.pack $ unlines
        [ "-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----"
        , "MIIBIjANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAAOCAQ8AMIIBCgKCAQEAwCXp2P+qboao0tjUyU+D"
        -- ...
        , "-----END PUBLIC KEY-----"
        ]
  in  FromRsaPem { privKey = private, pubKey = public }

rs512 :: Alg
rs512 = RS512 rsa2048KeyPair

ecP521KeyPair :: EcKeyPair
ecP521KeyPair =
  let private = C8.pack $ unlines
        [ "-----BEGIN EC PRIVATE KEY-----"
        , "MIHcAgEBBEIAIWLn8LIw+NC3gZJIFemY/Ku5QNNncVjNZiQdICh7KzgHPrjCrdQk"
        -- ...
        , "-----END EC PRIVATE KEY-----"
        ]
      public = C8.pack $ unlines
        [ "-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----"
        , "MIGbMBAGByqGSM49AgEGBSuBBAAjA4GGAAQBoCA7tBSz6R9DTQM5aq0VtyApXMUm"
        -- ...
        , "-----END PUBLIC KEY-----"
        ]
  in  FromEcPem { ecPrivKey = private, ecPubKey = public }

es512 :: Alg
es512 = ES512 ecP521KeyPair

A key of size 2048 bits or larger MUST be used for RSA algorithms.

The specification defines "the use of ECDSA with the P-256 curve [secp256k1 or prime256v1] and the SHA-256 cryptographic hash function, ECDSA with the P-384 curve [secp384r1] and the SHA-384 hash function, and ECDSA with the P-521 curve [secp521r1] and the SHA-512 hash function."

Usage

Create a payload

Assuming

{-# LANGUAGE DerivingStrategies #-}
{-# LANGUAGE DeriveGeneric #-}
{-# LANGUAGE NoMonomorphismRestriction #-} -- just for sweet and short examples
{-# LANGUAGE OverloadedLabels #-}
{-# LANGUAGE OverloadedStrings #-}
{-# LANGUAGE RecordWildCards #-}

import           Web.Libjwt

import           Data.ByteString                ( ByteString )
import           Data.Default
import           Data.List.NonEmpty             ( NonEmpty(..) )
import           Data.Text                      ( Text )
import           Data.Time.Clock                ( UTCTime )
import           Data.UUID                      ( UUID )
import           GHC.Generics

import           Prelude                 hiding ( exp )

data UserClaims = UserClaims { userId :: UUID
                             , userName :: Text
                             , isRoot :: Bool
                             , createdAt :: UTCTime
                             , accounts :: NonEmpty UUID
                             }
  deriving stock (Eq, Show, Generic)
  • Direct style

mkPayload UserClaims {..} currentTime =
  let now = fromUTC currentTime
  in  def
        { iss           = Iss (Just "myApp")
        , aud           = Aud ["https://myApp.com"]
        , iat           = Iat (Just now)
        , exp           = Exp (Just $ now `plusSeconds` 300)
        , privateClaims = toPrivateClaims
                            ( #user_name ->> userName
                            , #is_root ->> isRoot
                            , #user_id ->> userId
                            , #created ->> createdAt
                            , #accounts ->> accounts
                            )
        }

{-
λ> :t mkPayload
mkPayload
  :: UserClaims
     -> UTCTime
     -> Payload
          '["user_name" ->> Text, "is_root" ->> Bool, "user_id" ->> UUID,
            "created" ->> UTCTime, "accounts" ->> NonEmpty UUID]
          'NoNs 
-}

  • Builder (monoidal) style

mkPayload' UserClaims {..} = jwtPayload
  (withIssuer "myApp" <> withRecipient "https://myApp.com" <> setTtl 300)
  ( #user_name ->> userName
  , #is_root ->> isRoot
  , #user_id ->> userId
  , #created ->> createdAt
  , #accounts ->> accounts
  )

{-
λ> :t mkPayload'
mkPayload'
  :: MonadTime m =>
     UserClaims
     -> m (Payload
             '["user_name" ->> Text, "is_root" ->> Bool, "user_id" ->> UUID,
               "created" ->> UTCTime, "accounts" ->> NonEmpty UUID]
             'NoNs)
-}

  • Generic style

instance ToPrivateClaims UserClaims

mkPayload'' = jwtPayload
  (withIssuer "myApp" <> withRecipient "https://myApp.com" <> setTtl 300)
  UserClaims { userId    = read "5a7c5cdd-3909-456b-9dd2-6ba84bfeeb25"
             , userName  = "JohnDoe"
             , isRoot    = False
             , createdAt = read "2020-07-31 11:45:00 UTC"
             , accounts  = read "0bdf91cc-48bb-47f5-b633-920c34bd2352" :| []
             }

Namespaces

To ensure that private do not collide with claims from other resources, it is recommended to give them globally unique names . This is often done through namespacing, i.e. prefixing the names with the URI of a resource you control. In libjwt-typed this is handled entirely at the type-level, and you don't need to write any code to handle this case. As you may have noticed, Payload types have a component of the type NoNs. It tracks the namespace assigned to private claims within this payload. If you change the last example to:

{-# LANGUAGE TypeOperators #-}
{-# LANGUAGE DataKinds #-}

mkPayload''' =
  jwtPayload
      (withIssuer "myApp" <> withRecipient "https://myApp.com" <> setTtl 300)
    $ withNs
        (Ns @"https://myApp.com")
        UserClaims
          { userId    = read "5a7c5cdd-3909-456b-9dd2-6ba84bfeeb25"
          , userName  = "JohnDoe"
          , isRoot    = False
          , createdAt = read "2020-07-31 11:45:00 UTC"
          , accounts  = read "0bdf91cc-48bb-47f5-b633-920c34bd2352" :| []
          }

, you'll notice that the type has changed to accomodate the namespace (becoming Payload '[...] ('SomeNs "https://myApp.com")). Consequently, in the generated token "userId" becomes "https://myApp.com/userId" etc

Signing a token


token :: IO ByteString -- or any other MonadTime instance
token = getToken . sign hmac512 <$> mkPayload''

{-
λ> token
"eyJhbGciOiJIUzUxMiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJhY2NvdW50cyI6WyIwYmRmOTFjYy00OGJiLTQ3ZjUtYjYzMy05MjBjMzRiZDIzNTIiXSwiYXVkIjpbImh0dHBzOi8vbXlBcHAuY29tIl0sImNyZWF0ZWRBdCI6IjIwMjAtMDctMzFUMTE6NDU6MDBaIiwiZXhwIjoxNTk5NDk5MDczLCJpYXQiOjE1OTk0OTg3NzMsImlzUm9vdCI6ZmFsc2UsImlzcyI6Im15QXBwIiwidXNlcklkIjoiNWE3YzVjZGQtMzkwOS00NTZiLTlkZDItNmJhODRiZmVlYjI1IiwidXNlck5hbWUiOiJKb2huRG9lIn0.KH4YSODoTxuNLPYCyz0lmoVDHYJpvL8k6fccFugqs-6VcpctXeR4OYyWOZJDi294r6njCqRP15eqYpwrrzKKrQ" 
-}

Tip: you can inspect the above token in the JWT debugger

sign is a pure function, we only need Monad for the currentTime used to construct the payload.

Decoding a token


{-# LANGUAGE TypeOperators #-}
{-# LANGUAGE DataKinds #-}

type MyJwt
  = Jwt
      '["userId" ->> UUID, "userName" ->> Text, "isRoot" ->> Bool, "createdAt" ->> UTCTime, "accounts" ->> NonEmpty UUID]
      'NoNs

decodeDoNotUse :: IO (Decoded MyJwt)
decodeDoNotUse = decodeByteString hmac512 =<< token

{-
λ> decode_do_not_use
MkDecoded {getDecoded = Jwt {header = Header {alg = HS512 (MkSecret {reveal = "MjZkMDY2OWFiZmRjYTk5YjczZWFiZjYzMmRjMzU5NDYyMjMxODBjMTg3ZmY5OTZjM2NhM2NhN2MxYzFiNDNlYjc4NTE1MjQxZGI0OWM1ZWI2ZDUyZmMzZDlhMmFiNjc5OWJlZTUxNjE2ZDRlYTNkYjU5Y2IwMDZhYWY1MjY1OTQgIC0K"}), typ = JWT}, payload = ClaimsSet {iss = Iss (Just "myApp"), sub = Sub Nothing, aud = Aud ["https://myApp.com"], exp = Exp (Just (NumericDate {secondsSinceEpoch = 1599501809})), nbf = Nbf Nothing, iat = Iat (Just (NumericDate {secondsSinceEpoch = 1599501509})), jti = Jti Nothing, privateClaims = (#userId ->> 5a7c5cdd-3909-456b-9dd2-6ba84bfeeb25, #userName ->> "JohnDoe", #isRoot ->> False, #createdAt ->> 2020-07-31 11:45:00 UTC, #accounts ->> (0bdf91cc-48bb-47f5-b633-920c34bd2352 :| []))}}}
-}

While the structure of the JWT can be inferred when signing - this obviously is not the case when decoding. decodeByteString can't possibly know what you are going to extract from the token, so you need to give it the expected type. It can simply be type-alias like in the example above. Based on this, the correct decoder is dervied. If something goes wrong an exception will be thrown, which you can catch and inspect.

The result of this function is an instance of Decoded type. The JWT stucture wrapped in this type is guaranteed to be correct representation of the requested type with its signature checked according to your algorithm and secret/key.

IMPORTANT: Your program should always require an instance of the Validated type (see below). Decoded only means that the signature and the representation are correct, but does not verify that the token has not expired or is not intended for you etc.

To return decoded and validated structure it is better to do


decodeAndValidate :: IO (ValidationNEL ValidationFailure (Validated MyJwt))
decodeAndValidate = jwtFromByteString settings mempty hmac512 =<< token
  where settings = Settings { leeway = 5, appName = Just "https://myApp.com" }

{-
λ> decodeAndValidate 
Success (MkValid {getValid = Jwt {header = Header {alg = HS512 (MkSecret {reveal = "MjZkMDY2OWFiZmRjYTk5YjczZWFiZjYzMmRjMzU5NDYyMjMxODBjMTg3ZmY5OTZjM2NhM2NhN2MxYzFiNDNlYjc4NTE1MjQxZGI0OWM1ZWI2ZDUyZmMzZDlhMmFiNjc5OWJlZTUxNjE2ZDRlYTNkYjU5Y2IwMDZhYWY1MjY1OTQgIC0K"}), typ = JWT}, payload = ClaimsSet {iss = Iss (Just "myApp"), sub = Sub Nothing, aud = Aud ["https://myApp.com"], exp = Exp (Just (NumericDate {secondsSinceEpoch = 1599504161})), nbf = Nbf Nothing, iat = Iat (Just (NumericDate {secondsSinceEpoch = 1599503861})), jti = Jti Nothing, privateClaims = (#userId ->> 5a7c5cdd-3909-456b-9dd2-6ba84bfeeb25, #userName ->> "JohnDoe", #isRoot ->> False, #createdAt ->> 2020-07-31 11:45:00 UTC, #accounts ->> (0bdf91cc-48bb-47f5-b633-920c34bd2352 :| []))}}})
 -}

JWT validation is monoid. You can append additional validations based on public and private claims, for example checkIssuer "myApp" <> checkClaim (== True) #isRoot. You will certainly like the fact that private claims' types are fullly known, so you can operate on type-safe Haskell values (checkClaim ( > 0) #isRoot will not compile). The mempty validation (the default validation) checks (according to the rules in the RFC ) whether:

  • token has not expired (exp claim),
  • token is ready to use (nbf claim),
  • token is intended for you (aud claim)

Time-based validations (all predefined validations for exp, nbf and iat claims) allow for some small leeway (e.g. leeway = 5 means that the token expired less than 5 seconds ago is still considered to be valid), which can be set in ValidationSettings.

Full example with error-handling might look like:

{-# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables #-}

import           Control.Arrow                  ( left )
import           Control.Exception              ( catch
                                                , displayException
                                                )
import           Data.Either.Validation         ( validationToEither )

decodeAndValidateFull :: IO (Either String UserClaims)
decodeAndValidateFull =
  (   left (("Token not valid: " ++) . show)
    .   fmap toUserClaims
    .   validationToEither
    <$> decodeAndValidate
    )
    `catch` onError
 where
  toUserClaims = fromPrivateClaims . privateClaims . payload . getValid
  onError (e :: SomeDecodeException) =
    return $ Left $ "Cannot decode token " ++ displayException e

{-
λ> decodeAndValidateFull 
Right (UserClaims {userId = 5a7c5cdd-3909-456b-9dd2-6ba84bfeeb25, userName = "JohnDoe", isRoot = False, createdAt = 2020-07-31 11:45:00 UTC, accounts = 0bdf91cc-48bb-47f5-b633-920c34bd2352 :| []})
-}

Supported types

The following types are currently supported:

  • ByteString
  • String
  • Text
  • Libjwt.ASCII (for marking strings as ASCII only)
  • Libjwt.JsonByteString (for working with pure JSON)
  • Bool
  • Libjwt.NumericDate (POSIX timestamps)
  • Libjwt.Flag (for simple sum types)
  • Int
  • UUID
  • UTCTime, ZonedTime, LocalTime, Day
  • Maybes of the above types
  • lists of the above types and lists of tuples created from them
  • NonEmpty lists of the above types

Flags

Flags provide a way to automatically encode and decode simple sum types.

data Scope = Login | Extended | UserRead | UserWrite | AccountRead | AccountWrite
  deriving stock (Show, Eq, Generic)

instance AFlag Scope

Now, you can use Flag Scope in JWT claims, e.g.

mkPayload' UserClaims {..} = jwtPayload
  (withIssuer "myApp" <> withRecipient "https://myApp.com" <> setTtl 300)
  ( #user_name ->> userName
  , #is_root ->> isRoot
  , #user_id ->> userId
  , #created ->> createdAt
  , #accounts ->> accounts
  , #scope ->> Flag Login
  )

Benchmarks

Full result sets (graphical HTML reports) are available here.

Code can be found here. Benchmarking is undoubtedly hard - if you think something can be improved, please make a PR.

The Benchmarks compare libjwt-typed to jose in different hopefully real-world use cases. All the results below were obtained on a 6-Core Intel Core i7-9750H; 32 GB RAM; GHC 8.10.1 (compiled with -O2; RTS options: -N -ki2k -A512m -n32m); libjwt built with GnuTLS using GCC 10.2.0

Signing

Measuring going from data to a fully signed, ready to send over-the-wire token

When signing an "empty" token using SHA-512 i.e. something like

{
  "iat": 1599531131,
  "nbf": 1599531131,
  "exp": 1599531431,
  "sub": "c5caab61-3ee4-49ab-86e6-b6ac292901f7",
  "aud": ["https://example.com"],
  "iss": "benchmarks"
}

| what | libjwt | jose | speedup | | :---: | :----------------------: | :------------------: | :-----: | | mean | 9.05 μs (± 278 ns) | 166 μs (± 5.74 μs) | 18x |

For more complex tokens i.e. something like

{
  "iat": 1599531131,
  "nbf": 1599531131,
  "exp": 1599531431,
  "sub": "c5caab61-3ee4-49ab-86e6-b6ac292901f7",
  "aud": ["https://example.com"],
  "iss": "benchmarks",
  "user_name": "E\\129057~[lzR64FhhdhrlUMH0A",
  "is_root": true,
  "client_id": "b659f842-5d78-4da1-9891-8aaa4ac3983b",
  "created": "2020-09-08 02:12:11.099106573 UTC",
  "accounts": [
    ["8aa634fb-8cc4-44cb-84ec-9eb6c78834e1", "k"],
    ["da8b0ff6-a32c-43d0-bd89-1a63273945e0", ")`"],
    ["219f30da-c474-4f23-af6a-495b1034e02f", "J"]
  ],
  "emails": ["0g(B@example.com", "eo@example.com"]
}

| what | libjwt | jose | speedup | | :---: | :-----------------------: | :------------------: | :-----: | | mean | 35.4 μs (± 89.9 ns) | 525 μs (± 9.94 μs) | 14x |

When signing using elliptic-curve cryptography: ECDSA256

| what | libjwt | jose | speedup | | :------------: | :----------------------: | :-------------------: | :-----: | | mean (simple) | 77.3 μs (± 833 ns) | 1.18 ms (± 21.6 μs) | 15x | | mean (complex) | 112 μs (± 1.17 μs) | 1.54 ms (± 22.0 μs) | 13x |

and ECDSA512

| what | libjwt | jose | speedup | | :------------: | :----------------------: | :-------------------: | :-----: | | mean (simple) | 270 μs (± 4.74 μs) | 3.94 ms (± 40.7 μs) | 14x | | mean (complex) | 305 μs (± 4.19 μs) | 4.31 ms (± 55.5 μs) | 14x |

And finally using the RSA (RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 using SHA-512)

| what | libjwt | jose | speedup | | :------------: | :-------------------: | :-----------------------: | :-----: | | mean (simple) | 1.40 ms (± 13.2 μs) | 1.03 ms (± 11.9 μs) | 0.7x | | mean (complex) | 1.44 ms (± 15.0 μs) | 1.37 ms (± 15.8 μs) | 0.9x |

This is the only time jose is faster (congrats!). libjwt-typed is slower probably because it doesn't store private key parameters. This is something thaht needs to be improved.

Decoding

Here going from a ByteString token back to the data is measured. When I say "to the data" I mean user-types, not aeson values. This is where libjwt-typed has considerable leverage as it doesn't use any intermediate form, but I think it is fair as users will eventually have to parse data anyway.

Using HMAC512

| what | libjwt | jose | speedup | | :------------: | :----------------------: | :------------------: | :-----: | | mean (simple) | 9.29 μs (± 143 ns) | 128 μs (± 3.40 μs) | 13x | | mean (complex) | 60.0 μs (± 691 ns) | 390 μs (± 6.12 μs) | 6x |

Using ECDSA256

| what | libjwt | jose | speedup | | :------------: | :----------------------: | :-------------------: | :-----: | | mean (simple) | 189 μs (± 1.49 μs) | 1.26 ms (± 14.4 μs) | 6x | | mean (complex) | 244 μs (± 3.14 μs) | 1.54 ms (± 15.4 μs) | 6x |

Using ECDSA512

| what | libjwt | jose | speedup | | :------------: | :----------------------: | :-------------------: | :-----: | | mean (simple) | 749 μs (± 8.66 μs) | 4.45 ms (± 75.4 μs) | 5x | | mean (complex) | 804 μs (± 9.67 μs) | 4.71 ms (± 53.8 μs) | 5x |

And finally RSA

| what | libjwt | jose | speedup | | :------------: | :----------------------: | :------------------: | :-----: | | mean (simple) | 39.4 μs (± 618 ns) | 138 μs (± 3.23 μs) | 3x | | mean (complex) | 93.5 μs (± 777 ns) | 399 μs (± 6.33 μs) | 4x |

Not implemented

  • JWT header can only contain alg and typ (everything else is ignored). This decision is partly because of the belief that you rarely need to complicate the header, and partly because of the limiation of libjwt which prevents the header from being checked before decoding (this is done in one step). For this reason, things like selecting keys based on the header cannot be easily implemented.

Idea

The idea for this lib comes from my talk "Building a web library using super hard Haskell" at the Haskell Love Conference