mixed-types-num-0.3.1.5: Alternative Prelude with numeric and logic expressions typed bottom-up

Copyright(c) Michal Konecny
LicenseBSD3
Maintainermikkonecny@gmail.com
Stabilityexperimental
Portabilityportable
Safe HaskellSafe
LanguageHaskell98

Numeric.MixedTypes.PreludeHiding

Description

Prelude without operations that clash with MixedTypes

Synopsis

Documentation

(++) :: [a] -> [a] -> [a] infixr 5 #

Append two lists, i.e.,

[x1, ..., xm] ++ [y1, ..., yn] == [x1, ..., xm, y1, ..., yn]
[x1, ..., xm] ++ [y1, ...] == [x1, ..., xm, y1, ...]

If the first list is not finite, the result is the first list.

seq :: a -> b -> b #

The value of seq a b is bottom if a is bottom, and otherwise equal to b. In other words, it evaluates the first argument a to weak head normal form (WHNF). seq is usually introduced to improve performance by avoiding unneeded laziness.

A note on evaluation order: the expression seq a b does not guarantee that a will be evaluated before b. The only guarantee given by seq is that the both a and b will be evaluated before seq returns a value. In particular, this means that b may be evaluated before a. If you need to guarantee a specific order of evaluation, you must use the function pseq from the "parallel" package.

filter :: (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] #

filter, applied to a predicate and a list, returns the list of those elements that satisfy the predicate; i.e.,

filter p xs = [ x | x <- xs, p x]

zip :: [a] -> [b] -> [(a, b)] #

zip takes two lists and returns a list of corresponding pairs.

zip [1, 2] ['a', 'b'] = [(1, 'a'), (2, 'b')]

If one input list is short, excess elements of the longer list are discarded:

zip [1] ['a', 'b'] = [(1, 'a')]
zip [1, 2] ['a'] = [(1, 'a')]

zip is right-lazy:

zip [] _|_ = []
zip _|_ [] = _|_

print :: Show a => a -> IO () #

The print function outputs a value of any printable type to the standard output device. Printable types are those that are instances of class Show; print converts values to strings for output using the show operation and adds a newline.

For example, a program to print the first 20 integers and their powers of 2 could be written as:

main = print ([(n, 2^n) | n <- [0..19]])

fst :: (a, b) -> a #

Extract the first component of a pair.

snd :: (a, b) -> b #

Extract the second component of a pair.

otherwise :: Bool #

otherwise is defined as the value True. It helps to make guards more readable. eg.

 f x | x < 0     = ...
     | otherwise = ...

map :: (a -> b) -> [a] -> [b] #

map f xs is the list obtained by applying f to each element of xs, i.e.,

map f [x1, x2, ..., xn] == [f x1, f x2, ..., f xn]
map f [x1, x2, ...] == [f x1, f x2, ...]

($) :: (a -> b) -> a -> b infixr 0 #

Application operator. This operator is redundant, since ordinary application (f x) means the same as (f $ x). However, $ has low, right-associative binding precedence, so it sometimes allows parentheses to be omitted; for example:

f $ g $ h x  =  f (g (h x))

It is also useful in higher-order situations, such as map ($ 0) xs, or zipWith ($) fs xs.

Note that ($) is levity-polymorphic in its result type, so that foo $ True where foo :: Bool -> Int# is well-typed

fromIntegral :: (Integral a, Num b) => a -> b #

general coercion from integral types

realToFrac :: (Real a, Fractional b) => a -> b #

general coercion to fractional types

class Bounded a where #

The Bounded class is used to name the upper and lower limits of a type. Ord is not a superclass of Bounded since types that are not totally ordered may also have upper and lower bounds.

The Bounded class may be derived for any enumeration type; minBound is the first constructor listed in the data declaration and maxBound is the last. Bounded may also be derived for single-constructor datatypes whose constituent types are in Bounded.

Methods

minBound :: a #

maxBound :: a #

Instances
Bounded Bool

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded Char

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded Int

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: Int #

maxBound :: Int #

Bounded Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Bounded Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Bounded Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Bounded Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Bounded Ordering

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded Word

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Bounded Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Bounded Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Bounded Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Bounded VecCount

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded VecElem

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded ()

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: () #

maxBound :: () #

Bounded All

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

minBound :: All #

maxBound :: All #

Bounded Any

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

minBound :: Any #

maxBound :: Any #

Bounded Associativity

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Bounded SourceUnpackedness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Bounded SourceStrictness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Bounded DecidedStrictness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Bounded a => Bounded (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Bounded a => Bounded (Dual a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

minBound :: Dual a #

maxBound :: Dual a #

Bounded a => Bounded (Sum a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

minBound :: Sum a #

maxBound :: Sum a #

Bounded a => Bounded (Product a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

(Bounded a, Bounded b) => Bounded (a, b)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b) #

maxBound :: (a, b) #

Bounded (Proxy t)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Proxy

Methods

minBound :: Proxy t #

maxBound :: Proxy t #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c) => Bounded (a, b, c)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c) #

(Applicative f, Bounded a) => Bounded (Ap f a)

Since: base-4.12.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

minBound :: Ap f a #

maxBound :: Ap f a #

a ~ b => Bounded (a :~: b)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Equality

Methods

minBound :: a :~: b #

maxBound :: a :~: b #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d) => Bounded (a, b, c, d)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d) #

a ~~ b => Bounded (a :~~: b)

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Equality

Methods

minBound :: a :~~: b #

maxBound :: a :~~: b #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k, Bounded l) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k, Bounded l, Bounded m) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k, Bounded l, Bounded m, Bounded n) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k, Bounded l, Bounded m, Bounded n, Bounded o) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) #

class Enum a where #

Class Enum defines operations on sequentially ordered types.

The enumFrom... methods are used in Haskell's translation of arithmetic sequences.

Instances of Enum may be derived for any enumeration type (types whose constructors have no fields). The nullary constructors are assumed to be numbered left-to-right by fromEnum from 0 through n-1. See Chapter 10 of the Haskell Report for more details.

For any type that is an instance of class Bounded as well as Enum, the following should hold:

   enumFrom     x   = enumFromTo     x maxBound
   enumFromThen x y = enumFromThenTo x y bound
     where
       bound | fromEnum y >= fromEnum x = maxBound
             | otherwise                = minBound

Minimal complete definition

toEnum, fromEnum

Methods

succ :: a -> a #

the successor of a value. For numeric types, succ adds 1.

pred :: a -> a #

the predecessor of a value. For numeric types, pred subtracts 1.

toEnum :: Int -> a #

Convert from an Int.

fromEnum :: a -> Int #

Convert to an Int. It is implementation-dependent what fromEnum returns when applied to a value that is too large to fit in an Int.

enumFrom :: a -> [a] #

Used in Haskell's translation of [n..] with [n..] = enumFrom n, a possible implementation being enumFrom n = n : enumFrom (succ n). For example:

  • enumFrom 4 :: [Integer] = [4,5,6,7,...]
  • enumFrom 6 :: [Int] = [6,7,8,9,...,maxBound :: Int]

enumFromThen :: a -> a -> [a] #

Used in Haskell's translation of [n,n'..] with [n,n'..] = enumFromThen n n', a possible implementation being enumFromThen n n' = n : n' : worker (f x) (f x n'), worker s v = v : worker s (s v), x = fromEnum n' - fromEnum n and f n y | n > 0 = f (n - 1) (succ y) | n < 0 = f (n + 1) (pred y) | otherwise = y For example:

  • enumFromThen 4 6 :: [Integer] = [4,6,8,10...]
  • enumFromThen 6 2 :: [Int] = [6,2,-2,-6,...,minBound :: Int]

enumFromTo :: a -> a -> [a] #

Used in Haskell's translation of [n..m] with [n..m] = enumFromTo n m, a possible implementation being enumFromTo n m | n <= m = n : enumFromTo (succ n) m | otherwise = []. For example:

  • enumFromTo 6 10 :: [Int] = [6,7,8,9,10]
  • enumFromTo 42 1 :: [Integer] = []

enumFromThenTo :: a -> a -> a -> [a] #

Used in Haskell's translation of [n,n'..m] with [n,n'..m] = enumFromThenTo n n' m, a possible implementation being enumFromThenTo n n' m = worker (f x) (c x) n m, x = fromEnum n' - fromEnum n, c x = bool (>=) ((x 0) f n y | n > 0 = f (n - 1) (succ y) | n < 0 = f (n + 1) (pred y) | otherwise = y and worker s c v m | c v m = v : worker s c (s v) m | otherwise = [] For example:

  • enumFromThenTo 4 2 -6 :: [Integer] = [4,2,0,-2,-4,-6]
  • enumFromThenTo 6 8 2 :: [Int] = []
Instances
Enum Bool

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: Bool -> Bool #

pred :: Bool -> Bool #

toEnum :: Int -> Bool #

fromEnum :: Bool -> Int #

enumFrom :: Bool -> [Bool] #

enumFromThen :: Bool -> Bool -> [Bool] #

enumFromTo :: Bool -> Bool -> [Bool] #

enumFromThenTo :: Bool -> Bool -> Bool -> [Bool] #

Enum Char

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: Char -> Char #

pred :: Char -> Char #

toEnum :: Int -> Char #

fromEnum :: Char -> Int #

enumFrom :: Char -> [Char] #

enumFromThen :: Char -> Char -> [Char] #

enumFromTo :: Char -> Char -> [Char] #

enumFromThenTo :: Char -> Char -> Char -> [Char] #

Enum Int

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: Int -> Int #

pred :: Int -> Int #

toEnum :: Int -> Int #

fromEnum :: Int -> Int #

enumFrom :: Int -> [Int] #

enumFromThen :: Int -> Int -> [Int] #

enumFromTo :: Int -> Int -> [Int] #

enumFromThenTo :: Int -> Int -> Int -> [Int] #

Enum Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

succ :: Int8 -> Int8 #

pred :: Int8 -> Int8 #

toEnum :: Int -> Int8 #

fromEnum :: Int8 -> Int #

enumFrom :: Int8 -> [Int8] #

enumFromThen :: Int8 -> Int8 -> [Int8] #

enumFromTo :: Int8 -> Int8 -> [Int8] #

enumFromThenTo :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 -> [Int8] #

Enum Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Enum Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Enum Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Enum Integer

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum Natural

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum Ordering

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum Word

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: Word -> Word #

pred :: Word -> Word #

toEnum :: Int -> Word #

fromEnum :: Word -> Int #

enumFrom :: Word -> [Word] #

enumFromThen :: Word -> Word -> [Word] #

enumFromTo :: Word -> Word -> [Word] #

enumFromThenTo :: Word -> Word -> Word -> [Word] #

Enum Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Enum Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Enum Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Enum Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Enum VecCount

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum VecElem

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum ()

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: () -> () #

pred :: () -> () #

toEnum :: Int -> () #

fromEnum :: () -> Int #

enumFrom :: () -> [()] #

enumFromThen :: () -> () -> [()] #

enumFromTo :: () -> () -> [()] #

enumFromThenTo :: () -> () -> () -> [()] #

Enum Associativity

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Enum SourceUnpackedness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Enum SourceStrictness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Enum DecidedStrictness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Enum Clock 
Instance details

Defined in System.Clock

Enum Extension 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.LanguageExtensions.Type

Enum TestQuality 
Instance details

Defined in Test.SmallCheck.Property

Enum Day 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Time.Calendar.Days

Methods

succ :: Day -> Day #

pred :: Day -> Day #

toEnum :: Int -> Day #

fromEnum :: Day -> Int #

enumFrom :: Day -> [Day] #

enumFromThen :: Day -> Day -> [Day] #

enumFromTo :: Day -> Day -> [Day] #

enumFromThenTo :: Day -> Day -> Day -> [Day] #

Integral a => Enum (Ratio a)

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

succ :: Ratio a -> Ratio a #

pred :: Ratio a -> Ratio a #

toEnum :: Int -> Ratio a #

fromEnum :: Ratio a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Ratio a -> [Ratio a] #

enumFromThen :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> [Ratio a] #

enumFromTo :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> [Ratio a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> Ratio a -> [Ratio a] #

Enum a => Enum (Blind a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

succ :: Blind a -> Blind a #

pred :: Blind a -> Blind a #

toEnum :: Int -> Blind a #

fromEnum :: Blind a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Blind a -> [Blind a] #

enumFromThen :: Blind a -> Blind a -> [Blind a] #

enumFromTo :: Blind a -> Blind a -> [Blind a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Blind a -> Blind a -> Blind a -> [Blind a] #

Enum a => Enum (Fixed a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

succ :: Fixed a -> Fixed a #

pred :: Fixed a -> Fixed a #

toEnum :: Int -> Fixed a #

fromEnum :: Fixed a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Fixed a -> [Fixed a] #

enumFromThen :: Fixed a -> Fixed a -> [Fixed a] #

enumFromTo :: Fixed a -> Fixed a -> [Fixed a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Fixed a -> Fixed a -> Fixed a -> [Fixed a] #

Enum a => Enum (Positive a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Enum a => Enum (NonZero a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

succ :: NonZero a -> NonZero a #

pred :: NonZero a -> NonZero a #

toEnum :: Int -> NonZero a #

fromEnum :: NonZero a -> Int #

enumFrom :: NonZero a -> [NonZero a] #

enumFromThen :: NonZero a -> NonZero a -> [NonZero a] #

enumFromTo :: NonZero a -> NonZero a -> [NonZero a] #

enumFromThenTo :: NonZero a -> NonZero a -> NonZero a -> [NonZero a] #

Enum a => Enum (NonNegative a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Enum a => Enum (Large a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

succ :: Large a -> Large a #

pred :: Large a -> Large a #

toEnum :: Int -> Large a #

fromEnum :: Large a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Large a -> [Large a] #

enumFromThen :: Large a -> Large a -> [Large a] #

enumFromTo :: Large a -> Large a -> [Large a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Large a -> Large a -> Large a -> [Large a] #

Enum a => Enum (Small a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

succ :: Small a -> Small a #

pred :: Small a -> Small a #

toEnum :: Int -> Small a #

fromEnum :: Small a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Small a -> [Small a] #

enumFromThen :: Small a -> Small a -> [Small a] #

enumFromTo :: Small a -> Small a -> [Small a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Small a -> Small a -> Small a -> [Small a] #

Enum a => Enum (Shrink2 a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

succ :: Shrink2 a -> Shrink2 a #

pred :: Shrink2 a -> Shrink2 a #

toEnum :: Int -> Shrink2 a #

fromEnum :: Shrink2 a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Shrink2 a -> [Shrink2 a] #

enumFromThen :: Shrink2 a -> Shrink2 a -> [Shrink2 a] #

enumFromTo :: Shrink2 a -> Shrink2 a -> [Shrink2 a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Shrink2 a -> Shrink2 a -> Shrink2 a -> [Shrink2 a] #

Enum a => Enum (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Enum a => Enum (N a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.SmallCheck.Series

Methods

succ :: N a -> N a #

pred :: N a -> N a #

toEnum :: Int -> N a #

fromEnum :: N a -> Int #

enumFrom :: N a -> [N a] #

enumFromThen :: N a -> N a -> [N a] #

enumFromTo :: N a -> N a -> [N a] #

enumFromThenTo :: N a -> N a -> N a -> [N a] #

Enum a => Enum (M a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.SmallCheck.Series

Methods

succ :: M a -> M a #

pred :: M a -> M a #

toEnum :: Int -> M a #

fromEnum :: M a -> Int #

enumFrom :: M a -> [M a] #

enumFromThen :: M a -> M a -> [M a] #

enumFromTo :: M a -> M a -> [M a] #

enumFromThenTo :: M a -> M a -> M a -> [M a] #

Enum a => Enum (Positive a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.SmallCheck.Series

Enum a => Enum (NonNegative a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.SmallCheck.Series

Enum (Proxy s)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Proxy

Methods

succ :: Proxy s -> Proxy s #

pred :: Proxy s -> Proxy s #

toEnum :: Int -> Proxy s #

fromEnum :: Proxy s -> Int #

enumFrom :: Proxy s -> [Proxy s] #

enumFromThen :: Proxy s -> Proxy s -> [Proxy s] #

enumFromTo :: Proxy s -> Proxy s -> [Proxy s] #

enumFromThenTo :: Proxy s -> Proxy s -> Proxy s -> [Proxy s] #

Enum (f a) => Enum (Ap f a)

Since: base-4.12.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

succ :: Ap f a -> Ap f a #

pred :: Ap f a -> Ap f a #

toEnum :: Int -> Ap f a #

fromEnum :: Ap f a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Ap f a -> [Ap f a] #

enumFromThen :: Ap f a -> Ap f a -> [Ap f a] #

enumFromTo :: Ap f a -> Ap f a -> [Ap f a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Ap f a -> Ap f a -> Ap f a -> [Ap f a] #

Enum (f a) => Enum (Alt f a)

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

succ :: Alt f a -> Alt f a #

pred :: Alt f a -> Alt f a #

toEnum :: Int -> Alt f a #

fromEnum :: Alt f a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Alt f a -> [Alt f a] #

enumFromThen :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> [Alt f a] #

enumFromTo :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> [Alt f a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> Alt f a -> [Alt f a] #

a ~ b => Enum (a :~: b)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Equality

Methods

succ :: (a :~: b) -> a :~: b #

pred :: (a :~: b) -> a :~: b #

toEnum :: Int -> a :~: b #

fromEnum :: (a :~: b) -> Int #

enumFrom :: (a :~: b) -> [a :~: b] #

enumFromThen :: (a :~: b) -> (a :~: b) -> [a :~: b] #

enumFromTo :: (a :~: b) -> (a :~: b) -> [a :~: b] #

enumFromThenTo :: (a :~: b) -> (a :~: b) -> (a :~: b) -> [a :~: b] #

a ~~ b => Enum (a :~~: b)

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Equality

Methods

succ :: (a :~~: b) -> a :~~: b #

pred :: (a :~~: b) -> a :~~: b #

toEnum :: Int -> a :~~: b #

fromEnum :: (a :~~: b) -> Int #

enumFrom :: (a :~~: b) -> [a :~~: b] #

enumFromThen :: (a :~~: b) -> (a :~~: b) -> [a :~~: b] #

enumFromTo :: (a :~~: b) -> (a :~~: b) -> [a :~~: b] #

enumFromThenTo :: (a :~~: b) -> (a :~~: b) -> (a :~~: b) -> [a :~~: b] #

class (Real a, Enum a) => Integral a where #

Integral numbers, supporting integer division.

The Haskell Report defines no laws for Integral. However, Integral instances are customarily expected to define a Euclidean domain and have the following properties for the 'div'/'mod' and 'quot'/'rem' pairs, given suitable Euclidean functions f and g:

  • x = y * quot x y + rem x y with rem x y = fromInteger 0 or g (rem x y) < g y
  • x = y * div x y + mod x y with mod x y = fromInteger 0 or f (mod x y) < f y

An example of a suitable Euclidean function, for Integer's instance, is abs.

Minimal complete definition

quotRem, toInteger

Methods

quot :: a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

integer division truncated toward zero

rem :: a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

integer remainder, satisfying

(x `quot` y)*y + (x `rem` y) == x

div :: a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

integer division truncated toward negative infinity

mod :: a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

integer modulus, satisfying

(x `div` y)*y + (x `mod` y) == x

quotRem :: a -> a -> (a, a) #

simultaneous quot and rem

divMod :: a -> a -> (a, a) #

simultaneous div and mod

toInteger :: a -> Integer #

conversion to Integer

Instances
Integral Int

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

quot :: Int -> Int -> Int #

rem :: Int -> Int -> Int #

div :: Int -> Int -> Int #

mod :: Int -> Int -> Int #

quotRem :: Int -> Int -> (Int, Int) #

divMod :: Int -> Int -> (Int, Int) #

toInteger :: Int -> Integer #

Integral Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

quot :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 #

rem :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 #

div :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 #

mod :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 #

quotRem :: Int8 -> Int8 -> (Int8, Int8) #

divMod :: Int8 -> Int8 -> (Int8, Int8) #

toInteger :: Int8 -> Integer #

Integral Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Integral Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Integral Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Integral Integer

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Integral Natural

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Integral Word

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

quot :: Word -> Word -> Word #

rem :: Word -> Word -> Word #

div :: Word -> Word -> Word #

mod :: Word -> Word -> Word #

quotRem :: Word -> Word -> (Word, Word) #

divMod :: Word -> Word -> (Word, Word) #

toInteger :: Word -> Integer #

Integral Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Integral Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Integral Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Integral Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Integral a => Integral (Blind a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

quot :: Blind a -> Blind a -> Blind a #

rem :: Blind a -> Blind a -> Blind a #

div :: Blind a -> Blind a -> Blind a #

mod :: Blind a -> Blind a -> Blind a #

quotRem :: Blind a -> Blind a -> (Blind a, Blind a) #

divMod :: Blind a -> Blind a -> (Blind a, Blind a) #

toInteger :: Blind a -> Integer #

Integral a => Integral (Fixed a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

quot :: Fixed a -> Fixed a -> Fixed a #

rem :: Fixed a -> Fixed a -> Fixed a #

div :: Fixed a -> Fixed a -> Fixed a #

mod :: Fixed a -> Fixed a -> Fixed a #

quotRem :: Fixed a -> Fixed a -> (Fixed a, Fixed a) #

divMod :: Fixed a -> Fixed a -> (Fixed a, Fixed a) #

toInteger :: Fixed a -> Integer #

Integral a => Integral (Large a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

quot :: Large a -> Large a -> Large a #

rem :: Large a -> Large a -> Large a #

div :: Large a -> Large a -> Large a #

mod :: Large a -> Large a -> Large a #

quotRem :: Large a -> Large a -> (Large a, Large a) #

divMod :: Large a -> Large a -> (Large a, Large a) #

toInteger :: Large a -> Integer #

Integral a => Integral (Small a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

quot :: Small a -> Small a -> Small a #

rem :: Small a -> Small a -> Small a #

div :: Small a -> Small a -> Small a #

mod :: Small a -> Small a -> Small a #

quotRem :: Small a -> Small a -> (Small a, Small a) #

divMod :: Small a -> Small a -> (Small a, Small a) #

toInteger :: Small a -> Integer #

Integral a => Integral (Shrink2 a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

quot :: Shrink2 a -> Shrink2 a -> Shrink2 a #

rem :: Shrink2 a -> Shrink2 a -> Shrink2 a #

div :: Shrink2 a -> Shrink2 a -> Shrink2 a #

mod :: Shrink2 a -> Shrink2 a -> Shrink2 a #

quotRem :: Shrink2 a -> Shrink2 a -> (Shrink2 a, Shrink2 a) #

divMod :: Shrink2 a -> Shrink2 a -> (Shrink2 a, Shrink2 a) #

toInteger :: Shrink2 a -> Integer #

Integral a => Integral (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Integral a => Integral (N a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.SmallCheck.Series

Methods

quot :: N a -> N a -> N a #

rem :: N a -> N a -> N a #

div :: N a -> N a -> N a #

mod :: N a -> N a -> N a #

quotRem :: N a -> N a -> (N a, N a) #

divMod :: N a -> N a -> (N a, N a) #

toInteger :: N a -> Integer #

Integral a => Integral (M a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.SmallCheck.Series

Methods

quot :: M a -> M a -> M a #

rem :: M a -> M a -> M a #

div :: M a -> M a -> M a #

mod :: M a -> M a -> M a #

quotRem :: M a -> M a -> (M a, M a) #

divMod :: M a -> M a -> (M a, M a) #

toInteger :: M a -> Integer #

Integral a => Integral (Positive a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.SmallCheck.Series

Integral a => Integral (NonNegative a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.SmallCheck.Series

class Applicative m => Monad (m :: Type -> Type) where #

The Monad class defines the basic operations over a monad, a concept from a branch of mathematics known as category theory. From the perspective of a Haskell programmer, however, it is best to think of a monad as an abstract datatype of actions. Haskell's do expressions provide a convenient syntax for writing monadic expressions.

Instances of Monad should satisfy the following laws:

Furthermore, the Monad and Applicative operations should relate as follows:

The above laws imply:

and that pure and (<*>) satisfy the applicative functor laws.

The instances of Monad for lists, Maybe and IO defined in the Prelude satisfy these laws.

Minimal complete definition

(>>=)

Methods

(>>=) :: m a -> (a -> m b) -> m b infixl 1 #

Sequentially compose two actions, passing any value produced by the first as an argument to the second.

(>>) :: m a -> m b -> m b infixl 1 #

Sequentially compose two actions, discarding any value produced by the first, like sequencing operators (such as the semicolon) in imperative languages.

return :: a -> m a #

Inject a value into the monadic type.

fail :: String -> m a #

Fail with a message. This operation is not part of the mathematical definition of a monad, but is invoked on pattern-match failure in a do expression.

As part of the MonadFail proposal (MFP), this function is moved to its own class MonadFail (see Control.Monad.Fail for more details). The definition here will be removed in a future release.

Instances
Monad []

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

(>>=) :: [a] -> (a -> [b]) -> [b] #

(>>) :: [a] -> [b] -> [b] #

return :: a -> [a] #

fail :: String -> [a] #

Monad Maybe

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

(>>=) :: Maybe a -> (a -> Maybe b) -> Maybe b #

(>>) :: Maybe a -> Maybe b -> Maybe b #

return :: a -> Maybe a #

fail :: String -> Maybe a #

Monad IO

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

(>>=) :: IO a -> (a -> IO b) -> IO b #

(>>) :: IO a -> IO b -> IO b #

return :: a -> IO a #

fail :: String -> IO a #

Monad Par1

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(>>=) :: Par1 a -> (a -> Par1 b) -> Par1 b #

(>>) :: Par1 a -> Par1 b -> Par1 b #

return :: a -> Par1 a #

fail :: String -> Par1 a #

Monad Q 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Methods

(>>=) :: Q a -> (a -> Q b) -> Q b #

(>>) :: Q a -> Q b -> Q b #

return :: a -> Q a #

fail :: String -> Q a #

Monad Rose 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Property

Methods

(>>=) :: Rose a -> (a -> Rose b) -> Rose b #

(>>) :: Rose a -> Rose b -> Rose b #

return :: a -> Rose a #

fail :: String -> Rose a #

Monad Gen 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Gen

Methods

(>>=) :: Gen a -> (a -> Gen b) -> Gen b #

(>>) :: Gen a -> Gen b -> Gen b #

return :: a -> Gen a #

fail :: String -> Gen a #

Monad Complex

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Complex

Methods

(>>=) :: Complex a -> (a -> Complex b) -> Complex b #

(>>) :: Complex a -> Complex b -> Complex b #

return :: a -> Complex a #

fail :: String -> Complex a #

Monad Identity

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Methods

(>>=) :: Identity a -> (a -> Identity b) -> Identity b #

(>>) :: Identity a -> Identity b -> Identity b #

return :: a -> Identity a #

fail :: String -> Identity a #

Monad First

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

(>>=) :: First a -> (a -> First b) -> First b #

(>>) :: First a -> First b -> First b #

return :: a -> First a #

fail :: String -> First a #

Monad Last

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

(>>=) :: Last a -> (a -> Last b) -> Last b #

(>>) :: Last a -> Last b -> Last b #

return :: a -> Last a #

fail :: String -> Last a #

Monad Dual

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(>>=) :: Dual a -> (a -> Dual b) -> Dual b #

(>>) :: Dual a -> Dual b -> Dual b #

return :: a -> Dual a #

fail :: String -> Dual a #

Monad Sum

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(>>=) :: Sum a -> (a -> Sum b) -> Sum b #

(>>) :: Sum a -> Sum b -> Sum b #

return :: a -> Sum a #

fail :: String -> Sum a #

Monad Product

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(>>=) :: Product a -> (a -> Product b) -> Product b #

(>>) :: Product a -> Product b -> Product b #

return :: a -> Product a #

fail :: String -> Product a #

Monad Down

Since: base-4.11.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Ord

Methods

(>>=) :: Down a -> (a -> Down b) -> Down b #

(>>) :: Down a -> Down b -> Down b #

return :: a -> Down a #

fail :: String -> Down a #

Monad ReadP

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Text.ParserCombinators.ReadP

Methods

(>>=) :: ReadP a -> (a -> ReadP b) -> ReadP b #

(>>) :: ReadP a -> ReadP b -> ReadP b #

return :: a -> ReadP a #

fail :: String -> ReadP a #

Monad NonEmpty

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

(>>=) :: NonEmpty a -> (a -> NonEmpty b) -> NonEmpty b #

(>>) :: NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b -> NonEmpty b #

return :: a -> NonEmpty a #

fail :: String -> NonEmpty a #

Monad Tree 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Tree

Methods

(>>=) :: Tree a -> (a -> Tree b) -> Tree b #

(>>) :: Tree a -> Tree b -> Tree b #

return :: a -> Tree a #

fail :: String -> Tree a #

Monad P

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Text.ParserCombinators.ReadP

Methods

(>>=) :: P a -> (a -> P b) -> P b #

(>>) :: P a -> P b -> P b #

return :: a -> P a #

fail :: String -> P a #

Monad (Either e)

Since: base-4.4.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Either

Methods

(>>=) :: Either e a -> (a -> Either e b) -> Either e b #

(>>) :: Either e a -> Either e b -> Either e b #

return :: a -> Either e a #

fail :: String -> Either e a #

Monad (U1 :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(>>=) :: U1 a -> (a -> U1 b) -> U1 b #

(>>) :: U1 a -> U1 b -> U1 b #

return :: a -> U1 a #

fail :: String -> U1 a #

Monoid a => Monad ((,) a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

(>>=) :: (a, a0) -> (a0 -> (a, b)) -> (a, b) #

(>>) :: (a, a0) -> (a, b) -> (a, b) #

return :: a0 -> (a, a0) #

fail :: String -> (a, a0) #

Monad (Proxy :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Proxy

Methods

(>>=) :: Proxy a -> (a -> Proxy b) -> Proxy b #

(>>) :: Proxy a -> Proxy b -> Proxy b #

return :: a -> Proxy a #

fail :: String -> Proxy a #

Monad (SpecM a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.Hspec.Core.Spec.Monad

Methods

(>>=) :: SpecM a a0 -> (a0 -> SpecM a b) -> SpecM a b #

(>>) :: SpecM a a0 -> SpecM a b -> SpecM a b #

return :: a0 -> SpecM a a0 #

fail :: String -> SpecM a a0 #

Monoid es => Monad (CollectErrors es) Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Control.CollectErrors

Methods

(>>=) :: CollectErrors es a -> (a -> CollectErrors es b) -> CollectErrors es b #

(>>) :: CollectErrors es a -> CollectErrors es b -> CollectErrors es b #

return :: a -> CollectErrors es a #

fail :: String -> CollectErrors es a #

Monad f => Monad (Rec1 f)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(>>=) :: Rec1 f a -> (a -> Rec1 f b) -> Rec1 f b #

(>>) :: Rec1 f a -> Rec1 f b -> Rec1 f b #

return :: a -> Rec1 f a #

fail :: String -> Rec1 f a #

Monad f => Monad (Ap f)

Since: base-4.12.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

(>>=) :: Ap f a -> (a -> Ap f b) -> Ap f b #

(>>) :: Ap f a -> Ap f b -> Ap f b #

return :: a -> Ap f a #

fail :: String -> Ap f a #

Monad f => Monad (Alt f)

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(>>=) :: Alt f a -> (a -> Alt f b) -> Alt f b #

(>>) :: Alt f a -> Alt f b -> Alt f b #

return :: a -> Alt f a #

fail :: String -> Alt f a #

(Monad m, Error e) => Monad (ErrorT e m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Error

Methods

(>>=) :: ErrorT e m a -> (a -> ErrorT e m b) -> ErrorT e m b #

(>>) :: ErrorT e m a -> ErrorT e m b -> ErrorT e m b #

return :: a -> ErrorT e m a #

fail :: String -> ErrorT e m a #

(Monoid w, Monad m) => Monad (WriterT w m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Writer.Lazy

Methods

(>>=) :: WriterT w m a -> (a -> WriterT w m b) -> WriterT w m b #

(>>) :: WriterT w m a -> WriterT w m b -> WriterT w m b #

return :: a -> WriterT w m a #

fail :: String -> WriterT w m a #

Monad ((->) r :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

(>>=) :: (r -> a) -> (a -> r -> b) -> r -> b #

(>>) :: (r -> a) -> (r -> b) -> r -> b #

return :: a -> r -> a #

fail :: String -> r -> a #

(Monad f, Monad g) => Monad (f :*: g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(>>=) :: (f :*: g) a -> (a -> (f :*: g) b) -> (f :*: g) b #

(>>) :: (f :*: g) a -> (f :*: g) b -> (f :*: g) b #

return :: a -> (f :*: g) a #

fail :: String -> (f :*: g) a #

Monad m => Monad (ReaderT r m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Reader

Methods

(>>=) :: ReaderT r m a -> (a -> ReaderT r m b) -> ReaderT r m b #

(>>) :: ReaderT r m a -> ReaderT r m b -> ReaderT r m b #

return :: a -> ReaderT r m a #

fail :: String -> ReaderT r m a #

Monad f => Monad (M1 i c f)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

(>>=) :: M1 i c f a -> (a -> M1 i c f b) -> M1 i c f b #

(>>) :: M1 i c f a -> M1 i c f b -> M1 i c f b #

return :: a -> M1 i c f a #

fail :: String -> M1 i c f a #

class Functor (f :: Type -> Type) where #

The Functor class is used for types that can be mapped over. Instances of Functor should satisfy the following laws:

fmap id  ==  id
fmap (f . g)  ==  fmap f . fmap g

The instances of Functor for lists, Maybe and IO satisfy these laws.

Minimal complete definition

fmap

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> f a -> f b #

(<$) :: a -> f b -> f a infixl 4 #

Replace all locations in the input with the same value. The default definition is fmap . const, but this may be overridden with a more efficient version.

Instances
Functor []

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> [a] -> [b] #

(<$) :: a -> [b] -> [a] #

Functor Maybe

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Maybe a -> Maybe b #

(<$) :: a -> Maybe b -> Maybe a #

Functor IO

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> IO a -> IO b #

(<$) :: a -> IO b -> IO a #

Functor Par1

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Par1 a -> Par1 b #

(<$) :: a -> Par1 b -> Par1 a #

Functor Q 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Q a -> Q b #

(<$) :: a -> Q b -> Q a #

Functor Rose 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Property

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Rose a -> Rose b #

(<$) :: a -> Rose b -> Rose a #

Functor Blind 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Blind a -> Blind b #

(<$) :: a -> Blind b -> Blind a #

Functor Fixed 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Fixed a -> Fixed b #

(<$) :: a -> Fixed b -> Fixed a #

Functor OrderedList 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> OrderedList a -> OrderedList b #

(<$) :: a -> OrderedList b -> OrderedList a #

Functor NonEmptyList 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> NonEmptyList a -> NonEmptyList b #

(<$) :: a -> NonEmptyList b -> NonEmptyList a #

Functor SortedList 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> SortedList a -> SortedList b #

(<$) :: a -> SortedList b -> SortedList a #

Functor Positive 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Positive a -> Positive b #

(<$) :: a -> Positive b -> Positive a #

Functor NonZero 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> NonZero a -> NonZero b #

(<$) :: a -> NonZero b -> NonZero a #

Functor NonNegative 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> NonNegative a -> NonNegative b #

(<$) :: a -> NonNegative b -> NonNegative a #

Functor Large 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Large a -> Large b #

(<$) :: a -> Large b -> Large a #

Functor Small 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Small a -> Small b #

(<$) :: a -> Small b -> Small a #

Functor Shrink2 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Shrink2 a -> Shrink2 b #

(<$) :: a -> Shrink2 b -> Shrink2 a #

Functor Smart 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Smart a -> Smart b #

(<$) :: a -> Smart b -> Smart a #

Functor Gen 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Gen

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Gen a -> Gen b #

(<$) :: a -> Gen b -> Gen a #

Functor Complex

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Complex

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Complex a -> Complex b #

(<$) :: a -> Complex b -> Complex a #

Functor Identity

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Identity a -> Identity b #

(<$) :: a -> Identity b -> Identity a #

Functor First

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> First a -> First b #

(<$) :: a -> First b -> First a #

Functor Last

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Last a -> Last b #

(<$) :: a -> Last b -> Last a #

Functor Dual

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Dual a -> Dual b #

(<$) :: a -> Dual b -> Dual a #

Functor Sum

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Sum a -> Sum b #

(<$) :: a -> Sum b -> Sum a #

Functor Product

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Product a -> Product b #

(<$) :: a -> Product b -> Product a #

Functor Down

Since: base-4.11.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Ord

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Down a -> Down b #

(<$) :: a -> Down b -> Down a #

Functor ReadP

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Text.ParserCombinators.ReadP

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ReadP a -> ReadP b #

(<$) :: a -> ReadP b -> ReadP a #

Functor NonEmpty

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b #

(<$) :: a -> NonEmpty b -> NonEmpty a #

Functor Tree 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Tree

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Tree a -> Tree b #

(<$) :: a -> Tree b -> Tree a #

Functor Doc 
Instance details

Defined in Text.PrettyPrint.Annotated.HughesPJ

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Doc a -> Doc b #

(<$) :: a -> Doc b -> Doc a #

Functor AnnotDetails 
Instance details

Defined in Text.PrettyPrint.Annotated.HughesPJ

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> AnnotDetails a -> AnnotDetails b #

(<$) :: a -> AnnotDetails b -> AnnotDetails a #

Functor Span 
Instance details

Defined in Text.PrettyPrint.Annotated.HughesPJ

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Span a -> Span b #

(<$) :: a -> Span b -> Span a #

Functor P

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Text.ParserCombinators.ReadP

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> P a -> P b #

(<$) :: a -> P b -> P a #

Functor (Either a)

Since: base-3.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Either

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> Either a a0 -> Either a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> Either a b -> Either a a0 #

Functor (V1 :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> V1 a -> V1 b #

(<$) :: a -> V1 b -> V1 a #

Functor (U1 :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> U1 a -> U1 b #

(<$) :: a -> U1 b -> U1 a #

Functor ((,) a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> (a, a0) -> (a, b) #

(<$) :: a0 -> (a, b) -> (a, a0) #

Functor ((:->) a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Function

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> (a :-> a0) -> a :-> b #

(<$) :: a0 -> (a :-> b) -> a :-> a0 #

Functor (Fun a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Function

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> Fun a a0 -> Fun a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> Fun a b -> Fun a a0 #

Functor (Shrinking s) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Shrinking s a -> Shrinking s b #

(<$) :: a -> Shrinking s b -> Shrinking s a #

Functor (Array i)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Arr

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Array i a -> Array i b #

(<$) :: a -> Array i b -> Array i a #

Functor (Proxy :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Proxy

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Proxy a -> Proxy b #

(<$) :: a -> Proxy b -> Proxy a #

Functor (SpecM a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.Hspec.Core.Spec.Monad

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> SpecM a a0 -> SpecM a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> SpecM a b -> SpecM a a0 #

Functor (Tree c) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.Hspec.Core.Tree

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Tree c a -> Tree c b #

(<$) :: a -> Tree c b -> Tree c a #

Functor (CollectErrors es) Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Control.CollectErrors

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> CollectErrors es a -> CollectErrors es b #

(<$) :: a -> CollectErrors es b -> CollectErrors es a #

Functor f => Functor (Rec1 f)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Rec1 f a -> Rec1 f b #

(<$) :: a -> Rec1 f b -> Rec1 f a #

Functor (URec Char :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> URec Char a -> URec Char b #

(<$) :: a -> URec Char b -> URec Char a #

Functor (URec Double :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> URec Double a -> URec Double b #

(<$) :: a -> URec Double b -> URec Double a #

Functor (URec Float :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> URec Float a -> URec Float b #

(<$) :: a -> URec Float b -> URec Float a #

Functor (URec Int :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> URec Int a -> URec Int b #

(<$) :: a -> URec Int b -> URec Int a #

Functor (URec Word :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> URec Word a -> URec Word b #

(<$) :: a -> URec Word b -> URec Word a #

Functor (URec (Ptr ()) :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> URec (Ptr ()) b #

(<$) :: a -> URec (Ptr ()) b -> URec (Ptr ()) a #

Functor f => Functor (Ap f)

Since: base-4.12.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Ap f a -> Ap f b #

(<$) :: a -> Ap f b -> Ap f a #

Functor f => Functor (Alt f)

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Alt f a -> Alt f b #

(<$) :: a -> Alt f b -> Alt f a #

Functor m => Functor (ErrorT e m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Error

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ErrorT e m a -> ErrorT e m b #

(<$) :: a -> ErrorT e m b -> ErrorT e m a #

Functor m => Functor (WriterT w m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Writer.Lazy

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> WriterT w m a -> WriterT w m b #

(<$) :: a -> WriterT w m b -> WriterT w m a #

Functor ((->) r :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> (r -> a) -> r -> b #

(<$) :: a -> (r -> b) -> r -> a #

Functor (K1 i c :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> K1 i c a -> K1 i c b #

(<$) :: a -> K1 i c b -> K1 i c a #

(Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (f :+: g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> (f :+: g) a -> (f :+: g) b #

(<$) :: a -> (f :+: g) b -> (f :+: g) a #

(Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (f :*: g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> (f :*: g) a -> (f :*: g) b #

(<$) :: a -> (f :*: g) b -> (f :*: g) a #

Functor m => Functor (ReaderT r m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Reader

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ReaderT r m a -> ReaderT r m b #

(<$) :: a -> ReaderT r m b -> ReaderT r m a #

Functor f => Functor (M1 i c f)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> M1 i c f a -> M1 i c f b #

(<$) :: a -> M1 i c f b -> M1 i c f a #

(Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (f :.: g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> (f :.: g) a -> (f :.: g) b #

(<$) :: a -> (f :.: g) b -> (f :.: g) a #

class Read a where #

Parsing of Strings, producing values.

Derived instances of Read make the following assumptions, which derived instances of Show obey:

  • If the constructor is defined to be an infix operator, then the derived Read instance will parse only infix applications of the constructor (not the prefix form).
  • Associativity is not used to reduce the occurrence of parentheses, although precedence may be.
  • If the constructor is defined using record syntax, the derived Read will parse only the record-syntax form, and furthermore, the fields must be given in the same order as the original declaration.
  • The derived Read instance allows arbitrary Haskell whitespace between tokens of the input string. Extra parentheses are also allowed.

For example, given the declarations

infixr 5 :^:
data Tree a =  Leaf a  |  Tree a :^: Tree a

the derived instance of Read in Haskell 2010 is equivalent to

instance (Read a) => Read (Tree a) where

        readsPrec d r =  readParen (d > app_prec)
                         (\r -> [(Leaf m,t) |
                                 ("Leaf",s) <- lex r,
                                 (m,t) <- readsPrec (app_prec+1) s]) r

                      ++ readParen (d > up_prec)
                         (\r -> [(u:^:v,w) |
                                 (u,s) <- readsPrec (up_prec+1) r,
                                 (":^:",t) <- lex s,
                                 (v,w) <- readsPrec (up_prec+1) t]) r

          where app_prec = 10
                up_prec = 5

Note that right-associativity of :^: is unused.

The derived instance in GHC is equivalent to

instance (Read a) => Read (Tree a) where

        readPrec = parens $ (prec app_prec $ do
                                 Ident "Leaf" <- lexP
                                 m <- step readPrec
                                 return (Leaf m))

                     +++ (prec up_prec $ do
                                 u <- step readPrec
                                 Symbol ":^:" <- lexP
                                 v <- step readPrec
                                 return (u :^: v))

          where app_prec = 10
                up_prec = 5

        readListPrec = readListPrecDefault

Why do both readsPrec and readPrec exist, and why does GHC opt to implement readPrec in derived Read instances instead of readsPrec? The reason is that readsPrec is based on the ReadS type, and although ReadS is mentioned in the Haskell 2010 Report, it is not a very efficient parser data structure.

readPrec, on the other hand, is based on a much more efficient ReadPrec datatype (a.k.a "new-style parsers"), but its definition relies on the use of the RankNTypes language extension. Therefore, readPrec (and its cousin, readListPrec) are marked as GHC-only. Nevertheless, it is recommended to use readPrec instead of readsPrec whenever possible for the efficiency improvements it brings.

As mentioned above, derived Read instances in GHC will implement readPrec instead of readsPrec. The default implementations of readsPrec (and its cousin, readList) will simply use readPrec under the hood. If you are writing a Read instance by hand, it is recommended to write it like so:

instance Read T where
  readPrec     = ...
  readListPrec = readListPrecDefault

Minimal complete definition

readsPrec | readPrec

Methods

readsPrec #

Arguments

:: Int

the operator precedence of the enclosing context (a number from 0 to 11). Function application has precedence 10.

-> ReadS a 

attempts to parse a value from the front of the string, returning a list of (parsed value, remaining string) pairs. If there is no successful parse, the returned list is empty.

Derived instances of Read and Show satisfy the following:

That is, readsPrec parses the string produced by showsPrec, and delivers the value that showsPrec started with.

readList :: ReadS [a] #

The method readList is provided to allow the programmer to give a specialised way of parsing lists of values. For example, this is used by the predefined Read instance of the Char type, where values of type String should be are expected to use double quotes, rather than square brackets.

Instances
Read Bool

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Read Char

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Read Double

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Read Float

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Read Int

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Read Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Read Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Read Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Read Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Read Integer

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Read Natural

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Read Ordering

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Read Word

Since: base-4.5.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Read Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Read Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Read Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Read Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Read ()

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS () #

readList :: ReadS [()] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec () #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [()] #

Read QCGen 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Random

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS QCGen #

readList :: ReadS [QCGen] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec QCGen #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [QCGen] #

Read Args 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Test

Read ASCIIString 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Read UnicodeString 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Read PrintableString 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Read ExitCode 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Read All

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Read Any

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Read Fixity

Since: base-4.6.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Read Associativity

Since: base-4.6.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Read SourceUnpackedness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Read SourceStrictness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Read DecidedStrictness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Read Lexeme

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Read GeneralCategory

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Read Clock 
Instance details

Defined in System.Clock

Read TimeSpec 
Instance details

Defined in System.Clock

Read ConvertError 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Convertible.Base

Read a => Read [a]

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS [a] #

readList :: ReadS [[a]] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec [a] #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [[a]] #

Read a => Read (Maybe a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

(Integral a, Read a) => Read (Ratio a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Read p => Read (Par1 p)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Read a => Read (Fixed a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Read a => Read (OrderedList a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Read a => Read (NonEmptyList a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Read a => Read (SortedList a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Read a => Read (Positive a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Read a => Read (NonZero a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Read a => Read (NonNegative a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Read a => Read (Large a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Read a => Read (Small a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Read a => Read (Shrink2 a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Read a => Read (Complex a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Complex

Read a => Read (Identity a)

This instance would be equivalent to the derived instances of the Identity newtype if the runIdentity field were removed

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Read a => Read (First a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Read a => Read (Last a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Read a => Read (Dual a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Read a => Read (Sum a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Read a => Read (Product a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Read a => Read (Down a)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Ord

Read a => Read (NonEmpty a)

Since: base-4.11.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Read a => Read (Tree a) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Tree

(Read a, Read b) => Read (Either a b)

Since: base-3.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Either

Read (V1 p)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Read (U1 p)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

(Read a, Read b) => Read (a, b)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (a, b) #

readList :: ReadS [(a, b)] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (a, b) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [(a, b)] #

(Ix a, Read a, Read b) => Read (Array a b)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Read (Proxy t)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Proxy

Read (f p) => Read (Rec1 f p)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (Rec1 f p) #

readList :: ReadS [Rec1 f p] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (Rec1 f p) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [Rec1 f p] #

(Read a, Read b, Read c) => Read (a, b, c)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (a, b, c) #

readList :: ReadS [(a, b, c)] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (a, b, c) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [(a, b, c)] #

Read (f a) => Read (Ap f a)

Since: base-4.12.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (Ap f a) #

readList :: ReadS [Ap f a] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (Ap f a) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [Ap f a] #

Read (f a) => Read (Alt f a)

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (Alt f a) #

readList :: ReadS [Alt f a] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (Alt f a) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [Alt f a] #

a ~ b => Read (a :~: b)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Equality

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (a :~: b) #

readList :: ReadS [a :~: b] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (a :~: b) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [a :~: b] #

(Read e, Read1 m, Read a) => Read (ErrorT e m a) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Error

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (ErrorT e m a) #

readList :: ReadS [ErrorT e m a] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (ErrorT e m a) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [ErrorT e m a] #

(Read w, Read1 m, Read a) => Read (WriterT w m a) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Writer.Lazy

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (WriterT w m a) #

readList :: ReadS [WriterT w m a] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (WriterT w m a) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [WriterT w m a] #

Read c => Read (K1 i c p)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (K1 i c p) #

readList :: ReadS [K1 i c p] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (K1 i c p) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [K1 i c p] #

(Read (f p), Read (g p)) => Read ((f :+: g) p)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS ((f :+: g) p) #

readList :: ReadS [(f :+: g) p] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec ((f :+: g) p) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [(f :+: g) p] #

(Read (f p), Read (g p)) => Read ((f :*: g) p)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS ((f :*: g) p) #

readList :: ReadS [(f :*: g) p] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec ((f :*: g) p) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [(f :*: g) p] #

(Read a, Read b, Read c, Read d) => Read (a, b, c, d)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (a, b, c, d) #

readList :: ReadS [(a, b, c, d)] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (a, b, c, d) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [(a, b, c, d)] #

a ~~ b => Read (a :~~: b)

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Equality

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (a :~~: b) #

readList :: ReadS [a :~~: b] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (a :~~: b) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [a :~~: b] #

Read (f p) => Read (M1 i c f p)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (M1 i c f p) #

readList :: ReadS [M1 i c f p] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (M1 i c f p) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [M1 i c f p] #

Read (f (g p)) => Read ((f :.: g) p)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS ((f :.: g) p) #

readList :: ReadS [(f :.: g) p] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec ((f :.: g) p) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [(f :.: g) p] #

(Read a, Read b, Read c, Read d, Read e) => Read (a, b, c, d, e)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (a, b, c, d, e) #

readList :: ReadS [(a, b, c, d, e)] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (a, b, c, d, e) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [(a, b, c, d, e)] #

(Read a, Read b, Read c, Read d, Read e, Read f) => Read (a, b, c, d, e, f)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (a, b, c, d, e, f) #

readList :: ReadS [(a, b, c, d, e, f)] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (a, b, c, d, e, f) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [(a, b, c, d, e, f)] #

(Read a, Read b, Read c, Read d, Read e, Read f, Read g) => Read (a, b, c, d, e, f, g)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) #

readList :: ReadS [(a, b, c, d, e, f, g)] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [(a, b, c, d, e, f, g)] #

(Read a, Read b, Read c, Read d, Read e, Read f, Read g, Read h) => Read (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) #

readList :: ReadS [(a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h)] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [(a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h)] #

(Read a, Read b, Read c, Read d, Read e, Read f, Read g, Read h, Read i) => Read (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) #

readList :: ReadS [(a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i)] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [(a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i)] #

(Read a, Read b, Read c, Read d, Read e, Read f, Read g, Read h, Read i, Read j) => Read (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) #

readList :: ReadS [(a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j)] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [(a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j)] #

(Read a, Read b, Read c, Read d, Read e, Read f, Read g, Read h, Read i, Read j, Read k) => Read (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) #

readList :: ReadS [(a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k)] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [(a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k)] #

(Read a, Read b, Read c, Read d, Read e, Read f, Read g, Read h, Read i, Read j, Read k, Read l) => Read (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) #

readList :: ReadS [(a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l)] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [(a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l)] #

(Read a, Read b, Read c, Read d, Read e, Read f, Read g, Read h, Read i, Read j, Read k, Read l, Read m) => Read (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) #

readList :: ReadS [(a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m)] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [(a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m)] #

(Read a, Read b, Read c, Read d, Read e, Read f, Read g, Read h, Read i, Read j, Read k, Read l, Read m, Read n) => Read (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) #

readList :: ReadS [(a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n)] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [(a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n)] #

(Read a, Read b, Read c, Read d, Read e, Read f, Read g, Read h, Read i, Read j, Read k, Read l, Read m, Read n, Read o) => Read (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Read

Methods

readsPrec :: Int -> ReadS (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) #

readList :: ReadS [(a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o)] #

readPrec :: ReadPrec (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) #

readListPrec :: ReadPrec [(a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o)] #

class (Num a, Ord a) => Real a where #

Methods

toRational :: a -> Rational #

the rational equivalent of its real argument with full precision

Instances
Real Int

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

toRational :: Int -> Rational #

Real Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

toRational :: Int8 -> Rational #

Real Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

toRational :: Int16 -> Rational #

Real Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

toRational :: Int32 -> Rational #

Real Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

toRational :: Int64 -> Rational #

Real Integer

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Real Natural

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Real Word

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

toRational :: Word -> Rational #

Real Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Methods

toRational :: Word8 -> Rational #

Real Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Real Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Real Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Integral a => Real (Ratio a)

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

toRational :: Ratio a -> Rational #

Real a => Real (Blind a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

toRational :: Blind a -> Rational #

Real a => Real (Fixed a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

toRational :: Fixed a -> Rational #

Real a => Real (Large a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

toRational :: Large a -> Rational #

Real a => Real (Small a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

toRational :: Small a -> Rational #

Real a => Real (Shrink2 a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Methods

toRational :: Shrink2 a -> Rational #

Real a => Real (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Methods

toRational :: Identity a -> Rational #

Real a => Real (N a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.SmallCheck.Series

Methods

toRational :: N a -> Rational #

Real a => Real (M a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.SmallCheck.Series

Methods

toRational :: M a -> Rational #

Real a => Real (Positive a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.SmallCheck.Series

Methods

toRational :: Positive a -> Rational #

Real a => Real (NonNegative a) 
Instance details

Defined in Test.SmallCheck.Series

class (RealFrac a, Floating a) => RealFloat a where #

Efficient, machine-independent access to the components of a floating-point number.

Methods

floatRadix :: a -> Integer #

a constant function, returning the radix of the representation (often 2)

floatDigits :: a -> Int #

a constant function, returning the number of digits of floatRadix in the significand

floatRange :: a -> (Int, Int) #

a constant function, returning the lowest and highest values the exponent may assume

decodeFloat :: a -> (Integer, Int) #

The function decodeFloat applied to a real floating-point number returns the significand expressed as an Integer and an appropriately scaled exponent (an Int). If decodeFloat x yields (m,n), then x is equal in value to m*b^^n, where b is the floating-point radix, and furthermore, either m and n are both zero or else b^(d-1) <= abs m < b^d, where d is the value of floatDigits x. In particular, decodeFloat 0 = (0,0). If the type contains a negative zero, also decodeFloat (-0.0) = (0,0). The result of decodeFloat x is unspecified if either of isNaN x or isInfinite x is True.

encodeFloat :: Integer -> Int -> a #

encodeFloat performs the inverse of decodeFloat in the sense that for finite x with the exception of -0.0, uncurry encodeFloat (decodeFloat x) = x. encodeFloat m n is one of the two closest representable floating-point numbers to m*b^^n (or ±Infinity if overflow occurs); usually the closer, but if m contains too many bits, the result may be rounded in the wrong direction.

exponent :: a -> Int #

exponent corresponds to the second component of decodeFloat. exponent 0 = 0 and for finite nonzero x, exponent x = snd (decodeFloat x) + floatDigits x. If x is a finite floating-point number, it is equal in value to significand x * b ^^ exponent x, where b is the floating-point radix. The behaviour is unspecified on infinite or NaN values.

significand :: a -> a #

The first component of decodeFloat, scaled to lie in the open interval (-1,1), either 0.0 or of absolute value >= 1/b, where b is the floating-point radix. The behaviour is unspecified on infinite or NaN values.

scaleFloat :: Int -> a -> a #

multiplies a floating-point number by an integer power of the radix

isDenormalized :: a -> Bool #

True if the argument is too small to be represented in normalized format

isNegativeZero :: a -> Bool #

True if the argument is an IEEE negative zero

isIEEE :: a -> Bool #

True if the argument is an IEEE floating point number

atan2 :: a -> a -> a #

a version of arctangent taking two real floating-point arguments. For real floating x and y, atan2 y x computes the angle (from the positive x-axis) of the vector from the origin to the point (x,y). atan2 y x returns a value in the range [-pi, pi]. It follows the Common Lisp semantics for the origin when signed zeroes are supported. atan2 y 1, with y in a type that is RealFloat, should return the same value as atan y. A default definition of atan2 is provided, but implementors can provide a more accurate implementation.

Instances
RealFloat Double

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Float

RealFloat Float

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Float

RealFloat a => RealFloat (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

class Show a where #

Conversion of values to readable Strings.

Derived instances of Show have the following properties, which are compatible with derived instances of Read:

  • The result of show is a syntactically correct Haskell expression containing only constants, given the fixity declarations in force at the point where the type is declared. It contains only the constructor names defined in the data type, parentheses, and spaces. When labelled constructor fields are used, braces, commas, field names, and equal signs are also used.
  • If the constructor is defined to be an infix operator, then showsPrec will produce infix applications of the constructor.
  • the representation will be enclosed in parentheses if the precedence of the top-level constructor in x is less than d (associativity is ignored). Thus, if d is 0 then the result is never surrounded in parentheses; if d is 11 it is always surrounded in parentheses, unless it is an atomic expression.
  • If the constructor is defined using record syntax, then show will produce the record-syntax form, with the fields given in the same order as the original declaration.

For example, given the declarations

infixr 5 :^:
data Tree a =  Leaf a  |  Tree a :^: Tree a

the derived instance of Show is equivalent to

instance (Show a) => Show (Tree a) where

       showsPrec d (Leaf m) = showParen (d > app_prec) $
            showString "Leaf " . showsPrec (app_prec+1) m
         where app_prec = 10

       showsPrec d (u :^: v) = showParen (d > up_prec) $
            showsPrec (up_prec+1) u .
            showString " :^: "      .
            showsPrec (up_prec+1) v
         where up_prec = 5

Note that right-associativity of :^: is ignored. For example,

  • show (Leaf 1 :^: Leaf 2 :^: Leaf 3) produces the string "Leaf 1 :^: (Leaf 2 :^: Leaf 3)".

Minimal complete definition

showsPrec | show

Methods

showsPrec #

Arguments

:: Int

the operator precedence of the enclosing context (a number from 0 to 11). Function application has precedence 10.

-> a

the value to be converted to a String

-> ShowS 

Convert a value to a readable String.

showsPrec should satisfy the law

showsPrec d x r ++ s  ==  showsPrec d x (r ++ s)

Derived instances of Read and Show satisfy the following:

That is, readsPrec parses the string produced by showsPrec, and delivers the value that showsPrec started with.

show :: a -> String #

A specialised variant of showsPrec, using precedence context zero, and returning an ordinary String.

showList :: [a] -> ShowS #

The method showList is provided to allow the programmer to give a specialised way of showing lists of values. For example, this is used by the predefined Show instance of the Char type, where values of type String should be shown in double quotes, rather than between square brackets.

Instances
Show Bool

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Bool -> ShowS #

show :: Bool -> String #

showList :: [Bool] -> ShowS #

Show Char

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Char -> ShowS #

show :: Char -> String #

showList :: [Char] -> ShowS #

Show Int

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Int -> ShowS #

show :: Int -> String #

showList :: [Int] -> ShowS #

Show Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Int8 -> ShowS #

show :: Int8 -> String #

showList :: [Int8] -> ShowS #

Show Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Int16 -> ShowS #

show :: Int16 -> String #

showList :: [Int16] -> ShowS #

Show Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Int32 -> ShowS #

show :: Int32 -> String #

showList :: [Int32] -> ShowS #

Show Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Int64 -> ShowS #

show :: Int64 -> String #

showList :: [Int64] -> ShowS #

Show Integer

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Show Natural

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Show Ordering

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Show Word

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Word -> ShowS #

show :: Word -> String #

showList :: [Word] -> ShowS #

Show Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Word8 -> ShowS #

show :: Word8 -> String #

showList :: [Word8] -> ShowS #

Show Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Show Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Show Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Show RuntimeRep

Since: base-4.11.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Show VecCount

Since: base-4.11.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Show VecElem

Since: base-4.11.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Show CallStack

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Show SomeTypeRep

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Typeable.Internal

Show Exp 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Exp -> ShowS #

show :: Exp -> String #

showList :: [Exp] -> ShowS #

Show Match 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Match -> ShowS #

show :: Match -> String #

showList :: [Match] -> ShowS #

Show Clause 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show Pat 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Pat -> ShowS #

show :: Pat -> String #

showList :: [Pat] -> ShowS #

Show Type 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Type -> ShowS #

show :: Type -> String #

showList :: [Type] -> ShowS #

Show Dec 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Dec -> ShowS #

show :: Dec -> String #

showList :: [Dec] -> ShowS #

Show Name 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Name -> ShowS #

show :: Name -> String #

showList :: [Name] -> ShowS #

Show FunDep 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show InjectivityAnn 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show Overlap 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show ()

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> () -> ShowS #

show :: () -> String #

showList :: [()] -> ShowS #

Show TyCon

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> TyCon -> ShowS #

show :: TyCon -> String #

showList :: [TyCon] -> ShowS #

Show Module

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Show TrName

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Show KindRep 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Show TypeLitSort

Since: base-4.11.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Show HUnitFailure 
Instance details

Defined in Test.HUnit.Lang

Show FailureReason 
Instance details

Defined in Test.HUnit.Lang

Show Result 
Instance details

Defined in Test.HUnit.Lang

Show QCGen 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Random

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> QCGen -> ShowS #

show :: QCGen -> String #

showList :: [QCGen] -> ShowS #

Show Args 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Test

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Args -> ShowS #

show :: Args -> String #

showList :: [Args] -> ShowS #

Show Result 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Test

Show Confidence 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.State

Show ASCIIString 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Show UnicodeString 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Show PrintableString 
Instance details

Defined in Test.QuickCheck.Modifiers

Show BlockedIndefinitelyOnMVar

Since: base-4.1.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Show BlockedIndefinitelyOnSTM

Since: base-4.1.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Show Deadlock

Since: base-4.1.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Show AllocationLimitExceeded

Since: base-4.7.1.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Show CompactionFailed

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Show AssertionFailed

Since: base-4.1.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Show SomeAsyncException

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Show AsyncException

Since: base-4.1.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Show ArrayException

Since: base-4.1.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Show FixIOException

Since: base-4.11.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Show ExitCode 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Show IOErrorType

Since: base-4.1.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Show MaskingState

Since: base-4.3.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO

Show IOException

Since: base-4.1.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.Exception

Show All

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> All -> ShowS #

show :: All -> String #

showList :: [All] -> ShowS #

Show Any

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Any -> ShowS #

show :: Any -> String #

showList :: [Any] -> ShowS #

Show Fixity

Since: base-4.6.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Show Associativity

Since: base-4.6.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Show SourceUnpackedness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Show SourceStrictness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Show DecidedStrictness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Show SrcLoc

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Show Clock 
Instance details

Defined in System.Clock

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Clock -> ShowS #

show :: Clock -> String #

showList :: [Clock] -> ShowS #

Show TimeSpec 
Instance details

Defined in System.Clock

Show ConvertError 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Convertible.Base

Show Extension 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.LanguageExtensions.Type

Show ForeignSrcLang 
Instance details

Defined in GHC.ForeignSrcLang.Type

Show FailureReason 
Instance details

Defined in Test.Hspec.Core.Example

Show Params 
Instance details

Defined in Test.Hspec.Core.Example

Show Result 
Instance details

Defined in Test.Hspec.Core.Example

Show ResultStatus 
Instance details

Defined in Test.Hspec.Core.Example

Show Doc 
Instance details

Defined in Text.PrettyPrint.HughesPJ

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Doc -> ShowS #

show :: Doc -> String #

showList :: [Doc] -> ShowS #

Show TextDetails 
Instance details

Defined in Text.PrettyPrint.Annotated.HughesPJ

Show Style 
Instance details

Defined in Text.PrettyPrint.Annotated.HughesPJ

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Style -> ShowS #

show :: Style -> String #

showList :: [Style] -> ShowS #

Show Mode 
Instance details

Defined in Text.PrettyPrint.Annotated.HughesPJ

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Mode -> ShowS #

show :: Mode -> String #

showList :: [Mode] -> ShowS #

Show ByteArray

Since: primitive-0.6.3.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Primitive.ByteArray

Show TestQuality 
Instance details

Defined in Test.SmallCheck.Property

Show PropertySuccess 
Instance details

Defined in Test.SmallCheck.Property.Result

Show PropertyFailure 
Instance details

Defined in Test.SmallCheck.Property.Result

Show ModName 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show PkgName 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show Module 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show OccName 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show NameFlavour 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show NameSpace 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show Loc 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Loc -> ShowS #

show :: Loc -> String #

showList :: [Loc] -> ShowS #

Show Info 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Info -> ShowS #

show :: Info -> String #

showList :: [Info] -> ShowS #

Show ModuleInfo 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show Fixity 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show FixityDirection 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show Lit 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Lit -> ShowS #

show :: Lit -> String #

showList :: [Lit] -> ShowS #

Show Body 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Body -> ShowS #

show :: Body -> String #

showList :: [Body] -> ShowS #

Show Guard 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Guard -> ShowS #

show :: Guard -> String #

showList :: [Guard] -> ShowS #

Show Stmt 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Stmt -> ShowS #

show :: Stmt -> String #

showList :: [Stmt] -> ShowS #

Show Range 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Range -> ShowS #

show :: Range -> String #

showList :: [Range] -> ShowS #

Show DerivClause 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show DerivStrategy 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show TypeFamilyHead 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show TySynEqn 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show Foreign 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show Callconv 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show Safety 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show Pragma 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show Inline 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show RuleMatch 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show Phases 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show RuleBndr 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show AnnTarget 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show SourceUnpackedness 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show SourceStrictness 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show DecidedStrictness 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Show Con 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Con -> ShowS #

show :: Con -> String #

showList :: [Con] -> ShowS #

Show Bang 
Instance details

Defined in Language.Haskell.TH.Syntax

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Bang -> ShowS #

show :: Bang -> String #

showList :: [Bang] ->