protolude-0.2.4: A small prelude.

Safe HaskellUnsafe
LanguageHaskell2010

Protolude.Base

Synopsis

Documentation

(++) :: [a] -> [a] -> [a] infixr 5 #

Append two lists, i.e.,

[x1, ..., xm] ++ [y1, ..., yn] == [x1, ..., xm, y1, ..., yn]
[x1, ..., xm] ++ [y1, ...] == [x1, ..., xm, y1, ...]

If the first list is not finite, the result is the first list.

seq :: a -> b -> b #

The value of seq a b is bottom if a is bottom, and otherwise equal to b. In other words, it evaluates the first argument a to weak head normal form (WHNF). seq is usually introduced to improve performance by avoiding unneeded laziness.

A note on evaluation order: the expression seq a b does not guarantee that a will be evaluated before b. The only guarantee given by seq is that the both a and b will be evaluated before seq returns a value. In particular, this means that b may be evaluated before a. If you need to guarantee a specific order of evaluation, you must use the function pseq from the "parallel" package.

print :: Show a => a -> IO () #

The print function outputs a value of any printable type to the standard output device. Printable types are those that are instances of class Show; print converts values to strings for output using the show operation and adds a newline.

For example, a program to print the first 20 integers and their powers of 2 could be written as:

main = print ([(n, 2^n) | n <- [0..19]])

fromIntegral :: (Integral a, Num b) => a -> b #

general coercion from integral types

realToFrac :: (Real a, Fractional b) => a -> b #

general coercion to fractional types

class Bounded a where #

The Bounded class is used to name the upper and lower limits of a type. Ord is not a superclass of Bounded since types that are not totally ordered may also have upper and lower bounds.

The Bounded class may be derived for any enumeration type; minBound is the first constructor listed in the data declaration and maxBound is the last. Bounded may also be derived for single-constructor datatypes whose constituent types are in Bounded.

Methods

minBound :: a #

maxBound :: a #

Instances
Bounded Bool

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded Char

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded Int

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: Int #

maxBound :: Int #

Bounded Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Bounded Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Bounded Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Bounded Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Bounded Ordering

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded Word

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Bounded Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Bounded Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Bounded Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Bounded VecCount

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded VecElem

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Bounded ()

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: () #

maxBound :: () #

Bounded CDev 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Bounded CIno 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Bounded CMode 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Bounded COff 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Bounded CPid 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Bounded CSsize 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Bounded CGid 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Bounded CNlink 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Bounded CUid 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Bounded CTcflag 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Bounded CRLim 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Bounded CBlkSize 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Bounded CBlkCnt 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Bounded CClockId 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Bounded CFsBlkCnt 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Bounded CFsFilCnt 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Bounded CId 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

minBound :: CId #

maxBound :: CId #

Bounded CKey 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Bounded Fd 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

minBound :: Fd #

maxBound :: Fd #

Bounded All

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

minBound :: All #

maxBound :: All #

Bounded Any

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

minBound :: Any #

maxBound :: Any #

Bounded Associativity

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Bounded SourceUnpackedness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Bounded SourceStrictness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Bounded DecidedStrictness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Bounded CChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CSChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CUChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CShort 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CUShort 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CInt 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CUInt 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CULong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CLLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CULLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CBool 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CPtrdiff 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CSize 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CWchar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CSigAtomic 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CIntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CUIntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CIntMax 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded CUIntMax 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Bounded WordPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.Ptr

Bounded IntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.Ptr

Bounded Leniency Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Protolude.Conv

Bounded a => Bounded (Min a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

minBound :: Min a #

maxBound :: Min a #

Bounded a => Bounded (Max a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

minBound :: Max a #

maxBound :: Max a #

Bounded a => Bounded (First a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

minBound :: First a #

maxBound :: First a #

Bounded a => Bounded (Last a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

minBound :: Last a #

maxBound :: Last a #

Bounded m => Bounded (WrappedMonoid m)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Bounded a => Bounded (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Bounded a => Bounded (Dual a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

minBound :: Dual a #

maxBound :: Dual a #

Bounded a => Bounded (Sum a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

minBound :: Sum a #

maxBound :: Sum a #

Bounded a => Bounded (Product a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

(Bounded a, Bounded b) => Bounded (a, b)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b) #

maxBound :: (a, b) #

Bounded (Proxy t)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Proxy

Methods

minBound :: Proxy t #

maxBound :: Proxy t #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c) => Bounded (a, b, c)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c) #

Bounded a => Bounded (Const a b)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

minBound :: Const a b #

maxBound :: Const a b #

(Applicative f, Bounded a) => Bounded (Ap f a)

Since: base-4.12.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

minBound :: Ap f a #

maxBound :: Ap f a #

Coercible a b => Bounded (Coercion a b)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Coercion

Methods

minBound :: Coercion a b #

maxBound :: Coercion a b #

a ~ b => Bounded (a :~: b)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Equality

Methods

minBound :: a :~: b #

maxBound :: a :~: b #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d) => Bounded (a, b, c, d)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d) #

a ~~ b => Bounded (a :~~: b)

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Equality

Methods

minBound :: a :~~: b #

maxBound :: a :~~: b #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k, Bounded l) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k, Bounded l, Bounded m) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k, Bounded l, Bounded m, Bounded n) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n) #

(Bounded a, Bounded b, Bounded c, Bounded d, Bounded e, Bounded f, Bounded g, Bounded h, Bounded i, Bounded j, Bounded k, Bounded l, Bounded m, Bounded n, Bounded o) => Bounded (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

minBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) #

maxBound :: (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o) #

class Enum a where #

Class Enum defines operations on sequentially ordered types.

The enumFrom... methods are used in Haskell's translation of arithmetic sequences.

Instances of Enum may be derived for any enumeration type (types whose constructors have no fields). The nullary constructors are assumed to be numbered left-to-right by fromEnum from 0 through n-1. See Chapter 10 of the Haskell Report for more details.

For any type that is an instance of class Bounded as well as Enum, the following should hold:

   enumFrom     x   = enumFromTo     x maxBound
   enumFromThen x y = enumFromThenTo x y bound
     where
       bound | fromEnum y >= fromEnum x = maxBound
             | otherwise                = minBound

Minimal complete definition

toEnum, fromEnum

Methods

succ :: a -> a #

the successor of a value. For numeric types, succ adds 1.

pred :: a -> a #

the predecessor of a value. For numeric types, pred subtracts 1.

toEnum :: Int -> a #

Convert from an Int.

fromEnum :: a -> Int #

Convert to an Int. It is implementation-dependent what fromEnum returns when applied to a value that is too large to fit in an Int.

enumFrom :: a -> [a] #

Used in Haskell's translation of [n..] with [n..] = enumFrom n, a possible implementation being enumFrom n = n : enumFrom (succ n). For example:

  • enumFrom 4 :: [Integer] = [4,5,6,7,...]
  • enumFrom 6 :: [Int] = [6,7,8,9,...,maxBound :: Int]

enumFromThen :: a -> a -> [a] #

Used in Haskell's translation of [n,n'..] with [n,n'..] = enumFromThen n n', a possible implementation being enumFromThen n n' = n : n' : worker (f x) (f x n'), worker s v = v : worker s (s v), x = fromEnum n' - fromEnum n and f n y | n > 0 = f (n - 1) (succ y) | n < 0 = f (n + 1) (pred y) | otherwise = y For example:

  • enumFromThen 4 6 :: [Integer] = [4,6,8,10...]
  • enumFromThen 6 2 :: [Int] = [6,2,-2,-6,...,minBound :: Int]

enumFromTo :: a -> a -> [a] #

Used in Haskell's translation of [n..m] with [n..m] = enumFromTo n m, a possible implementation being enumFromTo n m | n <= m = n : enumFromTo (succ n) m | otherwise = []. For example:

  • enumFromTo 6 10 :: [Int] = [6,7,8,9,10]
  • enumFromTo 42 1 :: [Integer] = []

enumFromThenTo :: a -> a -> a -> [a] #

Used in Haskell's translation of [n,n'..m] with [n,n'..m] = enumFromThenTo n n' m, a possible implementation being enumFromThenTo n n' m = worker (f x) (c x) n m, x = fromEnum n' - fromEnum n, c x = bool (>=) ((x 0) f n y | n > 0 = f (n - 1) (succ y) | n < 0 = f (n + 1) (pred y) | otherwise = y and worker s c v m | c v m = v : worker s c (s v) m | otherwise = [] For example:

  • enumFromThenTo 4 2 -6 :: [Integer] = [4,2,0,-2,-4,-6]
  • enumFromThenTo 6 8 2 :: [Int] = []
Instances
Enum Bool

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: Bool -> Bool #

pred :: Bool -> Bool #

toEnum :: Int -> Bool #

fromEnum :: Bool -> Int #

enumFrom :: Bool -> [Bool] #

enumFromThen :: Bool -> Bool -> [Bool] #

enumFromTo :: Bool -> Bool -> [Bool] #

enumFromThenTo :: Bool -> Bool -> Bool -> [Bool] #

Enum Char

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: Char -> Char #

pred :: Char -> Char #

toEnum :: Int -> Char #

fromEnum :: Char -> Int #

enumFrom :: Char -> [Char] #

enumFromThen :: Char -> Char -> [Char] #

enumFromTo :: Char -> Char -> [Char] #

enumFromThenTo :: Char -> Char -> Char -> [Char] #

Enum Int

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: Int -> Int #

pred :: Int -> Int #

toEnum :: Int -> Int #

fromEnum :: Int -> Int #

enumFrom :: Int -> [Int] #

enumFromThen :: Int -> Int -> [Int] #

enumFromTo :: Int -> Int -> [Int] #

enumFromThenTo :: Int -> Int -> Int -> [Int] #

Enum Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

succ :: Int8 -> Int8 #

pred :: Int8 -> Int8 #

toEnum :: Int -> Int8 #

fromEnum :: Int8 -> Int #

enumFrom :: Int8 -> [Int8] #

enumFromThen :: Int8 -> Int8 -> [Int8] #

enumFromTo :: Int8 -> Int8 -> [Int8] #

enumFromThenTo :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 -> [Int8] #

Enum Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Enum Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Enum Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Enum Integer

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum Natural

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum Ordering

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum Word

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: Word -> Word #

pred :: Word -> Word #

toEnum :: Int -> Word #

fromEnum :: Word -> Int #

enumFrom :: Word -> [Word] #

enumFromThen :: Word -> Word -> [Word] #

enumFromTo :: Word -> Word -> [Word] #

enumFromThenTo :: Word -> Word -> Word -> [Word] #

Enum Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Enum Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Enum Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Enum Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Enum VecCount

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum VecElem

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Enum ()

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Enum

Methods

succ :: () -> () #

pred :: () -> () #

toEnum :: Int -> () #

fromEnum :: () -> Int #

enumFrom :: () -> [()] #

enumFromThen :: () -> () -> [()] #

enumFromTo :: () -> () -> [()] #

enumFromThenTo :: () -> () -> () -> [()] #

Enum CDev 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

succ :: CDev -> CDev #

pred :: CDev -> CDev #

toEnum :: Int -> CDev #

fromEnum :: CDev -> Int #

enumFrom :: CDev -> [CDev] #

enumFromThen :: CDev -> CDev -> [CDev] #

enumFromTo :: CDev -> CDev -> [CDev] #

enumFromThenTo :: CDev -> CDev -> CDev -> [CDev] #

Enum CIno 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

succ :: CIno -> CIno #

pred :: CIno -> CIno #

toEnum :: Int -> CIno #

fromEnum :: CIno -> Int #

enumFrom :: CIno -> [CIno] #

enumFromThen :: CIno -> CIno -> [CIno] #

enumFromTo :: CIno -> CIno -> [CIno] #

enumFromThenTo :: CIno -> CIno -> CIno -> [CIno] #

Enum CMode 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Enum COff 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

succ :: COff -> COff #

pred :: COff -> COff #

toEnum :: Int -> COff #

fromEnum :: COff -> Int #

enumFrom :: COff -> [COff] #

enumFromThen :: COff -> COff -> [COff] #

enumFromTo :: COff -> COff -> [COff] #

enumFromThenTo :: COff -> COff -> COff -> [COff] #

Enum CPid 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

succ :: CPid -> CPid #

pred :: CPid -> CPid #

toEnum :: Int -> CPid #

fromEnum :: CPid -> Int #

enumFrom :: CPid -> [CPid] #

enumFromThen :: CPid -> CPid -> [CPid] #

enumFromTo :: CPid -> CPid -> [CPid] #

enumFromThenTo :: CPid -> CPid -> CPid -> [CPid] #

Enum CSsize 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Enum CGid 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

succ :: CGid -> CGid #

pred :: CGid -> CGid #

toEnum :: Int -> CGid #

fromEnum :: CGid -> Int #

enumFrom :: CGid -> [CGid] #

enumFromThen :: CGid -> CGid -> [CGid] #

enumFromTo :: CGid -> CGid -> [CGid] #

enumFromThenTo :: CGid -> CGid -> CGid -> [CGid] #

Enum CNlink 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Enum CUid 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

succ :: CUid -> CUid #

pred :: CUid -> CUid #

toEnum :: Int -> CUid #

fromEnum :: CUid -> Int #

enumFrom :: CUid -> [CUid] #

enumFromThen :: CUid -> CUid -> [CUid] #

enumFromTo :: CUid -> CUid -> [CUid] #

enumFromThenTo :: CUid -> CUid -> CUid -> [CUid] #

Enum CCc 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

succ :: CCc -> CCc #

pred :: CCc -> CCc #

toEnum :: Int -> CCc #

fromEnum :: CCc -> Int #

enumFrom :: CCc -> [CCc] #

enumFromThen :: CCc -> CCc -> [CCc] #

enumFromTo :: CCc -> CCc -> [CCc] #

enumFromThenTo :: CCc -> CCc -> CCc -> [CCc] #

Enum CSpeed 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Enum CTcflag 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Enum CRLim 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Enum CBlkSize 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Enum CBlkCnt 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Enum CClockId 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Enum CFsBlkCnt 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Enum CFsFilCnt 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Enum CId 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

succ :: CId -> CId #

pred :: CId -> CId #

toEnum :: Int -> CId #

fromEnum :: CId -> Int #

enumFrom :: CId -> [CId] #

enumFromThen :: CId -> CId -> [CId] #

enumFromTo :: CId -> CId -> [CId] #

enumFromThenTo :: CId -> CId -> CId -> [CId] #

Enum CKey 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

succ :: CKey -> CKey #

pred :: CKey -> CKey #

toEnum :: Int -> CKey #

fromEnum :: CKey -> Int #

enumFrom :: CKey -> [CKey] #

enumFromThen :: CKey -> CKey -> [CKey] #

enumFromTo :: CKey -> CKey -> [CKey] #

enumFromThenTo :: CKey -> CKey -> CKey -> [CKey] #

Enum Fd 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

succ :: Fd -> Fd #

pred :: Fd -> Fd #

toEnum :: Int -> Fd #

fromEnum :: Fd -> Int #

enumFrom :: Fd -> [Fd] #

enumFromThen :: Fd -> Fd -> [Fd] #

enumFromTo :: Fd -> Fd -> [Fd] #

enumFromThenTo :: Fd -> Fd -> Fd -> [Fd] #

Enum Associativity

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Enum SourceUnpackedness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Enum SourceStrictness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Enum DecidedStrictness

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Enum CChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CSChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CUChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CShort 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CUShort 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CInt 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

succ :: CInt -> CInt #

pred :: CInt -> CInt #

toEnum :: Int -> CInt #

fromEnum :: CInt -> Int #

enumFrom :: CInt -> [CInt] #

enumFromThen :: CInt -> CInt -> [CInt] #

enumFromTo :: CInt -> CInt -> [CInt] #

enumFromThenTo :: CInt -> CInt -> CInt -> [CInt] #

Enum CUInt 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CULong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CLLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CULLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CBool 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CFloat 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CDouble 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CPtrdiff 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CSize 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CWchar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CSigAtomic 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CClock 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CTime 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CUSeconds 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CSUSeconds 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CIntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CUIntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CIntMax 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum CUIntMax 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Enum WordPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.Ptr

Enum IntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.Ptr

Enum IOMode

Since: base-4.2.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.IO.IOMode

Enum Leniency Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Protolude.Conv

Integral a => Enum (Ratio a)

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

succ :: Ratio a -> Ratio a #

pred :: Ratio a -> Ratio a #

toEnum :: Int -> Ratio a #

fromEnum :: Ratio a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Ratio a -> [Ratio a] #

enumFromThen :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> [Ratio a] #

enumFromTo :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> [Ratio a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> Ratio a -> [Ratio a] #

Enum a => Enum (Min a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

succ :: Min a -> Min a #

pred :: Min a -> Min a #

toEnum :: Int -> Min a #

fromEnum :: Min a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Min a -> [Min a] #

enumFromThen :: Min a -> Min a -> [Min a] #

enumFromTo :: Min a -> Min a -> [Min a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Min a -> Min a -> Min a -> [Min a] #

Enum a => Enum (Max a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

succ :: Max a -> Max a #

pred :: Max a -> Max a #

toEnum :: Int -> Max a #

fromEnum :: Max a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Max a -> [Max a] #

enumFromThen :: Max a -> Max a -> [Max a] #

enumFromTo :: Max a -> Max a -> [Max a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Max a -> Max a -> Max a -> [Max a] #

Enum a => Enum (First a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

succ :: First a -> First a #

pred :: First a -> First a #

toEnum :: Int -> First a #

fromEnum :: First a -> Int #

enumFrom :: First a -> [First a] #

enumFromThen :: First a -> First a -> [First a] #

enumFromTo :: First a -> First a -> [First a] #

enumFromThenTo :: First a -> First a -> First a -> [First a] #

Enum a => Enum (Last a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

succ :: Last a -> Last a #

pred :: Last a -> Last a #

toEnum :: Int -> Last a #

fromEnum :: Last a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Last a -> [Last a] #

enumFromThen :: Last a -> Last a -> [Last a] #

enumFromTo :: Last a -> Last a -> [Last a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Last a -> Last a -> Last a -> [Last a] #

Enum a => Enum (WrappedMonoid a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Enum a => Enum (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Enum (Proxy s)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Proxy

Methods

succ :: Proxy s -> Proxy s #

pred :: Proxy s -> Proxy s #

toEnum :: Int -> Proxy s #

fromEnum :: Proxy s -> Int #

enumFrom :: Proxy s -> [Proxy s] #

enumFromThen :: Proxy s -> Proxy s -> [Proxy s] #

enumFromTo :: Proxy s -> Proxy s -> [Proxy s] #

enumFromThenTo :: Proxy s -> Proxy s -> Proxy s -> [Proxy s] #

Enum a => Enum (Const a b)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

succ :: Const a b -> Const a b #

pred :: Const a b -> Const a b #

toEnum :: Int -> Const a b #

fromEnum :: Const a b -> Int #

enumFrom :: Const a b -> [Const a b] #

enumFromThen :: Const a b -> Const a b -> [Const a b] #

enumFromTo :: Const a b -> Const a b -> [Const a b] #

enumFromThenTo :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b -> [Const a b] #

Enum (f a) => Enum (Ap f a)

Since: base-4.12.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

succ :: Ap f a -> Ap f a #

pred :: Ap f a -> Ap f a #

toEnum :: Int -> Ap f a #

fromEnum :: Ap f a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Ap f a -> [Ap f a] #

enumFromThen :: Ap f a -> Ap f a -> [Ap f a] #

enumFromTo :: Ap f a -> Ap f a -> [Ap f a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Ap f a -> Ap f a -> Ap f a -> [Ap f a] #

Enum (f a) => Enum (Alt f a)

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

succ :: Alt f a -> Alt f a #

pred :: Alt f a -> Alt f a #

toEnum :: Int -> Alt f a #

fromEnum :: Alt f a -> Int #

enumFrom :: Alt f a -> [Alt f a] #

enumFromThen :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> [Alt f a] #

enumFromTo :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> [Alt f a] #

enumFromThenTo :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> Alt f a -> [Alt f a] #

Coercible a b => Enum (Coercion a b)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Coercion

Methods

succ :: Coercion a b -> Coercion a b #

pred :: Coercion a b -> Coercion a b #

toEnum :: Int -> Coercion a b #

fromEnum :: Coercion a b -> Int #

enumFrom :: Coercion a b -> [Coercion a b] #

enumFromThen :: Coercion a b -> Coercion a b -> [Coercion a b] #

enumFromTo :: Coercion a b -> Coercion a b -> [Coercion a b] #

enumFromThenTo :: Coercion a b -> Coercion a b -> Coercion a b -> [Coercion a b] #

a ~ b => Enum (a :~: b)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Equality

Methods

succ :: (a :~: b) -> a :~: b #

pred :: (a :~: b) -> a :~: b #

toEnum :: Int -> a :~: b #

fromEnum :: (a :~: b) -> Int #

enumFrom :: (a :~: b) -> [a :~: b] #

enumFromThen :: (a :~: b) -> (a :~: b) -> [a :~: b] #

enumFromTo :: (a :~: b) -> (a :~: b) -> [a :~: b] #

enumFromThenTo :: (a :~: b) -> (a :~: b) -> (a :~: b) -> [a :~: b] #

a ~~ b => Enum (a :~~: b)

Since: base-4.10.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Type.Equality

Methods

succ :: (a :~~: b) -> a :~~: b #

pred :: (a :~~: b) -> a :~~: b #

toEnum :: Int -> a :~~: b #

fromEnum :: (a :~~: b) -> Int #

enumFrom :: (a :~~: b) -> [a :~~: b] #

enumFromThen :: (a :~~: b) -> (a :~~: b) -> [a :~~: b] #

enumFromTo :: (a :~~: b) -> (a :~~: b) -> [a :~~: b] #

enumFromThenTo :: (a :~~: b) -> (a :~~: b) -> (a :~~: b) -> [a :~~: b] #

class Fractional a => Floating a where #

Trigonometric and hyperbolic functions and related functions.

The Haskell Report defines no laws for Floating. However, '(+)', '(*)' and exp are customarily expected to define an exponential field and have the following properties:

  • exp (a + b) = @exp a * exp b
  • exp (fromInteger 0) = fromInteger 1

Minimal complete definition

pi, exp, log, sin, cos, asin, acos, atan, sinh, cosh, asinh, acosh, atanh

Methods

pi :: a #

exp :: a -> a #

log :: a -> a #

sqrt :: a -> a #

(**) :: a -> a -> a infixr 8 #

logBase :: a -> a -> a #

sin :: a -> a #

cos :: a -> a #

tan :: a -> a #

asin :: a -> a #

acos :: a -> a #

atan :: a -> a #

sinh :: a -> a #

cosh :: a -> a #

tanh :: a -> a #

asinh :: a -> a #

acosh :: a -> a #

atanh :: a -> a #

log1p :: a -> a #

log1p x computes log (1 + x), but provides more precise results for small (absolute) values of x if possible.

Since: base-4.9.0.0

expm1 :: a -> a #

expm1 x computes exp x - 1, but provides more precise results for small (absolute) values of x if possible.

Since: base-4.9.0.0

log1pexp :: a -> a #

log1pexp x computes log (1 + exp x), but provides more precise results if possible.

Examples:

  • if x is a large negative number, log (1 + exp x) will be imprecise for the reasons given in log1p.
  • if exp x is close to -1, log (1 + exp x) will be imprecise for the reasons given in expm1.

Since: base-4.9.0.0

log1mexp :: a -> a #

log1mexp x computes log (1 - exp x), but provides more precise results if possible.

Examples:

  • if x is a large negative number, log (1 - exp x) will be imprecise for the reasons given in log1p.
  • if exp x is close to 1, log (1 - exp x) will be imprecise for the reasons given in expm1.

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instances
Floating Double

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Float

Floating Float

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Float

Floating CFloat 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Floating CDouble 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

RealFloat a => Floating (Complex a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Complex

Methods

pi :: Complex a #

exp :: Complex a -> Complex a #

log :: Complex a -> Complex a #

sqrt :: Complex a -> Complex a #

(**) :: Complex a -> Complex a -> Complex a #

logBase :: Complex a -> Complex a -> Complex a #

sin :: Complex a -> Complex a #

cos :: Complex a -> Complex a #

tan :: Complex a -> Complex a #

asin :: Complex a -> Complex a #

acos :: Complex a -> Complex a #

atan :: Complex a -> Complex a #

sinh :: Complex a -> Complex a #

cosh :: Complex a -> Complex a #

tanh :: Complex a -> Complex a #

asinh :: Complex a -> Complex a #

acosh :: Complex a -> Complex a #

atanh :: Complex a -> Complex a #

log1p :: Complex a -> Complex a #

expm1 :: Complex a -> Complex a #

log1pexp :: Complex a -> Complex a #

log1mexp :: Complex a -> Complex a #

Floating a => Floating (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Floating a => Floating (Const a b)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

pi :: Const a b #

exp :: Const a b -> Const a b #

log :: Const a b -> Const a b #

sqrt :: Const a b -> Const a b #

(**) :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

logBase :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

sin :: Const a b -> Const a b #

cos :: Const a b -> Const a b #

tan :: Const a b -> Const a b #

asin :: Const a b -> Const a b #

acos :: Const a b -> Const a b #

atan :: Const a b -> Const a b #

sinh :: Const a b -> Const a b #

cosh :: Const a b -> Const a b #

tanh :: Const a b -> Const a b #

asinh :: Const a b -> Const a b #

acosh :: Const a b -> Const a b #

atanh :: Const a b -> Const a b #

log1p :: Const a b -> Const a b #

expm1 :: Const a b -> Const a b #

log1pexp :: Const a b -> Const a b #

log1mexp :: Const a b -> Const a b #

class Num a => Fractional a where #

Fractional numbers, supporting real division.

The Haskell Report defines no laws for Fractional. However, '(+)' and '(*)' are customarily expected to define a division ring and have the following properties:

recip gives the multiplicative inverse
x * recip x = recip x * x = fromInteger 1

Note that it isn't customarily expected that a type instance of Fractional implement a field. However, all instances in base do.

Minimal complete definition

fromRational, (recip | (/))

Methods

(/) :: a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

fractional division

recip :: a -> a #

reciprocal fraction

fromRational :: Rational -> a #

Conversion from a Rational (that is Ratio Integer). A floating literal stands for an application of fromRational to a value of type Rational, so such literals have type (Fractional a) => a.

Instances
Fractional CFloat 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Fractional CDouble 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral a => Fractional (Ratio a)

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

(/) :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> Ratio a #

recip :: Ratio a -> Ratio a #

fromRational :: Rational -> Ratio a #

RealFloat a => Fractional (Complex a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Complex

Methods

(/) :: Complex a -> Complex a -> Complex a #

recip :: Complex a -> Complex a #

fromRational :: Rational -> Complex a #

Fractional a => Fractional (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Fractional a => Fractional (Const a b)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

(/) :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

recip :: Const a b -> Const a b #

fromRational :: Rational -> Const a b #

class (Real a, Enum a) => Integral a where #

Integral numbers, supporting integer division.

The Haskell Report defines no laws for Integral. However, Integral instances are customarily expected to define a Euclidean domain and have the following properties for the 'div'/'mod' and 'quot'/'rem' pairs, given suitable Euclidean functions f and g:

  • x = y * quot x y + rem x y with rem x y = fromInteger 0 or g (rem x y) < g y
  • x = y * div x y + mod x y with mod x y = fromInteger 0 or f (mod x y) < f y

An example of a suitable Euclidean function, for Integer's instance, is abs.

Minimal complete definition

quotRem, toInteger

Methods

quot :: a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

integer division truncated toward zero

rem :: a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

integer remainder, satisfying

(x `quot` y)*y + (x `rem` y) == x

div :: a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

integer division truncated toward negative infinity

mod :: a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

integer modulus, satisfying

(x `div` y)*y + (x `mod` y) == x

quotRem :: a -> a -> (a, a) #

simultaneous quot and rem

divMod :: a -> a -> (a, a) #

simultaneous div and mod

toInteger :: a -> Integer #

conversion to Integer

Instances
Integral Int

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

quot :: Int -> Int -> Int #

rem :: Int -> Int -> Int #

div :: Int -> Int -> Int #

mod :: Int -> Int -> Int #

quotRem :: Int -> Int -> (Int, Int) #

divMod :: Int -> Int -> (Int, Int) #

toInteger :: Int -> Integer #

Integral Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

quot :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 #

rem :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 #

div :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 #

mod :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 #

quotRem :: Int8 -> Int8 -> (Int8, Int8) #

divMod :: Int8 -> Int8 -> (Int8, Int8) #

toInteger :: Int8 -> Integer #

Integral Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Integral Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Integral Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Integral Integer

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Integral Natural

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Integral Word

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

quot :: Word -> Word -> Word #

rem :: Word -> Word -> Word #

div :: Word -> Word -> Word #

mod :: Word -> Word -> Word #

quotRem :: Word -> Word -> (Word, Word) #

divMod :: Word -> Word -> (Word, Word) #

toInteger :: Word -> Integer #

Integral Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Integral Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Integral Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Integral Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Integral CDev 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

quot :: CDev -> CDev -> CDev #

rem :: CDev -> CDev -> CDev #

div :: CDev -> CDev -> CDev #

mod :: CDev -> CDev -> CDev #

quotRem :: CDev -> CDev -> (CDev, CDev) #

divMod :: CDev -> CDev -> (CDev, CDev) #

toInteger :: CDev -> Integer #

Integral CIno 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

quot :: CIno -> CIno -> CIno #

rem :: CIno -> CIno -> CIno #

div :: CIno -> CIno -> CIno #

mod :: CIno -> CIno -> CIno #

quotRem :: CIno -> CIno -> (CIno, CIno) #

divMod :: CIno -> CIno -> (CIno, CIno) #

toInteger :: CIno -> Integer #

Integral CMode 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Integral COff 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

quot :: COff -> COff -> COff #

rem :: COff -> COff -> COff #

div :: COff -> COff -> COff #

mod :: COff -> COff -> COff #

quotRem :: COff -> COff -> (COff, COff) #

divMod :: COff -> COff -> (COff, COff) #

toInteger :: COff -> Integer #

Integral CPid 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

quot :: CPid -> CPid -> CPid #

rem :: CPid -> CPid -> CPid #

div :: CPid -> CPid -> CPid #

mod :: CPid -> CPid -> CPid #

quotRem :: CPid -> CPid -> (CPid, CPid) #

divMod :: CPid -> CPid -> (CPid, CPid) #

toInteger :: CPid -> Integer #

Integral CSsize 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Integral CGid 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

quot :: CGid -> CGid -> CGid #

rem :: CGid -> CGid -> CGid #

div :: CGid -> CGid -> CGid #

mod :: CGid -> CGid -> CGid #

quotRem :: CGid -> CGid -> (CGid, CGid) #

divMod :: CGid -> CGid -> (CGid, CGid) #

toInteger :: CGid -> Integer #

Integral CNlink 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Integral CUid 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

quot :: CUid -> CUid -> CUid #

rem :: CUid -> CUid -> CUid #

div :: CUid -> CUid -> CUid #

mod :: CUid -> CUid -> CUid #

quotRem :: CUid -> CUid -> (CUid, CUid) #

divMod :: CUid -> CUid -> (CUid, CUid) #

toInteger :: CUid -> Integer #

Integral CTcflag 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Integral CRLim 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Integral CBlkSize 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Integral CBlkCnt 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Integral CClockId 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Integral CFsBlkCnt 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Integral CFsFilCnt 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Integral CId 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

quot :: CId -> CId -> CId #

rem :: CId -> CId -> CId #

div :: CId -> CId -> CId #

mod :: CId -> CId -> CId #

quotRem :: CId -> CId -> (CId, CId) #

divMod :: CId -> CId -> (CId, CId) #

toInteger :: CId -> Integer #

Integral CKey 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

quot :: CKey -> CKey -> CKey #

rem :: CKey -> CKey -> CKey #

div :: CKey -> CKey -> CKey #

mod :: CKey -> CKey -> CKey #

quotRem :: CKey -> CKey -> (CKey, CKey) #

divMod :: CKey -> CKey -> (CKey, CKey) #

toInteger :: CKey -> Integer #

Integral Fd 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

quot :: Fd -> Fd -> Fd #

rem :: Fd -> Fd -> Fd #

div :: Fd -> Fd -> Fd #

mod :: Fd -> Fd -> Fd #

quotRem :: Fd -> Fd -> (Fd, Fd) #

divMod :: Fd -> Fd -> (Fd, Fd) #

toInteger :: Fd -> Integer #

Integral CChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral CSChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral CUChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral CShort 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral CUShort 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral CInt 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

quot :: CInt -> CInt -> CInt #

rem :: CInt -> CInt -> CInt #

div :: CInt -> CInt -> CInt #

mod :: CInt -> CInt -> CInt #

quotRem :: CInt -> CInt -> (CInt, CInt) #

divMod :: CInt -> CInt -> (CInt, CInt) #

toInteger :: CInt -> Integer #

Integral CUInt 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral CLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral CULong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral CLLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral CULLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral CBool 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral CPtrdiff 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral CSize 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral CWchar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral CSigAtomic 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral CIntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral CUIntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral CIntMax 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral CUIntMax 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Integral WordPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.Ptr

Integral IntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.Ptr

Integral a => Integral (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Integral a => Integral (Const a b)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

quot :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

rem :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

div :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

mod :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

quotRem :: Const a b -> Const a b -> (Const a b, Const a b) #

divMod :: Const a b -> Const a b -> (Const a b, Const a b) #

toInteger :: Const a b -> Integer #

class Num a where #

Basic numeric class.

The Haskell Report defines no laws for Num. However, '(+)' and '(*)' are customarily expected to define a ring and have the following properties:

Associativity of (+)
(x + y) + z = x + (y + z)
Commutativity of (+)
x + y = y + x
fromInteger 0 is the additive identity
x + fromInteger 0 = x
negate gives the additive inverse
x + negate x = fromInteger 0
Associativity of (*)
(x * y) * z = x * (y * z)
fromInteger 1 is the multiplicative identity
x * fromInteger 1 = x and fromInteger 1 * x = x
Distributivity of (*) with respect to (+)
a * (b + c) = (a * b) + (a * c) and (b + c) * a = (b * a) + (c * a)

Note that it isn't customarily expected that a type instance of both Num and Ord implement an ordered ring. Indeed, in base only Integer and Rational do.

Minimal complete definition

(+), (*), abs, signum, fromInteger, (negate | (-))

Methods

(+) :: a -> a -> a infixl 6 #

(-) :: a -> a -> a infixl 6 #

(*) :: a -> a -> a infixl 7 #

negate :: a -> a #

Unary negation.

abs :: a -> a #

Absolute value.

signum :: a -> a #

Sign of a number. The functions abs and signum should satisfy the law:

abs x * signum x == x

For real numbers, the signum is either -1 (negative), 0 (zero) or 1 (positive).

fromInteger :: Integer -> a #

Conversion from an Integer. An integer literal represents the application of the function fromInteger to the appropriate value of type Integer, so such literals have type (Num a) => a.

Instances
Num Int

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Num

Methods

(+) :: Int -> Int -> Int #

(-) :: Int -> Int -> Int #

(*) :: Int -> Int -> Int #

negate :: Int -> Int #

abs :: Int -> Int #

signum :: Int -> Int #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Int #

Num Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

(+) :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 #

(-) :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 #

(*) :: Int8 -> Int8 -> Int8 #

negate :: Int8 -> Int8 #

abs :: Int8 -> Int8 #

signum :: Int8 -> Int8 #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Int8 #

Num Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Num Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Num Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Num Integer

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Num

Num Natural

Note that Natural's Num instance isn't a ring: no element but 0 has an additive inverse. It is a semiring though.

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Num

Num Word

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Num

Methods

(+) :: Word -> Word -> Word #

(-) :: Word -> Word -> Word #

(*) :: Word -> Word -> Word #

negate :: Word -> Word #

abs :: Word -> Word #

signum :: Word -> Word #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Word #

Num Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Num Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Num Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Num Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Num CDev 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

(+) :: CDev -> CDev -> CDev #

(-) :: CDev -> CDev -> CDev #

(*) :: CDev -> CDev -> CDev #

negate :: CDev -> CDev #

abs :: CDev -> CDev #

signum :: CDev -> CDev #

fromInteger :: Integer -> CDev #

Num CIno 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

(+) :: CIno -> CIno -> CIno #

(-) :: CIno -> CIno -> CIno #

(*) :: CIno -> CIno -> CIno #

negate :: CIno -> CIno #

abs :: CIno -> CIno #

signum :: CIno -> CIno #

fromInteger :: Integer -> CIno #

Num CMode 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Num COff 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

(+) :: COff -> COff -> COff #

(-) :: COff -> COff -> COff #

(*) :: COff -> COff -> COff #

negate :: COff -> COff #

abs :: COff -> COff #

signum :: COff -> COff #

fromInteger :: Integer -> COff #

Num CPid 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

(+) :: CPid -> CPid -> CPid #

(-) :: CPid -> CPid -> CPid #

(*) :: CPid -> CPid -> CPid #

negate :: CPid -> CPid #

abs :: CPid -> CPid #

signum :: CPid -> CPid #

fromInteger :: Integer -> CPid #

Num CSsize 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Num CGid 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

(+) :: CGid -> CGid -> CGid #

(-) :: CGid -> CGid -> CGid #

(*) :: CGid -> CGid -> CGid #

negate :: CGid -> CGid #

abs :: CGid -> CGid #

signum :: CGid -> CGid #

fromInteger :: Integer -> CGid #

Num CNlink 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Num CUid 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

(+) :: CUid -> CUid -> CUid #

(-) :: CUid -> CUid -> CUid #

(*) :: CUid -> CUid -> CUid #

negate :: CUid -> CUid #

abs :: CUid -> CUid #

signum :: CUid -> CUid #

fromInteger :: Integer -> CUid #

Num CCc 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

(+) :: CCc -> CCc -> CCc #

(-) :: CCc -> CCc -> CCc #

(*) :: CCc -> CCc -> CCc #

negate :: CCc -> CCc #

abs :: CCc -> CCc #

signum :: CCc -> CCc #

fromInteger :: Integer -> CCc #

Num CSpeed 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Num CTcflag 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Num CRLim 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Num CBlkSize 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Num CBlkCnt 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Num CClockId 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Num CFsBlkCnt 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Num CFsFilCnt 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Num CId 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

(+) :: CId -> CId -> CId #

(-) :: CId -> CId -> CId #

(*) :: CId -> CId -> CId #

negate :: CId -> CId #

abs :: CId -> CId #

signum :: CId -> CId #

fromInteger :: Integer -> CId #

Num CKey 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

(+) :: CKey -> CKey -> CKey #

(-) :: CKey -> CKey -> CKey #

(*) :: CKey -> CKey -> CKey #

negate :: CKey -> CKey #

abs :: CKey -> CKey #

signum :: CKey -> CKey #

fromInteger :: Integer -> CKey #

Num Fd 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

(+) :: Fd -> Fd -> Fd #

(-) :: Fd -> Fd -> Fd #

(*) :: Fd -> Fd -> Fd #

negate :: Fd -> Fd #

abs :: Fd -> Fd #

signum :: Fd -> Fd #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Fd #

Num CChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CSChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CUChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CShort 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CUShort 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CInt 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

(+) :: CInt -> CInt -> CInt #

(-) :: CInt -> CInt -> CInt #

(*) :: CInt -> CInt -> CInt #

negate :: CInt -> CInt #

abs :: CInt -> CInt #

signum :: CInt -> CInt #

fromInteger :: Integer -> CInt #

Num CUInt 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CULong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CLLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CULLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CBool 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CFloat 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CDouble 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CPtrdiff 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CSize 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CWchar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CSigAtomic 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CClock 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CTime 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CUSeconds 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CSUSeconds 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CIntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CUIntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CIntMax 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num CUIntMax 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Num WordPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.Ptr

Num IntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.Ptr

Num CodePoint 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Text.Encoding

Methods

(+) :: CodePoint -> CodePoint -> CodePoint #

(-) :: CodePoint -> CodePoint -> CodePoint #

(*) :: CodePoint -> CodePoint -> CodePoint #

negate :: CodePoint -> CodePoint #

abs :: CodePoint -> CodePoint #

signum :: CodePoint -> CodePoint #

fromInteger :: Integer -> CodePoint #

Num DecoderState 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Text.Encoding

Methods

(+) :: DecoderState -> DecoderState -> DecoderState #

(-) :: DecoderState -> DecoderState -> DecoderState #

(*) :: DecoderState -> DecoderState -> DecoderState #

negate :: DecoderState -> DecoderState #

abs :: DecoderState -> DecoderState #

signum :: DecoderState -> DecoderState #

fromInteger :: Integer -> DecoderState #

Integral a => Num (Ratio a)

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

(+) :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> Ratio a #

(-) :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> Ratio a #

(*) :: Ratio a -> Ratio a -> Ratio a #

negate :: Ratio a -> Ratio a #

abs :: Ratio a -> Ratio a #

signum :: Ratio a -> Ratio a #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Ratio a #

RealFloat a => Num (Complex a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Complex

Methods

(+) :: Complex a -> Complex a -> Complex a #

(-) :: Complex a -> Complex a -> Complex a #

(*) :: Complex a -> Complex a -> Complex a #

negate :: Complex a -> Complex a #

abs :: Complex a -> Complex a #

signum :: Complex a -> Complex a #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Complex a #

Num a => Num (Min a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(+) :: Min a -> Min a -> Min a #

(-) :: Min a -> Min a -> Min a #

(*) :: Min a -> Min a -> Min a #

negate :: Min a -> Min a #

abs :: Min a -> Min a #

signum :: Min a -> Min a #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Min a #

Num a => Num (Max a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

(+) :: Max a -> Max a -> Max a #

(-) :: Max a -> Max a -> Max a #

(*) :: Max a -> Max a -> Max a #

negate :: Max a -> Max a #

abs :: Max a -> Max a #

signum :: Max a -> Max a #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Max a #

Num a => Num (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Num a => Num (Sum a)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(+) :: Sum a -> Sum a -> Sum a #

(-) :: Sum a -> Sum a -> Sum a #

(*) :: Sum a -> Sum a -> Sum a #

negate :: Sum a -> Sum a #

abs :: Sum a -> Sum a #

signum :: Sum a -> Sum a #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Sum a #

Num a => Num (Product a)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(+) :: Product a -> Product a -> Product a #

(-) :: Product a -> Product a -> Product a #

(*) :: Product a -> Product a -> Product a #

negate :: Product a -> Product a #

abs :: Product a -> Product a #

signum :: Product a -> Product a #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Product a #

Num a => Num (Down a)

Since: base-4.11.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Ord

Methods

(+) :: Down a -> Down a -> Down a #

(-) :: Down a -> Down a -> Down a #

(*) :: Down a -> Down a -> Down a #

negate :: Down a -> Down a #

abs :: Down a -> Down a #

signum :: Down a -> Down a #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Down a #

Num a => Num (Const a b)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

(+) :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

(-) :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

(*) :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

negate :: Const a b -> Const a b #

abs :: Const a b -> Const a b #

signum :: Const a b -> Const a b #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Const a b #

(Applicative f, Num a) => Num (Ap f a)

Since: base-4.12.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

(+) :: Ap f a -> Ap f a -> Ap f a #

(-) :: Ap f a -> Ap f a -> Ap f a #

(*) :: Ap f a -> Ap f a -> Ap f a #

negate :: Ap f a -> Ap f a #

abs :: Ap f a -> Ap f a #

signum :: Ap f a -> Ap f a #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Ap f a #

Num (f a) => Num (Alt f a)

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

(+) :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> Alt f a #

(-) :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> Alt f a #

(*) :: Alt f a -> Alt f a -> Alt f a #

negate :: Alt f a -> Alt f a #

abs :: Alt f a -> Alt f a #

signum :: Alt f a -> Alt f a #

fromInteger :: Integer -> Alt f a #

class (Num a, Ord a) => Real a where #

Methods

toRational :: a -> Rational #

the rational equivalent of its real argument with full precision

Instances
Real Int

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

toRational :: Int -> Rational #

Real Int8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

toRational :: Int8 -> Rational #

Real Int16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

toRational :: Int16 -> Rational #

Real Int32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

toRational :: Int32 -> Rational #

Real Int64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Int

Methods

toRational :: Int64 -> Rational #

Real Integer

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Real Natural

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Real Word

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

toRational :: Word -> Rational #

Real Word8

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Methods

toRational :: Word8 -> Rational #

Real Word16

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Real Word32

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Real Word64

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Word

Real CDev 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

toRational :: CDev -> Rational #

Real CIno 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

toRational :: CIno -> Rational #

Real CMode 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

toRational :: CMode -> Rational #

Real COff 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

toRational :: COff -> Rational #

Real CPid 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

toRational :: CPid -> Rational #

Real CSsize 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Real CGid 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

toRational :: CGid -> Rational #

Real CNlink 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Real CUid 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

toRational :: CUid -> Rational #

Real CCc 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

toRational :: CCc -> Rational #

Real CSpeed 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Real CTcflag 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Real CRLim 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

toRational :: CRLim -> Rational #

Real CBlkSize 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Real CBlkCnt 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Real CClockId 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Real CFsBlkCnt 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Real CFsFilCnt 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Real CId 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

toRational :: CId -> Rational #

Real CKey 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

toRational :: CKey -> Rational #

Real Fd 
Instance details

Defined in System.Posix.Types

Methods

toRational :: Fd -> Rational #

Real CChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

toRational :: CChar -> Rational #

Real CSChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real CUChar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real CShort 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real CUShort 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real CInt 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

toRational :: CInt -> Rational #

Real CUInt 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

toRational :: CUInt -> Rational #

Real CLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

toRational :: CLong -> Rational #

Real CULong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real CLLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real CULLong 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real CBool 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

toRational :: CBool -> Rational #

Real CFloat 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real CDouble 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real CPtrdiff 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real CSize 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

toRational :: CSize -> Rational #

Real CWchar 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real CSigAtomic 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real CClock 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real CTime 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

toRational :: CTime -> Rational #

Real CUSeconds 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real CSUSeconds 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real CIntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real CUIntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real CIntMax 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real CUIntMax 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Real WordPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.Ptr

Real IntPtr 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.Ptr

Integral a => Real (Ratio a)

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

toRational :: Ratio a -> Rational #

Real a => Real (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Methods

toRational :: Identity a -> Rational #

Real a => Real (Const a b)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

toRational :: Const a b -> Rational #

class (RealFrac a, Floating a) => RealFloat a where #

Efficient, machine-independent access to the components of a floating-point number.

Methods

floatRadix :: a -> Integer #

a constant function, returning the radix of the representation (often 2)

floatDigits :: a -> Int #

a constant function, returning the number of digits of floatRadix in the significand

floatRange :: a -> (Int, Int) #

a constant function, returning the lowest and highest values the exponent may assume

decodeFloat :: a -> (Integer, Int) #

The function decodeFloat applied to a real floating-point number returns the significand expressed as an Integer and an appropriately scaled exponent (an Int). If decodeFloat x yields (m,n), then x is equal in value to m*b^^n, where b is the floating-point radix, and furthermore, either m and n are both zero or else b^(d-1) <= abs m < b^d, where d is the value of floatDigits x. In particular, decodeFloat 0 = (0,0). If the type contains a negative zero, also decodeFloat (-0.0) = (0,0). The result of decodeFloat x is unspecified if either of isNaN x or isInfinite x is True.

encodeFloat :: Integer -> Int -> a #

encodeFloat performs the inverse of decodeFloat in the sense that for finite x with the exception of -0.0, uncurry encodeFloat (decodeFloat x) = x. encodeFloat m n is one of the two closest representable floating-point numbers to m*b^^n (or ±Infinity if overflow occurs); usually the closer, but if m contains too many bits, the result may be rounded in the wrong direction.

exponent :: a -> Int #

exponent corresponds to the second component of decodeFloat. exponent 0 = 0 and for finite nonzero x, exponent x = snd (decodeFloat x) + floatDigits x. If x is a finite floating-point number, it is equal in value to significand x * b ^^ exponent x, where b is the floating-point radix. The behaviour is unspecified on infinite or NaN values.

significand :: a -> a #

The first component of decodeFloat, scaled to lie in the open interval (-1,1), either 0.0 or of absolute value >= 1/b, where b is the floating-point radix. The behaviour is unspecified on infinite or NaN values.

scaleFloat :: Int -> a -> a #

multiplies a floating-point number by an integer power of the radix

isNaN :: a -> Bool #

True if the argument is an IEEE "not-a-number" (NaN) value

isInfinite :: a -> Bool #

True if the argument is an IEEE infinity or negative infinity

isDenormalized :: a -> Bool #

True if the argument is too small to be represented in normalized format

isNegativeZero :: a -> Bool #

True if the argument is an IEEE negative zero

isIEEE :: a -> Bool #

True if the argument is an IEEE floating point number

atan2 :: a -> a -> a #

a version of arctangent taking two real floating-point arguments. For real floating x and y, atan2 y x computes the angle (from the positive x-axis) of the vector from the origin to the point (x,y). atan2 y x returns a value in the range [-pi, pi]. It follows the Common Lisp semantics for the origin when signed zeroes are supported. atan2 y 1, with y in a type that is RealFloat, should return the same value as atan y. A default definition of atan2 is provided, but implementors can provide a more accurate implementation.

Instances
RealFloat Double

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Float

RealFloat Float

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Float

RealFloat CFloat 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

RealFloat CDouble 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

RealFloat a => RealFloat (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

RealFloat a => RealFloat (Const a b)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

floatRadix :: Const a b -> Integer #

floatDigits :: Const a b -> Int #

floatRange :: Const a b -> (Int, Int) #

decodeFloat :: Const a b -> (Integer, Int) #

encodeFloat :: Integer -> Int -> Const a b #

exponent :: Const a b -> Int #

significand :: Const a b -> Const a b #

scaleFloat :: Int -> Const a b -> Const a b #

isNaN :: Const a b -> Bool #

isInfinite :: Const a b -> Bool #

isDenormalized :: Const a b -> Bool #

isNegativeZero :: Const a b -> Bool #

isIEEE :: Const a b -> Bool #

atan2 :: Const a b -> Const a b -> Const a b #

class (Real a, Fractional a) => RealFrac a where #

Extracting components of fractions.

Minimal complete definition

properFraction

Methods

properFraction :: Integral b => a -> (b, a) #

The function properFraction takes a real fractional number x and returns a pair (n,f) such that x = n+f, and:

  • n is an integral number with the same sign as x; and
  • f is a fraction with the same type and sign as x, and with absolute value less than 1.

The default definitions of the ceiling, floor, truncate and round functions are in terms of properFraction.

truncate :: Integral b => a -> b #

truncate x returns the integer nearest x between zero and x

round :: Integral b => a -> b #

round x returns the nearest integer to x; the even integer if x is equidistant between two integers

ceiling :: Integral b => a -> b #

ceiling x returns the least integer not less than x

floor :: Integral b => a -> b #

floor x returns the greatest integer not greater than x

Instances
RealFrac CFloat 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

properFraction :: Integral b => CFloat -> (b, CFloat) #

truncate :: Integral b => CFloat -> b #

round :: Integral b => CFloat -> b #

ceiling :: Integral b => CFloat -> b #

floor :: Integral b => CFloat -> b #

RealFrac CDouble 
Instance details

Defined in Foreign.C.Types

Methods

properFraction :: Integral b => CDouble -> (b, CDouble) #

truncate :: Integral b => CDouble -> b #

round :: Integral b => CDouble -> b #

ceiling :: Integral b => CDouble -> b #

floor :: Integral b => CDouble -> b #

Integral a => RealFrac (Ratio a)

Since: base-2.0.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Real

Methods

properFraction :: Integral b => Ratio a -> (b, Ratio a) #

truncate :: Integral b => Ratio a -> b #

round :: Integral b => Ratio a -> b #

ceiling :: Integral b => Ratio a -> b #

floor :: Integral b => Ratio a -> b #

RealFrac a => RealFrac (Identity a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Methods

properFraction :: Integral b => Identity a -> (b, Identity a) #

truncate :: Integral b => Identity a -> b #

round :: Integral b => Identity a -> b #

ceiling :: Integral b => Identity a -> b #

floor :: Integral b => Identity a -> b #

RealFrac a => RealFrac (Const a b)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

properFraction :: Integral b0 => Const a b -> (b0, Const a b) #

truncate :: Integral b0 => Const a b -> b0 #

round :: Integral b0 => Const a b -> b0 #

ceiling :: Integral b0 => Const a b -> b0 #

floor :: Integral b0 => Const a b -> b0 #

class Show a where #

Conversion of values to readable Strings.

Derived instances of Show have the following properties, which are compatible with derived instances of Read:

  • The result of show is a syntactically correct Haskell expression containing only constants, given the fixity declarations in force at the point where the type is declared. It contains only the constructor names defined in the data type, parentheses, and spaces. When labelled constructor fields are used, braces, commas, field names, and equal signs are also used.
  • If the constructor is defined to be an infix operator, then showsPrec will produce infix applications of the constructor.
  • the representation will be enclosed in parentheses if the precedence of the top-level constructor in x is less than d (associativity is ignored). Thus, if d is 0 then the result is never surrounded in parentheses; if d is 11 it is always surrounded in parentheses, unless it is an atomic expression.
  • If the constructor is defined using record syntax, then show will produce the record-syntax form, with the fields given in the same order as the original declaration.

For example, given the declarations

infixr 5 :^:
data Tree a =  Leaf a  |  Tree a :^: Tree a

the derived instance of Show is equivalent to

instance (Show a) => Show (Tree a) where

       showsPrec d (Leaf m) = showParen (d > app_prec) $
            showString "Leaf " . showsPrec (app_prec+1) m
         where app_prec = 10

       showsPrec d (u :^: v) = showParen (d > up_prec) $
            showsPrec (up_prec+1) u .
            showString " :^: "      .
            showsPrec (up_prec+1) v
         where up_prec = 5

Note that right-associativity of :^: is ignored. For example,

  • show (Leaf 1 :^: Leaf 2 :^: Leaf 3) produces the string "Leaf 1 :^: (Leaf 2 :^: Leaf 3)".

Minimal complete definition

showsPrec | show

Methods

showsPrec #

Arguments

:: Int

the operator precedence of the enclosing context (a number from 0 to 11). Function application has precedence 10.

-> a

the value to be converted to a String

-> ShowS 

Convert a value to a readable String.

showsPrec should satisfy the law

showsPrec d x r ++ s  ==  showsPrec d x (r ++ s)

Derived instances of Read and Show satisfy the following:

That is, readsPrec parses the string produced by showsPrec, and delivers the value that showsPrec started with.

show :: a -> String #

A specialised variant of showsPrec, using precedence context zero, and returning an ordinary String.

showList :: [a] -> ShowS #

The method showList is provided to allow the programmer to give a specialised way of showing lists of values. For example, this is used by the predefined Show instance of the Char type, where values of type String should be shown in double quotes, rather than between square brackets.

Instances
Show Bool

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Bool -> ShowS #

show :: Bool -> String #

showList :: [Bool] -> ShowS #

Show Char

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Show

Methods

showsPrec :: Int -> Char -> ShowS #

show :: Char -> String #

showList :: [