protolude-0.2.4: A small prelude.

Safe HaskellSafe
LanguageHaskell2010

Protolude.Functor

Synopsis

Documentation

class Functor (f :: Type -> Type) where #

The Functor class is used for types that can be mapped over. Instances of Functor should satisfy the following laws:

fmap id  ==  id
fmap (f . g)  ==  fmap f . fmap g

The instances of Functor for lists, Maybe and IO satisfy these laws.

Minimal complete definition

fmap

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> f a -> f b #

(<$) :: a -> f b -> f a infixl 4 #

Replace all locations in the input with the same value. The default definition is fmap . const, but this may be overridden with a more efficient version.

Instances
Functor []

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> [a] -> [b] #

(<$) :: a -> [b] -> [a] #

Functor Maybe

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Maybe a -> Maybe b #

(<$) :: a -> Maybe b -> Maybe a #

Functor IO

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> IO a -> IO b #

(<$) :: a -> IO b -> IO a #

Functor Par1

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Par1 a -> Par1 b #

(<$) :: a -> Par1 b -> Par1 a #

Functor Async 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Concurrent.Async

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Async a -> Async b #

(<$) :: a -> Async b -> Async a #

Functor Concurrently 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Concurrent.Async

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Concurrently a -> Concurrently b #

(<$) :: a -> Concurrently b -> Concurrently a #

Functor Complex

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Complex

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Complex a -> Complex b #

(<$) :: a -> Complex b -> Complex a #

Functor Min

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Min a -> Min b #

(<$) :: a -> Min b -> Min a #

Functor Max

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Max a -> Max b #

(<$) :: a -> Max b -> Max a #

Functor First

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> First a -> First b #

(<$) :: a -> First b -> First a #

Functor Last

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Last a -> Last b #

(<$) :: a -> Last b -> Last a #

Functor Option

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Option a -> Option b #

(<$) :: a -> Option b -> Option a #

Functor ZipList

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Control.Applicative

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ZipList a -> ZipList b #

(<$) :: a -> ZipList b -> ZipList a #

Functor Identity

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Identity

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Identity a -> Identity b #

(<$) :: a -> Identity b -> Identity a #

Functor Handler

Since: base-4.6.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Control.Exception

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Handler a -> Handler b #

(<$) :: a -> Handler b -> Handler a #

Functor STM

Since: base-4.3.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Conc.Sync

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> STM a -> STM b #

(<$) :: a -> STM b -> STM a #

Functor First

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> First a -> First b #

(<$) :: a -> First b -> First a #

Functor Last

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Last a -> Last b #

(<$) :: a -> Last b -> Last a #

Functor Dual

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Dual a -> Dual b #

(<$) :: a -> Dual b -> Dual a #

Functor Sum

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Sum a -> Sum b #

(<$) :: a -> Sum b -> Sum a #

Functor Product

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Product a -> Product b #

(<$) :: a -> Product b -> Product a #

Functor Down

Since: base-4.11.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Ord

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Down a -> Down b #

(<$) :: a -> Down b -> Down a #

Functor ReadP

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Text.ParserCombinators.ReadP

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ReadP a -> ReadP b #

(<$) :: a -> ReadP b -> ReadP a #

Functor NonEmpty

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b #

(<$) :: a -> NonEmpty b -> NonEmpty a #

Functor IntMap 
Instance details

Defined in Data.IntMap.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> IntMap a -> IntMap b #

(<$) :: a -> IntMap b -> IntMap a #

Functor Seq 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Seq a -> Seq b #

(<$) :: a -> Seq b -> Seq a #

Functor FingerTree 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> FingerTree a -> FingerTree b #

(<$) :: a -> FingerTree b -> FingerTree a #

Functor Digit 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Digit a -> Digit b #

(<$) :: a -> Digit b -> Digit a #

Functor Node 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Node a -> Node b #

(<$) :: a -> Node b -> Node a #

Functor Elem 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Elem a -> Elem b #

(<$) :: a -> Elem b -> Elem a #

Functor ViewL 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ViewL a -> ViewL b #

(<$) :: a -> ViewL b -> ViewL a #

Functor ViewR 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Sequence.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ViewR a -> ViewR b #

(<$) :: a -> ViewR b -> ViewR a #

Functor P

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Text.ParserCombinators.ReadP

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> P a -> P b #

(<$) :: a -> P b -> P a #

Functor (Either a)

Since: base-3.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Either

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> Either a a0 -> Either a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> Either a b -> Either a a0 #

Functor (V1 :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> V1 a -> V1 b #

(<$) :: a -> V1 b -> V1 a #

Functor (U1 :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> U1 a -> U1 b #

(<$) :: a -> U1 b -> U1 a #

Functor ((,) a)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> (a, a0) -> (a, b) #

(<$) :: a0 -> (a, b) -> (a, a0) #

Functor (ST s)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.ST

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ST s a -> ST s b #

(<$) :: a -> ST s b -> ST s a #

Functor (Array i)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Arr

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Array i a -> Array i b #

(<$) :: a -> Array i b -> Array i a #

Functor (Arg a)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> Arg a a0 -> Arg a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> Arg a b -> Arg a a0 #

Monad m => Functor (WrappedMonad m)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Control.Applicative

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> WrappedMonad m a -> WrappedMonad m b #

(<$) :: a -> WrappedMonad m b -> WrappedMonad m a #

Arrow a => Functor (ArrowMonad a)

Since: base-4.6.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Control.Arrow

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b) -> ArrowMonad a a0 -> ArrowMonad a b #

(<$) :: a0 -> ArrowMonad a b -> ArrowMonad a a0 #

Functor (Proxy :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.7.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Proxy

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Proxy a -> Proxy b #

(<$) :: a -> Proxy b -> Proxy a #

Functor (Map k) 
Instance details

Defined in Data.Map.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Map k a -> Map k b #

(<$) :: a -> Map k b -> Map k a #

Functor m => Functor (ListT m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.List

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ListT m a -> ListT m b #

(<$) :: a -> ListT m b -> ListT m a #

Functor m => Functor (MaybeT m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Maybe

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> MaybeT m a -> MaybeT m b #

(<$) :: a -> MaybeT m b -> MaybeT m a #

Functor f => Functor (Rec1 f)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Rec1 f a -> Rec1 f b #

(<$) :: a -> Rec1 f b -> Rec1 f a #

Functor (URec Char :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> URec Char a -> URec Char b #

(<$) :: a -> URec Char b -> URec Char a #

Functor (URec Double :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> URec Double a -> URec Double b #

(<$) :: a -> URec Double b -> URec Double a #

Functor (URec Float :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> URec Float a -> URec Float b #

(<$) :: a -> URec Float b -> URec Float a #

Functor (URec Int :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> URec Int a -> URec Int b #

(<$) :: a -> URec Int b -> URec Int a #

Functor (URec Word :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> URec Word a -> URec Word b #

(<$) :: a -> URec Word b -> URec Word a #

Functor (URec (Ptr ()) :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> URec (Ptr ()) a -> URec (Ptr ()) b #

(<$) :: a -> URec (Ptr ()) b -> URec (Ptr ()) a #

Arrow a => Functor (WrappedArrow a b)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Control.Applicative

Methods

fmap :: (a0 -> b0) -> WrappedArrow a b a0 -> WrappedArrow a b b0 #

(<$) :: a0 -> WrappedArrow a b b0 -> WrappedArrow a b a0 #

Functor (Const m :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Const

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Const m a -> Const m b #

(<$) :: a -> Const m b -> Const m a #

Functor f => Functor (Ap f)

Since: base-4.12.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Monoid

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Ap f a -> Ap f b #

(<$) :: a -> Ap f b -> Ap f a #

Functor f => Functor (Alt f)

Since: base-4.8.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Semigroup.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Alt f a -> Alt f b #

(<$) :: a -> Alt f b -> Alt f a #

(Applicative f, Monad f) => Functor (WhenMissing f x)

Since: containers-0.5.9

Instance details

Defined in Data.IntMap.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> WhenMissing f x a -> WhenMissing f x b #

(<$) :: a -> WhenMissing f x b -> WhenMissing f x a #

Functor m => Functor (IdentityT m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Identity

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> IdentityT m a -> IdentityT m b #

(<$) :: a -> IdentityT m b -> IdentityT m a #

Functor m => Functor (ErrorT e m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Error

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ErrorT e m a -> ErrorT e m b #

(<$) :: a -> ErrorT e m b -> ErrorT e m a #

Functor m => Functor (ExceptT e m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Except

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ExceptT e m a -> ExceptT e m b #

(<$) :: a -> ExceptT e m b -> ExceptT e m a #

Functor m => Functor (StateT s m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.State.Lazy

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> StateT s m a -> StateT s m b #

(<$) :: a -> StateT s m b -> StateT s m a #

Functor m => Functor (StateT s m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.State.Strict

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> StateT s m a -> StateT s m b #

(<$) :: a -> StateT s m b -> StateT s m a #

Functor m => Functor (WriterT w m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Writer.Lazy

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> WriterT w m a -> WriterT w m b #

(<$) :: a -> WriterT w m b -> WriterT w m a #

Functor m => Functor (WriterT w m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Writer.Strict

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> WriterT w m a -> WriterT w m b #

(<$) :: a -> WriterT w m b -> WriterT w m a #

Functor ((->) r :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-2.1

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Base

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> (r -> a) -> r -> b #

(<$) :: a -> (r -> b) -> r -> a #

Functor (K1 i c :: Type -> Type)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> K1 i c a -> K1 i c b #

(<$) :: a -> K1 i c b -> K1 i c a #

(Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (f :+: g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> (f :+: g) a -> (f :+: g) b #

(<$) :: a -> (f :+: g) b -> (f :+: g) a #

(Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (f :*: g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> (f :*: g) a -> (f :*: g) b #

(<$) :: a -> (f :*: g) b -> (f :*: g) a #

(Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (Product f g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Product

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Product f g a -> Product f g b #

(<$) :: a -> Product f g b -> Product f g a #

(Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (Sum f g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Sum

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Sum f g a -> Sum f g b #

(<$) :: a -> Sum f g b -> Sum f g a #

Functor f => Functor (WhenMatched f x y)

Since: containers-0.5.9

Instance details

Defined in Data.IntMap.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> WhenMatched f x y a -> WhenMatched f x y b #

(<$) :: a -> WhenMatched f x y b -> WhenMatched f x y a #

(Applicative f, Monad f) => Functor (WhenMissing f k x)

Since: containers-0.5.9

Instance details

Defined in Data.Map.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> WhenMissing f k x a -> WhenMissing f k x b #

(<$) :: a -> WhenMissing f k x b -> WhenMissing f k x a #

Functor m => Functor (ReaderT r m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.Reader

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> ReaderT r m a -> ReaderT r m b #

(<$) :: a -> ReaderT r m b -> ReaderT r m a #

Functor f => Functor (M1 i c f)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> M1 i c f a -> M1 i c f b #

(<$) :: a -> M1 i c f b -> M1 i c f a #

(Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (f :.: g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in GHC.Generics

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> (f :.: g) a -> (f :.: g) b #

(<$) :: a -> (f :.: g) b -> (f :.: g) a #

(Functor f, Functor g) => Functor (Compose f g)

Since: base-4.9.0.0

Instance details

Defined in Data.Functor.Compose

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> Compose f g a -> Compose f g b #

(<$) :: a -> Compose f g b -> Compose f g a #

Functor f => Functor (WhenMatched f k x y)

Since: containers-0.5.9

Instance details

Defined in Data.Map.Internal

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> WhenMatched f k x y a -> WhenMatched f k x y b #

(<$) :: a -> WhenMatched f k x y b -> WhenMatched f k x y a #

Functor m => Functor (RWST r w s m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.RWS.Lazy

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> RWST r w s m a -> RWST r w s m b #

(<$) :: a -> RWST r w s m b -> RWST r w s m a #

Functor m => Functor (RWST r w s m) 
Instance details

Defined in Control.Monad.Trans.RWS.Strict

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> RWST r w s m a -> RWST r w s m b #

(<$) :: a -> RWST r w s m b -> RWST r w s m a #

($>) :: Functor f => f a -> b -> f b infixl 4 #

Flipped version of <$.

Examples

Expand

Replace the contents of a Maybe Int with a constant String:

>>> Nothing $> "foo"
Nothing
>>> Just 90210 $> "foo"
Just "foo"

Replace the contents of an Either Int Int with a constant String, resulting in an Either Int String:

>>> Left 8675309 $> "foo"
Left 8675309
>>> Right 8675309 $> "foo"
Right "foo"

Replace each element of a list with a constant String:

>>> [1,2,3] $> "foo"
["foo","foo","foo"]

Replace the second element of a pair with a constant String:

>>> (1,2) $> "foo"
(1,"foo")

Since: base-4.7.0.0

(<$>) :: Functor f => (a -> b) -> f a -> f b infixl 4 #

An infix synonym for fmap.

The name of this operator is an allusion to $. Note the similarities between their types:

 ($)  ::              (a -> b) ->   a ->   b
(<$>) :: Functor f => (a -> b) -> f a -> f b

Whereas $ is function application, <$> is function application lifted over a Functor.

Examples

Expand

Convert from a Maybe Int to a Maybe String using show:

>>> show <$> Nothing
Nothing
>>> show <$> Just 3
Just "3"

Convert from an Either Int Int to an Either Int String using show:

>>> show <$> Left 17
Left 17
>>> show <$> Right 17
Right "17"

Double each element of a list:

>>> (*2) <$> [1,2,3]
[2,4,6]

Apply even to the second element of a pair:

>>> even <$> (2,2)
(2,True)

(<<$>>) :: (Functor f, Functor g) => (a -> b) -> f (g a) -> f (g b) infixl 4 Source #

(<&>) :: Functor f => f a -> (a -> b) -> f b infixl 1 #

Flipped version of <$>.

(<&>) = flip fmap

Examples

Expand

Apply (+1) to a list, a Just and a Right:

>>> Just 2 <&> (+1)
Just 3
>>> [1,2,3] <&> (+1)
[2,3,4]
>>> Right 3 <&> (+1)
Right 4

Since: base-4.11.0.0

void :: Functor f => f a -> f () #

void value discards or ignores the result of evaluation, such as the return value of an IO action.

Examples

Expand

Replace the contents of a Maybe Int with unit:

>>> void Nothing
Nothing
>>> void (Just 3)
Just ()

Replace the contents of an Either Int Int with unit, resulting in an Either Int '()':

>>> void (Left 8675309)
Left 8675309
>>> void (Right 8675309)
Right ()

Replace every element of a list with unit:

>>> void [1,2,3]
[(),(),()]

Replace the second element of a pair with unit:

>>> void (1,2)
(1,())

Discard the result of an IO action:

>>> mapM print [1,2]
1
2
[(),()]
>>> void $ mapM print [1,2]
1
2

foreach :: Functor f => f a -> (a -> b) -> f b Source #